Jump to a detailed profile or search site with Google Custom Search

Essex County, New York (NY)

County population in 2014: 38,679 (25% urban, 75% rural); it was 38,851 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 6,508
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 5,481
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 11,096
Renter-occupied apartments: 4,273 (it was 3,932 in 2000)
% of renters here:

26%
State:

47%

Land area: 1797 sq. mi.

Water area: 119.7 sq. mi.

Population density: 22 people per square mile   (low).

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Essex County: 96.1 (near average, U.S. average is 100)

We are giving away a $200 prize - enter simply by sending us your own pictures of this county!
Click here to upload your Essex County photos (outside city limits)

Industries providing employment: Educational, health and social services (25.5%), Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing (13.6%), Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (10.4%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 56%
  • Government: 4%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 39%
  • Unpaid family work: 1%
  • OSM Map
  • General Map
  • Google Map
  • MSN Map

Options
X
Data:
Loading data...
Based on 2000-2013 data
Loading data...

123
Hide US histogram

Essex County races chart

Races in Essex County, New York:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (92.9%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (2.5%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (2.5%)
  • Two or more races (1.0%)
  • Asian alone (0.7%)
Median resident age:  44.0 years
New York median age:  38.0 years
Males: 20,033  (51.8%)
Females: 18,646  (48.2%)
Essex County, NY forum
Recent posts about Essex County, New York on our local forum with over 2,000,000 registered users. Essex County is mentioned 161 times on our forum:
smaller Upstate NY cities and towns/African American communities  (674 replies)
If New York State is so bad, why do we live here?  (575 replies)
Where In Upstate NY Please  (28 replies)
Working in lower Manhattan, family of 4, on $75k  (114 replies)
How does the city get away with it?  (36 replies)
Escape from NYC: Stories from Those Who Left  (382 replies)

Essex County,NY real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Essex County:

2.0 people
New York:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2015: $54,165 ($34,823 in 1999)

This county:

$54,165
New York:

$60,850

Median contract rent in 2015 for apartments: $663 (lower quartile is $540, upper quartile is $901)
This county:

$663
State:

$1058


Estimated median house or condo value in 2015: $150,271 (it was $76,800 in 2000)
Essex:

$150,271
New York:

$293,500
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $93,131 - $243,872

Mean price in 2015:

Detached houses: $221,385
Here:

$221,385
State:

$344,789

Townhouses or other attached units: $281,620
Here:

$281,620
State:

$553,457

In 2-unit structures: $231,211
Here:

$231,211
State:

$524,046

In 3-to-4-unit structures: $230,675
Here:

$230,675
State:

$600,393

In 5-or-more-unit structures: $522,249
Here:

$522,249
State:

$779,069

Mobile homes: $74,935
Here:

$74,935
State:

$72,935
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,241
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $526

Institutionalized population: 2,180
Essex County, NY map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 200 buildings, average cost: $169,900
  • 2008: 117 buildings, average cost: $213,500
  • 2009: 95 buildings, average cost: $180,500
  • 2010: 65 buildings, average cost: $235,500
  • 2011: 59 buildings, average cost: $208,700
  • 2012: 76 buildings, average cost: $238,400
  • 2013: 94 buildings, average cost: $236,400
  • 2014: 92 buildings, average cost: $241,400

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

2016 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2015: $2,846 (1.8%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2015: $2,214 (1.6%)

Essex County household income distribution in 2009 Essex County home values distribution Essex County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 10.7%
(10.1% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 32.4% for Black residents, 23.2% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 34.4% for American Indian residents, 16.7% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 45.8% for other race residents, 16.6% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 10.5%
Essex County:

10.5%
New York:

15.4%
(10.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 31.1% for Black residents, 22.8% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 30.4% for American Indian residents, 16.7% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 45.1% for other race residents, 16.2% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2015: 46 years old
(Males: 44 years old, Females: 48 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 48 years old, Black residents: 35 years old, American Indian residents: 36 years old, Asian residents: 23 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 32 years old, Other race residents: 36 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Essex County is $478 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $574 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $763 a month.

Cities in this county include: North Elba, Ticonderoga, Moriah, Lake Placid, Chesterfield, Jay, Crown Point, Willsboro, Keeseville, Schroon.

