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Brewster County, Texas (TX)


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County population in 2012: 9,316 (65% urban, 35% rural); it was 8,866 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,068
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,485
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 2,180
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,654 (it was 1,489 in 2000)
% of renters here:

41%
State:

36%

Land area: 6193 sq. mi.
Water area: 0.2 sq. mi.
Population density: 2 people per square mile 
 
 (very low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Brewster County: 82.3 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (24.1%), Arts,entertainment,recreation,accommodation and food services (16.8%), Retail trade (12.1%), Construction (12.0%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 57%
  • Government: 30%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 12%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Brewster County races chart

Races in Brewster County, Texas:


Median resident age:  41.0 years
Texas median age:  33.0 years

Males: 4,636  (47.8%)
Females: 4,596  (52.2%)

Brewster County, TX forum
Recent posts about Brewster County, Texas on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users. Brewster County is mentioned 22 times on our forum:
Which Texas City Will be the Next to Hit the 1,000,000 Population Mark?  (144 replies)
Texas Trivia  (1626 replies)
Letters on the mountains  (40 replies)
Conservative guy looking to escape the liberal northeast  (44 replies)
Texas Drought Killing Trees  (20 replies)
Looking to buy property El Paso through Brewster County Area, Need Info on area  (2 replies)

Average household size:
Brewster County:

2.0 people
Texas:

3 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $33,100 ($27,386 in 1999)
This county:

$33100
Texas:

$48259

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $410 (lower quartile is $307, upper quartile is $519)
This county:

$410
State:

$632


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $93,213 (it was $63,600 in 2000)
Brewster County:

$93,213
Texas:

$125,800
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $56,091 - $151,292

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $220,173
Here:

$220,173
State:

$177,060

Townhouses or other attached units: $20,560
Here:

$20,560
State:

$170,403

Mobile homes: $57,333
Here:

$57,333
State:

$42,156

Occupied boats, RVs, vans, etc.: $58,771
Here:

$58,771
State:

$34,447
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,087
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $339

Institutionalized population: 69

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Brewster County, TX map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,129 (1.2%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $945 (1.1%)


Brewster County household income distribution in 2009 Brewster County home values distribution


Brewster County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 17.6%
(13.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 0.0% for Black residents, 23.7% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 72.3% for American Indian residents, 13.3% for other race residents, 5.5% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 41 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 42 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 43 years old, Black residents: 25 years old, American Indian residents: 38 years old, Asian residents: 28 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 32 years old, Other race residents: 32 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

18.2%
Whole state:

15.4%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

8.0%
Whole state:

6.7%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Brewster County is $368 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $484 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $579 a month.

Cities in this county include: Alpine, Marathon, Study Butte-Terlingua, Study Butte, Terlingua.

Brewster County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

2005 air pollution in Brewster County:

Ozone (1-hour): 0.072 ppm (standard limit: 0.12 ppm). Below U.S. average.
Ozone (8-hour): 0.066 ppm (standard limit: 0.08 ppm). Below U.S. average.



Click to draw/clear Brewster County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Brewster County: Chambers Camp (A), Cottonwood Campground (B), Emerson Ranch (C), Espanol House (D), Flat Windmills (E), Jewels Camp (F), La Clocha (G), Leoncita Ranch (H), Saint Helena Canyon Junction (I), Merriweather Ranch (J), Mule Ear Overlook (K), Nichols Ranch (L), O 2 Ranch (M), Old Word Ranch (N), Post Ranch (O), Plank House (P), Reed Camp (Q), Robbers Roost (R), San Vicente (S), Santa Elena Canyon Lookout (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Coyote Cemetery (1), Rice Cemetery (2), Elm Grove Cemetery (3). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and reservoirs: Tinaja Lujan (A), Bull Waterhole (B), Lowes Tinaja (C), Dead Horse Hole (D), Cheosa Waterhole (E), Paynes Waterhole (F), Carlota Tinaja (G), Wood Hollow Tank (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Blue Creek (A), Black Creek (B), Stillwell Creek (C), Star Creek (D), Bird Creek (E), South Fork Alamo de Cesanio Creek (F), Alpine Creek (G), Rough Run (H), Rough Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Brewster County include: New Town Park (1), Big Bend National Park (2), Fort Pena Colorado Park (3), Elephant Mountain Wildlife Management Area (4), Black Gap Wildlife Management Area (5). Display/hide their locations on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Jeff Davis County , Pecos County , Presidio County , Terrell County .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 1,330
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 78.6%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 27.7%

Number of foreign born residents: 615 (29% naturalized citizens)

Brewster County:

6.9%
Whole state:

13.9%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 12.6 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 91.6%

Brewster County marital status for males
Brewster County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Brewster County with a mortgage: 502 (37 second mortgage, 10 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 874

