Florence, Montana

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Population in 2010: 765. Population change since 2000: -15.1%
Males: 354  (46.4%)
Females: 411  (53.6%)
Median resident age:  40.0 years
Montana median age:  39.6 years

Zip codes: 59833.

Estimated median household income in 2013: $60,328 (it was $39,286 in 2000)
Florence:

$60,328
MT:

$46,972

Estimated per capita income in 2013: $28,206 (it was $17,626 in 2000)

Florence CDP income, earnings, and wages data

Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $246,036 (it was $119,900 in 2000)
Florence:

$246,036
MT:

$190,100

Median gross rent in 2013: $643.

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Data:
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Based on 2000-2013 data
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  • Races in Florence, MT (2010)

    Florence races chart
    • 73295.7%White alone
    • 121.6%American Indian alone
    • 111.4%Hispanic
    • 60.8%Native Hawaiian and Other
      Pacific Islander alone
    • 40.5%Two or more races

Races in Florence detailed stats: ancestries, foreign born residents, place of birth

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Florence: 87.7 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)
Recent articles from our blog. Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.
Florence, MT forum
Recent posts about Florence, Montana on our local forum with over 1,900,000 registered users. Florence is mentioned 77 times on our forum:
Commute from Missoula to Florence?  (0 replies)
Hi-speed internet in Florence  (5 replies)
Considering relocating to Missoula/Bitteroot Valley  (10 replies)
Questions on Hamilton, Mt  (15 replies)
Flathead Valley vs Bitterroot Valley  (20 replies)
Young woman moving to Montana  (22 replies)

Latest news from Florence, MT collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations

Ancestries: German (26.4%), Irish (22.6%), English (7.1%), United States (4.6%), Norwegian (3.5%), Italian (3.0%).

Current Local Time: MST time zone

Elevation: 3259 feet

Land area: 4.72 square miles.

Population density: 162 people per square mile   (very low).

Florence,MT real estate house value index trend

Florence, Montana map

For population 25 years and over in Florence:

  • High school or higher: 91.6%
  • Bachelor's degree or higher: 25.3%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 12.6%
  • Unemployed: 7.1%
  • Mean travel time to work (commute): 31.6 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Florence CDP:

  • Never married: 27.3%
  • Now married: 58.9%
  • Separated: 1.4%
  • Widowed: 1.5%
  • Divorced: 10.9%

13 residents are foreign born

This place:

1.4%
Montana:

1.8%

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $1,391 (0.6%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $1,580 (0.8%)

Florence satellite photo by USGS

Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: Missoula, MT (15.9 miles , pop. 57,053).

Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: East Seattle, WA (386.3 miles , pop. 480,100).

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Los Angeles, CA (896.8 miles , pop. 3,694,820).

Nearest cities: Carlton, MT (1.6 miles ), Lolo, MT (3.0 miles ), Stevensville, MT (3.0 miles ), Orchard Homes, MT (3.9 miles ), Victor, MT (3.9 miles ), Missoula, MT (4.0 miles ), East Missoula, MT (4.2 miles ), Turah, MT (4.3 miles ).

Latitude: 46.64 N, Longitude: 114.08 W

Area code commonly used in this area: 406

Florence household income distribution Florence home values distribution
Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

4.2%
Montana:

3.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
  • Transportation and warehousing (19%)
  • Retail trade (17%)
  • Administrative and support and waste management services (11%)
  • Information (10%)
  • Public administration (7%)
  • Accommodation and food services (6%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (6%)
  • Health care and social assistance (30%)
  • Retail trade (17%)
  • Transportation and warehousing (13%)
  • Educational services (11%)
  • Accommodation and food services (9%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (8%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (5%)
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females
  • Material moving occupations (19%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (14%)
  • Management occupations (10%)
  • Fire fighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors (9%)
  • Transportation occupations (8%)
  • Production occupations (7%)
  • Sales and related occupations (6%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (18%)
  • Sales and related occupations (13%)
  • Healthcare support occupations (11%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (10%)
  • Management occupations (9%)
  • Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations (8%)
  • Business and financial operations occupations (7%)

Work and jobs in Florence: detailed stats about occupations, industries, unemployment, workers, commute