Essex County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level less than 2 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Low Potential
City or TownHomes measuredLiving AreaBasement
Homes Above 4 pCi/L
Best Estimate (%)
Homes Above 4 pCi/L
Range (%)
Homes Above 4 pCi/L
Best Estimate (%)
Homes Above 4 pCi/L
Range (%)
Chesterfield town1121 - 51813 - 25
Crown Point town161.50.3 - 3.51611 - 22
Elizabethtown town61.70.6 - 4.5159 - 22
Essex town31.80.4 - 4.81610 - 25
Jay town831 - 71710 - 24
Keene town541 - 81913 - 26
Lewis town01.90.4 - 5.4168 - 24
Minerva town31.70.3 - 4.7157 - 22
Moriah town210.90.1 - 2.61510 - 22
Newcomb town341.10.4 - 2.6106 - 15
North Elba town731 - 6159 - 22
North Hudson town021 - 61710 - 26
St.Armand town61.20.1 - 3.3138 - 20
Schroon town31.70.4 - 4.6169 - 23
Ticonderoga town732 - 72115 - 29
Westport town91.50.4 - 4.0159 - 22
Willsboro town631 - 61812 - 25
Wilmington town21.90.4 - 5.01610 - 24
Essex county1473 18 

2012 air pollution in Essex County:

Ozone (1-hour): 0.035 ppm (standard limit: 0.12 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual: 4.4 µg/m3(standard limit: 15.0 µg/m3). Significantly below U.S. average.
Sulfur Oxides Annual: 0.001 ppm (standard limit: 0.03 ppm). Near U.S. average.

Click to draw/clear Essex County borders

Neighboring counties: Cottonwood County, Minnesota , Teton County, Wyoming , Jerauld County, South Dakota , Leelanau County, Michigan , Olmsted County, Minnesota , Rice County, Minnesota , Scott County, Minnesota .

Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

4.9%
New York:

4.8%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 1,200
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 80.4%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 18.3%

Number of foreign born residents: 1,310 (46% naturalized citizens)

Essex County:

3.4%
Whole state:

20.4%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 178
  • 1990 to 1994: 88
  • 1985 to 1989: 145
  • 1980 to 1984: 207
  • 1975 to 1979: 64
  • 1970 to 1974: 56
  • 1970 to 1974: 79
  • 1965 to 1969: 493
Note: State values scaled to Essex County population

Mean travel time to work (commute): 20.7 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 74.4%

Essex County marital status for males Essex County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:

  • One, detached: 17,343
  • One, attached: 399
  • Two: 1,125
  • 3 or 4: 975
  • 5 to 9: 669
  • 10 to 19: 266
  • 20 or more: 270
  • Mobile homes: 2,001
  • Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 67

Housing units in Essex County with a mortgage: 3,965 (188 second mortgage, 402 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 3,630

Here:

52.2% with mortgage
State:

67.9% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Essex County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic8,46717
Mainline Protestant3,36033
Evangelical Protestant1,19713
Other3284
None26,018-
Essex County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 24
Essex County:

6.33 / 10,000 pop.
State:

4.13 / 10,000 pop.

Number of supercenters and club stores: 1
Here:

0.26 / 10,000 pop.
New York:

0.06 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (no gas): 5
This county:

1.32 / 10,000 pop.
New York:

0.92 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 23
Essex County:

6.07 / 10,000 pop.
New York:

1.68 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 72
This county:

18.99 / 10,000 pop.
State:

8.82 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Essex County:

7.8%
New York:

8.2%

Adult obesity rate:
Essex County:

22.6%
State:

23.8%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

16.0%
State:

15.6%

Agriculture in Essex County:

Average size of farms: 233 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $36,578
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $200.03
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 6.55%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 56.80%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $38,676
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 33.88%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $79,380
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 88.56%
Average age of principal farm operators: 54 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 9.37
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 38.46%
All wheat for grain: 153 harvested acres
Vegetables: 234 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 318 acres

Earthquake activity:

Essex County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly below New York state average. It is 89% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 10/7/1983 at 10:18:46, a magnitude 5.3 (5.1 MB, 5.3 LG, 5.1 ML, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 33.3 miles away from Essex County center
On 4/20/2002 at 10:50:47, a magnitude 5.2 (5.2 MB, 4.2 MS, 5.2 MW, 5.0 MW, Depth: 6.8 mi) earthquake occurred 22.5 miles away from the county center
On 1/19/1982 at 00:14:42, a magnitude 4.7 (4.5 MB, 4.7 MD, 4.5 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 116.1 miles away from the county center
On 4/20/2002 at 11:04:42, a magnitude 4.1 (4.1 LG, 3.7 ML, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 22.8 miles away from the county center
On 4/20/2000 at 08:46:55, a magnitude 4.0 (4.0 LG, 3.8 ML, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 29.7 miles away from Essex County center
On 6/17/1991 at 08:53:16, a magnitude 4.1 (4.0 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 116.0 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), duration magnitude (MD), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:

  • New York Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: June 26, 2013 to July 11, 2013, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4129: July 12, 2013, FEMA Id: 4129, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • New York Hurricane Sandy, Incident Period: October 27, 2012 to November 09, 2012, Emergency Declared EM-3351: October 28, 2012, FEMA Id: 3351, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New York Hurricane Irene, Incident Period: August 26, 2011 to September 05, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4020: August 31, 2011, FEMA Id: 4020, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New York Severe Storms, Flooding, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds, Incident Period: April 26, 2011 to May 08, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1993: June 10, 2011, FEMA Id: 1993, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
  • New York Severe Storms and Inland and Coastal Flooding, Incident Period: April 14, 2007 to April 18, 2007, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1692: April 24, 2007, FEMA Id: 1692, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • New York Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 01, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3262: September 30, 2005, FEMA Id: 3262, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New York Power Outage, Incident Period: August 14, 2003 to August 16, 2003, Emergency Declared EM-3186: August 23, 2003, FEMA Id: 3186, Natural disaster type: Power Outage
  • New York Earthquake, Incident Period: April 20, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1415: May 16, 2002, FEMA Id: 1415, Natural disaster type: Earthquake
  • New York Virus Threat, Incident Period: May 22, 2000 to November 01, 2000, Emergency Declared EM-3155: October 11, 2000, FEMA Id: 3155, Natural disaster type: Other
  • New York Severe Storms, Incident Period: May 03, 2000 to August 12, 2000, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1335: July 21, 2000, FEMA Id: 1335, Natural disaster type: Storm
  • 6 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.

The number of natural disasters in Essex County (16) is greater than the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 11
Emergencies Declared: 5

Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 7, Floods: 6, Hurricanes: 4, Blizzard: 1, Earthquake: 1, Power Outage: 1, Tornado: 1, Wind: 1, Winter Storm: 1, Other: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Health care and social assistance (28%)
  • Educational services (16%)
  • Retail trade (15%)
  • Accommodation and food services (10%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Other services, except public administration (5%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (4%)
  • Health care and social assistance (28%)
  • Educational services (16%)
  • Retail trade (15%)
  • Accommodation and food services (10%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Other services, except public administration (5%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (4%)
Most common occupations in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Construction and extraction occupations (14%)
  • Management occupations (11%)
  • Production occupations (9%)
  • Sales and related occupations (9%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (6%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (6%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (6%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (18%)
  • Sales and related occupations (11%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (10%)
  • Management occupations (9%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (9%)
  • Personal care and service occupations (7%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (6%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Canada (19%)
  • Germany (12%)
  • Dominican Republic (10%)
  • United Kingdom (5%)
  • Jamaica (4%)
  • Philippines (3%)
  • Mexico (3%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Essex County (%):

  • French (except Basque) (22%)
  • Irish (16%)
  • English (13%)
  • German (9%)
  • United States or American (7%)
  • Italian (6%)
  • French Canadian (3%)

Essex County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 12,107 (75%)
  • Carpooled: 2,289 (14%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 21 (0%)
  • Railroad: 3 (0%)
  • Ferryboat: 4 (0%)
  • Taxi: 64 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 13 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 17 (0%)
  • Walked: 743 (5%)
  • Other means: 75 (0%)
  • Worked at home: 768 (5%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders ($)


People in group quarters in Essex County, New York in 2000:

  • 1,182 people in federal prisons and detention centers
  • 1,012 people in state prisons
  • 353 people in nursing homes
  • 147 people in homes for the mentally retarded
  • 73 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 46 people in homes for the physically handicapped
  • 23 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 20 people in religious group quarters
  • 20 people in other workers' dormitories
  • 12 people in homes or halfway houses for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 12 people in homes for the mentally ill
  • 6 people in wards in general hospitals for patients who have no usual home elsewhere
  • 2 people in agriculture workers' dormitories on farms

People in group quarters in Essex County, New York in 2010:

  • 1,222 people in federal prisons
  • 545 people in state prisons
  • 280 people in workers' group living quarters and job corps centers
  • 211 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 86 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 83 people in college/university student housing
  • 82 people in in-patient hospice facilities
  • 69 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
  • 51 people in residential treatment centers for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 18 people in residential treatment centers for adults
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $49,939.

