Greenfield Town, Massachusetts

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Population in 2014: 17,368 (90% urban, 10% rural).
Males: 8,648  (49.8%)
Females: 8,720  (50.2%)
Median resident age:  42.8 years
Massachusetts median age:  39.5 years

Zip codes: 01301.

Estimated median household income in 2016: $57,106
Greenfield Town:

$57,106
MA:

$75,297

Estimated per capita income in 2016: $34,129

Greenfield Town city income, earnings, and wages data

Estimated median house or condo value in 2016: $230,500
Greenfield Town:

$230,500
MA:

$366,900

Mean prices in 2016: All housing units: $217,891; Detached houses: $227,634; Townhouses or other attached units: $185,081; In 2-unit structures: $176,509; In 3-to-4-unit structures: $125,356; In 5-or-more-unit structures: $209,349; Mobile homes: $18,710

Median gross rent in 2016: $876.

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  • Races in Greenfield Town, MA (2010)

    Greenfield Town races chart
    • 15,67589.8%White alone
    • 8534.9%Hispanic
    • 3442.0%Two or more races
    • 2621.5%Black alone
    • 2361.4%Asian alone
    • 520.3%American Indian alone
    • 320.2%Other race alone
    • 20.01%Native Hawaiian and Other
      Pacific Islander alone

Races in Greenfield Town detailed stats: ancestries, foreign born residents, place of birth

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Greenfield Town: 108.1 (more than average, U.S. average is 100)
Recent articles from our blog. Our writers, many of them Ph.D. graduates or candidates, create easy-to-read articles on a wide variety of topics.

Ancestries: Polish (12.9%), Irish (9.7%), American (9.5%), English (7.1%), French (5.0%), Italian (5.0%).

Current Local Time: EST time zone

Greenfield Town,MA real estate house value index trend

For population 25 years and over in Greenfield Town:

  • High school or higher: 92.6%
  • Bachelor's degree or higher: 30.2%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 14.0%
  • Mean travel time to work (commute): 22.2 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Greenfield Town city:

  • Never married: 32.8%
  • Now married: 46.7%
  • Separated: 0.8%
  • Widowed: 7.2%
  • Divorced: 12.5%

1,277 residents are foreign born (4.8% Europe, 0.8% Latin America).

This city:

7.4%
Massachusetts:

15.7%

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2016: $3,569 (1.9%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2016: $3,943 (2.2%)

Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: Chicopee, MA (30.7 miles , pop. 54,653).

Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: Boston, MA (79.6 miles , pop. 589,141).

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Bronx, NY (138.9 miles , pop. 1,332,650).

Nearest cities: Greenfield, MA (1.2 miles ), Turners Falls, MA (1.5 miles ), Gill, MA (2.1 miles ), Montague, MA (2.1 miles ), Shelburne, MA (2.2 miles ), Bernardston, MA (2.2 miles ), Millers Falls, MA (2.4 miles ), Leyden, MA (2.4 miles ).

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2010: 13 buildings, average cost: $17,000
  • 2011: 3 buildings, average cost: $133,500
  • 2012: 5 buildings, average cost: $150,600
  • 2013: 6 buildings, average cost: $191,000
  • 2014: 1 building, cost: $150,900

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Latitude: 42.61 N, Longitude: 72.60 W

Area code commonly used in this area: 413

Greenfield Town household income distribution Greenfield Town home values distribution
Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

4.1%
Massachusetts:

4.5%

Unemployment by year (%)

Most common industries in 2016 (%)
Males Females
  • Manufacturing (17%)
  • Retail trade (12%)
  • Educational services (11%)
  • Construction (9%)
  • Health care and social assistance (6%)
  • Public administration (6%)
  • Accommodation and food services (6%)
  • Health care and social assistance (28%)
  • Educational services (16%)
  • Retail trade (11%)
  • Accommodation and food services (9%)
  • Finance and insurance (6%)
  • Other services, except public administration (6%)
  • Manufacturing (6%)
Most common occupations in 2016 (%)
Males Females
  • Production occupations (14%)
  • Management occupations (10%)
  • Construction and extraction occupations (8%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (7%)
  • Sales and related occupations (7%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (7%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (7%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (17%)
  • Management occupations (11%)
  • Sales and related occupations (10%)
  • Personal care and service occupations (9%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (8%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (8%)
  • Healthcare support occupations (8%)

