County population in 2012: 31,121 (26% urban, 74% rural); it was 29,702 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 5,830 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 3,403 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 8,506 Renter-occupied apartments: 3,320 (it was 3,157 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 651 sq. mi. Water area: 6.9 sq. mi.
Population density: 48 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Caledonia County: 94.3 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (29.5%), Retail trade (12.8%), Manufacturing (10.5%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $2,330 (1.5%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $2,449 (1.7%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 13.6%
(13.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 20.6% for Black residents, 20.9% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 13.9% for American Indian residents, 0.0% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 0.0% for other race residents, 18.8% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 42 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 43 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 21 years old, American Indian residents: 44 years old, Asian residents: 19 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 26 years old, Other race residents: 28 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Area name: Caledonia County, VT Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Caledonia County is $463 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $581 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $736 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Caledonia County: Warners Campground (A), Highland Green Camp (B), Idle Hours Campground (C), Kettle Pond Group Camping Area (D), Lyndon Outing Club Ski Area (E), New Discovery Campground (F), Saint Johnsbury Country Club (G), Osmore Pond Picnic Shelter (H), Sutton Station (I), Frank D Comerford Hydro-Electric Plant (J), Pleasant Valley Campground (K), Bald Hill Hatchery (L), East Sutton Ridge (M), Stillwater Campground (N), Caledonia County Fairgrounds (O), Ricker Campground (P), Fairbanks Mills (Q), Big Deer Campground (R), Seyon Ranch (S), Burke Mountain Campground (T). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Caledonia County include: First Baptist Church (A), Scotch United Presbyterian Church (B), Danville Congregational Church (C), East Peacham Baptist Church (D), South Ryegate Presbyterian Church (E), North Church (F), East Burke Congregational Church (G), Third Congregational Church (H), Peacham Congregational Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Cushman Cemetery (1), Drowns Cemetery (2), Grove Cemetery (3), West Barnet Cemetery (4), Ward Cemetery (5), Walter Harvey Cemetery (6), Walden Heights Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Cow Hill Pond (A), Levi Pond (B), Duck Pond (C), Dolloff Ponds (D), Pigeon Pond (E), Coburn Pond (F), Kirby Pond (G), Kings Pond (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Tannery Brook (A), Sucker Brook (B), Stream Mill Brook (C), Stillwater Brook (D), Stevens River (E), Stevens Brook (F), Stark Brook (G), Stannard Brook (H), Square Brook (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Parks in Caledonia County include: Boulder Beach Recreation Area (1), New Discovery Recreation Area (2), Levi Pond Wildlife Management Area (3), Hardwick Street Historic District (4), William Scott Memorial Monument (5), Downtown Hardwick Village Historic District (6), Big Deer Recreation Area (7), Calendar Brook State Wildlife Management Area (8), Ricker Recreational Area (9). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 167 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $47,107 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $140.76 The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 4.75% The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 82.99% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $42,391 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 34.10% Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 0.32% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $57,188 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 91.88% Average age of principal farm operators: 53 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 17.98 Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 50.88% Vegetables: 168 harvested acres Land in orchards: 114 acres
Caledonia County-area historical earthquake activity is near Vermont state average. It is 83% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 4/20/2002 at 10:50:47, a magnitude 5.2 (5.2 MB, 4.2 MS, 5.2 MW, 5.0 MW, Depth: 6.8 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 80.1 miles away from the county center On 1/19/1982 at 00:14:42, a magnitude 4.7 (4.5 MB, 4.7 MD, 4.5 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 70.7 miles away from the county center On 6/16/1995 at 12:13:11, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 14.9 miles away from the county center On 4/20/2002 at 11:04:42, a magnitude 4.1 (4.1 LG, 3.7 ML, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 78.7 miles away from Caledonia County center On 8/21/1996 at 07:54:14, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, 3.6 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 41.4 miles away from the county center On 5/24/2002 at 23:46:00, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 LG, 3.1 ML, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 78.0 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), duration magnitude (MD), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)
Most recent natural disasters:
VermontáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: July 21, 2008 to August 12, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1790): September 12, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1790, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
VermontáSevere Storms, a Tornado, and Flooding, Incident Period: July 18, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1784): August 15, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1784, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
VermontáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: July 9, 2007 to July 11, 2007, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1715): August 3, 2007, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1715, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
VermontáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: April 15, 2007 to April 21, 2007, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1698): May 4, 2007, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1698, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
VermontáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: August 12, 2004 to September 12, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1559): September 23, 2004, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1559, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
VermontáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: June 5, 2002 to June 13, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1428): July 12, 2002, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1428, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
VermontáTropical Storm Floyd, Incident Period: September 16, 1999 to September 21, 1999, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1307): November 10, 1999, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1307, Natural disaster type: Tropical Storm
VermontáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: June 17, 1998 to August 17, 1998, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1228): June 30, 1998, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1228, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
VermontáExcessive Rainfall, High Winds, Flooding, Incident Period: July 15, 1997 to July 17, 1997, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1184): July 25, 1997, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1184, Natural disaster type: Flood, Wind
VermontáHeavy Rain, Flooding, Incident Period: August 4, 1995 to August 6, 1995, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1063): August 16, 1995, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1063, Natural disaster type: Flood, Heavy Rain
6 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Caledonia County (16) is greater than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 16
Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 12, Storms: 12, Floods: 3, Heavy Rains: 2, Winds: 2, Landslide: 1, Tornado: 1, Tropical Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.1 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.2
Births per 1000 population in Caledonia County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.0 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.2
Deaths per 1000 population in Caledonia County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 10.3 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 3.8
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Caledonia County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 4,970 (4,182 aged, 788 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 8%
Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 3.28 Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 5048.580 Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 82.06 Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 51624.87
General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1044.680 Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 863.990 Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 16.43
Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 52.58 Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 75.56
Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 6.57
Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 123.7. This is less than state average.
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 24,304 (5,718 male householders, 2,435 female householders)
6,242 spouses, 7,877 children (7,169 natural, 292 adopted, 416 stepchildren), 435 grandchildren, 110 brothers or sisters, 163 parents, 169 other relatives, 1,023 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 5,578 (2,069 male householders (1,528 living alone)), 2,331 female householders (1,918 living alone)), 1,178 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 1,345 (406 institutionalized population)
Size of family households: 3,959 2-persons, 1,821 3-persons, 1,479 4-persons, 562 5-persons, 214 6-persons, 118 7-or-more-persons.
95.5% of residents of Caledonia County speak English at home.
0.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (80% speak English very well, 12% speak English well, 8% speak English not well).
3.5% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (72% speak English very well, 16% speak English well, 10% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).
0.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (47% speak English very well, 32% speak English well, 16% speak English not well, 4% don't speak English at all).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (94% speak English very well, 6% speak English well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $166,619,000 ($5469 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $5,608,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $74,111,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $31,954,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $514,000 Federal grants: $50,295,000 Federal procurement contracts: $2,316,000 ($729,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $7,431,000 ($683,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $5,897,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $12,692,000 Federal Government insurance: $11,719,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
55 per 1000 residents
54 per 1000 residents
48 per 1000 residents
42 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +150
+5 per 1000 residents
+7 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: +410
+13 per 1000 residents
+6 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Caledonia County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.78 millions of gallons per day (69% from ground, 31% from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 154
2000 to 2004: 518
1990 to 1999: 1,386
1980 to 1989: 1,986
1970 to 1979: 2,329
1960 to 1969: 911
1950 to 1959: 776
1940 to 1949: 538
1939 or earlier: 6,734
Rooms in houses/apartments in Caledonia County, Vermont
62% of Caledonia County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 54% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 44% lived in Vermont.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 17676
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $80,200
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 4%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 3%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Caledonia County