5.15% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($37,852 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.15%
New York average:

5.06%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.14% relocated from other counties in New York ($24,212 average AGI)
2.01% relocated from other states ($13,640 average AGI)
Essex County:

2.01%
New York average:

2.01%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Clinton County, NY  0.82% ($34,537 average AGI)
from Franklin County, NY  0.61% ($37,236)
from Warren County, NY  0.26% ($25,132)
from Saratoga County, NY  0.16% ($45,000)
from Washington County, NY  0.16% ($26,609)
from Albany County, NY  0.14% ($36,950)
from Chittenden County, VT  0.11% ($30,000)


5.44% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($39,897 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.44%
New York average:

5.46%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
3.24% relocated to other counties in New York ($21,112 average AGI)
2.20% relocated to other states ($18,784 average AGI)
Essex County:

2.20%
New York average:

2.38%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Clinton County, NY  1.11% ($31,622 average AGI)
to Franklin County, NY  0.56% ($35,940)
to Warren County, NY  0.36% ($32,849)
to Saratoga County, NY  0.16% ($32,500)
to Albany County, NY  0.12% ($40,294)
to Washington County, NY  0.10% ($22,000)
to Addison County, VT  0.08% ($37,083)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.4
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.3

Births per 1000 population in Essex County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.7
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 10.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 10.2

Deaths per 1000 population in Essex County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 7.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 5.6

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Essex County

Population without health insurance coverage in 2013: 11.1%
Persons under 19 years old without health insurance coverage in 2013: 5.1%
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Essex County
All 18-64 40-64 50-64 Under 19

Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Essex County


Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 7,226 (6,016 aged, 1,210 disabled)
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 374 (5%)

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Aged persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Disabled persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Most common underlying causes of death in Essex County, New York in 1999 - 2014:

  • Atherosclerotic heart disease (572)
  • Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (435)
  • Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (433)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified (304)
  • Unspecified dementia (265)
  • Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (208)
  • Colon, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (134)
  • Alzheimer's disease, unspecified (121)
  • Pneumonia, unspecified (118)
  • Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, so described (114)

Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 7%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 5.14
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 2,013
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 103
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 22,830

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,096
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,176
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 26

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 32
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 98

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 13
Beer, wine & liquor stores per 100,000 population in 2005: 1

Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 129.8. This is more than state average.

Mechanisms of suicide:

Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Firearm - 103.9
  • Other - 26.0

Household type by relationship:

Households: 36,723
  • In family households: 29,063 (7,068 male householders, 2,958 female householders)
    7,869 spouses, 8,932 children (8,289 natural, 199 adopted, 444 stepchildren), 530 grandchildren, 209 brothers or sisters, 216 parents, 186 other relatives, 963 non-relatives
  • In nonfamily households: 7,660 (3,015 male householders (2,327 living alone)), 3,221 female householders (2,699 living alone)), 1,424 nonrelatives
  • In group quarters: 2,647 (2,180 institutionalized population)

Size of family households: 5,118 2-persons, 2,283 3-persons, 1,651 4-persons, 656 5-persons, 208 6-persons, 110 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 5,026 1-person, 1,074 2-persons, 75 3-persons, 49 4-persons, 7 5-persons, 5 6-persons.

6,134 married couples with children.
2,087 single-parent households (681 men, 1,406 women).

