What war veterans do after retirement

Pavel Prikhodko, Ph.D. Machine Learning

War is one of the scariest things that humans have ever produced. People who survived wars are trying hard to find themselves and live an ordinary life after experiencing the atrocities of war. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were 21.2 million veterans in the U.S. in 2015. The largest number of the U.S. veterans are those who served in the Vietnam War, while the largest number of female veterans served during Post 9/11. The total number of people who served during World War II, Vietnam and the Korean War was 9.4 million. More than 95 percent of these veterans are men averaging at least 55 years of age.

The number of veterans who were involved in the Gulf War was 3.4 million in 2014. The Gulf War was a response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait in 1990, and it consisted of two parts: Gulf War era I (1990 to 2001) and Gulf War II (September 2011 forward). The proportion of female Gulf War I veterans is 19 percent.  More than 90 percent of Gulf War I veterans were aged 35 and over in 2014. The number of unemployed veterans was 4 percent for men and 5.2 percent for women. Now let’s make a comparison with Gulf War II. In 2014, nearly half of the 3.2 million veterans involved in the recent war were between the ages of 25 and 34. Twenty percent of these veterans were women, which is similar to Gulf War I.

The unemployment rate for men decreased from 8.8 percent in 2013 to 6.9 percent in 2014. The number of unemployed female veterans was 9.6 percent in 2013 and 8.5 percent in 2014. The unemployment rate for male veterans of the Gulf War was higher than the percentage of male nonveterans — 6.9 percent versus 6.2 percent.

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About 60 percent of all unemployed veterans in 2014 were aged 45 and over. The rate of unemployment for male veterans in the U.S. decreased to 5.2 percent in 2014, while the unemployment rate for female veterans declined to six percent.

Now let’s have a look at occupations of all employed veterans in 2013. According to the National Center for Veteran Analysis and Statistics, 35 percent of male veterans worked in management, and 16.3 percent worked in sales and office in 2014. A higher percentage of female veterans worked in management (47.2 percent) and sales (28.8 percent) in 2013. Almost 19 percent of male veterans worked in production and transportation, compared to 5.9 percent of female veterans in 2013. This difference can be explained by the specificity of transportation jobs, which require drivers, machinists and pilots. These positions are most often filled by men in the armed forces.

In 2013, male veterans who worked full-time jobs earned about $5,938 more than similar non-veterans. Female veterans who were full-time workers earned about $6,321 more than female non-veterans. The median age of female veterans in 2013 was 50 years, compared to 64 years of male veterans.

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About Pavel Prikhodko

Pavel Prikhodko, Ph.D. Machine Learning

Pavel has worked for many years as a researcher and developer on a wide range of applications (varying from mechanics and manufacturing to social data, finance and advertising), building predictive systems and trying to find stories that data can tell.

In his free time, he enjoys being with his family.

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