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Cumberland County, Virginia (VA)


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County population in 2012: 9,849 (4% urban, 96% rural); it was 9,017 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,874
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,118
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 2,723
Renter-occupied apartments: 988 (it was 805 in 2000)
% of renters here:

23%
State:

33%

Land area: 298 sq. mi.
Water area: 1.3 sq. mi.
Population density: 33 people per square mile 
 
 (low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Cumberland County: 87.3 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (32.5%), Retail trade (11.9%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 74%
  • Government: 20%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 6%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Cumberland County races chart

Races in Cumberland County, Virginia:


Median resident age:  41.0 years
Virginia median age:  37.0 years

Males: 4,870  (42.7%)
Females: 5,182  (57.3%)

Cumberland County, VA forum
Recent posts about Cumberland County, Virginia on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users. Cumberland County is mentioned 10 times on our forum:
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Henrico Country (Central VA) Map.  (6 replies)

Average household size:
Cumberland County:

2.0 people
Virginia:

3 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $40,440 ($31,816 in 1999)
This county:

$40440
Virginia:

$59330

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $541 (lower quartile is $374, upper quartile is $697)
This county:

$541
State:

$832


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $144,752 (it was $76,600 in 2000)
Cumberland County:

$144,752
Virginia:

$252,600
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $87,269 - $222,357

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $232,678
Here:

$232,678
State:

$330,816

Townhouses or other attached units: $2,086,630
Here:

$2,086,630
State:

$310,878

Mobile homes: $72,032
Here:

$72,032
State:

$37,843
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,302
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $275

Institutionalized population: 0

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Cumberland County, VA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $831 (0.6%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $770 (0.6%)


Cumberland County household income distribution in 2009 Cumberland County home values distribution


Cumberland County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 14.7%
(7.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 28.0% for Black residents, 0.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 100.0% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 0.0% for other race residents, 30.5% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 41 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 42 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 42 years old, American Indian residents: 42 years old, Asian residents: 37 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 21 years old, Other race residents: 20 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

15.1%
Whole state:

9.6%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

6.3%
Whole state:

4.3%

Area name: Richmond, VA HUD Metro FMR Area
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Cumberland County is $678 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $757 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $1010 a month.

Cities in this county include: Cumberland.

Cumberland County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Cumberland County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Cumberland County: Stony Point Mills (A), Grays Siding (B), Duncans Store (C), Brierwood Country Club (D), Muddy Creek Mills (E), Ca Ira (F), Browns Store (G), Amos Dairy Farm (H), Cartersville Volunteer Rescue Squad (I), Appomattox County Rescue Squad (J), Kenbridge Fire Rescue Squad (K), Randolph Fire Department (L), Cumberland Fire Department (M), Cartersville Rescue Squad (N), Cartersville Fire Station (O). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Cumberland County include: Pleasant View Church (A), Antioch Church (B), Rising Zion Church (C), Bethlehem Baptist Church (D), Rocky Mount Church (E), Saint James Church (F), Browns Church (G), Sharon Church (H), Centenary Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Cartersville Cemetery (1), Cochran Cemetery (2), Little Fork Cemetery (3), Thomas Chapel Cemetery (4), Taylor Cemetery (5), Oak Grove Cemetery (6), Mount Calvary Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs and swamps: Tom Rogers Farm Pond (A), T Edward Stimpson Pond (B), Doctor W B Blanton Pond (C), Leon Hanson Pond (D), Atkins Pond (E), Wilcks Pond (F), Swans Lake (G), Ingle Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Willis River (A), White Oak Branch (B), Whispering Creek (C), Tear Wallet Creek (D), Snowquarter Creek (E), Rock Point Creek (F), Rock Creek (G), Reynolds Creek (H), Randolph Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Cumberland County include: Bear Creek Lake State Park (1), Bear Creek State Park (2). Display/hide their locations on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Amelia County , Buckingham County , Fluvanna County , Goochland County , Powhatan County , Prince Edward County .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 193
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 63.8%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 11.8%

Number of foreign born residents: 118 (27% naturalized citizens)

Cumberland County:

1.3%
Whole state:

8.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 36.9 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 29.4%

