County population in 2012: 13,435 (all rural); it was 14,254 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,977 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 2,289 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 4,451 Renter-occupied apartments: 1,404 (it was 1,314 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 605 sq. mi. Water area: 0.9 sq. mi.
Population density: 23 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Clay County: 82.4 (low, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Manufacturing (28.0%), Educational,health and social services (19.6%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $180 (0.2%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $156 (0.2%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 17.7%
(13.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 37.9% for Black residents, 34.6% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 16.2% for American Indian residents, 0.0% for other race residents, 18.6% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 42 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 43 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 43 years old, Black residents: 36 years old, American Indian residents: 44 years old, Asian residents: 33 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 26 years old, Other race residents: 28 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clay County is $363 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $435 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $538 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Clay County: Denny (A), Clay County Country Club (B), Landowners Hunting Club (C), Hollins Wildlife Camping Area (D), Double Bridges (E), Hassell Gap (F), Hollins Hunter Camp (G), Pierces Mill (H), Millerville Volunteer Fire Department (I), Delta Volunteer Fire Department (J), Hollins Fire and Rescue (K), Barfield Volunteer Fire Department (L), Coppermine Volunteer Fire Department (M), Idaho Volunteer Fire Department (N), Bluff Springs Volunteer Fire Department (O), Mountain Volunteer Fire Department (P), Corinth Volunteer Fire Department (Q), Pine Grove Volunteer Fire Department (R), Shinbone Valley Volunteer Fire Department (S), Shiloh Volunteer Fire Department (T). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Clay County include: Mount Carmel Church (A), Mount Gilead Church (B), Mount Moriah United Methodist Church (C), Mount Olive Church (D), Mount Pisgah Church (E), Mount Zion Church (F), Prospect Church (G), New Hope Church (H), New Prospect Primitive Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Old Liberty Hill Cemetery (1), Mount Ararat Cemetery (2), Westview Cemetery (3), Bethel Cemetery (4), County Line Cemetery (5), Cragford Cemetery (6), Mannings Chapel Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Reservoirs: Lineville Club Lake (A), Letts Lakes (B), Newburys Pond (C), Blair Lake Number 2 (D), Martins Lake (E), Jacksons Lake (F), Gilpins Lake (G), Bolton Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Tanyard Branch (A), Sweetwater Creek (B), Shool Creek (C), Parker Branch (D), Shoal Creek (E), Rock Pile Creek (F), Moore Branch (G), Mattox Branch (H), Loombeam Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 198 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $53,401 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $65.12 The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.60% The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 97.84% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $43,706 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 8.94% Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 2.44% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $35,182 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 96.72% Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 21.17 Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.77% Corn for grain: 199 harvested acres Vegetables: 13 harvested acres Land in orchards: 69 acres
Clay County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is near Alabama state average. It is 2.3 times above overall U.S. average. Tornadoes in this county have caused 7 fatalities and 22 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004. On 5/1/1953, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado killed 7 people and injured 12 people and caused between $50,000 and $500,000 in damages.
Clay County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Alabama state average. It is 93% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 4/29/2003 at 08:59:39, a magnitude 4.9 (4.4 MB, 4.6 MW, 4.9 LG, Depth: 12.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 85.8 miles away from the county center On 1/18/1999 at 07:00:53, a magnitude 4.8 (4.8 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 82.2 miles away from the county center On 12/12/1997 at 08:42:20, a magnitude 4.0 (3.9 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 85.6 miles away from the county center On 11/28/1999 at 11:00:09, a magnitude 3.8 (3.5 MB, 3.8 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 82.1 miles away from Clay County center On 8/19/2004 at 23:51:49, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 MW, 3.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 65.2 miles away from the county center On 5/9/2004 at 08:56:10, a magnitude 3.3 (3.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 64.7 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), moment magnitude (MW)
Most recent natural disasters:
Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds, Incident Period: April 27, 2011, Emergency Declared (EM-3319): April 27, 2011, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3319, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Wind
Alabama Hurricane Gustav, Incident Period: August 29, 2008 to September 3, 2008, Emergency Declared (EM-3292): August 30, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3292, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3237): September 10, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3237, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Dennis, Incident Period: July 10, 2005 to July 16, 2005, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1593): July 10, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1593, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Ivan, Incident Period: September 13, 2004 to September 30, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1549): September 15, 2004, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1549, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes and Flooding, Incident Period: May 5, 2003 to May 30, 2003, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1466): May 12, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1466, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
Alabama Severe Storms and Tornadoes, Incident Period: November 24, 2001 to November 25, 2001, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1399): December 7, 2001, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1399, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado
Alabama Hurricane Opal, Incident Period: October 4, 1995 to October 8, 1995, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1070): October 4, 1995, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1070, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Severe Snowfall, Winter Storm, Incident Period: March 13, 1993 to March 17, 1993, Emergency Declared (EM-3096): March 15, 1993, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3096, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm, Snowfall
Alabama Flooding, Severe Storm, Tornado, Incident Period: March 15, 1990 to March 28, 1990, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-861): March 21, 1990, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-861, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
5 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Clay County (15) is greater than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 9 Emergencies Declared: 6
Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 7, Floods: 5, Tornadoes: 5, Hurricanes: 5, Winds: 2, Snowfall: 1, Drought: 1, Flood: 1, Winter Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.9 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.3
Births per 1000 population in Clay County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.9 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.6
Deaths per 1000 population in Clay County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 8.2 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 10.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Clay County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,808 (2,198 aged, 610 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 17% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 11,801 (2,831 male householders, 1,147 female householders)
2,988 spouses, 3,765 children (3,347 natural, 91 adopted, 327 stepchildren), 408 grandchildren, 105 brothers or sisters, 118 parents, 149 other relatives, 204 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 1,876 (797 male householders (709 living alone)), 895 female householders (834 living alone)), 184 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 255 (all institutionalized)
Size of family households: 1,936 2-persons, 881 3-persons, 724 4-persons, 310 5-persons, 76 6-persons, 51 7-or-more-persons.
97.2% of residents of Clay County speak English at home.
2.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (65% speak English very well, 19% speak English well, 15% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
0.6% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (82% speak English very well, 10% speak English well, 8% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (56% speak English very well, 44% speak English well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $89,472,000 ($6349 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $7,281,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $42,930,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $20,818,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $990,000 Federal grants: $17,182,000 Federal procurement contracts: $571,000 ($7,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $6,982,000 ($4,108,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $166,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $607,000 Federal Government insurance: $26,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
59 per 1000 residents
70 per 1000 residents
65 per 1000 residents
53 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +15
+1 per 1000 residents
+6 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: -209
-15 per 1000 residents
+2 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Clay County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.10 millions of gallons per day (all from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 272
2000 to 2004: 511
1990 to 1999: 1,526
1980 to 1989: 1,167
1970 to 1979: 819
1960 to 1969: 759
1950 to 1959: 552
1940 to 1949: 299
1939 or earlier: 848
Rooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, Alabama
68% of Clay County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 56% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 76% lived in Alabama.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 12446
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $63,800
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 4%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clay County