Clarke County, Virginia (VA)

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County population in 2012: 14,323 (30% urban, 70% rural); it was 12,652 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 3,058
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,098
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 3,733
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,353 (it was 1,209 in 2000)
% of renters here:

24%
State:

33%

Land area: 177 sq. mi.

Water area: 1.6 sq. mi.

Population density: 81 people per square mile   (average).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Clarke County: 102.5 (near average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Information (22.8%), Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (17.6%), Manufacturing (11.0%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 60%
  • Government: 2%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 38%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Clarke County races chart

Races in Clarke County, Virginia:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (88.3%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (5.3%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (3.5%)
  • Two or more races (1.7%)
  • Asian alone (0.9%)
Median resident age:  44.0 years
Virginia median age:  37.0 years
Males: 6,989  (44.6%)
Females: 7,045  (55.4%)

Clarke County,VA real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Clarke County:

2.0 people
Virginia:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $76,090 ($51,601 in 1999)

This county:

$76090
Virginia:

$62666

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $847 (lower quartile is $642, upper quartile is $1,074)
This county:

$847
State:

$922


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $335,079 (it was $156,500 in 2000)
Clarke:

$335,079
Virginia:

$239,300
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $229,791 - $470,893
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,814
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $465

Institutionalized population: 236

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Clarke County, VA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2000: 101 buildings, average cost: $155,200
  • 2001: 139 buildings, average cost: $165,500
  • 2002: 129 buildings, average cost: $164,500
  • 2003: 127 buildings, average cost: $180,400
  • 2004: 130 buildings, average cost: $176,600
  • 2005: 221 buildings, average cost: $203,500
  • 2006: 80 buildings, average cost: $164,600
  • 2007: 56 buildings, average cost: $171,900
  • 2008: 41 buildings, average cost: $233,700
  • 2009: 24 buildings, average cost: $284,200

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $2,260 (0.7%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $1,924 (0.6%)

Clarke County household income distribution in 2009 Clarke County home values distribution Clarke County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 6.7%
(6.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 19.9% for Black residents, 5.5% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 32.9% for American Indian residents, 4.1% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 6.9%
Clarke County:

6.9%
Virginia:

11.7%
(6.2% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 21.4% for Black residents, 5.1% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 29.9% for American Indian residents, 3.6% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 45 years old
(Males: 45 years old, Females: 45 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 47 years old, Black residents: 40 years old, American Indian residents: 49 years old, Asian residents: 58 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 32 years old, Other race residents: 34 years old)

Area name: Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD HUD Metro FMR Area
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clarke County is $1080 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $1225 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $1580 a month.

Cities in this county include: Berryville, Shenandoah Retreat, Boyce.

Clarke County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Clarke County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Clarke County: Millwood Farm Equestrian Center (A), Idlewild River Farm (B), Sandstone Farms (C), Marsh Thoroughbred Farm (D), White Post Dairy (E), Oak Hill Silk Farm (F), Sugar Hill (G), Stone Bridge (H), Millwood Country Club (I), Pigeon Hill (J), Double Tollgate (K), Yellow Rose Shelter (L), State Prison Camp Number 7 (M), Carter Hall (N), Westbrook Estate (O), Weehaw Estate (P), Villa Larue Estate (Q), Tuleyries Estate (R), The Vineyard Estate (S), The Meadow Estate (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Clarke County include: Providence Chapel (A), Bethel Church (B), Stones Chapel (C), Crums Church (D), Ebenezer Church (E), Good Shepherd Church (F), Guilfield Church (G), Holy Cross Monastery (H), Little Chapel (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Milton Valley Cemetery (1), Stones Chapel Cemetery (2), Old Salem Cemetery (3), Old Chapel Cemetery (4), Old Bethel Cemetery (5), Little Chapel Cemetery (6), Crums Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs: Short Hill Farm Lake (A), Berryville Reservoir (B), Willow Lake (C). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Wheat Spring Branch (A), Westbrook Run (B), Wrights Branch (C), Roseville Run (D), Redbud Run (E), Page Brook (F), Morgan Mill Stream (G), Lick Run (H), Lewis Run (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Clarke County include: White Post Village Park (1), White Post Historic District (2), Watermelon Park (3), Clarke County Recreation Area (4), Clarke County Fairgrounds (5), Bearden Park (6). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Berkeley County, West Virginia , Jefferson County, West Virginia , Fauquier County , Frederick County , Loudoun County , Warren County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

4.5%
Virginia:

5.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 385
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 82.1%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 23.9%

Number of foreign born residents: 312 (48% naturalized citizens)

Clarke County:

2.5%
Whole state:

8.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 60
  • 1990 to 1994: 30
  • 1985 to 1989: 19
  • 1980 to 1984: 32
  • 1975 to 1979: 53
  • 1970 to 1974: 20
  • 1970 to 1974: 28
  • 1965 to 1969: 70

