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Hemphill County, Texas (TX)


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County population in 2012: 4,080 (73% urban, 27% rural); it was 3,351 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 409
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 618
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 990
Renter-occupied apartments: 355 (it was 290 in 2000)
% of renters here:

23%
State:

36%

Land area: 910 sq. mi.
Water area: 2.4 sq. mi.
Population density: 4 people per square mile 
 
 (very low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Hemphill County: 80.9 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (21.1%), Educational,health and social services (13.5%), Transportation and warehousing,and utilities (12.8%), Construction (11.3%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 73%
  • Government: 16%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 11%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Hemphill County races chart

Races in Hemphill County, Texas:


Median resident age:  35.0 years
Texas median age:  33.0 years

Males: 1,928  (44.3%)
Females: 1,879  (55.7%)

Hemphill County, TX forum
Recent posts about Hemphill County, Texas on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users:
Fun Friday Factoid  (14 replies)
Info on Canadian Tx and nearby towns  (9 replies)

Average household size:
Hemphill County:

2.0 people
Texas:

3 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $42,854 ($35,456 in 1999)
This county:

$42854
Texas:

$48259

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $407 (lower quartile is $343, upper quartile is $488)
This county:

$407
State:

$632


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $100,301 (it was $55,800 in 2000)
Hemphill County:

$100,301
Texas:

$125,800
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $58,441 - $161,177

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $129,156
Here:

$129,156
State:

$177,060

Townhouses or other attached units: $41,220
Here:

$41,220
State:

$170,403

Mobile homes: $46,525
Here:

$46,525
State:

$42,156
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,354
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $302

Institutionalized population: 40

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Hemphill County, TX map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,478 (1.5%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $861 (1.0%)


Hemphill County household income distribution in 2009 Hemphill County home values distribution


Hemphill County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 14.2%
(11.3% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 15.9% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 0.0% for American Indian residents, 71.1% for other race residents, 52.2% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 35 years old
(Males: 35 years old, Females: 36 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 38 years old, Black residents: 30 years old, American Indian residents: 17 years old, Asian residents: 32 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 23 years old, Other race residents: 21 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

12.6%
Whole state:

15.4%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

3.4%
Whole state:

6.7%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Hemphill County is $396 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $484 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $645 a month.

Cities in this county include: Canadian.

Hemphill County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

Click to draw/clear Hemphill County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Hemphill County: McQuiddy Curves (A), Mendota Siding (B), Urschell Ranch (C), Young Ranch (D), Old Military Road Campground (E), Lake Marvin Campground (F), Anvil Park (G), Arrington Ranch (H), Canadian Feedyards (I), Briscoe Volunteer Fire Department Station 2 (J), Gem City Fire Department (K). Display/hide their locations on the map

Church in Hemphill County: Gageby Church (A). Display/hide its location on the map

Cemeteries: Cataline Cemetery (1), Washita Cemetery (2), Prairie Dell Cemetery (3). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and reservoirs: Timber Lakes (A), Lake Marvin (B), Lake Kiowa (C), Arrington Lake (D), Lake Sharon (E), Oasis Lake (F), Soil Conservation Service Site 13 Reservoir (G), Soil Conservation Service Site 14 Reservoir (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Rivers and creeks: Persimmon Creek (A), Boggy Creek (B), Gageby Creek (C), Spring Creek (D), Simmons Creek (E), Clear Creek (F), Red Deer Creek (G), Morgan Creek (H), White Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Hemphill County: Gene Howe Wildlife Management Area (1). Display/hide its location on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Ellis County, Oklahoma , Roger Mills County, Oklahoma , Gray County , Lipscomb County , Roberts County , Wheeler County .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 59
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 79.9%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 17.9%

Number of foreign born residents: 218 (32% naturalized citizens)

Hemphill County:

6.5%
Whole state:

13.9%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 18.1 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 84.2%

Hemphill County marital status for males
Hemphill County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Hemphill County with a mortgage: 275 (0 second mortgage, 11 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 403

Here:

40.6% with mortgage
State:

64.2% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 87.20%
Here87.2%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 2,922
Total congregations: 11

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameSouthern Baptist ConventionUnited Methodist ChurchChristian Churches and Churches of ChristCatholic ChurchOther
Adherents1,118 (38.3%)505 (17.3%)307 (10.5%)250 (8.6%)742 (25.4%)
Congregations2 (18.2%)1 (9.1%)1 (9.1%)1 (9.1%)6 (54.5%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Hemphill County - Canadian

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 1
This county:

2.98 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

1.47 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 5
This county:

14.90 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

3.95 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 6
Hemphill County:

17.88 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

6.13 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

10.4%
Texas:

8.9%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

26.3%
Texas:

26.6%



Agriculture in Hemphill County:

Average size of farms: 2286 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $386,988
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $28.33
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.00%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 99.50%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $370,575
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 2.99%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 10.42%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $47,390
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 85.77%
Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 14.98
All wheat for grain: 7220 harvested acres

Tornado activity:

Hemphill County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is above Texas state average. It is 2.2 times above overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused one fatality and one injury recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 3/28/2007, a category 3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado killed one person and injured one person and caused $3 million in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Hemphill County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above Texas state average. It is 86% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 2/15/1974 at 13:33:49, a magnitude 4.6 (4.5 MB, 4.6 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 52.9 miles away from the county center
On 10/14/2008 at 03:07:28, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 MW, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 25.1 miles away from the county center
On 12/16/2000 at 22:08:54, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 90.6 miles away from the county center
On 8/17/2000 at 01:08:05, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 91.6 miles away from Hemphill County center
On 2/18/2006 at 05:49:41, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 ML, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 86.0 miles away from the county center
On 10/12/2008 at 12:08:15, a magnitude 3.0 (3.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 13.7 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Hemphill County (6) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 2
Emergencies Declared: 4

