Clay County, Alabama (AL)

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County population in 2012: 13,435 (all rural); it was 14,254 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,977
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 2,289
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 4,451
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,404 (it was 1,314 in 2000)
% of renters here:

23%
State:

30%

Land area: 605 sq. mi.

Water area: 0.9 sq. mi.

Population density: 23 people per square mile   (low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Clay County: 81.9 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Transportation and warehousing,and utilities (50.0%), Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (23.2%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 67%
  • Government: 7%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 26%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Clay County races chart

Races in Clay County, Alabama:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (80.3%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (14.7%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (2.9%)
  • Two or more races (1.6%)
Median resident age:  42.0 years
Alabama median age:  37.0 years
Males: 6,833  (49.9%)
Females: 7,099  (50.1%)
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Clay County,AL real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Clay County:

2.0 people
Alabama:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $33,684 ($27,885 in 1999)

This county:

$33684
Alabama:

$42849

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $283 (lower quartile is $191, upper quartile is $374)
This county:

$283
State:

$515


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $80,030 (it was $58,000 in 2000)
Clay:

$80,030
Alabama:

$122,700
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $39,000 - $153,891

Mean price in 2013:

Detached houses: $141,689
Here:

$141,689
State:

$176,830

Townhouses or other attached units: $114,600
Here:

$114,600
State:

$151,279

Mobile homes: $36,328
Here:

$36,328
State:

$41,825
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $918
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $269

Institutionalized population: 255

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Clay County, AL map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 6 buildings, average cost: $121,900
  • 2008: 2 buildings, average cost: $68,500
  • 2009: 2 buildings, average cost: $95,000

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $258 (0.3%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $234 (0.4%)

Clay County household income distribution in 2009 Clay County home values distribution Clay County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 19.0%
(15.6% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 28.7% for Black residents, 39.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 100.0% for American Indian residents, 48.7% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 19.1%
Clay County:

19.1%
Alabama:

18.7%
(16.2% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 28.4% for Black residents, 36.4% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 80.0% for American Indian residents, 42.4% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 42 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 44 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 45 years old, Black residents: 37 years old, American Indian residents: 46 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 25 years old, Other race residents: 46 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clay County is $363 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $435 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $538 a month.

Cities in this county include: Millerville-Hollins, Lineville, Ashland, Hollins, Millerville, Delta.

Clay County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

2005 air pollution in Clay County:

Ozone (1-hour): 0.094 ppm (standard limit: 0.12 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Ozone (8-hour): 0.073 ppm (standard limit: 0.08 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual: 13.4 µg/m3(standard limit: 15.0 µg/m3). Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) 24-hour: 36 µg/m3(standard limit: 35 µg/m3). Near U.S. average.

Click to draw/clear Clay County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Clay County: Denny (A), Clay County Country Club (B), Landowners Hunting Club (C), Hollins Wildlife Camping Area (D), Double Bridges (E), Hassell Gap (F), Hollins Hunter Camp (G), Pierces Mill (H), Barfield Volunteer Fire Department (I), Coppermine Volunteer Fire Department (J), Idaho Volunteer Fire Department (K), Bluff Springs Volunteer Fire Department (L), Mountain Volunteer Fire Department (M), Corinth Volunteer Fire Department (N), Pine Grove Volunteer Fire Department (O), Shinbone Valley Volunteer Fire Department (P), Shiloh Volunteer Fire Department (Q), County Line Volunteer Fire Department (R), Coleta Valley Volunteer Fire Department (S), Tri - Community Volunteer Fire Department Goodwater Station (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Clay County include: Mount Carmel Church (A), Mount Gilead Church (B), Mount Moriah United Methodist Church (C), Mount Olive Church (D), Mount Pisgah Church (E), Mount Zion Church (F), Prospect Church (G), New Hope Church (H), New Prospect Primitive Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Old Liberty Hill Cemetery (1), Mount Ararat Cemetery (2), Westview Cemetery (3), Bethel Cemetery (4), County Line Cemetery (5), Cragford Cemetery (6), Mannings Chapel Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs: Lineville Club Lake (A), Letts Lakes (B), Newburys Pond (C), Blair Lake Number 2 (D), Martins Lake (E), Jacksons Lake (F), Gilpins Lake (G), Bolton Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Tanyard Branch (A), Sweetwater Creek (B), Shool Creek (C), Parker Branch (D), Shoal Creek (E), Rock Pile Creek (F), Moore Branch (G), Mattox Branch (H), Loombeam Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Cleburne County , Coosa County , Randolph County , Talladega County , Tallapoosa County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

8.1%
Alabama:

7.1%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 357
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 66.0%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 7.8%

Number of foreign born residents: 127 (55% naturalized citizens)

Clay County:

0.9%
Whole state:

2.0%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 38
  • 1990 to 1994: 18
  • 1985 to 1989: 5
  • 1980 to 1984: 13
  • 1975 to 1979: 7
  • 1970 to 1974: 4
  • 1970 to 1974: 2
  • 1965 to 1969: 40

Mean travel time to work (commute): 26.6 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 65.9%

Clay County marital status for males Clay County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Clay County with a mortgage: 922 (37 second mortgage, 108 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,039

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

64.0% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Clay County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant8,89953
Mainline Protestant1,03812
Catholic1861
Black Protestant1812
Other11
None3,627-
Clay County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 3
Clay County:

2.17 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.89 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 1
This county:

0.72 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

0.65 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 10
Clay County:

7.25 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

6.32 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 6
This county:

4.35 / 10,000 pop.
State:

5.75 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Clay County:

12.4%
Alabama:

11.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Clay County:

31.6%
State:

31.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

14.1%
State:

13.5%

Agriculture in Clay County:

Average size of farms: 198 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $53,401
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $65.12
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.60%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 97.84%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $43,706
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 8.94%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 2.44%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $35,182
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 96.72%
Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 21.17
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.77%
Corn for grain: 199 harvested acres
Vegetables: 13 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 69 acres

Tornado activity:

Clay County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Alabama state average. It is 2609417.2 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 7 fatalities and 22 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 5/1/1953, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado killed 7 people and injured 12 people and caused between $50,000 and $500,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Clay County-area historical earthquake activity is near Alabama state average. It is 81% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/29/2003 at 08:59:39, a magnitude 4.9 (4.4 MB, 4.6 MW, 4.9 LG, Depth: 12.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 85.8 miles away from Clay County center
On 1/18/1999 at 07:00:53, a magnitude 4.8 (4.8 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 82.2 miles away from the county center
On 10/24/1997 at 08:35:17, a magnitude 4.9 (4.8 MB, 4.2 MS, 4.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 170.2 miles away from the county center
On 8/2/1974 at 08:52:09, a magnitude 4.9 (4.3 MB, 4.9 LG) earthquake occurred 197.8 miles away from the county center
On 6/24/1975 at 11:11:36, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 MB) earthquake occurred 119.4 miles away from Clay County center
On 11/7/2004 at 11:20:21, a magnitude 4.4 (4.4 MB, 4.3 MW, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 128.6 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Clay County (15) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 9
Emergencies Declared: 6

Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 7, Floods: 6, Hurricanes: 5, Tornadoes: 5, Winds: 2, Drought: 1, Snowfall: 1, Winter Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (26%)
  • Germany (20%)
  • Cuba (11%)
  • Honduras (8%)
  • Canada (8%)
  • Colombia (7%)
  • Pakistan (5%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Clay County (%):

  • United States or American (40%)
  • English (13%)
  • Irish (7%)
  • German (4%)
  • Scottish (2%)
  • Scotch-Irish (2%)
  • European (1%)

Clay County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 4,888 (84%)
  • Carpooled: 699 (12%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 18 (0%)
  • Walked: 99 (2%)
  • Other means: 16 (0%)
  • Worked at home: 108 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Clay County, Alabama in 2000:

  • 202 people in nursing homes
  • 44 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 10 people in homes for the mentally ill
  • 10 people in job corps and vocational training facilities
179 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
76 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $38,113.

4.82% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($28,413 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

4.82%
Alabama average:

6.02%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.39% relocated from other counties in Alabama ($19,862 average AGI)
1.44% relocated from other states ($8,551 average AGI)
Clay County:

1.44%
Alabama average:

2.63%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Tallapoosa County, AL  0.75% ($35,029 average AGI)
from Talladega County, AL  0.71% ($24,636)
from Calhoun County, AL  0.64% ($27,300)
from Randolph County, AL  0.41% ($19,053)


5.83% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($27,116 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.83%
Alabama average:

6.06%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.33% relocated to other counties in Alabama ($20,142 average AGI)
1.51% relocated to other states ($6,971 average AGI)
Clay County:

1.51%
Alabama average:

2.67%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Calhoun County, AL  0.98% ($29,174 average AGI)
to Talladega County, AL  0.81% ($25,711)
to Tallapoosa County, AL  0.42% ($27,550)
to Randolph County, AL  0.32% ($26,000)
to Cleburne County, AL  0.30% ($22,000)
to Lee County, AL  0.21% ($26,300)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.9
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.3

Births per 1000 population in Clay County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.9
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.6
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 13.3

Deaths per 1000 population in Clay County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 8.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 10.0

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Clay County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,808 (2,198 aged, 610 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 17%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%

Household type by relationship:

Households: 13,677

Size of family households: 1,936 2-persons, 881 3-persons, 724 4-persons, 310 5-persons, 76 6-persons, 51 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,543 1-person, 128 2-persons, 13 3-persons, 4 4-persons, 2 5-persons, 2 6-persons.

2,312 married couples with children.
737 single-parent households (172 men, 565 women).

97.2% of residents of Clay County speak English at home.
2.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (65% speak English very well, 19% speak English well, 15% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
0.6% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (82% speak English very well, 10% speak English well, 8% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (56% speak English very well, 44% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $89,472,000 ($6349 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $7,281,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $42,930,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $20,818,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $990,000
Federal grants: $17,182,000
Federal procurement contracts: $571,000 ($7,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $6,982,000 ($4,108,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $166,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $607,000
Federal Government insurance: $26,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 824
Here:

59 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 902
Here:

65 per 1000 residents
State:

53 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +15
Here:

+1 per 1000 residents
State:

+6 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -209
Here -15 per 1000 residents
State +2 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Clay County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.10 millions of gallons per day (all from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.6
State:

6.0

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.5
State:

4.3

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 80
  • 2000 to 2004: 840
  • 1990 to 1999: 1,151
  • 1980 to 1989: 1,102
  • 1970 to 1979: 1,056
  • 1960 to 1969: 613
  • 1950 to 1959: 696
  • 1940 to 1949: 484
  • 1939 or earlier: 688
Rooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, Alabama
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 7
  • 2 rooms: 19
  • 3 rooms: 75
  • 4 rooms: 567
  • 5 rooms: 1,482
  • 6 rooms: 1,003
  • 7 rooms: 553
  • 8 rooms: 444
  • 9+ rooms: 301
  • 1 room: 8
  • 2 rooms: 34
  • 3 rooms: 201
  • 4 rooms: 415
  • 5 rooms: 348
  • 6 rooms: 195
  • 7 rooms: 61
  • 8 rooms: 43
  • 9+ rooms: 9
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, Alabama
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 7
  • 1 bedroom: 63
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,239
  • 3 bedrooms: 2,495
  • 4 bedrooms: 517
  • 5+ bedrooms: 130
  • no bedroom: 11
  • 1 bedroom: 246
  • 2 bedrooms: 561
  • 3 bedrooms: 425
  • 4 bedrooms: 69
  • 5+ bedrooms: 2
Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County, Alabama in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 215
  • 1 vehicle: 977
  • 2 vehicles: 1,784
  • 3 vehicles: 969
  • 4 vehicles: 319
  • 5+ vehicles: 187
  • no vehicle: 270
  • 1 vehicle: 599
  • 2 vehicles: 336
  • 3 vehicles: 65
  • 4 vehicles: 40
  • 5+ vehicles: 4

68% of Clay County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 56% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 76% lived in Alabama.

Clay County:

68.5%
State average:

58.1%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $63,800


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 4%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clay County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Electricity (39.9%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (33.2%)
  • Utility gas (21.6%)
  • Wood (4.9%)
  • Utility gas (42.0%)
  • Electricity (27.6%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (26.9%)
  • Wood (2.3%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1.2%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 103
Here:

6.4%
Alabama:

10.2%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 57
Here:

7.6%
Alabama:

10.0%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 27
Here:

8.4%
Alabama:

14.1%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Clay County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Clay County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Clay County, AL among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
James15273.9 years
John11976.4 years
William10976.1 years
Mary9677.4 years
Charles5072.0 years
Willie4978.1 years
Robert4973.4 years
Annie4781.2 years
George3876.0 years
Henry3377.3 years
Most common last names in Clay County, AL among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith8673.6 years
Mitchell5978.3 years
Jones5177.2 years
Brown4472.2 years
Griffin3973.7 years
Harris3477.5 years
Watts3273.1 years
Brooks3175.2 years
Sims2972.7 years
Hill2875.8 years
Businesses in Clay County, AL
NameCountNameCount
AT&T1McDonald's1
Chevrolet1Subway1
FedEx1U-Haul2
H&R Block1