Mount Tamalpais is a rather small peak, standing only 2,571 feet. However, it is one of the tallest north of San Francisco in Mill Valley Marin County, California. Mount Tamalpais State Park was formed to protect the redwood and oak groves close to Golden Gate. Visitors hiking the mountain can see Farallon Islands on a clear day. The islands are about 25 miles out to sea. Marin County Hills, San Francisco, the Bay, and East Bay and Mount Diablo can be seen from the park on a clear day. When the rare occasion happens visitors can even see the Sierra Nevada's from the top of the peak, which are 150 miles from the state park.
Before white settlers Mount Tamalpais and the state park land was used by Miwok Indians. The first Europeans arrived in the 1770s and began exploring many of the regions, including Mount Tamalpais. They first named it La Sierra de Nuestro Padre de San Francisco, but it was later changed to honor the Miwok Indians. During the gold rush of 1849 the land was used for recreation rather than mining. Today, there are 50 miles of trails and picnic areas.