Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California

We are giving away $1200 in prizes - enter simply by sending us your own city pictures!

  • OSM Map
  • General Map
  • Google Map
  • MSN Map
Population in 2010: 8,569. Population change since 2000: +17.4%
Males: 4,299  (50.2%)
Females: 4,270  (49.8%)
Median resident age:  40.9 years
California median age:  35.7 years

Zip codes: 93636.

Estimated median household income in 2013: $67,382 (it was $58,764 in 2000)
Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

$67,382
CA:

$60,190

Estimated per capita income in 2013: $29,022 (it was $21,478 in 2000)

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos CDP income, earnings, and wages data

Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $246,596 (it was $136,900 in 2000)
Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

$246,596
CA:

$373,100

Median gross rent in 2013: $1,686.

Business Profiles
Profiles of local businesses
Put your B&M business profile right here for free. 50,000 businesses already created their profiles!
Options
X
Data:
Loading data...
Based on 2000-2013 data
Loading data...

123
Hide US histogram
  • Races in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, CA (2013)

    Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos races chart
    • 5,35566.6%White alone
    • 1,95624.3%Hispanic
    • 1952.4%Black alone
    • 1802.2%Asian alone
    • 1491.9%Two or more races
    • 710.9%American Indian alone

Races in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos detailed stats: ancestries, foreign born residents, place of birth

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos: 96.8 (near average, U.S. average is 100)
Recent articles from our blog. Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.
Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, CA forum
Discuss Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California on our local forum with over 2,000,000 registered users

Ancestries: German (11.7%), Irish (8.8%), English (7.4%), United States (3.9%), Italian (3.7%), Portuguese (1.8%).

Current Local Time: PST time zone

Land area: 11.6 square miles.

Population density: 737 people per square mile   (low).

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos,CA real estate house value index trend

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California map

For population 25 years and over in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • High school or higher: 92.1%
  • Bachelor's degree or higher: 23.4%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 5.0%
  • Unemployed: 3.8%
  • Mean travel time to work (commute): 23.8 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos CDP:

  • Never married: 28.8%
  • Now married: 56.3%
  • Separated: 2.7%
  • Widowed: 5.4%
  • Divorced: 6.8%

595 residents are foreign born (4.3% Latin America).

This place:

7.4%
California:

26.9%

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $1,813 (0.8%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $1,676 (0.6%)

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos satellite photo by USGS

Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: Fresno, CA (11.9 miles , pop. 427,652).

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Los Angeles, CA (214.7 miles , pop. 3,694,820).

Nearest cities: Parksdale, CA (2.7 miles ), Fort Washington, CA (2.8 miles ), Parkwood, CA (3.0 miles ), Friant, CA (3.2 miles ), Madera, CA (3.2 miles ), Old Fig Garden, CA (3.2 miles ), Biola, CA (3.4 miles ), Madera Acres, CA (3.4 miles ).

Latitude: 36.94 N, Longitude: 119.89 W

Daytime population change due to commuting: -2,671 (-33.2%)
Workers who live and work in this place: 348 (10.6%)

Area code commonly used in this area: 559

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos household income distribution Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos home values distribution
Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

7.7%
California:

5.5%

Unemployment by year (%)

Historical population

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (18%)
  • Manufacturing (11%)
  • Transportation and warehousing (9%)
  • Public administration (9%)
  • Health care and social assistance (7%)
  • Accommodation and food services (7%)
  • Retail trade (6%)
  • Health care and social assistance (21%)
  • Educational services (15%)
  • Retail trade (8%)
  • Accommodation and food services (8%)
  • Finance and insurance (6%)
  • Public administration (6%)
  • Other services, except public administration (5%)
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females
  • Construction and extraction occupations (11%)
  • Sales and related occupations (11%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (10%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (8%)
  • Management occupations (8%)
  • Transportation occupations (6%)
  • Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors (5%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (27%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (12%)
  • Management occupations (12%)
  • Sales and related occupations (8%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (8%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (7%)
  • Business and financial operations occupations (5%)

Work and jobs in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos: detailed stats about occupations, industries, unemployment, workers, commute

Average climate in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California

Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California average temperatures Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California average precipitation Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California humidity Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California wind speed Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California snowfall Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California sunshine Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, California clear and cloudy days

Earthquake activity:

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos-area historical earthquake activity is slightly above California state average. It is 838% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/18/1906 at 13:12:21, a magnitude 7.9 (7.9 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 186.1 miles away from the city center, causing $524,000,000 total damage
On 7/21/1952 at 11:52:14, a magnitude 7.7 (7.7 UK) earthquake occurred 142.8 miles away from Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos center, causing $50,000,000 total damage
On 11/4/1927 at 13:51:53, a magnitude 7.5 (7.5 UK) earthquake occurred 153.8 miles away from the city center
On 10/18/1989 at 00:04:15, a magnitude 7.1 (6.5 MB, 7.1 MS, 6.9 MW, 7.0 ML) earthquake occurred 104.7 miles away from the city center, causing 62 deaths (62 shaking deaths) and 3757 injuries, causing $1,305,032,704 total damage
On 12/21/1932 at 06:10:09, a magnitude 7.2 (7.2 UK) earthquake occurred 146.9 miles away from Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos center
On 5/2/1983 at 23:42:37, a magnitude 6.7 (6.2 MB, 6.5 MS, 6.5 MW, 6.7 ML, Class: Strong, Intensity: VII - IX) earthquake occurred 54.8 miles away from the city center, causing $31,000,000 total damage
Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Natural disasters:

The number of natural disasters in Madera County (12) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 9
Emergencies Declared: 2

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 7, Storms: 5, Landslides: 4, Winter Storms: 3, Freezes: 2, Drought: 1, Fire: 1, Hurricane: 1, Mudslide: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos topographic map

Hospitals and medical centers near Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • FOCUS HEALTH (Home Health Center, about 7 miles away; FRESNO, CA)
  • NEW BEGINNINGS #1 (Hospital, about 7 miles away; FRESNO, CA)
  • BONAVENTE ICF/DD-N HOME (Hospital, about 8 miles away; FRESNO, CA)
  • FRESNO HEART AND SURGICAL HOSPITAL Acute Care Hospitals (about 8 miles away; FRESNO, CA)
  • PALM BLUFF DIALYSIS CENTER (Dialysis Facility, about 8 miles away; FRESNO, CA)
  • OPTIMAL HOSPICE CARE (Hospital, about 8 miles away; FRESNO, CA)
  • COMPASSIONATE CARE HOME HEALTH AGENCY (Home Health Center, about 8 miles away; FRESNO, CA)

Amtrak stations near Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • 8 miles: MADERA (15 1/2 & 29TH RD.) . Services: partially wheelchair accessible, public payphones, free short-term parking, free long-term parking, call for taxi service.
  • 15 miles: FRESNO (2650 TULARE ST.) . Services: ticket office, fully wheelchair accessible, enclosed waiting area, public restrooms, public payphones, vending machines, free short-term parking, free long-term parking, call for car rental service, call for taxi service, intercity bus service, public transit connection.

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • University of Phoenix-Central Valley Campus (about 8 miles; Fresno, CA; Full-time enrollment: 2,109)
  • Heald College-Fresno (about 10 miles; Fresno, CA; FT enrollment: 2,199)
  • Institute of Technology Inc (about 12 miles; Clovis, CA; FT enrollment: 2,483)
  • California State University-Fresno (about 12 miles; Fresno, CA; FT enrollment: 18,993)
  • Fresno City College (about 13 miles; Fresno, CA; FT enrollment: 12,994)
  • Fresno Pacific University (about 17 miles; Fresno, CA; FT enrollment: 3,083)
  • Reedley College (about 33 miles; Reedley, CA; FT enrollment: 8,144)

Click to draw/clear place borders

Notable location: Madera County Fire Department Station 19 (A). Display/hide its location on the map

Churches in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos include: Ranchos Community Church (A), Christian Mission Center (B). Display/hide their locations on the map

Madera County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

Air pollution and air quality trends
(lower is better)

Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2013 was 156. This is significantly worse than average.

City:

156
U.S.:

75

Carbon Monoxide (CO) [ppm] level in 2013 was 0.336. This is about average. Closest monitor was 6.6 miles away from the city center.

City:

0.336
U.S.:

0.293

Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) [ppb] level in 2013 was 9.82. This is significantly worse than average. Closest monitor was 6.6 miles away from the city center.

City:

9.82
U.S.:

6.40

Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) [ppb] level in 2012 was 0.640. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 11.3 miles away from the city center.

City:

0.640
U.S.:

1.912

Ozone [ppb] level in 2013 was 32.6. This is about average. Closest monitor was 6.6 miles away from the city center.

City:

32.6
U.S.:

32.0

Particulate Matter (PM10) [µg/m3] level in 2013 was 34.0. This is significantly worse than average. Closest monitor was 8.2 miles away from the city center.

City:

34.0
U.S.:

20.0

Particulate Matter (PM2.5) [µg/m3] level in 2013 was 16.4. This is significantly worse than average. Closest monitor was 8.2 miles away from the city center.