Mean travel time to work (commute): 32.4 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 36.4%

Clarke County marital status for males Clarke County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Clarke County with a mortgage: 1,881 (204 second mortgage, 276 home equity loan, 13 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 873

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

75.1% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Clarke County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Mainline Protestant2,94916
Evangelical Protestant1,76110
Catholic4491
Other4351
None8,440-
Clarke County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 1
Clarke County:

0.70 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.03 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 3
This county:

2.09 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

1.43 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 8
Clarke County:

5.58 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

4.03 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 8
This county:

5.58 / 10,000 pop.
State:

7.65 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Clarke County:

10.1%
Virginia:

9.3%

Adult obesity rate:
Clarke County:

26.4%
State:

26.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

10.9%
State:

18.6%

Agriculture in Clarke County:

Average size of farms: 157 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $33,086
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $209.12
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 8.79%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 66.21%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $37,231
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 33.97%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $38,786
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 85.38%
Average age of principal farm operators: 56 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 22.73
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 8.40%
Corn for grain: 3582 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 715 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 1530 harvested acres
Vegetables: 25 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 2,093 acres

Tornado activity:

Clarke County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Virginia state average. It is 2941157.8 times below overall U.S. average.

Earthquake activity:

Clarke County-area historical earthquake activity is near Virginia state average. It is 84% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 9/25/1998 at 19:52:52, a magnitude 5.2 (4.8 MB, 4.3 MS, 5.2 LG, 4.5 MW, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 207.5 miles away from Clarke County center
On 12/9/2003 at 20:59:14, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 MB, 4.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 105.8 miles away from the county center
On 1/16/1994 at 01:49:16, a magnitude 4.6 (4.6 MB, 4.6 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 133.7 miles away from the county center
On 1/31/1986 at 16:46:43, a magnitude 5.0 (5.0 MB) earthquake occurred 239.7 miles away from the county center
On 1/16/1994 at 00:42:43, a magnitude 4.2 (4.2 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 134.9 miles away from Clarke County center
On 7/27/1980 at 18:52:21, a magnitude 5.2 (5.1 MB, 4.7 MS, 5.0 UK, 5.2 UK) earthquake occurred 327.4 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Clarke County (11) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 8
Emergencies Declared: 3

Causes of natural disasters: Hurricanes: 3, Winter Storms: 3, Floods: 2, Blizzard: 1, Drought: 1, Snowstorm: 1, Storm: 1, Tropical Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • United Kingdom (17%)
  • Mexico (17%)
  • Germany (9%)
  • China, excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan (7%)
  • Canada (5%)
  • Chile (5%)
  • Other South Central Asia (4%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Clarke County (%):

  • United States or American (20%)
  • German (17%)
  • English (17%)
  • Irish (11%)
  • Italian (3%)
  • Scotch-Irish (3%)
  • French (except Basque) (3%)

Clarke County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 5,037 (77%)
  • Carpooled: 704 (11%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 11 (0%)
  • Subway or elevated: 20 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 14 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 7 (0%)
  • Walked: 303 (5%)
  • Other means: 38 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 378 (6%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Clarke County, Virginia in 2000:

  • 150 people in state prisons
  • 134 people in nursing homes
  • 24 people in religious group quarters
  • 4 people in other nonhousehold living situations

People in group quarters in Clarke County, Virginia in 2010:

  • 114 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 75 people in correctional residential facilities
  • 47 people in residential treatment centers for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 19 people in other noninstitutional facilities
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $73,728.

8.47% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($59,638 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.47%
Virginia average:

9.34%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
5.72% relocated from other counties in Virginia ($42,776 average AGI)
2.75% relocated from other states ($16,864 average AGI)
Clarke County:

2.75%
Virginia average:

3.74%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Loudoun County, VA  2.05% ($78,676 average AGI)
from Frederick County, VA  1.35% ($36,577)
from Winchester city, VA  0.53% ($44,536)
from Fairfax County, VA  0.51% ($55,741)
from Berkeley County, WV  0.32% ($41,059)
from Prince William County, VA  0.21% ($68,545)
from Jefferson County, WV  0.21% ($39,818)


7.91% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($42,277 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

7.91%
Virginia average:

9.20%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
5.42% relocated to other counties in Virginia ($30,665 average AGI)
2.50% relocated to other states ($11,614 average AGI)
Clarke County:

2.50%
Virginia average:

3.60%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Frederick County, VA  2.10% ($36,036 average AGI)
to Winchester city, VA  0.88% ($29,478)
to Loudoun County, VA  0.82% ($81,907)
to Fairfax County, VA  0.44% ($59,783)
to Berkeley County, WV  0.32% ($29,294)
to Warren County, VA  0.27% ($35,786)
to Jefferson County, WV  0.21% ($44,364)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.9
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.3

Births per 1000 population in Clarke County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.8
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.6
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 10.3

Deaths per 1000 population in Clarke County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 8.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 1.1

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Clarke County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 1,890 (1,720 aged, 170 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 8%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 7%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1070.050
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 915.170
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 7.04

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 23.48
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 49.28

Household type by relationship:

Households: 13,779

Size of family households: 1,772 2-persons, 838 3-persons, 711 4-persons, 284 5-persons, 126 6-persons, 77 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,370 1-person, 285 2-persons, 33 3-persons, 10 4-persons, 2 5-persons, 1 6-persons.

2,201 married couples with children.
479 single-parent households (157 men, 322 women).

96.6% of residents of Clarke County speak English at home.
1.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (69% speak English very well, 16% speak English well, 12% speak English not well, 3% don't speak English at all).
1.5% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (88% speak English very well, 12% speak English well).
0.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (21% speak English very well, 28% speak English well, 52% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English very well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $59,320,000 ($4282 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $4,073,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $35,557,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $10,359,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $332,000
Federal grants: $5,834,000
Federal procurement contracts: $4,688,000 ($577,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $2,550,000 ($51,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $29,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $6,273,000
Federal Government insurance: $11,250,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 658
Here:

46 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 699
Here:

49 per 1000 residents
State:

40 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +53
Here:

+4 per 1000 residents
State:

+18 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +1,563
Here:

+110 per 1000 residents
State:

+14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Clarke County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.47 millions of gallons per day (17% from ground, 83% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.7
State:

6.6

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.6
State:

4.3

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 53
  • 2000 to 2004: 1,161
  • 1990 to 1999: 826
  • 1980 to 1989: 790
  • 1970 to 1979: 979
  • 1960 to 1969: 508
  • 1950 to 1959: 534
  • 1940 to 1949: 389
  • 1939 or earlier: 1,022
Rooms in houses/apartments in Clarke County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 10
  • 3 rooms: 65
  • 4 rooms: 176
  • 5 rooms: 668
  • 6 rooms: 802
  • 7 rooms: 665
  • 8 rooms: 601
  • 9+ rooms: 746
  • 1 room: 41
  • 2 rooms: 34
  • 3 rooms: 156
  • 4 rooms: 344
  • 5 rooms: 297
  • 6 rooms: 150
  • 7 rooms: 70
  • 8 rooms: 48
  • 9+ rooms: 69
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Clarke County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 78
  • 2 bedrooms: 619
  • 3 bedrooms: 1,986
  • 4 bedrooms: 868
  • 5+ bedrooms: 182
  • no bedroom: 41
  • 1 bedroom: 192
  • 2 bedrooms: 525
  • 3 bedrooms: 367
  • 4 bedrooms: 65
  • 5+ bedrooms: 19
Cars and other vehicles available in Clarke County, Virginia in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 167
  • 1 vehicle: 712
  • 2 vehicles: 1,419
  • 3 vehicles: 990
  • 4 vehicles: 291
  • 5+ vehicles: 154
  • no vehicle: 127
  • 1 vehicle: 518
  • 2 vehicles: 366
  • 3 vehicles: 149
  • 4 vehicles: 24
  • 5+ vehicles: 25

60% of Clarke County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 28% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 70% lived in Virginia.

Clarke County:

60.2%
State average:

53.8%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $98,000


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clarke County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Electricity (41.8%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (30.5%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (13.3%)
  • Wood (10.9%)
  • Utility gas (3.0%)
  • Electricity (45.6%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (33.6%)
  • Utility gas (6.9%)
  • Wood (6.5%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (6.0%)
  • Solar energy (0.8%)
  • Other fuel (0.7%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 216
Here:

14.6%
Virginia:

9.5%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 39
Here:

5.6%
Virginia:

8.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 81
Here:

24.9%
Virginia:

20.6%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Clarke County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Clarke County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Clarke County, VA among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John11873.8 years
Mary9878.4 years
James8772.0 years
William8074.7 years
Charles7476.4 years
Robert5869.6 years
George3876.4 years
Dorothy3575.6 years
Thomas3577.6 years
Ruth3482.1 years
Most common last names in Clarke County, VA among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith3874.8 years
Lloyd3578.4 years
Brown3279.0 years
Johnson3175.1 years
Jenkins3176.5 years
Mcdonald2976.1 years
Williams2882.5 years
Jones2680.0 years
Jackson2475.5 years
Huff2176.2 years
Businesses in Clarke County, VA
NameCountNameCount
7-Eleven2RadioShack1
Baskin-Robbins1Subway2
Dunkin Donuts1True Value1
FedEx1U-Haul1
McDonald's1UPS1