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Clay County, South Dakota (SD)

County population in 2016: 14,335 (76% urban, 24% rural); it was 13,537 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,627
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,082
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 2,653
Renter-occupied apartments: 2,401 (it was 2,225 in 2000)
% of renters here:

46%
State:

32%

Land area: 412 sq. mi.

Water area: 5.1 sq. mi.

Population density: 35 people per square mile   (low).

March 2019 cost of living index in Clay County: 81.9 (low, U.S. average is 100)

Industries providing employment: Educational, health and social services (24.3%), Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (17.3%), Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services (11.4%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 69%
  • Government: 15%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 17%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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  • Races in Clay County, SD (2017)
    • 12,60893.1%White Non-Hispanic Alone
    • 4413.3%American Indian and Alaska Native alone
    • 3932.9%Hispanic or Latino
    • 3232.4%Two or more races
    • 2642.0%Asian alone
    • 2551.9%Black Non-Hispanic Alone
Median resident age:

25.0 years
South Dakota median age:

36.9 years
Males: 7,168  (50.0%)
Females: 7,167  (50.0%)
Clay County, SD forum
Recent posts about Clay County, South Dakota on our local forum with over 2,200,000 registered users. Clay County is mentioned 21 times on our forum:
Rant/Rave  (986 replies)
Swimming in Vermillion  (1 reply)
Vermillion questions  (8 replies)
Country Schools in South Dakota  (87 replies)
Grand Forks Vs. Vermillion/Sioux Falls?  (8 replies)
USD or SDSU  (19 replies)
Average household size:
Clay County:

2.0 people
South Dakota:

2 people

Estimated median household income in 2017: $41,674 ($27,535 in 1999)
This county:

$41,674
South Dakota:

$56,521

Median contract rent in 2017 for apartments: $677 (lower quartile is $515, upper quartile is $778)
This county:

$677
State:

$621


Estimated median house or condo value in 2017: $166,247 (it was $73,700 in 2000)
Clay:

$166,247
South Dakota:

$167,600
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $108,026 - $248,797

Mean price in 2017:

Detached houses: $184,901
Here:

$184,901
State:

$207,727

Townhouses or other attached units: $238,840
Here:

$238,840
State:

$207,532

Mobile homes: $140,019
Here:

$140,019
State:

$63,180

Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,284
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $437

Institutionalized population: 162

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 1
  • Rapes: 0
  • Robberies: 0
  • Assaults: 0
  • Burglaries: 1
  • Thefts: 18
  • Auto thefts: 0

Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 0
  • Rapes: 0
  • Robberies: 1
  • Assaults: 5
  • Burglaries: 9
  • Thefts: 20
  • Auto thefts: 1
Clay County, SD map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 1997: 29 buildings, average cost: $111,500
  • 1998: 25 buildings, average cost: $95,800
  • 1999: 24 buildings, average cost: $117,700
  • 2000: 41 buildings, average cost: $116,200
  • 2001: 31 buildings, average cost: $140,400
  • 2002: 31 buildings, average cost: $113,200
  • 2003: 24 buildings, average cost: $129,100
  • 2004: 31 buildings, average cost: $118,100
  • 2005: 35 buildings, average cost: $136,900
  • 2006: 39 buildings, average cost: $134,900
  • 2007: 42 buildings, average cost: $142,900
  • 2008: 29 buildings, average cost: $152,700
  • 2009: 20 buildings, average cost: $146,300
  • 2010: 20 buildings, average cost: $149,500
  • 2011: 18 buildings, average cost: $162,400
  • 2012: 24 buildings, average cost: $160,600
  • 2013: 24 buildings, average cost: $205,500
  • 2014: 20 buildings, average cost: $152,300
  • 2015: 24 buildings, average cost: $198,100
  • 2016: 38 buildings, average cost: $210,700
  • 2017: 36 buildings, average cost: $232,700
Number of permits per 10,000 Clay, SD residents
Average permit cost in Clay, SD
Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2017: $2,683 (1.4%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2017: $1,701 (1.6%)

Distribution of median household income in Clay, SD in 2017
Distribution of house value in Clay, SD in 2017
Distribution of rent paid by renters in Clay, SD in 2017
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2017: 25.3%
Clay County:

25.3%
South Dakota:

13.0%
(23.8% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 50.9% for Black residents, 20.1% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 46.9% for American Indian residents, 26.4% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2017: 25.0 years old
(Males: 25.4 years old, Females: 24.3 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 25.4 years old, Black residents: 23.4 years old, American Indian residents: 26.6 years old, Asian residents: 32.1 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 23.8 years old, Other race residents: 23.9 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clay County is $393 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $517 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $713 a month.

