South Boston is a densely populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. It was formerly known as Dorchester Neck and today is known as "Southie" by its residents. South Boston is known for being a working class Irish neighborhood in America. The neighborhood is also home to communities, small but dynamic of Poland and Lithuania the Boston area. Some parts of the neighborhood are also known as some of the poorest urban neighborhoods in the U.S.
Castle Island, Pleasure Bay, M Street Beach and Carson Beach "Fort Independence, five pentagonal bastioned, granite fortress built between 1834 and 1851, is the dominant feature of Castle Island. This 22-acre urban park is connected to mainland by both pedestrian and vehicle lanes. Pleasure Bay, M Street Beach and Carson Beach form three-mile segment of parkland and the beach along the coast south of Boston from Dorchester Bay.
Carson Beach offers beautiful views and great public services: rehabilitation of the Mother "Rest, public restrooms, exhibit space, first aid and lifeguard functions, while the outdoor patios enough space for passive recreation. Carson Beach also has a gateway that allows one to walk, bike or jog along the water from Castle Island to the Kennedy Library.
The Fort Independence and Castle Island are on the State and National Registers of Historic Places, and the fort is a National Historic Landmark. Fort Independence is open from Memorial Day through Columbus Day, hours vary. Fort tours are conducted by Castle Island Association in the summer months and no interpretive signage for self-guided. The main agenda item, History of Castle Island, highlights the role of strength in defending the port.
The area of the city of South Boston Point, called "East Side" by realtors, has seen a significant increase in property values due to their proximity to downtown Boston and gentrification. The "West Side" of South Boston, also known as ending the "inferior" by lifelong residents, though slower to start the gentrification process also benefits from the proximity to downtown, not only but also the popular South End. In addition, the West Side is home to the first residence Green (LEED Gold Certified) in Boston - the construction of the Macallen that appeared in the film "The Greening of Southie".
Initially known as the "Port District" of the USA, this area was officially the new style "South Boston Waterfront" after virulent protest from natives and local politicians, including Council President James M. Kelly.
South Boston is home to some of the oldest public housing projects in the United States. During the past 30 years the area has changed from a mostly white population to a more ethnically mixed population.
South Boston is served by three Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority stations of the rapid transit Red Line: Broadway, Andrew and John F. Kennedy / UMass (formerly Columbia).
MBTA bus service connects these stations with the residential areas of South Boston, downtown Boston and the Back Bay. MBTA Silver Line, a service of bus rapid transit running in part on a tunnel from South Station, also serves the northern part of South Boston and City Point. South Boston is also served by five bus routes, including the numbers 5, 7, 9, 10, 11.