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Columbia County, Florida (FL)

County population in 2017: 69,612 (38% urban, 62% rural); it was 56,513 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 10,871
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 7,342
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 16,137
Renter-occupied apartments: 6,728 (it was 4,788 in 2000)
% of renters here:

23%
State:

33%

Land area: 797 sq. mi.

Water area: 4.0 sq. mi.

Population density: 87 people per square mile   (average).

March 2019 cost of living index in Columbia County: 83.2 (low, U.S. average is 100)

Industries providing employment: Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (20.4%), Transportation and warehousing,and utilities (12.9%), Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing (12.4%), Retail trade (11.1%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 68%
  • Government: 5%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 26%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Based on 2000-2020 data
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  • Races in Columbia County, FL (2017)
    • 50,91090.1%White Non-Hispanic Alone
    • 12,55022.2%Black Non-Hispanic Alone
    • 4,2327.5%Hispanic or Latino
    • 1,9423.4%Two or more races
    • 6561.2%Asian alone
    • 890.2%American Indian and Alaska Native alone
    • 330.06%Some other race alone
    • 320.06%Native Hawaiian and Other
      Pacific Islander alone
Median resident age:

40.5 years
Florida median age:

42.0 years
Males: 36,251  (52.1%)
Females: 33,361  (47.9%)
Columbia County, FL forum
Recent posts about Columbia County, Florida on our local forum with over 2,200,000 registered users. Columbia County is mentioned 78 times on our forum:
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Seeking a safe neighborhood, under $150,000....  (4 replies)
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Average household size:
Columbia County:

2.0 people
Florida:

2 people

Estimated median household income in 2017: $40,811 ($30,881 in 1999)
This county:

$40,811
Florida:

$52,594

Median contract rent in 2017 for apartments: $625 (lower quartile is $514, upper quartile is $787)
This county:

$625
State:

$975


Estimated median house or condo value in 2017: $145,500 (it was $63,300 in 2000)
Columbia:

$145,500
Florida:

$214,000
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $76,400 - $217,300
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,012
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $306

Institutionalized population: 4,425

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 4
  • Rapes: 35
  • Robberies: 15
  • Assaults: 211
  • Burglaries: 382
  • Thefts: 686
  • Auto thefts: 101

Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 2
  • Rapes: 22
  • Robberies: 22
  • Assaults: 189
  • Burglaries: 403
  • Thefts: 713
  • Auto thefts: 84
Columbia County, FL map from a distance

Health of residents in Columbia County based on CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Questionnaires from 2003 to 2012:

General health status score of residents in this county from 1 (poor) to 5 (excellent) is 3.2. This is significantly worse than average.
68.3% of residents exercised in the past month. This is less than average.
54.1% of residents smoked 100+ cigarettes in their lives. This is more than average.
99.0% of adult residents drank alcohol in the past 30 days. This is more than average.
50.6% of residents visited a dentist within the past year. This is less than average.
Average weight of males is 206 pounds. This is more than average.
Average weight of females is 165 pounds. This is about average.

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 1997: 279 buildings, average cost: $54,400
  • 1998: 245 buildings, average cost: $56,500
  • 1999: 279 buildings, average cost: $61,200
  • 2000: 289 buildings, average cost: $57,900
  • 2001: 266 buildings, average cost: $57,800
  • 2002: 247 buildings, average cost: $63,500
  • 2003: 299 buildings, average cost: $67,100
  • 2004: 380 buildings, average cost: $98,100
  • 2005: 512 buildings, average cost: $97,700
  • 2006: 467 buildings, average cost: $97,800
  • 2007: 326 buildings, average cost: $98,200
  • 2008: 227 buildings, average cost: $114,800
  • 2009: 96 buildings, average cost: $129,300
  • 2010: 84 buildings, average cost: $124,900
  • 2011: 52 buildings, average cost: $135,700
  • 2012: 47 buildings, average cost: $144,400
  • 2013: 65 buildings, average cost: $155,500
  • 2014: 80 buildings, average cost: $137,000
  • 2015: 80 buildings, average cost: $149,900
  • 2016: 104 buildings, average cost: $148,700
  • 2017: 146 buildings, average cost: $144,100
Number of permits per 10,000 Columbia, FL residents
Average permit cost in Columbia, FL
Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2017: $1,479 (1.0%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2017: $1,104 (0.7%)