Work and jobs in Greenfield Town: detailed stats about occupations, industries, unemployment, workers, commute

Tornado activity:

Greenfield Town-area historical tornado activity is above Massachusetts state average. It is 14% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 6/9/1953, a category F4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 24.0 miles away from the Greenfield Town city center killed 90 people and injured 1228 people and caused between $50,000,000 and $500,000,000 in damages.

On 10/3/1979, a category F4 tornado 39.4 miles away from the city center killed 3 people and injured 500 people and caused between $50,000,000 and $500,000,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Greenfield Town-area historical earthquake activity is near Massachusetts state average. It is 89% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 10/7/1983 at 10:18:46, a magnitude 5.3 (5.1 MB, 5.3 LG, 5.1 ML, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 127.6 miles away from the city center
On 4/20/2002 at 10:50:47, a magnitude 5.2 (5.2 MB, 4.2 MS, 5.2 MW, 5.0 MW, Depth: 6.8 mi) earthquake occurred 141.2 miles away from Greenfield Town center
On 1/19/1982 at 00:14:42, a magnitude 4.7 (4.5 MB, 4.7 MD, 4.5 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 79.3 miles away from the city center
On 6/17/1991 at 08:53:16, a magnitude 4.1 (4.0 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 105.9 miles away from the city center
On 10/2/1994 at 11:27:22, a magnitude 3.7 (3.5 LG, 3.7 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 24.7 miles away from Greenfield Town center
On 8/22/1992 at 12:20:32, a magnitude 4.8 (4.8 MB, 3.8 MS, 4.7 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 270.3 miles away from the city center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), duration magnitude (MD), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Natural disasters:

The number of natural disasters in Franklin County (19) is greater than the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 9
Emergencies Declared: 10

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 5, Storms: 5, Hurricanes: 4, Snowstorms: 4, Winter Storms: 3, Blizzards: 2, Snows: 2, Snowfall: 1, Tropical Storm: 1, Wind: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Hospitals and medical centers near Greenfield Town:

  • HOSPICE OF FRANKLIN COUNTY, INC (Hospital, about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)
  • FRANKLIN CENTER (Nursing Home, about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)
  • POET'S SEAT HEALTH CARE CENTER (Nursing Home, about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)
  • YANKEE FAMILY DIALYSIS CENTER (Dialysis Facility, about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)
  • NURSE'S HOUSE CALL - GREENFIELD (Home Health Center, about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)
  • BAYSTATE FRANKLIN MEDICAL CENTER Acute Care Hospitals (about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)
  • HOSPICE OF FRANKLIN COUNTY (Hospital, about 2 miles away; GREENFIELD, MA)

Amtrak stations near Greenfield Town:

  • 16 miles: BRATTLEBORO (VERNON RD.) . Services: enclosed waiting area, public restrooms, call for car rental service, call for taxi service.
  • 18 miles: AMHERST (RAILROAD ST.) . Services: enclosed waiting area, public payphones, free short-term parking, paid long-term parking, call for car rental service, call for taxi service, public transit connection.

Operable nuclear power plant near Greenfield Town:

  • 12 miles: Vermont Yankee in Vernon, VT.

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Greenfield Town:

  • University of Massachusetts-Amherst (about 17 miles; Amherst, MA; Full-time enrollment: 26,583)
  • Smith College (about 21 miles; Northampton, MA; FT enrollment: 3,549)
  • Mount Holyoke College (about 25 miles; South Hadley, MA; FT enrollment: 2,573)
  • Keene State College (about 27 miles; Keene, NH; FT enrollment: 5,098)
  • Holyoke Community College (about 30 miles; Holyoke, MA; FT enrollment: 4,911)
  • Franklin Pierce University (about 30 miles; Rindge, NH; FT enrollment: 2,139)
  • Mount Wachusett Community College (about 32 miles; Gardner, MA; FT enrollment: 3,143)

