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Clay County, Iowa (IA)


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County population in 2012: 16,599 (66% urban, 34% rural); it was 17,372 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 3,034
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 2,110
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 5,020
Renter-occupied apartments: 2,138 (it was 2,239 in 2000)
% of renters here:

31%
State:

28%

Land area: 569 sq. mi.
Water area: 3.6 sq. mi.
Population density: 29 people per square mile 
 
 (low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Clay County: 80.2 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (20.8%), Retail trade (19.1%), Manufacturing (13.3%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 77%
  • Government: 13%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 9%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Clay County races chart

Races in Clay County, Iowa:


Median resident age:  42.0 years
Iowa median age:  38.0 years

Males: 8,171  (50.3%)
Females: 8,496  (49.7%)

Clay County, IA forum
Recent posts about Clay County, Iowa on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users:
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Clay County,IA real estate house value trend



Average household size:
Clay County:

2.0 people
Iowa:

2 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $43,576 ($35,799 in 1999)
This county:

$43576
Iowa:

$48044

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $393 (lower quartile is $300, upper quartile is $482)
This county:

$393
State:

$496


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $101,140 (it was $75,700 in 2000)
Clay County:

$101,140
Iowa:

$122,000
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $72,273 - $152,382

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $135,540
Here:

$135,540
State:

$151,570

Townhouses or other attached units: $358,471
Here:

$358,471
State:

$156,028

In 5-or-more-unit structures: $80,815
Here:

$80,815
State:

$110,680

Mobile homes: $110,129
Here:

$110,129
State:

$29,315
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,019
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $320

Institutionalized population: 208

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Clay County, IA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,221 (1.2%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $1,058 (1.2%)


Clay County household income distribution in 2009 Clay County home values distribution


Clay County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 8.0%
(7.8% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 0.0% for Black residents, 15.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 40.9% for American Indian residents, 0.0% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 12.4% for other race residents, 3.1% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 42 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 44 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 43 years old, Black residents: 20 years old, American Indian residents: 29 years old, Asian residents: 29 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 20 years old, Other race residents: 25 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

8.2%
Whole state:

9.1%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

2.6%
Whole state:

3.8%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clay County is $377 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $498 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $605 a month.

Cities in this county include: Spencer, Everly, Royal, Peterson, Fostoria, Dickens, Webb, Greenville, Rossie, Gillett Grove.

Clay County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Clay County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Clay County: Bertran Camp (A), Cromwell Centre (B), Prospect (C), Bridgewater (D), TriMello (E), Ingleville (F), Jensen Farms (G), Woolston Hog Farm (H), Eldridge Farms (I), Fairchild Farm (J), Geerdes Farm (K), Kirksey Farms (L), Q B Farm (M), Kruse Farms (N), Hildreth Farm (O), Berends Farm (P), Foss Farms (Q), Steinbeck Farms (R), Meadowbrook Farm (S), Tunink Farms (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Shopping Center: Southpark Mall (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Churches in Clay County include: First Reformed Church (A), Kingdom Hall (B), Maple Grove Church (C). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Oakland Cemetery (1), Burr Oak Cemetery (2), Rosehill Cemetery (3), Center Cemetery (4), Lincoln Cemetery (5), Prairie Creek Cemetery (6), Bethlehem Lutheran Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and swamps: Elk Lake (A), Trumbull Lake (B), Mud Lake (C), Dan Green Slough (D), Round Lake (E), Smiths Slough (F). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Big Muddy Creek (A), Stony Creek (B), Spring Creek (C), Sewer Creek (D), Willow Creek (E), Prairie Creek (F), Pickerel Run (G), Montgomery Creek (H), Lost Island Outlet (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Clay County include: Burr Area (1), Barringer Slough State Game Mgt Area (2), Round Lake State Game Management Area (3), Fen Valley Area (4), Scharnberg County Park (5), High Bridge Wildlife Area (6), Bruegmann Park (7), Hawk Valley Wildlife Management Area (8), Smiths Slough State Game Management Area (9). Display/hide their locations on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Buena Vista County , Cherokee County , Dickinson County , Emmet County , O'Brien County , Osceola County , Palo Alto County , Pocahontas County .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 502
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 88.0%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 16.3%

Number of foreign born residents: 317 (37% naturalized citizens)

Clay County:

1.8%
Whole state:

3.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 14.2 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 87.0%

Clay County marital status for males
Clay County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Clay County with a mortgage: 2,323 (176 second mortgage, 282 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,738

Here:

57.2% with mortgage
State:

62.8% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 67.89%
Here67.9%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 11,794
Total congregations: 37