Cumberland County marital status for males
Cumberland County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Cumberland County with a mortgage: 825 (99 second mortgage, 121 home equity loan, 37 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 700

Here:

54.1% with mortgage
State:

75.1% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 24.48%
Here24.5%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 2,207
Total congregations: 17

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameSouthern Baptist ConventionAssemblies of GodUnited Methodist ChurchPresbyterian Church (USA)Other
Adherents873 (39.6%)470 (21.3%)469 (21.3%)244 (11.1%)151 (6.8%)
Congregations6 (35.3%)1 (5.9%)5 (29.4%)2 (11.8%)3 (17.6%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Cumberland County - Cumberland

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 2
This county:

2.09 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

2.03 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 7
This county:

7.30 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

4.03 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 4
Cumberland County:

4.17 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

7.65 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

11.3%
Virginia:

9.3%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

30.1%
Virginia:

26.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Cumberland County:

21.1%
State:

18.6%


Agriculture in Cumberland County:

Average size of farms: 221 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $100,016
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $188.73
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 1.60%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 90.95%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $74,470
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 21.66%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $44,544
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 88.34%
Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 18.39
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 4.67%
Corn for grain: 80 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 297 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 193 harvested acres
Vegetables: 165 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 35 acres

Earthquake activity:

Cumberland County-area historical earthquake activity is above Virginia state average. It is 82% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 12/9/2003 at 20:59:14, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 MB, 4.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 20.8 miles away from the county center
On 5/5/2003 at 16:32:32, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 20.4 miles away from the county center
On 10/21/1998 at 05:56:47, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, 3.3 LG, Depth: 8.3 mi) earthquake occurred 10.1 miles away from the county center
On 3/15/1991 at 06:54:08, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, Depth: 10.9 mi) earthquake occurred 25.6 miles away from Cumberland County center
On 9/22/2001 at 16:01:20, a magnitude 3.2 (3.2 LG, 2.5 LG, Depth: 1.2 mi) earthquake occurred 36.8 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Cumberland County (13) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 9
Emergencies Declared: 4

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 3, Hurricanes: 3, Storms: 3, Droughts: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Storm: 1, Tornado: 1, Blizzard: 1, Ice Storm: 1, Tropical Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (21%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (10%)
  • Public administration (9%)
  • Educational services (7%)
  • Repair and maintenance (5%)
  • Truck transportation (5%)
  • Administrative and support and waste management services (4%)
  • Educational services (16%)
  • Health care (13%)
  • Accommodation and food services (8%)
  • Finance and insurance (8%)
  • Public administration (8%)
  • Food and beverage stores (5%)
  • Department and other general merchandise stores (4%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (9%)
  • Law enforcement workers including supervisors (6%)
  • Construction trades workers except carpenters, electricians, painters, plumbers, and construction laborers (6%)
  • Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers (5%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (5%)
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (5%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (4%)
  • Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (9%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (7%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (7%)
  • Cashiers (6%)
  • Other sales and related workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (4%)
  • Information and record clerks except customer service representatives (3%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Cumberland County (%):





Cumberland County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 3,052 (77%)
  • Carpooled: 672 (17%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 4 (0%)
  • Taxi: 6 (0%)
  • Walked: 54 (1%)
  • Other means: 103 (3%)
  • Worked at home: 65 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Cumberland County, Virginia in 2000:

34 people in group homes intended for adults
3 people in residential treatment centers for adults

Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $38,013.

8.76% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($32,828 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.76%
Virginia average:

11.06%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
7.07% relocated from other counties in Virginia ($27,134 average AGI)
1.69% relocated from other states ($5,694 average AGI)
Cumberland County:

1.69%
Virginia average:

4.24%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Chesterfield County, VA  1.23% ($42,268 average AGI)
from Powhatan County, VA  0.96% ($34,406)
from Buckingham County, VA  0.78% ($22,385)
from Richmond city, VA  0.66% ($31,773)
from Prince Edward County, VA  0.63% ($22,762)
from Henrico County, VA  0.48% ($29,938)


7.31% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($25,079 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

7.31%
Virginia average:

10.78%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
5.75% relocated to other counties in Virginia ($20,067 average AGI)
1.56% relocated to other states ($5,013 average AGI)
Cumberland County:

1.56%
Virginia average:

4.13%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Powhatan County, VA  0.80% ($36,423 average AGI)
to Chesterfield County, VA  0.70% ($24,087)
to Buckingham County, VA  0.67% ($23,455)
to Henrico County, VA  0.67% ($32,182)
to Prince Edward County, VA  0.58% ($15,632)
to Richmond city, VA  0.34% ($15,000)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.7
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.4

Births per 1000 population in Cumberland County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.7
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.0

Deaths per 1000 population in Cumberland County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 6.7
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 3.0

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Cumberland County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 1,038 (850 aged, 188 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1055.660
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1002.350

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 12.74
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 10.66

Crimes per 100,000 population in 1996: 1

Household type by relationship:

Households: 10,015

Size of family households: 1,213 2-persons, 663 3-persons, 452 4-persons, 248 5-persons, 100 6-persons, 59 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,038 1-person, 182 2-persons, 17 3-persons, 6 4-persons, 1 5-persons, 1 6-persons.

95.1% of residents of Cumberland County speak English at home.
2.4% of residents speak Spanish at home (55% speak English very well, 24% speak English well, 15% speak English not well, 6% don't speak English at all).
2.0% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (61% speak English very well, 30% speak English well, 10% speak English not well).
0.5% of residents speak other language at home (47% speak English very well, 53% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $40,977,000 ($4465 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $1,523,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $17,994,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $7,392,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $390,000
Federal grants: $13,421,000
Federal procurement contracts: $850,000 ($368,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $929,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $209,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $7,160,000
Federal Government insurance: $836,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 527
Here:

56 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 463
Here:

49 per 1000 residents
State:

40 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +46
Here:

+5 per 1000 residents
State:

+18 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +271
Here:

+29 per 1000 residents
State:

+14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Cumberland County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.01 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.9
State:

6.6

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

5.0
State:

4.3

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Cumberland County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 17
  • 3 rooms: 105
  • 4 rooms: 258
  • 5 rooms: 732
  • 6 rooms: 673
  • 7 rooms: 427
  • 8 rooms: 277
  • 9+ rooms: 234
  • 1 room: 20
  • 2 rooms: 35
  • 3 rooms: 102
  • 4 rooms: 122
  • 5 rooms: 244
  • 6 rooms: 169
  • 7 rooms: 61
  • 8 rooms: 21
  • 9+ rooms: 31
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Cumberland County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 88
  • 2 bedrooms: 563
  • 3 bedrooms: 1,501
  • 4 bedrooms: 492
  • 5+ bedrooms: 79
  • no bedroom: 20
  • 1 bedroom: 118
  • 2 bedrooms: 238
  • 3 bedrooms: 343
  • 4 bedrooms: 69
  • 5+ bedrooms: 17
Cars and other vehicles available in Cumberland County, Virginia in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 164
  • 1 vehicle: 656
  • 2 vehicles: 996
  • 3 vehicles: 603
  • 4 vehicles: 216
  • 5+ vehicles: 88
  • no vehicle: 113
  • 1 vehicle: 399
  • 2 vehicles: 211
  • 3 vehicles: 48
  • 4 vehicles: 34
  • 5+ vehicles: 0

65% of Cumberland County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 36% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 76% lived in Virginia.

Cumberland County:

64.9%
State average:

53.8%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $54,000


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 4%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Cumberland County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Electricity (41.4%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (25.1%)
  • Wood (18.4%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (13.8%)
  • Utility gas (0.6%)
  • No fuel used (0.6%)
  • Electricity (34.7%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (28.2%)
  • Wood (24.8%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (9.6%)
  • Utility gas (2.7%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 254
Here:

22.5%
Virginia:

9.5%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 54
Here:

10.8%
Virginia:

8.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 44
Here:

33.3%
Virginia:

20.6%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Expenditure Revenue

Cumberland County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:


Cumberland County government finances - Revenue in 2006:


Cumberland County government finances - Debt in 2006:


Cumberland County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Cumberland County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Cumberland County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)



Businesses in Cumberland County, VA
NameCountNameCount
Decora Cabinetry2Subway1
MasterBrand Cabinets2True Value1

Cumberland County on our top lists:

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