94.7% of residents of Essex County speak English at home.
2.2% of residents speak Spanish at home (39% speak English very well, 49% speak English well, 11% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
2.6% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (72% speak English very well, 18% speak English well, 7% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).
0.4% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (51% speak English very well, 22% speak English well, 13% speak English not well, 13% don't speak English at all).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (80% speak English very well, 20% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $276,443,000 ($7,106 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $21,627,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $111,816,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $46,969,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $244,000
Federal grants: $70,647,000
Federal procurement contracts: $24,822,000 ($15,731,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $21,945,000 ($5,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $390,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $8,663,000
Federal Government insurance: $26,535,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 1,807
Here:

47 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 2,091
Here:

54 per 1000 residents
State:

42 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +114
Here:

+3 per 1000 residents
State:

+35 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +46
Here +1 per 1000 residents
State -52 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Essex County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 6.11 millions of gallons per day (18% from ground, 82% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.1
State:

6.3

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

3.6

Year house built

  • 2014 or later: 77
  • 2010 to 2013: 360
  • 2000 to 2009: 2,441
  • 1990 to 1999: 2,391
  • 1980 to 1989: 2,922
  • 1970 to 1979: 2,823
  • 1960 to 1969: 2,012
  • 1950 to 1959: 2,278
  • 1940 to 1949: 1,777
  • 1939 or earlier: 8,768
Note: State values scaled to Essex population
Rooms in houses/apartments in Essex County, New York
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Essex County population
  • 1 room: 34
  • 2 rooms: 58
  • 3 rooms: 353
  • 4 rooms: 1,163
  • 5 rooms: 2,428
  • 6 rooms: 2,660
  • 7 rooms: 1,860
  • 8 rooms: 1,209
  • 9+ rooms: 1,331
  • 1 room: 74
  • 2 rooms: 307
  • 3 rooms: 885
  • 4 rooms: 971
  • 5 rooms: 736
  • 6 rooms: 489
  • 7 rooms: 205
  • 8 rooms: 119
  • 9+ rooms: 146
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Essex County, New York
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Essex County population
  • no bedroom: 34
  • 1 bedroom: 385
  • 2 bedrooms: 2,573
  • 3 bedrooms: 5,309
  • 4 bedrooms: 1,970
  • 5+ bedrooms: 825
  • no bedroom: 81
  • 1 bedroom: 1,249
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,409
  • 3 bedrooms: 849
  • 4 bedrooms: 230
  • 5+ bedrooms: 114
Cars and other vehicles available in Essex County, New York in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Essex County population
  • no vehicle: 421
  • 1 vehicle: 3,478
  • 2 vehicles: 5,321
  • 3 vehicles: 1,445
  • 4 vehicles: 329
  • 5+ vehicles: 102
  • no vehicle: 733
  • 1 vehicle: 2,100
  • 2 vehicles: 910
  • 3 vehicles: 147
  • 4 vehicles: 29
  • 5+ vehicles: 13

62% of Essex County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 47% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 64% lived in New York.

Essex County:

62.5%
State average:

64.4%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

  • This state: 28,951
  • Northeast: 5,209
  • Midwest: 1,308
  • South: 1,033
  • West: 656

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $61,300


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 5%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 6%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Essex County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (73.9%)
  • Electricity (10.4%)
  • Wood (8.8%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (6.3%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (56.9%)
  • Electricity (28.7%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (9.5%)
  • Wood (3.7%)
  • Utility gas (0.8%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 371
Here:

8.6%
New York:

14.0%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 129
Here:

5.4%
New York:

13.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 179
Here:

18.1%
New York:

38.2%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Essex County government finances - Expenditure in 2002:

  • Construction - Regular Highways: $1,211,000
    General: $94,000
    Police Protection: $78,000
    General Public Buildings: $18,000
    Health - Other: $8,000
  • Current Operations - Welfare - Other: $12,773,000
    Regular Highways: $9,254,000
    Health Services - Other: $7,359,000
    General - Other: $7,043,000
    Central Staff Services: $3,002,000
    Solid Waste Management: $2,486,000
    Corrections - Other: $2,348,000
    Elementary & Secondary Education: $1,680,000
    Welfare, Vendor Payments for Other Purposes: $1,502,000
    Welfare, Federal Categorical Assistance Programs: $1,098,000
    Financial Administration: $1,054,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $1,023,000
    General Public Buildings: $891,000
    Other Higher Education: $884,000
    Police Protection: $882,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $640,000
    Parks & Recreation: $397,000
    Housing & Community Development: $325,000
    Welfare, Cash Assistance - Other: $304,000
    Welfare, Vendor Payments for Medical Care: $266,000
    Transit Utilities: $51,000
    Libraries: $22,000
    Fire Protection: $21,000
    Air Transportation: $9,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation, NEC: $1,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $3,266,000
  • Intergovernmental to Local NEC - Higher Education: $401,000
    General: $2,000
  • Intergovernmental to State - Welfare - Categorical Assistance Programs: $9,920,000
    Corrections: $95,000
    Transit Utilities: $9,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $269,000
    General - Other: $251,000
    Transit Utilities: $103,000
    Solid Waste Management: $70,000
    Judicial: $67,000
    Welfare - Other: $47,000
    Central Staff: $37,000
    Police Protection: $33,000
    Health - Other: $31,000
    Fire Protection: $22,000
    General Public Building: $13,000
    Financial Administration: $10,000
    Corrections - Other: $8,000
    Natural Resource - Other: $3,000
  • Total Salaries & Wages: $15,345,000

