Cloud technology and its evolution in the U.S.

Andrey Kamenov

Andrey Kamenov, Ph.D. Probability and Statistics

What is cloud computing and why is it important?  In recent years there has been a surge in the number of internet-based services that provide shared computer resources, minimizing both upfront and continuing maintenance costs for new projects. It is often regarded as most useful for smaller setups as it allows access to a significant amount of resources, regardless of the project size.

Despite being technically present since the 1990s, the technology only really took off in 2009 (Microsoft announced its Azure service in October 2008). After this, it didn’t take long for major U.S. companies to start patenting their developments.

The term “cloud” started gaining popularity in new U.S. patents in 2010. We can already say that it was not a one-time fad: each year after, the total number of patents increased.

Note: we count the number of computing-related patents based on the CPC classification. While this approach is not 100 percent accurate, it does provide results that are sufficiently accurate for our analysis.

As you can see, the most rapid growth occurred in 2012 and 2013. In both years, the total number of patents focused on cloud computing doubled, and the growth becomes even more apparent when we limit ourselves to computing-specific technology classes.

Cloud technology related patents by state (since 2012)


The map above gives another idea of where the major cloud-focused technology patent holders are: Washington (major holder: Microsoft Corp.), North Carolina (Red Hat, Inc.) and Utah (Novell, Inc.).


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About Andrey Kamenov

Andrey Kamenov

Andrey Kamenov, Ph.D. Probability and Statistics

Andrey Kamenov is a data scientist working for Advameg Inc. His background includes teaching statistics, stochastic processes and financial mathematics in Moscow State University and working for a hedge fund. His academic interests range from statistical data analysis to optimal stopping theory. Andrey also enjoys his hobbies of photography, reading and powerlifting.

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