Cities in this county include: Vermillion, Irene, Wakonda.

Clay County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Clay County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Clay County: Elmwood Golf Course (A), Spring Creek Farms (B), Park Jefferson Racetrack (C). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Clay County include: Pleasant Hill Chapel (A), Rosen Church (B), Saint Josephs Church (C), Saint Marys Church (D), Saint Paul Church (E), Brule Creek Church (F), Union Creek Church (G), Ahlsborg Church (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Union County Cemetery (1), Beresford Cemetery (2), Erickson Cemetery (3), Mount Hope Cemetery (4), Gothland Cemetery (5), Nora Cemetery (6), Saint Paul Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and swamps: McCook Lake (A), Horseshoe Lake (B), Lake Nixon (C), Lake Goodenough (D), Mud Lake (E). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: East Brule Creek (A), Scott Creek (B), Green Creek (C), Government Slough (D), Finnie Creek (E), West Brule Creek (F), Union Creek (G). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Clay County include: Sodrac Park (1), Union County State Park (2). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Cattaraugus County, New York , Chautauqua County, New York , Windham County, Vermont , Erie County, New York , Cherokee County, Iowa , Kossuth County, Iowa , Yates County, New York .

Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

2.7%
South Dakota:

3.1%

Unemployment by year in Clay, SD
County total employment by year in Clay, SD
County average yearly wages by year in Clay, SD

Current college students: 4,397
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 95.6%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 48.6%

Number of foreign born residents: 522 (34.7% naturalized citizens)

Clay County:

3.6%
Whole state:

3.4%
Year of entry for the foreign-born population
  • Year of entry for the foreign-born population
  • 3792010 or later
  • 1162000 to 2009
  • 581990 to 1999
  • 481980 to 1989
  • 311970 to 1979
  • 34Before 1970

Mean travel time to work (commute): 16.3 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 74.4%

Clay County marital status for males Clay County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:

  • One, detached: 3,371
  • One, attached: 170
  • Two: 219
  • 3 or 4: 422
  • 5 to 9: 510
  • 10 to 19: 474
  • 20 to 49: 223
  • 50 or more: 93
  • Mobile homes: 624
  • Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 27

Housing units in Clay County with a mortgage: 1,573 (17 second mortgage, 96 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,252

Here:

50.0% with mortgage
State:

55.4% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Clay County

Religions Adherents in 2010
Religions Adherents - Change between 2000 and 2010
ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic3,5153
Mainline Protestant2,88711
Evangelical Protestant7828
Other2502
None6,430-
Clay County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 2
Clay County:

1.49 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.84 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 9
Clay County:

6.69 / 10,000 pop.
South Dakota:

6.68 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 15
This county:

11.15 / 10,000 pop.
State:

9.21 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Clay County:

5.7%
South Dakota:

7.7%

Adult obesity rate:
Clay County:

28.9%
State:

27.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

17.0%
State:

14.9%

Agriculture in Clay County:

Average size of farms: 695 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $140,047
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $201.88
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 12.41%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $93,782
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 87.36%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 4.79%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $138,760
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 88.81%
Average age of principal farm operators: 51 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 4.02
Corn for grain: 109336 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 430 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 141252 harvested acres

Tornado activity:

Clay County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below South Dakota state average. It is 4126867.8 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused one injury recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 7/4/1994, a tornado injured one person and caused between $5000 and $50,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Clay County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly below South Dakota state average. It is 69% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 3/4/1983 at 06:32:18, a magnitude 4.6 (4.4 MB, 4.6 LG, 4.4 ML, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 152.5 miles away from Clay County center
On 11/3/2002 at 20:41:56, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, 4.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 97.7 miles away from the county center
On 7/9/1975 at 14:54:15, a magnitude 4.6 (4.6 MB) earthquake occurred 197.8 miles away from the county center
On 8/18/1959 at 06:37:13, a magnitude 7.7 (7.7 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 692.6 miles away from the county center, causing $26,000,000 total damage
On 10/25/1990 at 06:25:25, a magnitude 3.9 (3.6 MB, 3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 97.9 miles away from Clay County center
On 2/6/1996 at 15:10:28, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 38.7 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML)