City:

16.4
U.S.:

9.4

Lead (Pb) [µg/m3] level in 2013 was 0.00415. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 8.4 miles away from the city center.

City:

0.00415
U.S.:

0.01376
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 9.4%
(7.7% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 0.5% for Black residents, 17.2% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 5.2% for other race residents)
Average household size:
This place:  3.0 people
California:  2.9 people

Percentage of family households:
This place:  85.3%
Whole state:  68.7%

Percentage of households with unmarried partners:
This place:  4.3%
Whole state:  7.2%

Likely homosexual households (counted as self-reported same-sex unmarried-partner households)
  • Lesbian couples: 0.5% of all households
  • Gay men: 0.0% of all households
5 people in group homes intended for adults in 2010

People in group quarters in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos in 2000:

  • 10 people in homes for the mentally retarded
  • 4 people in other group homes
  • 2 people in nursing homes

Educational Attainment (%) in 2013

School Enrollment by Level of School (%) in 2013

Education Gini index (Inequality in education)
Here:

9.2
California average:

15.4

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos travel time to work - commute Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos mode of transportation to work chart

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Religion statistics for Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos CDP (based on Madera County data)

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic56,5663
Evangelical Protestant15,07789
Other4,81715
Mainline Protestant2,80814
Black Protestant6855
None70,912-
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center. Graphs represent county-level data

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 30
Madera County:

2.06 / 10,000 pop.
California:

2.14 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (no gas): 8
Madera County:

0.55 / 10,000 pop.
California:

0.62 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (with gas): 47
Madera County:

3.23 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.49 / 10,000 pop.
Number of full-service restaurants: 59
Here:

4.05 / 10,000 pop.
State:

7.42 / 10,000 pop.
Adult diabetes rate:
This county:

7.6%
California:

7.3%
Adult obesity rate:
Madera County:

23.6%
California:

21.3%
Low-income preschool obesity rate:
This county:

15.5%
State:

17.9%

Health and Nutrition:

Healthy diet rate:
Here:

49.6%
State:

48.8%

Average overall health of teeth and gums:
This city:

47.7%
California:

47.1%

Average BMI:
Here:

28.7
California:

28.1

People feeling badly about themselves:
This city:

22.5%
California:

20.9%

People not drinking alcohol at all:
This city:

8.7%
State:

11.4%

Average hours sleeping at night:
This city:

6.8
California:

6.8

Overweight people:
Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

35.9%
California:

31.3%

General health condition:
This city:

56.3%
California:

55.7%

Average condition of hearing:
This city:

79.6%
California:

80.6%

More about Health and Nutrition of Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos, CA Residents

5.34% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($35,919 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.34%
California average:

5.03%

0.04% of residents moved from foreign countries ($250 average AGI)
Madera County:

0.04%
California average:

0.07%

Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Fresno County, CA  2.12% ($35,452 average AGI)
from Merced County, CA  0.35% ($40,347)
from Los Angeles County, CA  0.19% ($35,375)


5.59% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($37,443 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.59%
California average:

5.12%

0.04% of residents moved to foreign countries ($209 average AGI)
Madera County:

0.04%
California average:

0.10%

Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Fresno County, CA  2.14% ($38,952 average AGI)
to Merced County, CA  0.38% ($36,141)
to Los Angeles County, CA  0.21% ($29,844)

Strongest AM radio stations in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • KOOR (790 AM; 10 kW; CLOVIS, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KMJ (580 AM; 50 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KXEX (1550 AM; 10 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: RAK COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • KAVT (1680 AM; 10 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: RAK COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • KWRU (940 AM; 50 kW; FRESNO, CA)
  • KIRV (1510 AM; daytime; 10 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: GORE-OVERGAARD BROADCASTING, INC)
  • KYNO (1300 AM; 5 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: SPANISH CATHOLIC RADIO OF FRESNO, LLC)
  • KFIG (1430 AM; 5 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: BIG DAWG BROADCASTING, LLC)
  • KGST (1600 AM; 5 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: LOTUS COMMUNICATIONS CORP.)
  • KCBC (770 AM; 50 kW; RIVERBANK, CA; Owner: KIERTRON, INC.)
  • KHOT (1250 AM; 1 kW; MADERA, CA)
  • KTNS (1060 AM; 5 kW; OAKHURST, CA; Owner: CALIFORNIA SIERRA CORPORATION)
  • KCBL (1340 AM; 1 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)

Strongest FM radio stations in Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • KMGV (97.9 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KZFO (92.1 FM; CLOVIS, CA; Owner: ENTRAVISION HOLDINGS, LLC)
  • KMMM (107.1 FM; MADERA, CA; Owner: ILLINOIS LOTUS CORP)
  • KFNO (90.3 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: FAMILY STATIONS, INC.)
  • KLBN (105.1 FM; AUBERRY, CA; Owner: LOTUS COMMUNICATIONS CORP.)
  • KOQO-FM (101.9 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KRNC (105.9 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KSKS (93.7 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KFCF (88.1 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: FRESNO FREE COLLEGE FOUNDATION)
  • KVPR (89.3 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: WHITE ASH BROADCASTING, INC.)
  • KMAK (100.3 FM; ORANGE COVE, CA; Owner: RICHARD B. SMITH)
  • K203CM (88.5 FM; SANGER, CA; Owner: EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOUNDATION)
  • KAMB (101.5 FM; MERCED, CA; Owner: CENTRAL VALLEY BROADCASTING CO. INC.)
  • KDJK (103.9 FM; MARIPOSA, CA; Owner: CITADEL BROADCASTING COMPANY)
  • KHTN (104.7 FM; LOS BANOS, CA; Owner: BUCKLEY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • KWYE (101.1 FM; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KLVY (91.1 FM; FAIRMEAD, CA; Owner: EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOUNDATION)
  • KZOL (107.9 FM; NORTH FORK, CA; Owner: HBC LICENSE CORPORATION)
  • KEFR (89.9 FM; LE GRAND, CA; Owner: FAMILY STATIONS, INC.)
  • KUBB (96.3 FM; MARIPOSA, CA; Owner: BUCKLEY BROADCASTING CORP. OF MONTEREY INC)

TV broadcast stations around Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos:

  • K02OH (Channel 2; FRESNO, CA; Owner: W. R. PORTEE AND LORRAINE PORTEE)
  • KVHF-LP (Channel 4; FRESNO, CA; Owner: GARY M. COCOLA FAMILY TRUST, GARY M. COCOLA TRUSTEE)
  • K56DZ (Channel 56; FRESNO, CA; Owner: NATIONAL MINORITY T.V., INC.)
  • KHMM-CA (Channel 16; HANFORD, CA; Owner: CABALLERO TELEVISION TEXAS, L.L.C.)
  • KNSO (Channel 51; MERCED, CA; Owner: TELEMUNDO OF FRESNO, LLC)
  • National Bridge Inventory (NBI) Statistics
  • 1Number of bridges
  • 2m7ftTotal length
  • 500Total average daily traffic
  • 10Total average daily truck traffic
  • 1,073Total future (year 2036) average daily traffic
Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 2 partial tracts)
A) FHA, FSA/RHS & VA
Home Purchase Loans
B) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
C) Refinancings
D) Home Improvement Loans
F) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A B C & D)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED13$182,6858$167,65821$190,7532$153,4654$119,610
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED2$147,6401$138,8804$220,5630$00$0
APPLICATIONS DENIED2$183,9752$171,78516$234,8412$18,9252$154,320
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN2$147,0702$167,5257$199,4901$102,7501$184,590
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS0$00$03$227,6670$00$0
Choose year:  2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 1999

Detailed HMDA statistics for the following Tracts: 0005.08 , 0005.09

Private Mortgage Insurance Companies Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 2 partial tracts)
A) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
NumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED1$239,170
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED0$0
APPLICATIONS DENIED0$0
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN0$0
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS0$0
Choose year:  2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 1999

Detailed PMIC statistics for the following Tracts: 0005.08 , 0005.09

Conventional Home Purchase Loans

Conventional Home Purchase Loans - Value

Most commonly used house heating fuel:

  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (49%)
  • Electricity (29%)
  • Wood (15%)
  • Utility gas (3%)
  • Other fuel (1%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1%)
  • No fuel used (1%)

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos compared to California state average:

  • Median house value below state average.
  • Unemployed percentage significantly below state average.
  • Black race population percentage below state average.
  • Median age significantly above state average.
  • Foreign-born population percentage significantly below state average.
  • Renting percentage significantly below state average.
  • House age below state average.

Bonadelle Ranchos-Madera Ranchos on our top lists:

  • #63 on the list of "Top 101 cities with the largest percentage of one, detached housing units in structures (2,000+ housing units)"
  • #14 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest Particulate Matter (PM10) Annual air pollution readings in 2012 (µg/m3)"
  • #27 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest surface withdrawal of fresh water for public supply (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #29 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual air pollution readings in 2012 (µg/m3)"
  • #46 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest number of births per 1000 residents 2007-2013"
  • #49 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest Nitrogen Dioxide air pollution readings in 2012 (ppm)"
Cost of Living Calculator