Distribution of median household income in Columbia, FL in 2017
Distribution of house value in Columbia, FL in 2017
Distribution of rent paid by renters in Columbia, FL in 2017
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2017: 12.6%
Columbia County:

12.6%
Florida:

14.0%
(10.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 27.4% for Black residents, 24.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 54.7% for American Indian residents, 33.3% for other race residents, 27.6% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2017: 40.5 years old
(Males: 37.9 years old, Females: 44.2 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 44.2 years old, Black residents: 35.2 years old, American Indian residents: 34.0 years old, Asian residents: 44.5 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 25.7 years old, Other race residents: 44.4 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Columbia County is $428 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $506 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $631 a month.

Cities in this county include: Lake City, Watertown, North Columbia, Five Points, Fort White.

Columbia County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential
Zip CodeCityCertified Residential DatabaseMandatory Residential DatabaseMandatory Non-Residential Database
Buildings MeasuredAbove 4 pCi/L (%)Buildings MeasuredAbove 4 pCi/L (%)Buildings MeasuredAbove 4 pCi/L (%)
32024Lake City1613----
32025Lake City138----
32038Fort White201010
32055Lake City24135050

2018 air pollution in Columbia County:

Ozone (1-hour): 0.024 ppm (standard limit: 0.12 ppm). Below U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual: 8.6 µg/m3(standard limit: 15.0 µg/m3). Near U.S. average.

Click to draw/clear Columbia County borders

Neighboring counties: Duval County , Jackson County, Mississippi , Orleans Parish, Louisiana , Washington County .

Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

3.3%
Florida:

3.3%

Unemployment by year in Columbia, FL
County total employment by year in Columbia, FL
County average yearly wages by year in Columbia, FL

Current college students: 1,874
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 88.9%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 17.5%

Number of foreign born residents: 2,441 (57.0% naturalized citizens)

Columbia County:

3.5%
Whole state:

20.9%
Year of entry for the foreign-born population
  • Year of entry for the foreign-born population
  • 3062010 or later
  • 6882000 to 2009
  • 5341990 to 1999
  • 2211980 to 1989
  • 2161970 to 1979
  • 474Before 1970

Mean travel time to work (commute): 24.1 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 74.6%

Columbia County marital status for males Columbia County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:

  • One, detached: 15,259
  • One, attached: 110
  • Two: 587
  • 3 or 4: 825
  • 5 to 9: 440
  • 10 to 19: 290
  • 20 to 49: 299
  • 50 or more: 72
  • Mobile homes: 10,608
  • Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 468

Housing units in Columbia County with a mortgage: 9,280 (439 second mortgage, 275 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 9,033

Here:

50.0% with mortgage
State:

56.9% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Columbia County

Religions Adherents in 2010
Religions Adherents - Change between 2000 and 2010
ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant18,86982
Mainline Protestant3,20216
Black Protestant2,33815
Catholic1,6521
Other1,1106
None40,360-
Columbia County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 5
Columbia County:

0.74 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.04 / 10,000 pop.

Number of supercenters and club stores: 1
Here:

0.15 / 10,000 pop.
Florida:

0.11 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (no gas): 7
This county:

1.03 / 10,000 pop.
Florida:

1.28 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 51
Columbia County:

7.51 / 10,000 pop.
Florida:

3.04 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 33
This county:

4.86 / 10,000 pop.
State:

7.45 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Columbia County:

10.2%
Florida:

9.2%

Adult obesity rate:
Columbia County:

29.1%
State:

23.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

11.6%
State:

14.0%

Agriculture in Columbia County:

Average size of farms: 131 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $67,976
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $824.76
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 83.01%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $68,469
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 10.68%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 19.15%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $15,318
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 92.01%
Average age of principal farm operators: 58 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 21.42
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 4.09%
Corn for grain: 137 harvested acres
Vegetables: 199 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 325 acres

Tornado activity:

Columbia County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Florida state average. It is 2333318.2 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused one fatality and 11 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 6/11/2001, a tornado killed one person and caused $40,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Columbia County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly above Florida state average. It is 95% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 9/10/2006 at 14:56:08, a magnitude 5.9 (5.9 MB, 5.5 MS, 5.8 MW, Depth: 8.7 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 364.9 miles away from Columbia County center
On 8/2/1974 at 08:52:09, a magnitude 4.9 (4.3 MB, 4.9 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 255.2 miles away from the county center
On 11/22/1974 at 05:25:55, a magnitude 4.7 (4.7 MB) earthquake occurred 238.5 miles away from the county center
On 10/24/1997 at 08:35:17, a magnitude 4.9 (4.8 MB, 4.2 MS, 4.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 283.2 miles away from the county center
On 11/11/2002 at 23:39:29, a magnitude 4.4 (4.0 MB, 4.4 LG, Depth: 1.5 mi) earthquake occurred 221.6 miles away from Columbia County center
On 8/21/1992 at 16:31:55, a magnitude 4.4 (4.1 MB, 4.1 LG, 4.4 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 247.7 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:

  • Florida Hurricane Hermine, Incident Period: August 31, 2016 to September 11, 2016, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4280: September 28, 2016, FEMA Id: 4280, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Florida Tropical Storm Debby, Incident Period: June 23, 2012 to July 26, 2012, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4068: July 03, 2012, FEMA Id: 4068, Natural disaster type: Tropical Storm
  • Florida Tropical Storm Fay, Incident Period: August 18, 2008 to September 12, 2008, Emergency Declared EM-3288: August 21, 2008, FEMA Id: 3288, Natural disaster type: Tropical Storm
  • Florida Suwannee Fire Complex, Incident Period: May 07, 2007 to December 31, 1969, Fire Management Assistance Declared: May 07, 2007, FEMA Id: 2689, Natural disaster type: Fire
  • Florida Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 01, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3220: September 05, 2005, FEMA Id: 3220, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Florida Hurricane Jeanne, Incident Period: September 24, 2004 to November 17, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1561: September 26, 2004, FEMA Id: 1561, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Florida Hurricane Frances, Incident Period: September 03, 2004 to October 08, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1545: September 04, 2004, FEMA Id: 1545, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Florida Hurricane Charley and Tropical Storm Bonnie, Incident Period: August 11, 2004 to August 30, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1539: August 13, 2004, FEMA Id: 1539, Natural disaster type: Tropical Storm, Hurricane
  • Florida Suwannee Fire Complex, Incident Period: June 05, 2000, Fire Management Assistance Declared: June 05, 2000, FEMA Id: 2306, Natural disaster type: Fire
  • Florida Fire Hazard, Incident Period: April 15, 1999 to May 25, 1999, Emergency Declared EM-3139: April 27, 1999, FEMA Id: 3139, Natural disaster type: Fire
  • 6 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.

The number of natural disasters in Columbia County (16) is greater than the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 10
Emergencies Declared: 3

Causes of natural disasters: Hurricanes: 6, Fires: 5, Tropical Storms: 3, Floods: 2, Tornadoes: 2, Freeze: 1, Storm: 1, Wind: 1 (Note: some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Means of transportation to work in 2017 - Columbia

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 22,770 (83.3%)
  • Carpooled: 3,056 (11.2%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 29 (0.1%)
  • Ferryboat: 35 (0.1%)
  • Taxicab, motorcycle, or other means: 136 (0.5%)
  • Bicycle: 143 (0.5%)
  • Walked: 124 (0.5%)
  • Worked at home: 1,046 (3.8%)
Class of Workers in 2017
Most common industries in 2017 (%)
Males Females
Most common industries for males in 2017


  • Health care and social assistance (31%)
  • Retail trade (21%)
  • Accommodation and food services (11%)
  • Educational services (8%)
  • Administrative and support and waste management services (5%)
  • Construction (3%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (3%)

Most common industries for females in 2017


  • Health care and social assistance (31%)
  • Retail trade (21%)
  • Accommodation and food services (12%)
  • Educational services (8%)
  • Administrative and support and waste management services (5%)
  • Construction (3%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (3%)

Most common occupations in 2017 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations for males in 2017


  • Construction and extraction occupations (18%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (11%)
  • Production occupations (8%)
  • Transportation occupations (8%)
  • Management occupations (8%)
  • Sales and related occupations (7%)
  • Material moving occupations (7%)

Most common occupations for females in 2017


  • Office and administrative support occupations (23%)
  • Sales and related occupations (18%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (11%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (8%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (6%)
  • Management occupations (4%)
  • Health technologists and technicians (4%)

Most common places of birth for foreign-born residents


  • Philippines (13%)
  • Mexico (10%)
  • Cuba (8%)
  • Honduras (6%)
  • Colombia (6%)
  • Canada (6%)
  • Haiti (6%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Columbia County


  • American (14%)
  • English (13%)
  • African (8%)
  • German (8%)
  • Irish (7%)
  • Italian (3%)
  • French (except Basque) (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type
Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders

People in group quarters in Columbia County, Florida in 2000:

  • 1,687 people in state prisons
  • 386 people in nursing homes
  • 296 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 145 people in institutions for the blind
  • 96 people in other types of correctional institutions
  • 94 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
  • 76 people in homes for the mentally retarded
  • 60 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 55 people in homes for the mentally ill
  • 14 people in homes or halfway houses for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 8 people in homes for the physically handicapped
  • 6 people in other group homes
  • 4 people in training schools for juvenile delinquents

People in group quarters in Columbia County, Florida in 2010:

  • 2,511 people in state prisons
  • 883 people in correctional facilities intended for juveniles
  • 670 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 241 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
  • 114 people in correctional residential facilities
  • 58 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 50 people in emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) for people experiencing homelessness
  • 39 people in workers' group living quarters and job corps centers
  • 20 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 14 people in residential treatment centers for adults
  • 6 people in residential treatment centers for juveniles (non-correctional)
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $50,479.

8.13% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($38,946 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.13%
Florida average:

7.69%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
5.45% relocated from other counties in Florida ($25,330 average AGI)
2.68% relocated from other states ($13,616 average AGI)
Columbia County:

2.68%
Florida average:

3.87%

Residents relocating <b>from</b> other counties or countries

Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Alachua County, FL  0.92% ($40,874 average AGI)
from Suwannee County, FL  0.87% ($37,887)
from Duval County, FL  0.38% ($39,318)
from Union County, FL  0.19% ($32,238)
from Orange County, FL  0.16% ($30,171)
from Broward County, FL  0.14% ($39,065)
from Palm Beach County, FL  0.13% ($45,433)


6.75% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($37,221 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.75%
Florida average:

6.59%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.79% relocated to other counties in Florida ($26,753 average AGI)
1.96% relocated to other states ($10,468 average AGI)
Columbia County:

1.96%
Florida average:

2.71%

Residents relocating <b>to</b> other counties or countries

Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Alachua County, FL  1.00% ($37,482 average AGI)
to Suwannee County, FL  0.77% ($32,529)
to Duval County, FL  0.41% ($45,467)
to Hamilton County, FL  0.18% ($27,179)
to Union County, FL  0.17% ($26,703)
to Marion County, FL  0.12% ($22,385)
to Orange County, FL  0.12% ($78,038)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.3
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 13.2

Births per 1000 population in Columbia County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.9
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 10.7
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 10.9

Deaths per 1000 population in Columbia County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 9.9
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 10.7

Infant deaths per 1000 population in Columbia County
Population without health insurance coverage in 2013: 20.2%
Persons under 19 years old without health insurance coverage in 2013: 10.0%
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Columbia County
All 18-64 40-64 50-64 Under 19
Population without health insurance coverage in Columbia County
18-64 population without health insurance coverage in Columbia County
40-64 population without health insurance coverage in Columbia County
50-64 population without health insurance coverage in Columbia County
Population under 19 years without health insurance coverage in Columbia County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 11,340 (8,841 aged, 2,499 disabled)
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 2,350 (15%)
Persons enrolled in Medicare
Aged persons enrolled in Medicare
Disabled persons enrolled in Medicare

Most common underlying causes of death in Columbia County, Florida in 1999 - 2014:

  • Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (844)
  • Atherosclerotic heart disease (711)
  • Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (706)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified (650)
  • Unspecified dementia (438)
  • Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (335)
  • Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described (236)
  • Alzheimer's disease, unspecified (183)
  • Unspecified diabetes mellitus, without complications (182)
  • Pneumonia, unspecified (171)

Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 17%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 4.85
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 24,295
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 831
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 107,916

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,404
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,001
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 11

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 25
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 70

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 6

Homicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 54.2. This is less than state average.

Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 146.1. This is more than state average.

Mechanisms of suicide
Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Firearm - 96.6
  • Other - 49.5

Household type by relationship:

Households: 69,612
  • In family households: 53,329 (6,965 male householders, 7,817 female householders)
    9,670 spouses, 20,137 children (18,400 natural, 353 adopted, 1,384 stepchildren), 2,398 grandchildren, 1,308 brothers or sisters, 963 parents, 1,824 other relatives, 2,247 non-relatives
  • In nonfamily households: 11,692 (4,523 male householders (3,697 living alone)), 5,030 female householders (4,718 living alone)), 2,139 nonrelatives
  • In group quarters: 4,591

Size of family households: 7,785 2-persons, 3,640 3-persons, 1,889 4-persons, 816 5-persons, 434 6-persons, 218 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 8,415 1-person, 961 2-persons, 109 3-persons, 68 4-persons.

7,976 married couples with children.
3,702 single-parent households (829 men, 2,873 women).

90.7% of residents of Columbia speak English at home.
4.4% of residents speak Spanish at home (74% speak English very well, 16% speak English well, 9% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
1.6% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (88% speak English very well, 7% speak English well, 5% speak English not well).
1.0% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (55% speak English very well, 44% speak English well, 1% speak English not well).
0.5% of residents speak other language at home (96% speak English very well, 4% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $385,315,000 ($6,226 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $17,186,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $177,332,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $74,179,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $936,000
Federal grants: $73,247,000
Federal procurement contracts: $2,863,000 ($93,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $56,758,000 ($1,107,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $894,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $28,510,000
Federal Government insurance: $51,512,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 4,126
Here:

64 per 1000 residents
State:

63 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 3,526
Here:

55 per 1000 residents
State:

49 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +216
Here:

+3 per 1000 residents
State:

+30 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +6,862
Here:

+107 per 1000 residents
State:

+59 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Columbia County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 3.67 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.8
State:

5.9

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

4.3

Year house built in Columbia County, Florida
  • Year house built in Columbia County, Florida
  • 6432014 or later
  • 1,2662010 to 2013
  • 9,3882000 to 2009
  • 6,4671990 to 1999
  • 4,0171980 to 1989
  • 4,6741970 to 1979
  • 1,2241960 to 1969
  • 4701950 to 1959
  • 2771940 to 1949
  • 5321939 or earlier
Rooms in houses/apartments in Columbia County, Florida
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Rooms in owner-occupied houses in Columbia County, Florida
  • Rooms in owner-occupied houses in Columbia County, Florida
  • 591 room
  • 3732 rooms
  • 4423 rooms
  • 2,1314 rooms
  • 4,6455 rooms
  • 4,4646 rooms
  • 2,6987 rooms
  • 1,3158 rooms
  • 2,1869+ rooms
Rooms in renter-occupied apartments in Columbia County, Florida
  • Rooms in renter-occupied apartments in Columbia County, Florida
  • 3161 room
  • 962 rooms
  • 9263 rooms
  • 2,3954 rooms
  • 1,1805 rooms
  • 3096 rooms
  • 1987 rooms
  • 1588 rooms
  • 4449+ rooms
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Columbia County, Florida
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Bedrooms in owner-occupied houses in Columbia County, Florida
  • Bedrooms in owner-occupied houses in Columbia County, Florida
  • 59no bedroom
  • 6021 bedroom
  • 1,8732 bedrooms
  • 11,6693 bedrooms
  • 3,7354 bedrooms
  • 3755+ bedrooms
Bedrooms in renter-occupied apartments in Columbia County, Florida
  • Bedrooms in renter-occupied apartments in Columbia County, Florida
  • 316no bedroom
  • 2231 bedroom
  • 3,0502 bedrooms
  • 1,6893 bedrooms
  • 3514 bedrooms
  • 3935+ bedrooms
Cars and other vehicles available in Columbia County, Florida in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Cars and other vehicles available in Columbia County in owner-occupied houses/condos
  • Cars and other vehicles available in Columbia County in owner-occupied houses/condos
  • 315no vehicle
  • 8,0011 vehicle
  • 6,0082 vehicles
  • 2,8153 vehicles
  • 1,0074 vehicles
  • 1675+ vehicles
Cars and other vehicles available in Columbia County in renter-occupied apartments
  • Cars and other vehicles available in Columbia County in renter-occupied apartments
  • 682no vehicle
  • 2,8121 vehicle
  • 2,0702 vehicles
  • 1303 vehicles
  • 2734 vehicles
  • 555+ vehicles

81.2% of Columbia County residents lived in the same house 1 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 30% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 78% lived in Florida.

Columbia County:

81.2%
State average:

84.5%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

  • This state: 44,280
  • Other state: 21,319
  • Northeast: 6,111
  • Midwest: 4,950
  • South: 8,617
  • West: 1,641
Year householders moved into unit in Columbia County, FL
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Columbia County
Houses and condos Apartments
Most commonly used house heating fuel in houses and condos
  • 88.5%Electricity
  • 4.4%Bottled, tank, or LP gas
  • 3.6%Utility gas
  • 1.8%Wood
  • 0.7%No fuel used
  • 0.4%Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
Most commonly used house heating fuel in apartments
  • 90.9%Electricity
  • 4.6%Utility gas
  • 2.5%Bottled, tank, or LP gas
  • 0.8%No fuel used
  • 0.5%Wood
  • 0.1%Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 1,091
Here:

15.7%
Florida:

13.2%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 578
Here:

18.8%
Florida:

11.6%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 331
Here:

13.9%
Florida:

20.0%

Educational Attainment
School Enrollment by Level of School
Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Noninstitutionalized Residents
Age and Sex of Noninstitutionalized Residents with Employment Disability

Columbia County government finances - Expenditure in 2016:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $6,394,000
  • Charges - Other: $5,794,000
    Solid Waste Management: $2,884,000
    Parks and Recreation: $62,000
    Sewerage: $42,000
    Regular Highways: $7,000
  • Current Operations - Police Protection: $8,970,000
    General - Other: $7,171,000
    Regular Highways: $7,105,000
    Solid Waste Management: $5,763,000
    Correctional Institutions: $4,784,000
    Financial Administration: $4,770,000
    Local Fire Protection: $4,702,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $2,370,000
    Health - Other: $2,316,000
    Central Staff Services: $1,733,000
    Libraries: $1,323,000
    Parks and Recreation: $1,187,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $793,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation - Other: $518,000
    Housing and Community Development: $425,000
    Sewerage: $240,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $179,000
    Water Utilities: $35,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $604,000
    General Local Government Support: $268,000
    Public Welfare: $101,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $301,000
  • Intergovernmental to State - Health - Other: $900,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Other: $294,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $10,769,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $9,309,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $1,460,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $8,563,000
    General Revenue - Other: $876,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $838,000
    Interest Earnings: $259,000
    Donations From Private Sources: $87,000
    Rents: $51,000
    Sale of Property: $27,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $7,238,000
    Parks and Recreation: $594,000
    General - Other: $590,000
    Police Protection: $483,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $407,000
    Correctional Institutions: $186,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $144,000
    Health - Other: $29,000
    Central Staff Services: $13,000
    Financial Administration: $11,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $40,492,000
  • Revenue - Water Utilities: $9,000
  • State Intergovernmental - General Local Government Support: $5,782,000
    Highways: $5,393,000
    Other: $3,613,000
    Health and Hospitals: $223,000
    Public Welfare: $32,000
  • Tax - Property: $17,804,000
    General Sales and Gross Receipts: $6,866,000
    Motor Fuels Sales: $3,068,000
    Other Selective Sales: $1,002,000
    Other License: $376,000
    Public Utilities Sales: $324,000
    Documentary and Stock Transfer: $152,000
    Occupation and Business License - Other: $138,000

Columbia County government finances - Revenue in 2016:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $6,394,000
  • Charges - Other: $5,794,000
    Solid Waste Management: $2,884,000
    Parks and Recreation: $62,000
    Sewerage: $42,000
    Regular Highways: $7,000
  • Current Operations - Police Protection: $8,970,000
    General - Other: $7,171,000
    Regular Highways: $7,105,000
    Solid Waste Management: $5,763,000
    Correctional Institutions: $4,784,000
    Financial Administration: $4,770,000
    Local Fire Protection: $4,702,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $2,370,000
    Health - Other: $2,316,000
    Central Staff Services: $1,733,000
    Libraries: $1,323,000
    Parks and Recreation: $1,187,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $793,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation - Other: $518,000
    Housing and Community Development: $425,000
    Sewerage: $240,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $179,000
    Water Utilities: $35,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $604,000
    General Local Government Support: $268,000
    Public Welfare: $101,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $301,000
  • Intergovernmental to State - Health - Other: $900,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Other: $294,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $10,769,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $9,309,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $1,460,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $8,563,000
    General Revenue - Other: $876,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $838,000
    Interest Earnings: $259,000
    Donations From Private Sources: $87,000
    Rents: $51,000
    Sale of Property: $27,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $7,238,000
    Parks and Recreation: $594,000
    General - Other: $590,000
    Police Protection: $483,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $407,000
    Correctional Institutions: $186,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $144,000
    Health - Other: $29,000
    Central Staff Services: $13,000
    Financial Administration: $11,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $40,492,000
  • Revenue - Water Utilities: $9,000
  • State Intergovernmental - General Local Government Support: $5,782,000
    Highways: $5,393,000
    Other: $3,613,000
    Health and Hospitals: $223,000
    Public Welfare: $32,000
  • Tax - Property: $17,804,000
    General Sales and Gross Receipts: $6,866,000
    Motor Fuels Sales: $3,068,000
    Other Selective Sales: $1,002,000
    Other License: $376,000
    Public Utilities Sales: $324,000
    Documentary and Stock Transfer: $152,000
    Occupation and Business License - Other: $138,000

Columbia County government finances - Debt in 2016:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $6,394,000
  • Charges - Other: $5,794,000
    Solid Waste Management: $2,884,000
    Parks and Recreation: $62,000
    Sewerage: $42,000
    Regular Highways: $7,000
  • Current Operations - Police Protection: $8,970,000
    General - Other: $7,171,000
    Regular Highways: $7,105,000
    Solid Waste Management: $5,763,000
    Correctional Institutions: $4,784,000
    Financial Administration: $4,770,000
    Local Fire Protection: $4,702,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $2,370,000
    Health - Other: $2,316,000
    Central Staff Services: $1,733,000
    Libraries: $1,323,000
    Parks and Recreation: $1,187,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $793,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation - Other: $518,000
    Housing and Community Development: $425,000
    Sewerage: $240,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $179,000
    Water Utilities: $35,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $604,000
    General Local Government Support: $268,000
    Public Welfare: $101,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $301,000
  • Intergovernmental to State - Health - Other: $900,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Other: $294,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $10,769,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $9,309,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $1,460,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $8,563,000
    General Revenue - Other: $876,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $838,000
    Interest Earnings: $259,000
    Donations From Private Sources: $87,000
    Rents: $51,000
    Sale of Property: $27,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $7,238,000
    Parks and Recreation: $594,000
    General - Other: $590,000
    Police Protection: $483,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $407,000
    Correctional Institutions: $186,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $144,000
    Health - Other: $29,000
    Central Staff Services: $13,000
    Financial Administration: $11,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $40,492,000
  • Revenue - Water Utilities: $9,000
  • State Intergovernmental - General Local Government Support: $5,782,000
    Highways: $5,393,000
    Other: $3,613,000
    Health and Hospitals: $223,000
    Public Welfare: $32,000
  • Tax - Property: $17,804,000
    General Sales and Gross Receipts: $6,866,000
    Motor Fuels Sales: $3,068,000
    Other Selective Sales: $1,002,000
    Other License: $376,000
    Public Utilities Sales: $324,000
    Documentary and Stock Transfer: $152,000
    Occupation and Business License - Other: $138,000