Most recent natural disasters:

  • South Dakota Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: June 13, 2014 to June 20, 2014, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4186: July 28, 2014, FEMA Id: 4186, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
  • South Dakota Flooding, Incident Period: March 11, 2011 to July 22, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1984: May 13, 2011, FEMA Id: 1984, Natural disaster type: Flood
  • South Dakota Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: July 21, 2010 to July 30, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1938: September 23, 2010, FEMA Id: 1938, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • South Dakota Flooding, Incident Period: March 10, 2010 to June 20, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1915: May 13, 2010, FEMA Id: 1915, Natural disaster type: Flood
  • South Dakota Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm, Incident Period: December 23, 2009 to December 27, 2009, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1886: March 09, 2010, FEMA Id: 1886, Natural disaster type: Snowstorm, Winter Storm
  • South Dakota Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: June 02, 2008 to June 12, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1774: July 09, 2008, FEMA Id: 1774, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • South Dakota Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: September 06, 2005 to October 01, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3234: September 10, 2005, FEMA Id: 3234, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • South Dakota Severe Storms/Flooding, Incident Period: February 03, 1997 to May 24, 1997, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1173: April 07, 1997, FEMA Id: 1173, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • South Dakota Severe Winter Storms/Blizzards, Incident Period: January 03, 1997 to January 31, 1997, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1156: January 10, 1997, FEMA Id: 1156, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm, Blizzard
  • South Dakota Severe Storms, Flooding, Incident Period: March 01, 1995 to June 20, 1995, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1052: May 26, 1995, FEMA Id: 1052, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • 4 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.

The number of natural disasters in Clay County (14) is near the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 12
Emergencies Declared: 2

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 10, Storms: 7, Tornadoes: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Blizzard: 1, Drought: 1, Hurricane: 1, Snowstorm: 1 (Note: some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Means of transportation to work in 2017 - Clay

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 4,517 (66.8%)
  • Carpooled: 527 (7.8%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 53 (0.8%)
  • Taxicab, motorcycle, or other means: 14 (0.2%)
  • Bicycle: 134 (2.0%)
  • Walked: 922 (13.6%)
  • Worked at home: 464 (6.9%)
Class of Workers in 2017
Most common industries in 2017 (%)
Males Females
Most common industries for males in 2017


  • Educational services (22%)
  • Health care and social assistance (18%)
  • Accommodation and food services (16%)
  • Retail trade (13%)
  • Other services, except public administration (4%)
  • Manufacturing (4%)
  • Finance and insurance (3%)

Most common industries for females in 2017


  • Educational services (24%)
  • Health care and social assistance (20%)
  • Accommodation and food services (18%)
  • Retail trade (14%)
  • Other services, except public administration (4%)
  • Manufacturing (4%)
  • Finance and insurance (3%)

Most common occupations in 2017 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations for males in 2017


  • Management occupations (13%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (12%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (9%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (9%)
  • Sales and related occupations (8%)
  • Construction and extraction occupations (7%)
  • Production occupations (6%)

Most common occupations for females in 2017


  • Education, training, and library occupations (15%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (14%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (13%)
  • Sales and related occupations (11%)
  • Management occupations (7%)
  • Personal care and service occupations (7%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (7%)

Most common places of birth for foreign-born residents


  • China, excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan (19%)
  • India (15%)
  • Bangladesh (15%)
  • Iraq (12%)
  • Kenya (8%)
  • Hungary (5%)
  • El Salvador (4%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Clay County


  • German (28%)
  • Norwegian (11%)
  • Irish (6%)
  • American (5%)
  • European (3%)
  • Dutch (2%)
  • English (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type
Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders

People in group quarters in Clay County, South Dakota in 2000:

  • 1,988 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 121 people in nursing homes
  • 58 people in hospitals/wards and hospices for chronically ill
  • 58 people in other hospitals or wards for chronically ill
  • 21 people in other nonhousehold living situations
  • 12 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 8 people in other group homes
  • 7 people in other noninstitutional group quarters

People in group quarters in Clay County, South Dakota in 2010:

  • 1,966 people in college/university student housing
  • 152 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 79 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 30 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 9 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $72,899.

