The Freedom Trail is a red and mostly brick path that extends through downtown Boston, Massachusetts, leading to 16 sites of historical importance. The trail is a 2.5 mile (4 km) walk from Boston Common to Bunker Hill Monument in Charlestown and is popular with tourists visiting Boston for the first time. Part of the Freedom Trail has been included in the Walk along Boston Harbor. The Freedom Trail is a unit of Boston National Historical Park.
The Freedom Trail was originally conceived in 1958 by local journalist William Schofield, who is promoting the idea of linking important local sights with a walking path since 1951. Fifty years later, tourists from around the world visit Boston and walk in the footsteps of history.
Some sites are:
Boston Common - The Freedom Trail begins at Boston Common. This is the area where British forces were encamped during the occupation from 1775 to 1776. Walking to the Massachusetts State House travelers will pass by Gould, Robert Shaw Memorial, the first stop of another way of Boston, the Black Heritage Trail, connecting historic sites associated with the history of African Americans in Boston.
Massachusetts State House - Shortly after the revolution, the State House was built by Charles Bullfinch as the new center of state government. Today, the building still serves as the seat of government of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Park Street Church - The next stop on the Freedom Trail, Park Street Church, is known for his participation in political, social and humanitarian. In 1829, William Lloyd Garrison, delivered a speech from the pulpit of the church condemned slavery. He was the first to do so in public.
Old barn burial - near the Church Street Park is the old barn Burial Ground, the name of the barn that once stood on the site of the church. Some of the most famous revolutionaries of Boston, were buried here, including John Hancock, Samuel Adams, Robert Treat Paine (all three signed the Declaration of Independence) and Paul Revere and victims of the Slaughter of Boston.
King's Chapel and Cemetery - After the red line of Liberty Road on Tremont Street is another cemetery, the oldest in the city. The only cemetery in Boston for 30 years is the resting place of some of Boston's historical figures, including John Winthrop, first governor of Massachusetts and William Dawes, one of three pilots who alerted the Minutemen of the arrival of British Army. The cemetery is located near King's Chapel, a granite building completed in 1754.
Boston Slaughter Site - the Square in front of the Old State House is the site of the slaughter of Boston, where on March 5, 1770, British troops opened fire on the settlers who had been taunting those throwing stones and hurled insults. Five settlers were killed that day in what proved to be one of the catalytic events leading to the American Revolution.
Paul Revere House - Paul Revere lived in this wooden house, when he made his famous midnight ride "to warn the Minutemen at Lexington of the imminent arrival of British troops. Revere, silversmith, bought the house in 1770. Originally built in 1680, is now the oldest house in downtown Boston.