Average climate in Florence, Montana

Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations

Florence, Montana average temperatures Florence, Montana average precipitation Florence, Montana humidity Florence, Montana wind speed Florence, Montana snowfall Florence, Montana sunshine Florence, Montana clear and cloudy days

Earthquake activity:

Florence-area historical earthquake activity is slightly above Montana state average. It is 91% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 8/18/1959 at 06:37:13, a magnitude 7.7 (7.7 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 219.1 miles away from the city center, causing $26,000,000 total damage
On 10/28/1983 at 14:06:06, a magnitude 7.3 (6.2 MB, 7.3 MS, 7.0 MW) earthquake occurred 177.6 miles away from Florence center, causing 2 deaths (2 shaking deaths) and 3 injuries, causing $15,000,000 total damage
On 10/3/1915 at 06:52:48, a magnitude 7.6 (7.6 UK) earthquake occurred 457.6 miles away from the city center
On 7/26/2005 at 04:08:37, a magnitude 5.7 (5.7 MB, 5.2 MS, 5.6 MW, Depth: 8.0 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 112.2 miles away from the city center
On 6/30/1975 at 18:54:13, a magnitude 6.1 (5.6 MB, 5.9 MS, 6.1 UK, 6.1 ML, Class: Strong, Intensity: VII - IX) earthquake occurred 211.1 miles away from Florence center
On 8/22/1984 at 09:46:30, a magnitude 5.8 (5.0 MB, 5.1 MS, 5.8 ML) earthquake occurred 148.8 miles away from the city center
Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Natural disasters:

The number of natural disasters in Ravalli County (5) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 3
Emergencies Declared: 1

Causes of natural disasters: Fires: 2, Floods: 2, Storms: 2, Hurricane: 1, Snow: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Florence topographic map

Hospitals and medical centers near Florence:

  • THE LIVING CENTER (Nursing Home, about 9 miles away; STEVENSVILLE, MT)
  • HILLSIDE HEALTH CARE CENTER (Nursing Home, about 14 miles away; MISSOULA, MT)
  • COMMUNITY MEDICAL CENTER INC Acute Care Hospitals (about 15 miles away; MISSOULA, MT)
  • HOSPICE OF MISSOULA LLC (Hospital, about 16 miles away; MISSOULA, MT)

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Florence:

  • The University of Montana (about 17 miles; Missoula, MT; Full-time enrollment: 13,602)
  • University of Idaho (about 140 miles; Moscow, ID; FT enrollment: 10,416)
  • Lewis-Clark State College (about 142 miles; Lewiston, ID; FT enrollment: 3,199)
  • Washington State University (about 147 miles; Pullman, WA; FT enrollment: 25,055)
  • North Idaho College (about 147 miles; Coeur d'Alene, ID; FT enrollment: 4,684)
  • Montana State University (about 160 miles; Bozeman, MT; FT enrollment: 12,942)
  • Spokane Community College (about 171 miles; Spokane, WA; FT enrollment: 6,482)

Public high school in Florence:

Public elementary/middle schools in Florence:

See full list of schools located in Florence

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Notable locations in Florence: Florence (A), Florence Fire Station District 1 (B). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Florence include: Florence Baptist Church (A), Saint Joseph Mission (B). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemetery: Saint Joseph Cemetery (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Creek: Tie Chute Creek (A). Display/hide its location on the map

Tourist attractions: Western States Rehabilitation Center For Wildlife (Recreation Areas; 6044 Eastside Highway) (1), L & B Busing (Tours & Charters; Florence) (2). Display/hide their approximate locations on the map

Ravalli County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Air pollution and air quality trends
(lower is better)

Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2013 was 91.8. This is worse than average.

City:

91.8
U.S.:

74.7

Ozone [ppb] level in 2013 was 24.4. This is better than average. Closest monitor was 14.5 miles away from the city center.

City:

24.4
U.S.:

32.0

Particulate Matter (PM10) [µg/m3] level in 2013 was 15.8. This is better than average. Closest monitor was 8.5 miles away from the city center.

City:

15.8
U.S.:

20.0

Particulate Matter (PM2.5) [µg/m3] level in 2013 was 8.58. This is about average. Closest monitor was 14.5 miles away from the city center.