11.19% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($35,158 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

11.19%
South Dakota average:

7.74%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
5.71% relocated from other counties in South Dakota ($16,179 average AGI)
5.48% relocated from other states ($18,979 average AGI)
Clay County:

5.48%
South Dakota average:

3.70%

Residents relocating <b>from</b> other counties or countries

Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Minnehaha County, SD  1.26% ($25,852 average AGI)
from Yankton County, SD  0.98% ($31,071)
from Union County, SD  0.86% ($45,324)
from Woodbury County, IA  0.56% ($32,958)


12.53% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($39,244 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

12.53%
South Dakota average:

7.66%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
6.40% relocated to other counties in South Dakota ($20,189 average AGI)
6.13% relocated to other states ($19,055 average AGI)
Clay County:

6.13%
South Dakota average:

3.63%

Residents relocating <b>to</b> other counties or countries

Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Minnehaha County, SD  1.88% ($30,171 average AGI)
to Yankton County, SD  1.22% ($34,302)
to Lincoln County, SD  0.80% ($38,829)
to Union County, SD  0.53% ($47,565)
to Pennington County, SD  0.46% ($18,600)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.9
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.8

Births per 1000 population in Clay County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 7.1
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 7.1
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 6.6

Deaths per 1000 population in Clay County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 10.8
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 4.5

Infant deaths per 1000 population in Clay County
Population without health insurance coverage in 2013: 14.2%
Persons under 19 years old without health insurance coverage in 2013: 7.1%
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Clay County
All 18-64 40-64 50-64 Under 19
Population without health insurance coverage in Clay County
18-64 population without health insurance coverage in Clay County
40-64 population without health insurance coverage in Clay County
50-64 population without health insurance coverage in Clay County
Population under 19 years without health insurance coverage in Clay County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 1,563 (1,357 aged, 206 disabled)
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 223 (9%)
Persons enrolled in Medicare
Aged persons enrolled in Medicare
Disabled persons enrolled in Medicare

Most common underlying causes of death in Clay County, South Dakota in 1999 - 2014:

  • Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (199)
  • Atherosclerotic heart disease (123)
  • Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (86)
  • Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (68)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified (61)
  • Alzheimer's disease, unspecified (48)
  • Pneumonia, unspecified (39)
  • Colon, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (26)
  • Breast, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (24)
  • Malignant neoplasm of prostate (24)

Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 12%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 9%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 7.66
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 3,630
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 888
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 22,100

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,139
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 800
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 15

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 13
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 77

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 8

EPA green book nonattainment status in 2004-2006: 1

Household type by relationship:

Households: 14,335
  • In family households: 7,478 (1,256 male householders, 1,308 female householders)
    2,043 spouses, 2,475 children (2,445 natural, 40 adopted, 17 stepchildren), 69 grandchildren, 48 brothers or sisters, 71 parents, 83 other relatives, 92 non-relatives
  • In nonfamily households: 4,738 (1,714 male householders (926 living alone)), 1,303 female householders (828 living alone)), 1,725 nonrelatives
  • In group quarters: 2,260

Size of family households: 1,386 2-persons, 519 3-persons, 361 4-persons, 194 5-persons, 63 6-persons, 25 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,752 1-person, 708 2-persons, 178 3-persons, 446 4-persons, 17 5-persons, 6 7-or-more-persons.

1,600 married couples with children.
582 single-parent households (55 men, 527 women).

93.6% of residents of Clay speak English at home.
0.9% of residents speak Spanish at home (86% speak English very well, 14% speak English well).
2.2% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (68% speak English very well, 25% speak English well, 7% speak English not well).
1.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (78% speak English very well, 19% speak English well, 3% speak English not well).
1.7% of residents speak other language at home (99% speak English very well, 1% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $87,224,000 ($6,679 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $3,636,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $22,084,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $16,891,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $8,760,000
Federal grants: $33,518,000
Federal procurement contracts: $989,000 ($119,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $4,983,000 ($2,169,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $1,188,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $6,284,000
Federal Government insurance: $40,444,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 824
Here:

63 per 1000 residents
State:

72 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 502
Here:

39 per 1000 residents
State:

48 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +158
Here:

+12 per 1000 residents
State:

+5 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -999
Here -77 per 1000 residents
State -1 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Clay County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.88 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