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (23%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (21%)
  • Construction (11%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Educational services (4%)
  • Utilities (4%)
  • Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers (3%)
  • Health care (19%)
  • Educational services (19%)
  • Finance and insurance (10%)
  • Public administration (7%)
  • Food and beverage stores (5%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (5%)
  • Personal and laundry services (4%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Farmers and farm managers (12%)
  • Agricultural workers including supervisors (7%)
  • Extraction workers (6%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (6%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (6%)
  • Laborers and material movers, hand (5%)
  • Supervisors, construction and extraction workers (4%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (11%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (10%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (6%)
  • Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (5%)
  • Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (5%)
  • Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides (4%)
  • Cooks and food preparation workers (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Hemphill County (%):





Hemphill County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 1,165 (75%)
  • Carpooled: 235 (15%)
  • Bicycle: 2 (0%)
  • Walked: 45 (3%)
  • Other means: 17 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 81 (5%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


98 people in training schools for juvenile delinquents
46 people in nursing homes
36 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
4 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities

Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $78,310.

9.81% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($37,441 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

9.81%
Texas average:

8.37%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
6.81% relocated from other counties in Texas ($28,171 average AGI)
3.01% relocated from other states ($9,270 average AGI)
Hemphill County:

3.01%
Texas average:

3.06%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Potter County, TX  0.97% ($27,000 average AGI)


9.97% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($46,929 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

9.97%
Texas average:

7.44%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
6.97% relocated to other counties in Texas ($35,814 average AGI)
3.00% relocated to other states ($11,115 average AGI)
Hemphill County:

3.00%
Texas average:

2.17%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Randall County, TX  1.32% ($40,800 average AGI)
to Potter County, TX  0.88% ($111,600)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.7
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 14.9

Births per 1000 population in Hemphill County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.7
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.9

Deaths per 1000 population in Hemphill County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 6.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 9.7

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Hemphill County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 464 (429 aged, 35 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 29.98
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 4406.470
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 569.540
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 32374.1

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1315.020
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 993.570

Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 87.67

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 29.22

Household type by relationship:

Households: 3,767

Size of family households: 461 2-persons, 172 3-persons, 215 4-persons, 120 5-persons, 43 6-persons, 28 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 305 1-person, 31 2-persons, 4 3-persons, 2 4-persons, 1 5-persons.

86.7% of residents of Hemphill County speak English at home.
13.0% of residents speak Spanish at home (54% speak English very well, 19% speak English well, 18% speak English not well, 8% don't speak English at all).
0.3% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (78% speak English very well, 22% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English very well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $13,574,000 ($4069 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $40,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $6,423,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $4,534,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $985,000
Federal grants: $1,091,000
Federal procurement contracts: $99,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $442,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $0,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $355,000
Federal Government insurance: $550,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 246
Here:

72 per 1000 residents
State:

85 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 147
Here:

43 per 1000 residents
State:

35 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +16
Here:

+5 per 1000 residents
State:

+29 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -38
Here -11 per 1000 residents
State +10 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Hemphill County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.43 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.8
State:

5.8

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.5
State:

3.8

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Hemphill County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 14
  • 3 rooms: 32
  • 4 rooms: 124
  • 5 rooms: 272
  • 6 rooms: 196
  • 7 rooms: 163
  • 8 rooms: 103
  • 9+ rooms: 86
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 20
  • 3 rooms: 33
  • 4 rooms: 92
  • 5 rooms: 62
  • 6 rooms: 45
  • 7 rooms: 27
  • 8 rooms: 7
  • 9+ rooms: 4
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Hemphill County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 36
  • 2 bedrooms: 242
  • 3 bedrooms: 509
  • 4 bedrooms: 157
  • 5+ bedrooms: 46
  • no bedroom: 2
  • 1 bedroom: 46
  • 2 bedrooms: 139
  • 3 bedrooms: 78
  • 4 bedrooms: 19
  • 5+ bedrooms: 6
Cars and other vehicles available in Hemphill County, Texas in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 19
  • 1 vehicle: 265
  • 2 vehicles: 422
  • 3 vehicles: 230
  • 4 vehicles: 45
  • 5+ vehicles: 9
  • no vehicle: 15
  • 1 vehicle: 138
  • 2 vehicles: 87
  • 3 vehicles: 37
  • 4 vehicles: 5
  • 5+ vehicles: 8

61% of Hemphill County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 47% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 68% lived in Texas.

Hemphill County:

61.0%
State average:

51.6%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $26,300


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 2%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Hemphill County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (61.8%)
  • Electricity (24.8%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (12.3%)
  • Wood (0.8%)
  • Utility gas (56.2%)
  • Electricity (27.2%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (16.6%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 0
Here:

0.0%
Texas:

6.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 0
Here:

0.0%
Texas:

6.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 9
Here:

16.7%
Texas:

15.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Hemphill County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Hemphill County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Most common first names in Hemphill County, TX among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
James3273.3 years
William2372.4 years
Mary2278.2 years
John2177.9 years
George1779.7 years
Charles1281.4 years
Robert1270.2 years
Walter1176.1 years
Roy980.4 years
Thomas975.4 years
Most common last names in Hemphill County, TX among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Williams1177.4 years
Wright1076.3 years
Hill1085.4 years
Adcock974.0 years
Rogers884.6 years
Smith872.2 years
Morris879.1 years
Waters778.4 years
Porter781.9 years
Johnson776.6 years
Businesses in Hemphill County, TX
NameCountNameCount
Best Western1True Value1
FedEx1U-Haul1
Pizza Hut1UPS1

Hemphill County on our top lists:

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