City:

8.58
U.S.:

9.35
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 11.4%
(11.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents)
Average household size:
This place:  2.6 people
Montana:  2.4 people

Percentage of family households:
This place:  72.6%
Whole state:  62.8%

Percentage of households with unmarried partners:
This place:  7.7%
Whole state:  6.7%

Likely homosexual households (counted as self-reported same-sex unmarried-partner households)
  • Lesbian couples: 0.7% of all households
  • Gay men: 0.3% of all households

Banks with branches in Florence (2011 data):

  • Farmers State Bank: Florence Branch at 5501 Old Highway 93 North, branch established on 1990/10/01. Info updated 2006/11/03: Bank assets: $310.9 mil, Deposits: $272.4 mil, headquarters in Victor, MT, positive income, Commercial Lending Specialization, 8 total offices, Holding Company: Farmers State Financial Corp.

Educational Attainment (%) in 2013

School Enrollment by Level of School (%) in 2013

Education Gini index (Inequality in education)
Here:

12.1
Montana average:

9.9

Florence travel time to work - commute Florence mode of transportation to work chart

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Religion statistics for Florence CDP (based on Ravalli County data)

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant4,31837
Other2,64411
Mainline Protestant2,52211
Catholic2,2254
None28,503-
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center. Graphs represent county-level data

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 11
Ravalli County:

2.73 / 10,000 pop.
Montana:

2.55 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (no gas): 2
Ravalli County:

0.50 / 10,000 pop.
Montana:

0.48 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (with gas): 15
Ravalli County:

3.72 / 10,000 pop.
State:

4.69 / 10,000 pop.
Number of full-service restaurants: 44
Here:

10.91 / 10,000 pop.
State:

10.38 / 10,000 pop.
Adult diabetes rate:
This county:

6.3%
Montana:

7.2%
Adult obesity rate:
Ravalli County:

18.5%
Montana:

23.1%
Low-income preschool obesity rate:
This county:

11.0%
State:

10.7%

Health and Nutrition:

Healthy diet rate:
Florence:

46.2%
Montana:

50.5%

Average overall health of teeth and gums:
Florence:

42.3%
Montana:

48.0%

Average BMI:
This city:

28.9
Montana:

28.8

People feeling badly about themselves:
This city:

24.9%
Montana:

21.4%

People not drinking alcohol at all:
Florence:

4.4%
Montana:

9.9%

Average hours sleeping at night:
This city:

6.7
Montana:

6.8

Overweight people:
This city:

32.6%
Montana:

35.3%

General health condition:
This city:

54.2%
State:

57.2%

Average condition of hearing:
This city:

81.9%
Montana:

78.3%

More about Health and Nutrition of Florence, MT Residents

7.09% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($37,723 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

7.09%
Montana average:

6.86%

10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries between 2010 and 2011.

Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Missoula County, MT  1.87% ($32,683 average AGI)
from Flathead County, MT  0.13% ($21,700)
from Gallatin County, MT  0.13% ($37,100)


6.81% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($33,043 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.81%
Montana average:

6.73%

10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries between 2010 and 2011.

Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Missoula County, MT  1.93% ($28,871 average AGI)
to Gallatin County, MT  0.22% ($27,152)
to Flathead County, MT  0.13% ($41,737)

Strongest AM radio stations in Florence:

  • KGVO (1290 AM; 5 kW; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KLCY (930 AM; 5 kW; EAST MISSOULA, MT; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KERR (750 AM; 50 kW; POLSON, MT; Owner: ANDERSON RADIO BROADCASTING, INC.)
  • KOFI (1180 AM; 50 kW; KALISPELL, MT; Owner: KOFI, INC.)
  • KGRZ (1450 AM; 1 kW; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: FISHER RADIO REGIONAL GROUP, INC.)
  • KYLT (1340 AM; 1 kW; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: FISHER RADIO REGIONAL GROUP, INC.)
  • KGA (1510 AM; 50 kW; SPOKANE, WA; Owner: CITADEL BROADCASTING COMPANY)
  • KBOI (670 AM; 50 kW; BOISE, ID; Owner: CITADEL BROADCASTING COMPANY)
  • KBOW (550 AM; 5 kW; BUTTE, MT; Owner: BUTTE BROADCASTING INCORPORATED)
  • KLYQ (1240 AM; 1 kW; HAMILTON, MT; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KQQQ (1150 AM; 25 kW; PULLMAN, WA; Owner: RADIO PALOUSE, INC.)
  • KTBI (810 AM; daytime; 50 kW; EPHRATA, WA; Owner: TACOMA BROADCASTERS, INCORPORATED)
  • KWEI (1260 AM; 50 kW; WEISER, ID; Owner: TREASURE VALLEY BROADCASTING CO.)