Here:

36.5% with mortgage
State:

64.2% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 57.00%
Here57.0%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 5,054
Total congregations: 21

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameCatholic ChurchSouthern Baptist ConventionUnited Methodist ChurchAssemblies of GodPresbyterian Church (USA)
Adherents2,538 (50.2%)1,371 (27.1%)431 (8.5%)140 (2.8%)133 (2.6%)
Congregations3 (14.3%)6 (28.6%)2 (9.5%)2 (9.5%)1 (4.8%)
NameLDS (Mormon) ChurchChristian Church (Disciples of Christ)Episcopal ChurchLutheran ChurchOther
Adherents119 (2.4%)108 (2.1%)70 (1.4%)58 (1.1%)86 (1.7%)
Congregations1 (4.8%)1 (4.8%)2 (9.5%)1 (4.8%)2 (9.5%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Brewster County - Alpine, Marathon, Study Butte-Terlingua, Study Butte, Terlingua

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 6
This county:

6.49 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

1.47 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 4
This county:

4.33 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

3.95 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 12
Brewster County:

12.99 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

6.13 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

8.0%
Texas:

8.9%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

25.0%
Texas:

26.6%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Brewster County:

13.8%
State:

15.7%


Agriculture in Brewster County:

Average size of farms: 12320 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $38,293
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 2.51%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 90.35%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $53,459
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $41,414
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 83.09%
Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 0.77
Vegetables: 8 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 61 acres

Tornado activity:

Brewster County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Texas state average. It is 25.0 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 3 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 6/11/1954, a tornado injured 3 people and caused between $500 and $5000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Brewster County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above Texas state average. It is 55% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/14/1995 at 00:32:56, a magnitude 5.7 (5.6 MB, 5.7 MS, 5.7 MW, Depth: 11.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 19.8 miles away from the county center
On 4/15/1995 at 14:33:29, a magnitude 4.0 (4.0 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 19.7 miles away from the county center
On 4/15/1998 at 10:33:42, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 14.7 miles away from the county center
On 11/12/1995 at 17:45:59, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 21.4 miles away from Brewster County center
On 6/1/1995 at 01:06:15, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 21.4 miles away from the county center
On 4/14/1995 at 02:19:38, a magnitude 3.3 (3.3 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 21.4 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Brewster County (6) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 1
Emergencies Declared: 4

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Educational services (15%)
  • Construction (14%)
  • Public administration (9%)
  • Accommodation and food services (7%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (7%)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation (5%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (3%)
  • Educational services (28%)
  • Accommodation and food services (16%)
  • Health care (9%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Personal and laundry services (4%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (3%)
  • Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers (3%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers (5%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (5%)
  • Other sales and related workers including supervisors (5%)
  • Carpenters (4%)
  • Agricultural workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Law enforcement workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (4%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (8%)
  • Information and record clerks except customer service representatives (6%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (6%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (6%)
  • Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (6%)
  • Retail sales workers except cashiers (5%)
  • Supervisors and other personal care and service workers except personal appearance, transportation, and child care workers (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Brewster County (%):





Brewster County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 2,744 (68%)
  • Carpooled: 636 (16%)
  • Motorcycle: 14 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 93 (2%)
  • Walked: 299 (7%)
  • Other means: 43 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 186 (5%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Brewster County, Texas in 2000:

People in group quarters in Brewster County, Texas in 2010:


Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $39,576.

11.54% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($45,827 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

11.54%
Texas average:

8.37%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
8.04% relocated from other counties in Texas ($18,419 average AGI)
3.50% relocated from other states ($27,408 average AGI)
Brewster County:

3.50%
Texas average:

3.06%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Presidio County, TX  1.14% ($33,743 average AGI)
from Ector County, TX  0.56% ($15,706)
from Travis County, TX  0.46% ($17,643)
from Bexar County, TX  0.42% ($19,923)
from Harris County, TX  0.42% ($25,000)
from Tom Green County, TX  0.39% ($18,000)
from Dallas County, TX  0.36% ($20,545)


12.00% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($30,507 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

12.00%
Texas average:

7.44%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
8.78% relocated to other counties in Texas ($20,393 average AGI)
3.22% relocated to other states ($10,114 average AGI)
Brewster County:

3.22%
Texas average:

2.17%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Midland County, TX  1.20% ($25,676 average AGI)
to Presidio County, TX  0.62% ($26,632)
to El Paso County, TX  0.55% ($27,353)
to Ector County, TX  0.49% ($20,133)
to Bexar County, TX  0.42% ($19,692)
to Pecos County, TX  0.36% ($18,182)
to Travis County, TX  0.36% ($14,636)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.5
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 13.1