Essex County government finances - Revenue in 2002:

  • Charges - All Other: $10,949,000
    Solid Waste Management: $567,000
    Parks & Recreation: $12,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Highways: $2,353,000
    All Other: $1,591,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - All Other: $993,000
    Highways: $698,000
  • Miscellaneous - Interest Earnings: $3,693,000
    General Revenue, NEC: $2,788,000
    Property Sale Other: $70,000
  • Revenue - Transit Utilities: $6,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Public Welfare: $7,864,000
    Health & Hospitals: $4,904,000
    All Other: $3,860,000
    Highways: $1,137,000
    Education: $395,000
    Transit Utilities: $80,000
    General Support: $77,000
  • Tax - Total General Sales: $14,509,000
    Property: $8,209,000
    NEC: $1,221,000
    Other Selective Sales: $1,200,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $130,000

Essex County government finances - Debt in 2002:

  • Long Term Debt Beginning Outstanding - Industrial Revenue: $32,582,000
  • Long Term Debt Beginning Outstanding, NEC: $7,535,000
  • Long Term Debt Outstanding - Full Faith & Credit - Other, NEC: $6,800,000
  • Long Term Debt Outstanding Nonguaranteed - Industrial Revenue: $30,584,000
  • Long Term Debt Retired Nonguaranteed - Industrial Revenue: $1,998,000
  • Long Term Debt Retired Unspecified - Other, NEC: $735,000
  • Short Term Debt Outstanding - End of Fiscal Year: $2,124,000
    Beginning: $2,020,000

Essex County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2002:

  • Bond Fund - Cash & Deposits: $1,699,000
  • Other Funds - Cash & Deposits: $22,225,000
  • Sinking Fund - Cash & Deposits: $28,576,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

  • Total number of recipients: 999
  • Number of aged recipients: 98
  • Number of blind and disabled recipients: 901
  • Number of recipients under 18: 113
  • Number of recipients between 18 and 64: 672
  • Number of recipients older than 64: 214
  • Number of recipients also receiving OASDI: 486
  • Amount of payments (thousands of dollars): 482
Essex County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1994
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Essex County Fatal accident statistics for 1995 - 2014
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Essex County, NY among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John33574.0 years
Mary31681.0 years
William27174.2 years
Robert21470.7 years
George19076.2 years
James17273.0 years
Margaret16480.2 years
Helen16080.3 years
Charles15974.2 years
Elizabeth14780.6 years
Most common last names in Essex County, NY among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith12973.7 years
Lawrence6077.2 years
Thompson5975.8 years
Martin5276.7 years
Cross4977.3 years
Baker4876.3 years
Clark4378.3 years
Hathaway4171.6 years
Miller4078.8 years
Williams4079.9 years
Businesses in Essex County, NY
NameCountNameCount
AT&T1MasterBrand Cabinets4
Advance Auto Parts1McDonald's2
Ben & Jerry's1New Balance1
Best Western2Nike1
Chevrolet2RadioShack2
Comfort Inn1Rite Aid2
Econo Lodge1Starbucks1
FedEx6Subway2
Ford1Super 81
GNC2True Value3
Gap1U-Haul3
H&R Block2UPS2
IZOD1Walmart1
Jones New York2YMCA1
Lowe's1

Essex County on our top lists:

  • #15 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual air pollution readings in 2012 (µg/m3)"