For population 25 years and over in Buffalo Gap:
For population 15 years and over in Buffalo Gap town:
5 residents are foreign born (3.0% North America).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2011: $760 (0.9%)
Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: Rapid City, SD (40.6 miles , pop. 59,607).
Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: West Adams, CO (264.8 miles , pop. 259,628).
Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Chicago, IL (802.1 miles , pop. 2,896,016).
Nearest cities: Hot Springs, SD (3.0 miles ), Fairburn, SD (3.8 miles) , Pringle, SD (4.0 miles) , Oelrichs, SD (4.7 miles) , Custer, SD (4.9 miles ), Hermosa, SD (5.0 miles ), Keystone, SD (5.3 miles ), Edgemont, SD (5.4 miles ).
Latitude: 43.49 N, Longitude: 103.31 W
Area code: 605
Population change in the 1990s: -9 (-5.2%).
Average climate in Buffalo Gap, South Dakota
Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations
Buffalo Gap-area historical tornado activity is below South Dakota state average. It is 33% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 7/14/1969, a category F2 (max. wind speeds 113-157 mph) tornado 9.1 miles away from the Buffalo Gap town center caused between $5000 and $50,000 in damages.
On 6/22/1966, a category F2 tornado 13.6 miles away from the town center caused between $5000 and $50,000 in damages.
Earthquake activity:Buffalo Gap-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above South Dakota state average. It is 81% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 1/28/1990 at 04:59:59, a magnitude 4.0 (3.9 LG, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 42.6 miles away from the city center
On 5/25/2003 at 07:32:33, a magnitude 4.0 (3.9 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 81.5 miles away from Buffalo Gap center
On 2/6/1996 at 16:08:36, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 39.6 miles away from the city center
On 4/9/1996 at 02:48:08, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 49.3 miles away from the city center
On 2/24/1993 at 23:52:17, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 ML) earthquake occurred 100.0 miles away from Buffalo Gap center
On 6/18/1998 at 16:26:38, a magnitude 3.4 (3.1 MB, 3.4 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 62.2 miles away from the city center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML)
Natural disasters:The number of natural disasters in Custer County (9) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 5
Emergencies Declared: 1
Causes of natural disasters: Fires: 3, Floods: 2, Storms: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Blizzard: 1, Heavy Rain: 1, Flood: 1, Hurricane: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Hospitals/medical centers near Buffalo Gap:
Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Buffalo Gap:
(lower is better)
Air Quality Index (AQI)
Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) [ppb] level in 2010 was 0.640. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 9.6 miles away from the city center.
Particulate Matter (PM10) [µ/m3] level in 2010 was 9.39. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 9.6 miles away from the city center.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) [µ/m3] level in 2010 was 6.86. This is better than average. Closest monitor was 9.6 miles away from the city center.
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2011: 45.0%
(47.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 100.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 100.0% for American Indian residents, 100.0% for other race residents, 0.0% for two or more races residents)
Average household size:
Percentage of family households:
Percentage of households with unmarried partners:
No gay or lesbian households reported
Buffalo Gap compared to South Dakota state average:
Most commonly used house heating fuel:
1996 2000 2004 2008 2012
1996 Presidential Elections Results
2000 Presidential Elections Results
2004 Presidential Elections Results
2008 Presidential Elections Results
2012 Presidential Elections Results
Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results
Religion statistics for Buffalo Gap (based on Custer County data)Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 41.11%
Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations
Tables represent county-level data.
Food Environment Statistics:
Number of grocery stores: 2
Number of supercenters and club stores: 1
Number of convenience stores (with gas): 7
Number of full-service restaurants: 19
Adult diabetes rate:
Adult obesity rate:
Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Buffalo Gap government finances in 2002(per resident):
11.22% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($43,128 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries between 2005 and 2006.
Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
10.71% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($32,645 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries between 2005 and 2006.
Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
Strongest AM radio stations in Buffalo Gap:
Strongest FM radio stations in Buffalo Gap:
TV broadcast stations around Buffalo Gap:
National Bridge Inventory (NBI) Statistics
Number of bridges: 1
Total length: 1 meters (3ft)
Total costs: $14,000
Total average daily traffic: 108
Total average daily truck traffic: 3
Total future (year 2029) average daily traffic: 108
FCC Registered Antenna Towers:12 (See the full list of FCC Registered Antenna Towers in Buffalo Gap)
FCC Registered Private Land Mobile Towers:3
FCC Registered Amateur Radio Licenses:1
FAA Registered Aircraft:2
Total of 1 patent application in 2008-2013.