North End of Boston is the oldest community residential town where people have lived continuously since it was established in the 1630s. While small at just a third of a mile, the district has approximately 100 eating establishments, and a variety of tourist attractions. It is known as the Little Italy of the city by its Italian-American population.
The North End was home to some of the wealthiest residents of Boston and later the first community of black people created by freed slaves and escaped.
In the 19th century, the Irish began to migrate into the far north in large numbers and dominated the area until about in 1919, when the Boston Molasses Disaster occurred. This event was infamous for killing several residents. This is one of the strangest engineering accidents today.
The North End became a center of Jewish life in Boston; Hebrew inscriptions can still be found in several buildings. On 15 January 1919, the North End was the site of the Molasses Disaster in Boston.
La Casa Delgado, reported by the Boston Globe as having the "uncontested distinction of being the narrowest house in Boston," is near the top of the hill Copp view of Old North Church and Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge.
In the 20th century, the North End became the center of the Italian community of Boston. It is still largely residential and well known for its small, authentic Italian restaurants and Italian coffee first, Caffe Vittoria.
The construction of the elevated central artery (Interstate 93) in the 1950s, divided the northern end of the rest of Boston. With the completion of the Big Dig, the old elevated highway has been completely eliminated and the North End has re-joined the rest of the city.
Although the north end is part of Boston's original area of settlement, most of the architecture seen today dates from the late nineteenth century to early 20th century (neighborhood architecture is especially prominent). The neighborhood has a mix of architecture from all periods of American history, including structures such principles as the Old North Church (1723), the Paul Revere House (1680), the Pierce-Hichborn House (1711), and Clough House (1712).
The historical COPP Hill is the site of the Copp's Hill Burying ground, one of the oldest cemeteries in America. The cemetery contains many graves dating back centuries and principles including Puritan divines Cotton and Increase Mather and Prince Hall, founder of Prince Hall Masonry. The House of Delgado, the narrowest house in Boston, across the street.
The Brink famous Grand Theft occurred in the North End. The Brink's building where the robbery took place still stands as the North End Parking Garage.
The Freedom Trail passes through the North End, making official stops in some of the sites listed above. In recent times, many other cultures have settled in the North End. Today it is a cultural melting pot of diversity.