Births per 1000 population in Brewster County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 8.8
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 8.4

Deaths per 1000 population in Brewster County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 10.4
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 8.1

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Brewster County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 1,402 (1,264 aged, 138 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 23%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 24%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 10.84
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 16074.14
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 379.360
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 45588.55

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1376.800
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 958.260
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 33.04

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 22.49
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 132.170

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 11.01

EPA green book nonattainment status in 2004-2006: 1

Household type by relationship:

Households: 9,157

Size of family households: 1,211 2-persons, 483 3-persons, 356 4-persons, 163 5-persons, 70 6-persons, 46 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,555 1-person, 282 2-persons, 29 3-persons, 6 4-persons, 3 5-persons, 2 6-persons, 1 7-or-more-persons.

57.3% of residents of Brewster County speak English at home.
41.0% of residents speak Spanish at home (70% speak English very well, 18% speak English well, 10% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).
1.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (93% speak English very well, 7% speak English well).
0.4% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (59% speak English very well, 41% speak English not well).
0.2% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English very well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $62,885,000 ($6816 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $2,047,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $22,364,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $13,482,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $336,000
Federal grants: $13,051,000
Federal procurement contracts: $2,726,000 ($640,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $10,925,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $118,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $1,773,000
Federal Government insurance: $18,695,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 652
Here:

72 per 1000 residents
State:

85 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 391
Here:

43 per 1000 residents
State:

35 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +181
Here:

+20 per 1000 residents
State:

+29 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -211
Here -23 per 1000 residents
State +10 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Brewster County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.92 millions of gallons per day (89% from ground, 11% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.2
State:

5.8

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

3.9
State:

3.8

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Brewster County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 26
  • 2 rooms: 48
  • 3 rooms: 131
  • 4 rooms: 381
  • 5 rooms: 717
  • 6 rooms: 461
  • 7 rooms: 234
  • 8 rooms: 116
  • 9+ rooms: 66
  • 1 room: 71
  • 2 rooms: 133
  • 3 rooms: 371
  • 4 rooms: 417
  • 5 rooms: 357
  • 6 rooms: 81
  • 7 rooms: 28
  • 8 rooms: 28
  • 9+ rooms: 3
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Brewster County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 26
  • 1 bedroom: 196
  • 2 bedrooms: 682
  • 3 bedrooms: 1,005
  • 4 bedrooms: 215
  • 5+ bedrooms: 56
  • no bedroom: 77
  • 1 bedroom: 467
  • 2 bedrooms: 471
  • 3 bedrooms: 444
  • 4 bedrooms: 15
  • 5+ bedrooms: 15
Cars and other vehicles available in Brewster County, Texas in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 110
  • 1 vehicle: 827
  • 2 vehicles: 852
  • 3 vehicles: 297
  • 4 vehicles: 77
  • 5+ vehicles: 17
  • no vehicle: 126
  • 1 vehicle: 782
  • 2 vehicles: 499
  • 3 vehicles: 48
  • 4 vehicles: 12
  • 5+ vehicles: 22

51% of Brewster County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 33% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 74% lived in Texas.

Brewster County:

51.0%
State average:

51.6%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $29,200


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 2%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 3%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Brewster County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (39.0%)
  • Electricity (32.0%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (28.0%)
  • Wood (1.0%)
  • Electricity (41.8%)
  • Utility gas (40.4%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (15.7%)
  • No fuel used (0.8%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 25
Here:

2.4%
Texas:

6.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 17
Here:

4.1%
Texas:

6.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 59
Here:

5.1%
Texas:

15.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Expenditure Revenue

Brewster County government finances - Expenditure in 2002:


Brewster County government finances - Revenue in 2002:


Brewster County government finances - Debt in 2002:


Brewster County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2002:


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Brewster County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Brewster County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Most common first names in Brewster County, TX among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John4575.6 years
Mary3778.1 years
James3475.3 years
William3378.2 years
Robert3374.4 years
George2478.5 years
Maria2484.6 years
Charles2276.8 years
Manuel2071.9 years
Ruth1780.9 years
Most common last names in Brewster County, TX among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith3175.3 years
Garcia2777.1 years
Rodriguez2474.3 years
Hernandez2173.2 years
Ramos2076.3 years
Molinar2072.3 years
Valenzuela2079.8 years
Fierro1873.6 years
Ramirez1775.4 years
Martinez1574.2 years
Businesses in Brewster County, TX
NameCountNameCount
AutoZone1RadioShack1
Best Western1SONIC Drive-In1
FedEx2True Value1
H&R Block1U-Haul1
Lane Furniture1UPS2
MasterBrand Cabinets3
Browse common businesses in Brewster County, TX


Brewster County on our top lists:

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