Strongest FM radio stations in Florence:

  • KZOQ-FM (100.1 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: FISHER RADIO REGIONAL GROUP, INC.)
  • KMZL (91.1 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: FAITH COMMUNICATIONS CORP.)
  • K204EV (88.7 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: CALVARY CHAPEL OF TWIN FALLS, INC.)
  • KMSO (102.5 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: SHEILA CALLAHAN & FRIENDS, INC)
  • KBQQ (106.7 FM; PINESDALE, MT; Owner: FISHER RADIO REGIONAL GROUP INC.)
  • KGGL (93.3 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: FISHER RADIO REGIONAL GROUP, INC.)
  • KYSS-FM (94.9 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KUFM (89.1 FM; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA)
  • KBAZ (96.3 FM; HAMILTON, MT; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KXDR (98.7 FM; HAMILTON, MT; Owner: FISHER RADIO REGIONAL GROUP, INC.)
  • KPLG (91.5 FM; PLAINS, MT; Owner: YOUR NETWORK OF PRAISE, INC.)
  • KLTC-FM (107.5 FM; SUPERIOR, MT; Owner: CLEAR CHANNEL BROADCASTING LICENSES, INC.)
  • KUFN (91.9 FM; HAMILTON, MT; Owner: THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA)

TV broadcast stations around Florence:

  • K29CV (Channel 29; FLORENCE, MT; Owner: BITTERROOT VALLEY PUBLIC TV, INC.)
  • K05EE (Channel 5; BIG ARM, ETC., MT; Owner: BLACKTAIL TV TAX DISTRICT)
  • KUFM-TV (Channel 11; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA)
  • K42EO (Channel 42; MISSOULA, MT; Owner: TRINITY BROADCASTING NETWORK)
  • K50CP (Channel 50; MISSOULA, ETC., MT; Owner: DAVID A. TUCKER)

FCC Registered Antenna Towers:

12 (See the full list of FCC Registered Antenna Towers in Florence)

FCC Registered Private Land Mobile Towers:

3
  • Fire Station W Bitterroot Rd Approx 100 Yds W Hwy 93 (Lat: 46.629083 Lon: -114.081222), Call Sign: KIT639
    Assigned Frequencies: 154.190 MHz, 154.445 MHzGrant Date: 06/10/2015, Expiration Date: 05/15/2025Registrant: Universal Licensing Service, 4401 A Connecticut Ave Nw 232, Washington, DC 20008, Phone: (877) 677-3639, Email:
  • Lat: 46.630556 Lon: -114.081944, Call Sign: WQFI971
    Assigned Frequencies: 451.325 MHz, 451.725 MHzGrant Date: 07/27/2006, Expiration Date: 07/27/2016, Certifier: Joyce MikesellRegistrant: Bearcom Operating LP, Dallas, TX 75355-9001, Phone: (800) 458-9887, Fax: (214) 355-1714, Email:
  • Lat: 46.672778 Lon: -114.077222, Call Sign: WQKM695, Licensee ID: L01504991
    Assigned Frequencies: 151.797 MHzGrant Date: 07/16/2009, Expiration Date: 07/16/2019, Certifier: John McgeeRegistrant: Florence-Carlton School District 15-6, 5602 Old Highway 93 S, Florence, MT 59833, Phone: (406) 273-6751, Fax: (406) 273-0545, Email:

FCC Registered Microwave Towers:

10 (See the full list of FCC Registered Microwave Towers in this town)

FCC Registered Amateur Radio Licenses:

40 (See the full list of FCC Registered Amateur Radio Licenses in Florence)

FAA Registered Aircraft:

13 (See the full list of FAA Registered Aircraft in Florence)

Drinking water stations with addresses in Florence and their reported violations in the past:

SPIRIT OF CHRIST MISSION (Population served: 252, Groundwater):
Past monitoring violations:
  • 9 routine major monitoring violations
  • 3 regular monitoring violations
WILD RIVER STORE (Population served: 200, Groundwater):
Past health violations:
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In AUG-2011, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Violation/Reminder Notice (2 times from AUG-31-2011 to AUG-31-2011), St Public Notif requested (AUG-31-2011), St Compliance achieved (SEP-25-2011)
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In NOV-2010, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Public Notif requested (NOV-26-2010), St Violation/Reminder Notice (2 times from NOV-26-2010 to NOV-26-2010), St Public Notif received (DEC-16-2010), St Compliance achieved (MAR-11-2011)
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In AUG-2009, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Public Notif requested (AUG-28-2009), St Violation/Reminder Notice (2 times from AUG-28-2009 to AUG-28-2009), St Public Notif received (SEP-01-2009), St Compliance achieved (OCT-18-2010)
Past monitoring violations:
  • 3 routine major monitoring violations
RJS BUM STEER INC (Population served: 150, Groundwater):
Past monitoring violations:
  • One routine major monitoring violation
STUMBLE INN (Population served: 75, Groundwater):
Past monitoring violations:
  • 4 regular monitoring violations
RUSTIC HUT (Population served: 50, Groundwater):
Past health violations:
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In SEP-2009, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Violation/Reminder Notice (SEP-08-2009), St Public Notif requested (SEP-08-2009), St Violation/Reminder Notice (SEP-08-2009), St Other (SEP-18-2009), St AO (w/o penalty) issued (NOV-20-2009), St Compliance achieved (APR-29-2010), St Public Notif received (JUL-19-2010)
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In AUG-2009, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Public Notif requested (AUG-04-2009), St Violation/Reminder Notice (2 times from AUG-04-2009 to AUG-04-2009), St Public Notif received (AUG-28-2009), St Other (SEP-18-2009), St AO (w/o penalty) issued (NOV-20-2009), St Compliance achieved (APR-29-2010)
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In JUL-2009, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Public Notif requested (JUL-13-2009), St Violation/Reminder Notice (2 times from JUL-13-2009 to JUL-13-2009), St Public Notif received (AUG-28-2009), St Other (SEP-18-2009), St AO (w/o penalty) issued (NOV-20-2009), St Compliance achieved (APR-29-2010)
  • MCL, Monthly (TCR) - In JUL-2005, Contaminant: Coliform. Follow-up actions: St Public Notif requested (JUL-26-2005), St Violation/Reminder Notice (2 times from JUL-26-2005 to JUL-26-2005), St Compliance achieved (JAN-07-2009)
Past monitoring violations:
  • One routine major monitoring violation
  • One regular monitoring violation

2006 National Fire Incident Reporting System Incidents:

  • Fire: 13
See full 2006 National Fire Incident Reporting System statistics for Florence, MT
Most common first names in Florence, MT among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Robert1470.3 years
John1177.3 years
Mary1185.0 years
Edward1078.1 years
Joseph973.1 years
Margaret886.6 years
Dorothy676.5 years
Fred680.2 years
Frank581.4 years
Helen579.0 years
Most common last names in Florence, MT among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Johnson872.5 years
Nelson678.5 years
Hendrickson480.0 years
Mcdonald486.0 years
Peters482.3 years
Williams477.3 years
Duncan387.7 years
Bolin374.3 years
Anderson379.3 years
Maier384.0 years

Most commonly used house heating fuel:

  • Utility gas (76%)
  • Wood (20%)
  • Electricity (4%)

Businesses in Florence, MT

  • Ace Hardware: 1
  • Subway: 1
  • U-Haul: 1

Florence compared to Montana state average:

  • Unemployed percentage below state average.
  • Black race population percentage significantly below state average.
  • Hispanic race population percentage below state average.
  • Median age above state average.
  • Foreign-born population percentage significantly below state average.
  • House age below state average.
There are 25 pilots and 19 other airmen in this city.
Cost of Living Calculator
Top Patent Applicants
Top Patent Applicants
  • Chad Edward Miller (3)
  • Rod Christopherson (1)
  • Mark Robirds (1)
  • Kevin S. Burns (1)
  • Paul Daniel James (1)
  • R. J. Patterson (1)
  • Ralph C. Judd (1)

Total of 9 patent applications in 2008-2016.