Costilla County, Colorado (CO)

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County population in 2012: 3,594 (all rural); it was 3,663 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 463
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 732
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 1,180
Renter-occupied apartments: 355 (it was 323 in 2000)
% of renters here:

21%
State:

34%

Land area: 1227 sq. mi.

Water area: 3.3 sq. mi.

Population density: 3 people per square mile   (very low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Costilla County: 92.3 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Construction (49.4%), Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (29.1%), Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (15.2%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 27%
  • Government: 0%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 73%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Costilla County races chart

Races in Costilla County, Colorado:

  • Hispanic or Latino (66.0%)
  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (30.8%)
  • Asian alone (1.0%)
  • Two or more races (0.9%)
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone (0.8%)
Median resident age:  49.0 years
Colorado median age:  36.0 years
Males: 1,822  (51.9%)
Females: 1,702  (48.1%)
Costilla County, CO forum
Recent posts about Costilla County, Colorado on our local forum with over 1,800,000 registered users. Costilla County is mentioned 84 times on our forum:
homesteading the San Luis valley, co  (221 replies)
Where to move in Colorado for jobs/pot friendly (yes another thread)  (21 replies)
Land in San Luis Valley  (60 replies)
Moving to Blanca, Costilla County. Please tell me about this area  (177 replies)
Into - Plan to relocate to SLV  (13 replies)
5,029,196 People Now Live in Colorado  (223 replies)

Costilla County,CO real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Costilla County:

2.0 people
Colorado:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $29,339 ($19,531 in 1999)

This county:

$29339
Colorado:

$58823

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $393 (lower quartile is $263, upper quartile is $455)
This county:

$393
State:

$858


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $95,508 (it was $56,500 in 2000)
Costilla:

$95,508
Colorado:

$240,500
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $66,409 - $158,620
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $891
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $276

Institutionalized population: 0
Costilla County, CO map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2005: 24 buildings, average cost: $163,200
  • 2006: 20 buildings, average cost: $163,200
  • 2007: 18 buildings, average cost: $163,200
  • 2008: 13 buildings, average cost: $163,200
  • 2009: 34 buildings, average cost: $229,000

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $503 (0.4%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $359 (0.4%)

Costilla County household income distribution in 2009 Costilla County home values distribution Costilla County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 22.2%
(21.1% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 23.7% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 17.1% for American Indian residents, 33.6% for other race residents, 17.7% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 21.7%
Costilla County:

21.7%
Colorado:

13.0%
(21.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 22.4% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 12.9% for American Indian residents, 32.6% for other race residents, 17.0% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 49 years old
(Males: 48 years old, Females: 51 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 55 years old, American Indian residents: 66 years old, Asian residents: 86 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 45 years old, Other race residents: 38 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Costilla County is $452 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $503 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $716 a month.

Cities in this county include: San Luis, Fort Garland, Blanca, San Acacio.

Costilla County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

Click to draw/clear Costilla County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Costilla County: Taylor Ranch (A), Sky Valley Ranch (B), Arrowhead Ranch (C), Sierra (D), Mallet Vega Camp (E), McClintock (F), Mortimer (G), Trinchera Ranch (H), Red Gate Corral (I), McCarty Cow Camp (J), Costilla County Fire Protection District (K), Wild Horse Mesa Volunteer Fire Department (L). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Costilla County include: Stations of the Cross (A), Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (B), Cañon Church (C). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Old Town Cemetery (1), San Pedro Cemetery (2), Chama Cemetery (3), Jaroso Cemetery (4), Mac Mullan Cemetery (5), Fort Garland Cemetery (6), Brennaman Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and reservoirs: Leandro Lake (A), Carneros Lake (B), Lost Lake (C), Strawberry Lake (D), Winchell Lakes (E), Smith Reservoir (F), Sanchez Stabilizing Reservoir (G), Mountain Home Reservoir (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Culebra Creek (A), Costilla Creek (B), Grayback Creek (C), Placer Creek (D), El Fragoso Creek (E), Alamosito Creek (F), Rito Agua Azul (G), Jaroso Creek (H), Cuates Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Alamosa County , Colfax County, New Mexico , Conejos County , Huerfano County , Taos County, New Mexico , Las Animas County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