Columbia County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2016:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $6,394,000
  • Charges - Other: $5,794,000
    Solid Waste Management: $2,884,000
    Parks and Recreation: $62,000
    Sewerage: $42,000
    Regular Highways: $7,000
  • Current Operations - Police Protection: $8,970,000
    General - Other: $7,171,000
    Regular Highways: $7,105,000
    Solid Waste Management: $5,763,000
    Correctional Institutions: $4,784,000
    Financial Administration: $4,770,000
    Local Fire Protection: $4,702,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $2,370,000
    Health - Other: $2,316,000
    Central Staff Services: $1,733,000
    Libraries: $1,323,000
    Parks and Recreation: $1,187,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $793,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation - Other: $518,000
    Housing and Community Development: $425,000
    Sewerage: $240,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $179,000
    Water Utilities: $35,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Other: $604,000
    General Local Government Support: $268,000
    Public Welfare: $101,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $301,000
  • Intergovernmental to State - Health - Other: $900,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Other: $294,000
  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $10,769,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $9,309,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $1,460,000
  • Miscellaneous - Special Assessments: $8,563,000
    General Revenue - Other: $876,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $838,000
    Interest Earnings: $259,000
    Donations From Private Sources: $87,000
    Rents: $51,000
    Sale of Property: $27,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $7,238,000
    Parks and Recreation: $594,000
    General - Other: $590,000
    Police Protection: $483,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $407,000
    Correctional Institutions: $186,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $144,000
    Health - Other: $29,000
    Central Staff Services: $13,000
    Financial Administration: $11,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $40,492,000
  • Revenue - Water Utilities: $9,000
  • State Intergovernmental - General Local Government Support: $5,782,000
    Highways: $5,393,000
    Other: $3,613,000
    Health and Hospitals: $223,000
    Public Welfare: $32,000
  • Tax - Property: $17,804,000
    General Sales and Gross Receipts: $6,866,000
    Motor Fuels Sales: $3,068,000
    Other Selective Sales: $1,002,000
    Other License: $376,000
    Public Utilities Sales: $324,000
    Documentary and Stock Transfer: $152,000
    Occupation and Business License - Other: $138,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

  • Total number of recipients: 2,286
  • Number of aged recipients: 197
  • Number of blind and disabled recipients: 2,089
  • Number of recipients under 18: 484
  • Number of recipients between 18 and 64: 1,410
  • Number of recipients older than 64: 392
  • Number of recipients also receiving OASDI: 822
  • Amount of payments (thousands of dollars): 1,017
Most common first names in Columbia County, FL among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
James38970.8 years
John35372.1 years
William34171.9 years
Robert27268.8 years
Mary25577.2 years
Charles20370.9 years
George18174.3 years
Joseph11971.6 years
Willie11274.1 years
Annie10978.4 years
Most common last names in Columbia County, FL among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Williams20073.8 years
Jones17474.1 years
Johnson13773.4 years
Smith13572.9 years
Brown11775.5 years
Davis11466.9 years
Thomas8073.1 years
Wilson7675.7 years
Green7373.2 years
Roberts6573.7 years
Businesses in Columbia County, FL
NameCountNameCount
AT&T1MasterBrand Cabinets5
Ace Hardware1Maurices1
Advance Auto Parts2McDonald's3
Applebee's1Nike6
Arby's1Nissan1
AutoZone1OfficeMax1
Bath & Body Works1Payless1
Best Western1Penske1
Blockbuster1Pizza Hut2
Burger King2Popeyes2
CVS2Publix Super Markets1
Chevrolet1Quiznos1
Comfort Suites1RadioShack1
Cracker Barrel1Ramada1
Curves1Red Lobster1
Days Inn2Red Roof Inn1
Econo Lodge1Rodeway Inn1
FedEx7Ruby Tuesday1
Ford1Rue211
GNC1SONIC Drive-In1
GameStop2Sears1
Goodwill1Sprint Nextel1
H&R Block1Starbucks1
Hardee's3Steak 'n Shake1
Hilton1Subway2
Holiday Inn1Super 81
Home Depot1T-Mobile3
Honda1T.J.Maxx1
Howard Johnson1Taco Bell1
IHOP1Tire Kingdom1
JCPenney1Travelodge2
Jimmy John's1True Value2
Jones New York1U-Haul13
KFC1UPS14
La-Z-Boy2Verizon Wireless1
Lane Furniture2Waffle House2
Little Caesars Pizza3Walgreens1
Lowe's1Walmart1
Marriott1

Columbia County on our top lists:

  • #40 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the smallest number of children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000 (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #47 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest Ozone (1-hour) air pollution readings in 2012 (ppm)"
  • #77 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #86 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the smallest number of people without health insurance coverage in 2000 (pop. 50,000+)"