7.4
State:

6.9

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

4.2

Year house built in Clay County, South Dakota
  • Year house built in Clay County, South Dakota
  • 02014 or later
  • 3082010 to 2013
  • 7572000 to 2009
  • 6191990 to 1999
  • 4931980 to 1989
  • 1,0511970 to 1979
  • 5861960 to 1969
  • 4371950 to 1959
  • 1861940 to 1949
  • 1,4581939 or earlier
Rooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, South Dakota
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Rooms in owner-occupied houses in Clay County, South Dakota
  • Rooms in owner-occupied houses in Clay County, South Dakota
  • 01 room
  • 02 rooms
  • 683 rooms
  • 3244 rooms
  • 3725 rooms
  • 3496 rooms
  • 3337 rooms
  • 5288 rooms
  • 8469+ rooms
Rooms in renter-occupied apartments in Clay County, South Dakota
  • Rooms in renter-occupied apartments in Clay County, South Dakota
  • 971 room
  • 2072 rooms
  • 4373 rooms
  • 8324 rooms
  • 5075 rooms
  • 1646 rooms
  • 1337 rooms
  • 1158 rooms
  • 1689+ rooms
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, South Dakota
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Bedrooms in owner-occupied houses in Clay County, South Dakota
  • Bedrooms in owner-occupied houses in Clay County, South Dakota
  • 0no bedroom
  • 921 bedroom
  • 5872 bedrooms
  • 1,0213 bedrooms
  • 7434 bedrooms
  • 3825+ bedrooms
Bedrooms in renter-occupied apartments in Clay County, South Dakota
  • Bedrooms in renter-occupied apartments in Clay County, South Dakota
  • 121no bedroom
  • 5041 bedroom
  • 1,2892 bedrooms
  • 3693 bedrooms
  • 2524 bedrooms
  • 1365+ bedrooms
Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County, South Dakota in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County in owner-occupied houses/condos
  • Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County in owner-occupied houses/condos
  • 100no vehicle
  • 6811 vehicle
  • 1,1292 vehicles
  • 5943 vehicles
  • 2564 vehicles
  • 685+ vehicles
Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County in renter-occupied apartments
  • Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County in renter-occupied apartments
  • 158no vehicle
  • 1,3391 vehicle
  • 7712 vehicles
  • 1533 vehicles
  • 1964 vehicles
  • 375+ vehicles

65.5% of Clay County residents lived in the same house 1 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 32% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 61% lived in South Dakota.

Clay County:

65.5%
State average:

84.5%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

  • This state: 7,211
  • Other state: 6,421
  • Northeast: 384
  • Midwest: 4,179
  • South: 554
  • West: 1,278
Year householders moved into unit in Clay County, SD
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clay County
Houses and condos Apartments
Most commonly used house heating fuel in houses and condos
  • 50.0%Utility gas
  • 21.3%Bottled, tank, or LP gas
  • 18.2%Electricity
  • 3.7%Wood
  • 3.1%Other fuel
  • 3.0%Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
  • 0.1%No fuel used
Most commonly used house heating fuel in apartments
  • 50.9%Utility gas
  • 34.5%Electricity
  • 9.1%Bottled, tank, or LP gas
  • 2.4%Other fuel
  • 0.8%Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 65
Here:

7.0%
South Dakota:

8.9%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 4
Here:

0.8%
South Dakota:

7.0%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 39
Here:

1.1%
South Dakota:

15.9%

Educational Attainment
School Enrollment by Level of School
Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Noninstitutionalized Residents with Employment Disability

Clay County government finances - Expenditure in 2016:

  • Charges - Other: $448,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $24,000
    Regular Highways: $21,000
  • Current Operations - Regular Highways: $2,705,000
    General - Other: $673,000
    Police Protection: $634,000
    Financial Administration: $558,000
    Correctional Institutions: $429,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $427,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $360,000
    Health - Other: $234,000
    Local Fire Protection: $159,000
    Central Staff Services: $149,000
    General Public Buildings: $129,000
    Parks and Recreation: $41,000
    Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Medical Care: $23,000
    Housing and Community Development: $16,000
    Solid Waste Management: $9,000
    Libraries: $8,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $7,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $96,000
    Highways: $68,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $5,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $242,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $159,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $83,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $102,000
    General Revenue - Other: $45,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $19,000
    Interest Earnings: $15,000
    Sale of Property: $8,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $4,512,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Highways: $1,266,000
    General Local Government Support: $294,000
    Other: $27,000
  • Tax - Property: $4,665,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $93,000
    Other License: $18,000

Clay County government finances - Revenue in 2016:

  • Charges - Other: $448,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $24,000
    Regular Highways: $21,000
  • Current Operations - Regular Highways: $2,705,000
    General - Other: $673,000
    Police Protection: $634,000
    Financial Administration: $558,000
    Correctional Institutions: $429,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $427,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $360,000
    Health - Other: $234,000
    Local Fire Protection: $159,000
    Central Staff Services: $149,000
    General Public Buildings: $129,000
    Parks and Recreation: $41,000
    Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Medical Care: $23,000
    Housing and Community Development: $16,000
    Solid Waste Management: $9,000
    Libraries: $8,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $7,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $96,000
    Highways: $68,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $5,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $242,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $159,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $83,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $102,000
    General Revenue - Other: $45,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $19,000
    Interest Earnings: $15,000
    Sale of Property: $8,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $4,512,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Highways: $1,266,000
    General Local Government Support: $294,000
    Other: $27,000
  • Tax - Property: $4,665,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $93,000
    Other License: $18,000

Clay County government finances - Debt in 2016:

  • Charges - Other: $448,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $24,000
    Regular Highways: $21,000
  • Current Operations - Regular Highways: $2,705,000
    General - Other: $673,000
    Police Protection: $634,000
    Financial Administration: $558,000
    Correctional Institutions: $429,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $427,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $360,000
    Health - Other: $234,000
    Local Fire Protection: $159,000
    Central Staff Services: $149,000
    General Public Buildings: $129,000
    Parks and Recreation: $41,000
    Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Medical Care: $23,000
    Housing and Community Development: $16,000
    Solid Waste Management: $9,000
    Libraries: $8,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $7,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $96,000
    Highways: $68,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $5,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $242,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $159,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $83,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $102,000
    General Revenue - Other: $45,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $19,000
    Interest Earnings: $15,000
    Sale of Property: $8,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $4,512,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Highways: $1,266,000
    General Local Government Support: $294,000
    Other: $27,000
  • Tax - Property: $4,665,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $93,000
    Other License: $18,000

Clay County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2016:

  • Charges - Other: $448,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $24,000
    Regular Highways: $21,000
  • Current Operations - Regular Highways: $2,705,000
    General - Other: $673,000
    Police Protection: $634,000
    Financial Administration: $558,000
    Correctional Institutions: $429,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $427,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $360,000
    Health - Other: $234,000
    Local Fire Protection: $159,000
    Central Staff Services: $149,000
    General Public Buildings: $129,000
    Parks and Recreation: $41,000
    Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Medical Care: $23,000
    Housing and Community Development: $16,000
    Solid Waste Management: $9,000
    Libraries: $8,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $7,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $96,000
    Highways: $68,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $5,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $242,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $159,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $83,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $102,000
    General Revenue - Other: $45,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $19,000
    Interest Earnings: $15,000
    Sale of Property: $8,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $4,512,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Highways: $1,266,000
    General Local Government Support: $294,000
    Other: $27,000
  • Tax - Property: $4,665,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $93,000
    Other License: $18,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

  • Total number of recipients: 130
  • Number of aged recipients: 6
  • Number of blind and disabled recipients: 124
  • Number of recipients under 18: 17
  • Number of recipients between 18 and 64: 87
  • Number of recipients older than 64: 26
  • Number of recipients also receiving OASDI: 64
  • Amount of payments (thousands of dollars): 45
Most common first names in Clay County, SD among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John7381.2 years
Mary5081.3 years
Robert3371.9 years
Marie3384.3 years
William3377.8 years
Anna3186.8 years
Harold3075.6 years
James3069.4 years
Margaret2884.4 years
Joseph2876.2 years
Most common last names in Clay County, SD among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Johnson8677.0 years
Anderson4880.9 years
Jensen4280.1 years
Peterson4280.5 years
Hansen3882.3 years
Nelson3678.9 years
Olson3484.7 years
Larson3181.2 years
Christensen2779.4 years
Erickson2679.5 years
Businesses in Clay County, SD
NameCountNameCount
Ace Hardware1MasterBrand Cabinets2
Burger King1Maurices1
Chevrolet1McDonald's1
Comfort Inn1Pizza Hut1
Dairy Queen1Subway1
Domino's Pizza1Super 81
FedEx2True Value1
Ford1U-Haul1
H&R Block1UPS2
Holiday Inn1Walmart1
Lane Furniture1

Clay County on our top lists:

  • #32 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest percentage of residents relocating to other counties in 2011"
  • #42 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest percentage of residents relocating from other counties between 2010 and 2011"