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameEvangelical Lutheran Church in AmericaCatholic ChurchUnited Methodist ChurchLutheran ChurchReformed Church in America
Adherents2,422 (20.5%)2,370 (20.1%)2,366 (20.1%)1,540 (13.1%)816 (6.9%)
Congregations4 (10.8%)3 (8.1%)10 (27.0%)3 (8.1%)2 (5.4%)
NameNational Association of Congregational Christian ChurchesChristian Church (Disciples of Christ) Non-Charismatic Churches IndependentAssemblies of GodOther
Adherents661 (5.6%)385 (3.3%)350 (3.0%)165 (1.4%)719 (6.1%)
Congregations3 (8.1%)1 (2.7%)1 (2.7%)1 (2.7%)9 (24.3%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Clay County - Spencer, Everly, Royal, Peterson, Fostoria

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 3
This county:

1.80 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

2.14 / 10,000 pop.

Number of supercenters and club stores: 1
Clay County:

0.60 / 10,000 pop.
State:

0.23 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (with gas): 9
This county:

5.39 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

5.55 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 14
Clay County:

8.39 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

8.01 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

8.3%
Iowa:

7.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

28.5%
Iowa:

27.3%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Clay County:

15.7%
State:

14.5%


Agriculture in Clay County:

Average size of farms: 451 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $227,306
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $235.86
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 59.41%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $187,041
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 86.73%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 0.09%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $120,950
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 80.75%
Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 6.01
Corn for grain: 133323 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 127467 harvested acres
Vegetables: 5 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 4 acres

Tornado activity:

Clay County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is above Iowa state average. It is 4.3 times above overall U.S. average.

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Clay County (12) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 10
Emergencies Declared: 2

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 4, Floods: 3, Storms: 3, Tornadoes: 2, Heavy Rain: 1, Winter Storm: 1, Hurricane: 1, Ice Storm: 1, Snow: 1, Snowstorm: 1, Tornado: 1, Winter Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (12%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (9%)
  • Metal and metal products (5%)
  • Food (4%)
  • Educational services (4%)
  • Transportation equipment (4%)
  • Accommodation and food services (3%)
  • Health care (17%)
  • Educational services (9%)
  • Accommodation and food services (8%)
  • Department and other general merchandise stores (7%)
  • Social assistance (4%)
  • Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations (4%)
  • Administrative and support and waste management services (4%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Metal workers and plastic workers (8%)
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (6%)
  • Farmers and farm managers (6%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (6%)
  • Other sales and related workers including supervisors (5%)
  • Laborers and material movers, hand (5%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (5%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (6%)
  • Retail sales workers except cashiers (5%)
  • Other sales and related workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (4%)
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (4%)
  • Information and record clerks except customer service representatives (4%)
  • Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Clay County (%):





Clay County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 7,244 (80%)
  • Carpooled: 891 (10%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 30 (0%)
  • Taxi: 22 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 14 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 35 (0%)
  • Walked: 287 (3%)
  • Other means: 65 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 427 (5%)

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Clay County, Iowa in 2000:

People in group quarters in Clay County, Iowa in 2010:


Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $49,477.

6.08% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($29,922 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.08%
Iowa average:

6.30%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.85% relocated from other counties in Iowa ($19,535 average AGI)
2.23% relocated from other states ($10,384 average AGI)
Clay County:

2.23%
Iowa average:

2.55%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Dickinson County, IA  0.77% ($32,885 average AGI)
from Palo Alto County, IA  0.45% ($33,933)
from Buena Vista County, IA  0.39% ($20,962)
from O'Brien County, IA  0.34% ($22,391)
from Woodbury County, IA  0.19% ($23,692)
from Polk County, IA  0.15% ($40,000)


6.55% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($33,655 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.55%
Iowa average:

6.47%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.24% relocated to other counties in Iowa ($20,233 average AGI)
2.31% relocated to other states ($13,422 average AGI)
Clay County:

2.31%
Iowa average:

2.80%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Dickinson County, IA  1.06% ($39,097 average AGI)
to O'Brien County, IA  0.46% ($37,258)
to Palo Alto County, IA  0.35% ($23,250)
to Polk County, IA  0.34% ($39,913)
to Buena Vista County, IA  0.30% ($24,200)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.9
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.1

Births per 1000 population in Clay County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.2
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 10.4

Deaths per 1000 population in Clay County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 5.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 3.6

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Clay County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 3,293 (2,970 aged, 323 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 6%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 5%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 5.93
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 17772.24
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 503.880
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 49759.91

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1302.010
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1207.310
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 5.92

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 51.33
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 118.360

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 29.59

Household type by relationship:

Households: 16,433

Size of family households: 2,480 2-persons, 870 3-persons, 743 4-persons, 352 5-persons, 104 6-persons, 47 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 2,306 1-person, 323 2-persons, 37 3-persons, 14 4-persons, 4 5-persons, 1 6-persons, 1 7-or-more-persons.

96.5% of residents of Clay County speak English at home.
1.9% of residents speak Spanish at home (46% speak English very well, 24% speak English well, 21% speak English not well, 8% don't speak English at all).
0.9% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (82% speak English very well, 18% speak English well).
0.6% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (57% speak English very well, 27% speak English well, 16% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $97,333,000 ($5770 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $1,656,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $44,245,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $17,795,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $13,472,000
Federal grants: $15,964,000
Federal procurement contracts: $958,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $4,900,000 ($482,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $4,483,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $4,246,000
Federal Government insurance: $68,041,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 1,091
Here:

65 per 1000 residents
State:

66 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 928
Here:

55 per 1000 residents
State:

48 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +75
Here:

+4 per 1000 residents
State:

+10 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -692
Here -41 per 1000 residents
State -14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Clay County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 2.45 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.4
State:

6.3

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

4.2

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, Iowa
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 23
  • 3 rooms: 86
  • 4 rooms: 396
  • 5 rooms: 917
  • 6 rooms: 1,224
  • 7 rooms: 897
  • 8 rooms: 735
  • 9+ rooms: 742
  • 1 room: 70
  • 2 rooms: 199
  • 3 rooms: 435
  • 4 rooms: 577
  • 5 rooms: 303
  • 6 rooms: 275
  • 7 rooms: 183
  • 8 rooms: 93
  • 9+ rooms: 104
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, Iowa
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 2
  • 1 bedroom: 139
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,002
  • 3 bedrooms: 2,566
  • 4 bedrooms: 1,092
  • 5+ bedrooms: 219
  • no bedroom: 79
  • 1 bedroom: 643
  • 2 bedrooms: 898
  • 3 bedrooms: 457
  • 4 bedrooms: 117
  • 5+ bedrooms: 45
Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County, Iowa in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 230
  • 1 vehicle: 1,248
  • 2 vehicles: 2,222
  • 3 vehicles: 908
  • 4 vehicles: 293
  • 5+ vehicles: 119
  • no vehicle: 297
  • 1 vehicle: 1,057
  • 2 vehicles: 651
  • 3 vehicles: 160
  • 4 vehicles: 45
  • 5+ vehicles: 29

61% of Clay County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 55% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 61% lived in Iowa.

Clay County:

60.6%
State average:

57.7%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $61,000


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clay County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (65.3%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (19.3%)
  • Electricity (12.7%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1.5%)
  • Wood (0.7%)
  • Utility gas (49.0%)
  • Electricity (31.1%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (13.8%)
  • Other fuel (2.7%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (2.1%)
  • No fuel used (0.8%)
  • Wood (0.5%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 167
Here:

8.6%
Iowa:

10.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 4
Here:

0.4%
Iowa:

7.1%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 49
Here:

10.6%
Iowa:

25.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Expenditure Revenue

Clay County government finances - Expenditure in 2002:


Clay County government finances - Revenue in 2002:


Clay County government finances - Debt in 2002:


Clay County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2002:


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Clay County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Clay County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Most common first names in Clay County, IA among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John12878.2 years
William8676.9 years
Mary8180.2 years
Robert7473.6 years
George6377.7 years
Harold5675.8 years
James5573.7 years
Charles5577.7 years
Donald5573.5 years
Ruth5580.7 years
Most common last names in Clay County, IA among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Johnson11677.8 years
Anderson6076.7 years
Peterson4977.9 years
Smith4278.6 years
Nelson3781.0 years
Miller3374.7 years
Hansen3278.7 years
Meyer3080.3 years
Olson2579.9 years
Kruse2381.2 years
Businesses in Clay County, IA
NameCountNameCount
AmericInn1Menards1
Arby's1New Balance2
Burger King1Nike1
Curves1Pizza Hut1
Dairy Queen2Quiznos1
Days Inn1RadioShack1
Econo Lodge1SAS Shoes1
FedEx2Sears1
GNC1Slumberland1
Goodwill3Staples1
H&R Block1Subway3
Hardee's1Super 81
JCPenney1Taco Bell1
Jones New York1U-Haul1
KFC1U.S. Cellular1
La-Z-Boy2UPS6
Lane Furniture1Walgreens1
MasterBrand Cabinets1Walmart1
Maurices1YMCA1
McDonald's1
Browse common businesses in Clay County, IA


Clay County on our top lists:

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