Esmeralda County, Nevada (NV)

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County population in 2012: 775 (all rural); it was 971 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 75
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 215
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 302
Renter-occupied apartments: 99 (it was 153 in 2000)
% of renters here:

34%
State:

41%

Land area: 3589 sq. mi.

Water area: 0.5 sq. mi.

Population density: 0 people per square mile   (very low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Esmeralda County: 87.4 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Construction (57.1%), Educational, health and social services (21.4%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 85%
  • Government: 15%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 0%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Esmeralda County races chart

Races in Esmeralda County, Nevada:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (77.3%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (15.3%)
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone (4.2%)
  • Two or more races (2.7%)
Median resident age:  52.0 years
Nevada median age:  36.0 years
Males: 434  (68.6%)
Females: 349  (31.4%)
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Average household size:
Esmeralda County:

2.0 people
Nevada:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $29,383 ($33,203 in 1999)

This county:

$29383
Nevada:

$51230

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $331 (lower quartile is $294, upper quartile is $366)
This county:

$331
State:

$815


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $79,571 (it was $47,400 in 2000)
Esmeralda:

$79,571
Nevada:

$165,300
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $47,387 - $159,080
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $765
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $295

Institutionalized population: 1

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Esmeralda County, NV map from a distance

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $612 (0.5%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $500 (0.8%)

Esmeralda County household income distribution in 2009 Esmeralda County home values distribution Esmeralda County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 22.3%
(18.7% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 28.4% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 72.7% for American Indian residents, 100.0% for other race residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 23.3%
Esmeralda County:

23.3%
Nevada:

15.8%
(19.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 29.2% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 81.8% for American Indian residents, 112.5% for other race residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 48 years old
(Males: 49 years old, Females: 48 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 52 years old, American Indian residents: 27 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 36 years old, Other race residents: 14 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Esmeralda County is $517 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $659 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $875 a month.

Cities in this county include: Silverpeak, Goldfield, Dyer, Silver Peak.

Click to draw/clear Esmeralda County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Esmeralda County: Swiftwater (A), General Thomas Camp (B), Stateline Mill (C), Pigeon Stamp Mill (D), Millers Rest Area (E), Gates Mill (F), McGeer (G), Causer Well Corral (H), Palmetto Electric Substation (I), Coaldale Substation (J), Gilbert Junction (K), Crown Mill (L), Candelaria Pipeline (M), Iron Corral (N), Dunham Mill Site (O), Dyer Ranch (P), Greens Camp (Q), Wood Yard (R), Diamondfield (S), Boundary Peak Trailhead (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Millers Pond (A), Dry Lake (B), Fish Lake (C), Silver Peak Pond (D), Pipeline Reservoir (E), Silver Peak Marsh (F). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Davis Creek (A), Peavine Creek (B), Perry Aiken Creek (C), Pinchot Creek (D), Palmetto Wash (E), Jackson Wash (F), Trail Creek (G), Rock Creek (H), Uncle Sam Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Esmeralda County: Henderson Park (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Neighboring counties: Mineral County , Nye County , Inyo County, California , Mono County, California .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

3.2%
Nevada:

7.8%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 39
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 78.9%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 9.6%

Number of foreign born residents: 63 (43% naturalized citizens)

Esmeralda County:

6.5%
Whole state:

15.8%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 11
  • 1990 to 1994: 5
  • 1985 to 1989: 9
  • 1980 to 1984: 12
  • 1975 to 1979: 14
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 7
  • 1965 to 1969: 5

Mean travel time to work (commute): 21.9 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 70.4%

Esmeralda County marital status for males Esmeralda County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Esmeralda County with a mortgage: 15 (0 second mortgage, 0 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 50

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

82.0% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Esmeralda County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant231
Other1-
Mainline Protestant--
None759-
Esmeralda County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:






Adult diabetes rate:
Esmeralda County:

10.8%
Nevada:

8.2%

Adult obesity rate:
Esmeralda County:

25.6%
State:

24.5%

Agriculture in Esmeralda County:

Average total farm production expenses per farm: $213,505
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $164,176
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 77.78%
Average age of principal farm operators: 59 years

Earthquake activity:

Esmeralda County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly above Nevada state average. It is 800% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 12/21/1932 at 06:10:09, a magnitude 7.2 (7.2 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 55.1 miles away from Esmeralda County center
On 10/3/1915 at 06:52:48, a magnitude 7.6 (7.6 UK) earthquake occurred 184.7 miles away from the county center
On 7/21/1952 at 11:52:14, a magnitude 7.7 (7.7 UK) earthquake occurred 211.6 miles away from the county center, causing $50,000,000 total damage
On 4/18/1906 at 13:12:21, a magnitude 7.9 (7.9 UK) earthquake occurred 297.2 miles away from the county center, causing $524,000,000 total damage
On 12/16/1954 at 11:07:12, a magnitude 7.0 (7.0 UK) earthquake occurred 97.7 miles away from Esmeralda County center
On 6/28/1992 at 11:57:34, a magnitude 7.6 (6.2 MB, 7.6 MS, 7.3 MW, Depth: 0.7 mi) earthquake occurred 258.6 miles away from the county center, causing 3 deaths (1 shaking deaths, 2 other deaths) and 400 injuries, causing $100,000,000 total damage and $40,000,000 insured losses
Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Esmeralda County (1) is a lot smaller than the US average (12).
Emergencies Declared: 1

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (63%)
  • Sweden (11%)
  • Germany (11%)
  • Canada (8%)
  • Iraq (3%)
  • South Africa (3%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Esmeralda County (%):

  • German (21%)
  • Irish (15%)
  • English (12%)
  • United States or American (6%)
  • Italian (5%)
  • French (except Basque) (3%)
  • Dutch (3%)

Esmeralda County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 274 (64%)
  • Carpooled: 54 (13%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 8 (2%)
  • Motorcycle: 2 (0%)
  • Walked: 61 (14%)
  • Other means: 4 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 26 (6%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders

6 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $42,690.

10.95% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($46,194 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

10.95%
Nevada average:

5.67%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
6.71% relocated from other counties in Nevada ($33,871 average AGI)
4.24% relocated from other states ($12,290 average AGI)
Esmeralda County:

4.24%
Nevada average:

4.72%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries



10.95% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($30,742 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

10.95%
Nevada average:

5.77%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
6.36% relocated to other counties in Nevada ($17,581 average AGI)
4.59% relocated to other states ($13,161 average AGI)
Esmeralda County:

4.59%
Nevada average:

4.82%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.0
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 5.0

Births per 1000 population in Esmeralda County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.6
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.3

Deaths per 1000 population in Esmeralda County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 16.7

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Esmeralda County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 164 (141 aged, 23 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 9%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 635.320
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1397.710

Household type by relationship:

Households: 782

Size of family households: 135 2-persons, 36 3-persons, 20 4-persons, 10 5-persons, 5 6-persons, 7 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 158 1-person, 18 2-persons.

125 married couples with children.
55 single-parent households (15 men, 40 women).

90.9% of residents of Esmeralda County speak English at home.
7.3% of residents speak Spanish at home (68% speak English very well, 29% speak English well, 3% speak English not well).
1.4% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (100% speak English very well).
0.4% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $15,029,000 ($18107 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $463,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $10,953,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $1,181,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $1,000
Federal grants: $1,855,000
Federal procurement contracts: $560,000 ($40,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $479,000 ($102,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $373,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $71,000
Federal Government insurance: $0,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 24
Here:

30 per 1000 residents
State:

71 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 68
Here:

86 per 1000 residents
State:

37 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +9
Here:

+11 per 1000 residents
State:

+27 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -141
Here -179 per 1000 residents
State +112 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Esmeralda County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.24 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

4.3
State:

5.8

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.1
State:

3.8

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 0
  • 2000 to 2004: 57
  • 1990 to 1999: 90
  • 1980 to 1989: 257
  • 1970 to 1979: 235
  • 1960 to 1969: 111
  • 1950 to 1959: 22
  • 1940 to 1949: 21
  • 1939 or earlier: 112
Rooms in houses/apartments in Esmeralda County, Nevada
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 4
  • 2 rooms: 18
  • 3 rooms: 34
  • 4 rooms: 113
  • 5 rooms: 50
  • 6 rooms: 34
  • 7 rooms: 24
  • 8 rooms: 15
  • 9+ rooms: 10
  • 1 room: 12
  • 2 rooms: 8
  • 3 rooms: 9
  • 4 rooms: 74
  • 5 rooms: 20
  • 6 rooms: 16
  • 7 rooms: 11
  • 8 rooms: 3
  • 9+ rooms: 0
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Esmeralda County, Nevada
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 4
  • 1 bedroom: 58
  • 2 bedrooms: 141
  • 3 bedrooms: 84
  • 4 bedrooms: 12
  • 5+ bedrooms: 3
  • no bedroom: 12
  • 1 bedroom: 22
  • 2 bedrooms: 76
  • 3 bedrooms: 37
  • 4 bedrooms: 6
  • 5+ bedrooms: 0
Cars and other vehicles available in Esmeralda County, Nevada in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 11
  • 1 vehicle: 104
  • 2 vehicles: 99
  • 3 vehicles: 65
  • 4 vehicles: 19
  • 5+ vehicles: 4
  • no vehicle: 10
  • 1 vehicle: 73
  • 2 vehicles: 57
  • 3 vehicles: 10
  • 4 vehicles: 3
  • 5+ vehicles: 0

54% of Esmeralda County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 35% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 39% lived in Nevada.

Esmeralda County:

53.7%
State average:

39.0%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $95,000


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 7%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 7%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Esmeralda County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (61.3%)
  • Wood (18.5%)
  • Electricity (11.6%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (4.0%)
  • Solar energy (1.7%)
  • Utility gas (1.3%)
  • Coal or coke (1.0%)
  • Other fuel (0.7%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (53.6%)
  • Wood (18.3%)
  • Electricity (17.6%)
  • Utility gas (3.9%)
  • No fuel used (2.6%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (2.0%)
  • Other fuel (2.0%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 8
Here:

8.3%
Nevada:

4.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 3
Here:

3.7%
Nevada:

5.4%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 2
Here:

8.0%
Nevada:

11.7%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Esmeralda County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Esmeralda County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

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