10.1%
Colorado:

5.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 100
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 68.2%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 12.8%

Number of foreign born residents: 252 (33% naturalized citizens)

Costilla County:

6.9%
Whole state:

8.6%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 36
  • 1990 to 1994: 75
  • 1985 to 1989: 39
  • 1980 to 1984: 39
  • 1975 to 1979: 21
  • 1970 to 1974: 6
  • 1970 to 1974: 4
  • 1965 to 1969: 32

Mean travel time to work (commute): 23.3 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 71.8%

Costilla County marital status for males Costilla County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Costilla County with a mortgage: 266 (14 second mortgage, 11 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 413

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

79.2% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Costilla County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic3,2609
Other1821
Mainline Protestant241
Evangelical Protestant--
None58-
Costilla County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 2
Costilla County:

6.08 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.50 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 2
Costilla County:

6.08 / 10,000 pop.
Colorado:

3.13 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 3
This county:

9.11 / 10,000 pop.
State:

8.99 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Costilla County:

7.4%
Colorado:

5.3%

Adult obesity rate:
Costilla County:

18.4%
State:

18.4%

Agriculture in Costilla County:

Average size of farms: 1727 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $128,025
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $658.26
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 13.90%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $87,056
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 9.70%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 87.08%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $85,908
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 91.71%
Average age of principal farm operators: 54 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 2.51

Tornado activity:

Costilla County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Colorado state average. It is 24371894.3 times below overall U.S. average.

Earthquake activity:

Costilla County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly above Colorado state average. It is 121% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 8/10/2005 at 22:08:22, a magnitude 5.0 (5.0 MB, 4.7 MS, 5.0 MW, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 47.8 miles away from Costilla County center
On 1/3/2007 at 14:34:38, a magnitude 4.6 (4.6 MB, 4.4 MW, 4.4 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 36.8 miles away from the county center
On 9/5/2001 at 10:52:07, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 49.7 miles away from the county center
On 8/1/2004 at 06:50:47, a magnitude 4.4 (4.4 MB, 4.3 MW, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 36.1 miles away from the county center
On 3/22/2004 at 12:09:56, a magnitude 4.4 (4.4 MB, 4.4 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 46.8 miles away from Costilla County center
On 8/10/2005 at 22:08:16, a magnitude 4.1 (4.1 MB, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 44.1 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Costilla County (6) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 3
Emergencies Declared: 2

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (88%)
  • Germany (3%)
  • Vietnam (2%)
  • Canada (2%)
  • Other Western Europe (2%)
  • Poland (1%)
  • Philippines (1%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Costilla County (%):

  • United States or American (7%)
  • German (6%)
  • Irish (4%)
  • English (3%)
  • French (except Basque) (1%)
  • European (1%)
  • Swedish (1%)

Costilla County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 797 (71%)
  • Carpooled: 202 (18%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 2 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 5 (0%)
  • Walked: 41 (4%)
  • Other means: 17 (2%)
  • Worked at home: 51 (5%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders

Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $33,003.

8.93% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($32,926 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.93%
Colorado average:

9.68%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
5.36% relocated from other counties in Colorado ($13,211 average AGI)
3.57% relocated from other states ($19,716 average AGI)
Costilla County:

3.57%
Colorado average:

4.25%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Alamosa County, CO  0.94% ($18,900 average AGI)


6.56% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($20,500 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.56%
Colorado average:

9.12%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.82% relocated to other counties in Colorado ($17,338 average AGI)
1.74% relocated to other states ($3,162 average AGI)
Costilla County:

1.74%
Colorado average:

3.65%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Alamosa County, CO  1.25% ($20,846 average AGI)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.3
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.3

Births per 1000 population in Costilla County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.1
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.3
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 9.7

Deaths per 1000 population in Costilla County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 13.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 18.0

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Costilla County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 865 (666 aged, 199 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 29%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 24%

Household type by relationship:

Households: 3,524

Size of family households: 530 2-persons, 188 3-persons, 121 4-persons, 76 5-persons, 40 6-persons, 21 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 520 1-person, 53 2-persons, 1 4-persons.