Click to draw/clear city borders

Notable locations in Greenfield Town: Camp Avery (A), Kings Plaza (B), Greenfield Plaza (C), Cherry Rum Shopping Plaza (D), Baystate Health System Ambulance Service (E), Greenfield Fire Department (F), Franklin County Jail (G), Greenfield Middle School Library (H), Greenfield High School Library (I), Greenfield Community College Library and Learning Resources Center (J), MacAlaster Library (K), Cushman Library (L), Franklin Law Library (M), Greenfield Community College Library (N). Display/hide their locations on the map

Shopping Center: Mohawk Mall Shopping Center (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Churches in Greenfield Town include: Second Congregational Church (A), Salvation Army (B), Saint Pauls Lutheran Church (C), Saint James Episcopal Church (D), Living Water Assembly of God Church (E), Forgiven Heart Fellowship Church (F), First United Methodist Church (G), First Congregational Church (H), First Church of Christ Scientist (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Upper Meadow Cemetery (1), Lower Meadow Cemetery (2), High Street Cemetery (3), Polish Cemetery (4), Calvary Cemetery (5), Green River Cemetery (6). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Newell Pond (A), Nash Pond (B), Maynard Pond (C), White Ash Swamp (D). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Mill Brook (A), McCard Brook (B), Smead Brook (C), Wheeler Brook (D), Green River (E), Glen Brook (F), Allen Brook (G), Arms Brook (H), Cherry Rum Brook (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Greenfield Town include: Main Street Historic District (1), Temple Woods (2), Rocky Mountain Park (3), Highland Park (4). Display/hide their locations on the map

Beach: Greenfield Beach (A). Display/hide its location on the map

Franklin County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

Air pollution and air quality trends
(lower is better)

Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2013 was 53.7. This is better than average.

City:

53.7
U.S.:

74.7

Ozone [ppb] level in 2013 was 26.0. This is better than average. Closest monitor was 3.0 miles away from the city center.

City:

26.0
U.S.:

32.0

Particulate Matter (PM10) [µg/m3] level in 2008 was 14.0. This is significantly better than average. Closest monitor was 16.8 miles away from the city center.

City:

14.0
U.S.:

20.0
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2016: 13.1%
(10.8% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 63.8% for Black residents, 33.1% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 52.9% for other race residents, 26.0% for two or more races residents)
Average household size:
This city:  2.1 people
Massachusetts:  2.5 people

Percentage of family households:
This city:  53.4%
Whole state:  63.0%

Percentage of households with unmarried partners:
This city:  9.8%
Whole state:  7.0%

Likely homosexual households (counted as self-reported same-sex unmarried-partner households)
  • Lesbian couples: 1.6% of all households
  • Gay men: 0.4% of all households

People in group quarters in Greenfield Town in 2010:

  • 252 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 176 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
  • 50 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 45 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 30 people in emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) for people experiencing homelessness
  • 24 people in residential treatment centers for adults
  • 15 people in group homes for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 14 people in correctional facilities intended for juveniles

Educational Attainment (%) in 2016

School Enrollment by Level of School (%) in 2016

Education Gini index (Inequality in education)
Here:

10.1
Massachusetts average:

12.7

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2008 2012 2016

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

2016 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Religion statistics for Greenfield Town city (based on Franklin County data)

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic16,50915
Mainline Protestant4,61738
Evangelical Protestant2,07920
Other1,58021
None46,587-
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center. Graphs represent county-level data

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 26
Franklin County:

3.63 / 10,000 pop.
Massachusetts:

1.98 / 10,000 pop.
Number of supercenters and club stores: 1
This county:

0.14 / 10,000 pop.
State:

0.05 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (no gas): 12
Franklin County:

1.67 / 10,000 pop.
Massachusetts:

2.22 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (with gas): 23
Franklin County:

3.21 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.77 / 10,000 pop.
Number of full-service restaurants: 58
Here:

8.10 / 10,000 pop.
State:

8.76 / 10,000 pop.
Adult diabetes rate:
This county:

7.5%
Massachusetts:

8.1%
Adult obesity rate:
Franklin County:

22.2%
Massachusetts:

22.5%
Low-income preschool obesity rate:
This county:

15.1%
State:

16.5%
Local government employment and payroll (March 2012)
Function Full-time employees Monthly full-time payroll Average yearly full-time wage Part-time employees Monthly part-time payroll
Financial Administration 8$37,778$56,6671$2,812
Other Government Administration 15$77,538$62,0300$0
Judicial and Legal 1$7,302$87,6241$703
Police Protection - Officers 37$199,401$64,6710$0
Police - Other 8$34,065$51,0980$0
Firefighters 30$129,048$51,6194$5,910
Streets and Highways 16$63,341$47,5060$0
Sewerage 19$83,861$52,9650$0
Parks and Recreation 12$45,975$45,97511$11,033
Water Supply 12$54,500$54,5000$0
Elementary and Secondary - Instruction 398$1,097,089$33,0780$0
Elementary and Secondary - Other Total 57$152,734$32,1550$0
Other and Unallocable 1$3,516$42,1920$0
Totals for Government 614$1,986,148$38,81717$20,458

6.07% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($34,154 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.07%
Massachusetts average:

5.61%

0.03% of residents moved from foreign countries ($130 average AGI)
Franklin County:

0.03%
Massachusetts average:

0.06%

Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Hampshire County, MA  1.74% ($33,774 average AGI)
from Worcester County, MA  0.81% ($33,513)
from Hampden County, MA  0.42% ($30,770)


5.95% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($34,267 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.95%
Massachusetts average:

5.85%

0.05% of residents moved to foreign countries ($160 average AGI)
Franklin County:

0.05%
Massachusetts average:

0.11%

Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Hampshire County, MA  1.52% ($37,079 average AGI)
to Worcester County, MA  0.80% ($33,573)
to Hampden County, MA  0.42% ($35,024)

Strongest AM radio stations in Greenfield Town:

  • WIZZ (1520 AM; daytime; 10 kW; GREENFIELD, MA; Owner: P. & M. RADIO, LLC)
  • WHMQ (1240 AM; 1 kW; GREENFIELD, MA; Owner: SAGA COMMUNICATIONS OF NEW ENGLAND, LLC)
  • WNNZ (640 AM; 50 kW; WESTFIELD, MA; Owner: CLEAR CHANNEL BROADCASTING LICENSES, INC.)
  • WCRN (830 AM; 50 kW; WORCESTER, MA; Owner: CARTER BROADCASTING CORPORATION)
  • WVNE (760 AM; daytime; 25 kW; LEICESTER, MA; Owner: BLOUNT MASSCOM, INC.)
  • WRKO (680 AM; 50 kW; BOSTON, MA; Owner: ENTERCOM BOSTON LICENSE, LLC)
  • WTIC (1080 AM; 50 kW; HARTFORD, CT; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • WCAT (700 AM; daytime; 3 kW; ORANGE-ATHOL, MA; Owner: CITADEL BROADCASTING COMPANY)
  • WGY (810 AM; 50 kW; SCHENECTADY, NY; Owner: CLEAR CHANNEL BROADCASTING LICENSES, INC.)
  • WEEI (850 AM; 50 kW; BOSTON, MA; Owner: ENTERCOM BOSTON LICENSE, LLC)
  • WALE (990 AM; 50 kW; GREENVILLE, RI; Owner: NORTH AMERICAN BROADCASTING CO., INC.)
  • WKOX (1200 AM; 50 kW; FRAMINGHAM, MA; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • WPNI (1430 AM; 5 kW; AMHERST, MA; Owner: WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS RADIO COMPANY)

Strongest FM radio stations in Greenfield Town:

  • WHAI (98.3 FM; GREENFIELD, MA; Owner: SAGA COMMUNICATIONS OF NEW ENGLAND, LLC)
  • WPVQ (95.3 FM; GREENFIELD, MA; Owner: GREAT NORTHERN RADIO, L.L.C.)
  • WRSI (93.9 FM; TURNERS FALLS, MA; Owner: GREAT NORTHERN RADIO, LLC)
  • WGAJ (91.7 FM; DEERFIELD, MA; Owner: TRUATEES OF DEERFIELD ACADEMY)
  • WAMC-FM (90.3 FM; ALBANY, NY; Owner: WAMC)
  • WYRY (104.9 FM; HINSDALE, NH; Owner: TRI-VALLEY BROADCASTING CORPORATION)
  • WFCR (88.5 FM; AMHERST, MA; Owner: UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS)
  • WRSY (101.5 FM; MARLBORO, VT; Owner: GREAT NORTHERN RADIO, L.L.C.)
  • WVAY (100.7 FM; WILMINGTON, VT; Owner: GREAT NORTHERN RADIO, L.L.C.)
  • WEQX (102.7 FM; MANCHESTER, VT; Owner: NORTHSHIRE COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • WJAN (95.1 FM; SUNDERLAND, VT; Owner: 6 JOHNSON ROAD LICENSES, INC.)
  • WAMH (89.3 FM; AMHERST, MA; Owner: TRUSTEES OF AMHERST COLLEGE)
  • WHYN-FM (93.1 FM; SPRINGFIELD, MA; Owner: CLEAR CHANNEL BROADCASTING LICENSES, INC.)
  • WOQL (98.7 FM; WINCHESTER, NH; Owner: SAGA COMMUNICATIONS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, LLC)
  • WJDF (97.3 FM; ORANGE, MA; Owner: DEANE BROTHERS BROADCASTING CORP.)
  • WRNX (100.9 FM; AMHERST, MA; Owner: WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS RADIO COMPANY)
  • WKVT-FM (92.7 FM; BRATTLEBORO, VT; Owner: SAGA COMMUNICATIONS OF NEW ENGLAND, LLC)
  • W246AM (97.1 FM; AMHERST, MA; Owner: GREAT NORTHERN RADIO, LLC)
  • WHDQ (106.1 FM; CLAREMONT, NH; Owner: GREAT NORTHERN RADIO, L.L.C.)
  • WCMK (91.9 FM; PUTNEY, VT; Owner: CHRISTIAN MINISTRIES INC)

TV broadcast stations around Greenfield Town:

  • WYDN (Channel 48; WORCESTER, MA; Owner: EDUCATIONAL PUBLIC TV CORPORATION)
  • WUNI (Channel 27; WORCESTER, MA; Owner: ENTRAVISION HOLDINGS, LLC)
  • W35BK (Channel 35; PLAINFIELD, MA; Owner: LYDIA SYLVANE STOCKWELL)
  • National Bridge Inventory (NBI) Statistics
  • 29Number of bridges
  • 108m354ftTotal length
  • $51,175,000Total costs
  • 294,850Total average daily traffic
  • 26,614Total average daily truck traffic
  • 459,365Total future (year 2031) average daily traffic

New bridges - Historical Statistics

  • 11930-1939
  • 21950-1959
  • 211960-1969
  • 21970-1979
  • 11980-1989
  • 22000-2009
See Full National Bridge Inventory Statistics for Greenfield Town, MA

Greenfield Town compared to Massachusetts state average:

  • Median house value below state average.
  • Unemployed percentage significantly below state average.
  • Black race population percentage significantly below state average.
  • Hispanic race population percentage below state average.
  • Foreign-born population percentage below state average.
  • Length of stay since moving in significantly below state average.
  • Institutionalized population percentage above state average.

Greenfield Town on our top lists:

  • #12 on the list of "Top 101 cities with the largest percentage of likely lesbian couples (counted as self-reported female-female unmarried-partner households) (population 5,000+)"
  • #51 on the list of "Top 101 cities with the largest percentage of likely homosexual households (counted as self-reported same-sex unmarried-partner households) (population 5,000+)"
  • #21 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest percentage of residents that drank alcohol in the past 30 days"
  • #65 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest average weight of females"
  • #84 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest surface withdrawal of fresh water for public supply (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #88 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the best general health status score of residents (1-5), 3 years of data"
  • #92 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest percentage of residents that smoked 100+ cigarettes in their lives"
Cost of Living Calculator