County population in 2014: 15,118 (41% urban, 59% rural); it was 17,609 in 2000County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 2,356 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 2,605 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 5,556 Renter-occupied apartments: 1,884 (it was 1,861 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 639 sq. mi.
Water area: 2.1 sq. mi.
Population density: 24 people per square mile (low).
Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Clay County: 78.8 (low, U.S. average is 100)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $417 (0.6%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $403 (0.7%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 20.2%
(19.9% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 5.0% for Black residents, 8.1% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 25.8% for American Indian residents, 54.4% for two or more races residents)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 20.7%
(20.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 5.0% for Black residents, 8.1% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 26.7% for American Indian residents, 59.8% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2013: 43 years old
(Males: 41 years old, Females: 45 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 44 years old, Black residents: 46 years old, American Indian residents: 53 years old, Asian residents: 60 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 25 years old, Other race residents: 17 years old)
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clay County is $369 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $456 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $584 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Clay County: Jim Johnson Landing (A), Apostolic Faith Campground (B), Robinson Broiler Farm (C), Bibb Farms (D), Keller T Farms (E), Richardson Ferry (F), Living Farm Museum (G), Warm Springs Volunteer Fire Station (H), Water Valley Volunteer Fire Department (I), Dalton Volunteer Fire Department (J). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Clay County include: Walnut Grove Church (A), Yadkin Church (B), Blackwell Den Church (C), Stokes Church of Christ (D), Saint John the Baptist Catholic Church (E), Noland Church of Christ (F), Mount Pleasant Church (G), Hamil Church (H), Dalton Church of Christ (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Lawnbird Cemetery (1), Legate Cemetery (2), Barnett Cemetery (3), Bellah Cemetery (4), Rickman Cemetery (5), Roach Cemetery (6), Scott Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes and reservoirs: Dishpan Lake (A), Bull Pizzle Lake (B), Shakybog Lake (C), Brown Lake (D), Schnabaum Lake (E), Round Lake (F), Peachtree Lake (G), Old River Island Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Murray Creek (A), Mud Creek (B), Mint Spring Branch (C), Midway Creek (D), McIlroy Creek (E), McAfee Creek (F), Mansker Creek (G), Lewis Creek (H), Lemmons Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Current college students: 402 People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 60.6% People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 7.4%
Number of foreign born residents: 56 (63% naturalized citizens)
Year of entry for the foreign-born population
1995 to March 2000: 22
1990 to 1994: 9
1985 to 1989: 0
1980 to 1984: 6
1975 to 1979: 1
1970 to 1974: 4
1970 to 1974: 0
1965 to 1969: 14
Mean travel time to work (commute): 21.4 minutes
Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 70.3%
Housing units in structures:
One, detached: 6,807
One, attached: 73
3 or 4: 220
5 to 9: 108
10 to 19: 81
20 or more: 52
Mobile homes: 934
Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 49
Housing units in Clay County with a mortgage: 1,903 (57 second mortgage, 77 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan) Houses without a mortgage: 2,084
0.0% with mortgage
60.8% with mortgage
Religion statistics for Clay County
Clay County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.
Food Environment Statistics:
Number of grocery stores: 4
2.48 / 10,000 pop.
2.02 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (no gas): 1
0.62 / 10,000 pop.
0.59 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (with gas): 6
3.73 / 10,000 pop.
4.94 / 10,000 pop.
Number of full-service restaurants: 7
4.35 / 10,000 pop.
6.66 / 10,000 pop.
Adult diabetes rate:
Adult obesity rate:
Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Agriculture in Clay County:
Average size of farms: 488 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $93,523 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $222.71 The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 4.13% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $85,278 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 82.49% Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 73.17% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $113,282 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 86.18% Average age of principal farm operators: 54 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 2.80 Corn for grain: 18005 harvested acres All wheat for grain: 21037 harvested acres Upland cotton: 30394 harvested acres Soybeans for beans: 131629 harvested acres Vegetables: 757 harvested acres Land in orchards: 82 acres
Clay County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Arkansas state average. It is 3176194.7 times below overall U.S. average. Tornadoes in this county have caused 2 fatalities and 234 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004. On 4/2/2006, a category 3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado killed 2 people and injured 177 people and caused $86 million in damages.
Clay County-area historical earthquake activity is near Arkansas state average. It is 72% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 5/4/1991 at 01:18:54, a magnitude 5.0 (4.4 MB, 4.6 LG, 5.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 35.0 miles away from Clay County center On 3/25/1976 at 00:41:20, a magnitude 5.0 (4.9 MB, 5.0 LG) earthquake occurred 50.5 miles away from the county center On 9/26/1990 at 13:18:51, a magnitude 5.0 (4.7 MB, 4.8 LG, 5.0 LG, Depth: 7.7 mi) earthquake occurred 73.4 miles away from the county center On 4/27/1989 at 16:47:49, a magnitude 4.7 (4.6 MB, 4.7 LG, 4.3 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 43.1 miles away from the county center On 4/18/2008 at 09:36:59, a magnitude 5.4 (5.1 MB, 4.8 MS, 5.4 MW, 5.2 MW, Depth: 8.9 mi) earthquake occurred 199.8 miles away from Clay County center On 3/25/1976 at 01:00:11, a magnitude 4.5 (4.1 MB, 4.5 LG) earthquake occurred 52.4 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)
Most recent natural disasters:
ArkansasSevere Storms, Tornadoes, And Associated Flooding, Incident Period: April 23, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1975): May 2, 2011, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1975, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
ArkansasSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: December 23, 2009 to January 2, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1872): February 4, 2010, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1872, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
ArkansasSevere Winter Storm, Incident Period: January 26, 2009 to January 30, 2009, Emergency Declared (EM-3301): January 28, 2009, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3301, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
ArkansasSevere Winter Storm, Incident Period: January 26, 2009 to January 30, 2009, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1819): February 6, 2009, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1819, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
ArkansasTropical Storm Ike, Incident Period: September 13, 2008 to September 23, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1804): October 22, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1804, Natural disaster type: Tropical Storm
ArkansasSevere Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: March 18, 2008 to April 28, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1751): March 26, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1751, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
ArkansasHurricane Katrina, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3215): September 2, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3215, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
ArkansasSevere Ice Storm, Incident Period: December 3, 2002 to December 4, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1450): January 6, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1450, Natural disaster type: Ice Storm
ArkansasSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: December 15, 2001 to January 30, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1400): January 24, 2002, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1400, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
ArkansasSevere Storms, Tornadoes, High Winds and Flooding, Incident Period: January 21, 1999 to January 31, 1999, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1266): January 23, 1999, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1266, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
6 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Clay County (16) is greater than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 14 Emergencies Declared: 2
Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 11, Floods: 10, Tornadoes: 5, Winter Storms: 2, Hurricane: 1, Ice Storm: 1, Tropical Storm: 1, Wind: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (9%)
Management occupations (8%)
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations (8%)
Construction and extraction occupations (8%)
Sales and related occupations (8%)
Transportation occupations (8%)
Office and administrative support occupations (24%)
Education, training, and library occupations (10%)
Sales and related occupations (9%)
Food preparation and serving related occupations (7%)
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (7%)
Production occupations (7%)
Healthcare support occupations (6%)
Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):
Hong Kong (7%)
Most common first ancestries reported in Clay County (%):
United States or American (38%)
French (except Basque) (1%)
Means of transportation to work:
Drove a car alone: 6,047 (82%)
Carpooled: 982 (13%)
Bus or trolley bus: 4 (0%)
Bicycle: 4 (0%)
Walked: 123 (2%)
Other means: 63 (1%)
Worked at home: 192 (3%)
Owners and renters by unit type in %
Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders ($)
People in group quarters in Clay County, Arkansas in 2000:
144 people in nursing homes
28 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
7 people in other group homes
71 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
54 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilitiesAverage gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $37,005.
5.41% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($26,250 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
2.36% relocated from other counties in Arkansas ($12,190 average AGI)
3.05% relocated from other states ($14,060 average AGI)
Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries
Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Clay County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 4,066 (3,182 aged, 884 disabled) Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 251 (7%)
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)
Aged persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)
Disabled persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)
Most common underlying causes of death in Clay County, Arkansas in 1999 - 2014:
Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (554)
Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (300)
Atherosclerotic heart disease (290)
Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (168)
2,882 married couples with children.
782 single-parent households (198 men, 584 women).
98.2% of residents of Clay County speak English at home.
1.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (70% speak English very well, 10% speak English well, 20% speak English not well).
0.6% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (46% speak English very well, 35% speak English well, 19% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (21% speak English very well, 79% speak English well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $151,458,000 ($9037 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $2,622,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $53,793,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $30,313,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $25,806,000 Federal grants: $36,341,000 Federal procurement contracts: $1,090,000 ($212,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $4,115,000 ($540,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $551,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $16,407,000 Federal Government insurance: $28,269,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
60 per 1000 residents
72 per 1000 residents
79 per 1000 residents
53 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +11
+1 per 1000 residents
+8 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: -694
-42 per 1000 residents
+13 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Clay County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.83 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 105
2000 to 2004: 318
1990 to 1999: 755
1980 to 1989: 1,069
1970 to 1979: 1,872
1960 to 1969: 1,420
1950 to 1959: 1,092
1940 to 1949: 524
1939 or earlier: 682
Rooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, Arkansas
60% of Clay County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 66% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 41% lived in Arkansas.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 10581
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $22,100
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 2%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clay County