582 married couples with children.
210 single-parent households (56 men, 154 women).

40.5% of residents of Costilla County speak English at home.
57.2% of residents speak Spanish at home (65% speak English very well, 24% speak English well, 9% speak English not well, 3% don't speak English at all).
1.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (57% speak English very well, 14% speak English well, 30% speak English not well).
1.0% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (76% speak English very well, 12% speak English well, 12% speak English not well).
0.3% of residents speak other language at home (78% speak English very well, 22% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $35,312,000 ($9801 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $488,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $13,029,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $5,313,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $1,029,000
Federal grants: $14,913,000
Federal procurement contracts: $232,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $795,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $773,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $698,000
Federal Government insurance: $4,319,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 215
Here:

63 per 1000 residents
State:

76 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 206
Here:

60 per 1000 residents
State:

32 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +11
Here:

+3 per 1000 residents
State:

+24 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -242
Here -71 per 1000 residents
State +10 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Costilla County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.46 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.1
State:

6.5

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.1
State:

3.9

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 0
  • 2000 to 2004: 214
  • 1990 to 1999: 443
  • 1980 to 1989: 492
  • 1970 to 1979: 508
  • 1960 to 1969: 203
  • 1950 to 1959: 138
  • 1940 to 1949: 123
  • 1939 or earlier: 491
Rooms in houses/apartments in Costilla County, Colorado
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 32
  • 2 rooms: 53
  • 3 rooms: 109
  • 4 rooms: 226
  • 5 rooms: 284
  • 6 rooms: 246
  • 7 rooms: 126
  • 8 rooms: 68
  • 9+ rooms: 36
  • 1 room: 7
  • 2 rooms: 35
  • 3 rooms: 76
  • 4 rooms: 79
  • 5 rooms: 82
  • 6 rooms: 25
  • 7 rooms: 7
  • 8 rooms: 4
  • 9+ rooms: 8
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Costilla County, Colorado
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 32
  • 1 bedroom: 145
  • 2 bedrooms: 344
  • 3 bedrooms: 496
  • 4 bedrooms: 128
  • 5+ bedrooms: 35
  • no bedroom: 7
  • 1 bedroom: 80
  • 2 bedrooms: 127
  • 3 bedrooms: 90
  • 4 bedrooms: 13
  • 5+ bedrooms: 6
Cars and other vehicles available in Costilla County, Colorado in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 112
  • 1 vehicle: 364
  • 2 vehicles: 474
  • 3 vehicles: 168
  • 4 vehicles: 45
  • 5+ vehicles: 17
  • no vehicle: 58
  • 1 vehicle: 170
  • 2 vehicles: 76
  • 3 vehicles: 12
  • 4 vehicles: 4
  • 5+ vehicles: 3

66% of Costilla County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 34% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 46% lived in Colorado.

Costilla County:

66.3%
State average:

45.7%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $85,000


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 10%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 10%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Costilla County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (60.2%)
  • Wood (25.4%)
  • Electricity (6.8%)
  • Other fuel (3.0%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (2.5%)
  • Utility gas (0.8%)
  • Solar energy (0.8%)
  • Coal or coke (0.6%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (65.0%)
  • Electricity (14.2%)
  • Wood (13.3%)
  • Utility gas (3.1%)
  • Other fuel (2.5%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1.9%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 20
Here:

4.5%
Colorado:

8.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 6
Here:

2.5%
Colorado:

7.9%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 15
Here:

20.5%
Colorado:

16.7%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Costilla County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Costilla County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Costilla County, CO among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Jose2577.8 years
Joe1471.2 years
Maria1186.3 years
John1080.3 years
Juan1080.3 years
George969.9 years
Mary874.5 years
Frank672.8 years
David668.3 years
Donald657.2 years
Most common last names in Costilla County, CO among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Martinez3374.7 years
Medina2972.0 years
Sanchez2075.9 years
Vigil1676.9 years
Valdez1476.7 years
Gallegos1481.5 years
Cordova1163.9 years
Maes1172.2 years
Deherrera1063.4 years
Lucero1083.4 years

Businesses in Costilla County, CO

Costilla County on our top lists: