County population in 2012: 22,373 (44% urban, 56% rural); it was 23,587 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 3,089 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 2,837 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 6,210 Renter-occupied apartments: 2,913 (it was 2,749 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 729 sq. mi. Water area: 12.6 sq. mi.
Population density: 31 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Hempstead County: 80.1 (low, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (22.6%), Manufacturing (21.8%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $360 (0.5%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $241 (0.5%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 23.2%
(13.1% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 39.9% for Black residents, 28.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 32.9% for American Indian residents, 9.8% for other race residents, 15.1% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 37 years old
(Males: 36 years old, Females: 38 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 43 years old, Black residents: 34 years old, American Indian residents: 43 years old, Asian residents: 30 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 22 years old, Other race residents: 22 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Hempstead County is $400 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $468 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $561 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Hempstead County: Camp Spring (A), Center Point (B), Hempstead Country Hunting Club (C), Old Allens Ferry (D), Stevenson School (E), Saratoga Volunteer Fire Department (F), Southeast Volunteer Fire Department (G), Springhill Volunteer Fire Department (H), Arkansas Highway Police - Hope (I), Bingen Volunteer Fire Department (J), Columbus Fire Department (K), Crossroads Volunteer Fire Department (L), Deann Volunteer Fire Department (M), Yancy Volunteer Fire Department (N), Guernsey Volunteer Fire Department (O), McCaskill Volunteer Fire Department (P). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Hempstead County include: Tokio Church (A), Turner Chapel (B), Union Church (C), Union Grove Church (D), Water Creek Church (E), Wayne Chapel (F), White Oak Church (G), Yellow Creek Church (H), Zion Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Ayers Cemetery (1), Shorter Cemetery (2), Beards Chapel Cemetery (3), Belk Cemetery (4), Oak Grove Cemetery (5), Best Cemetery (6), Bethany Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Cypress Lake (A), Old River Lake (B), Duck Pond (C), Bois d'Arc Lake (D), Red Lake (E), Clear Lake (F), Red Lake (G), Nineteen hundred and sixteen Cut-off (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Mud Creek (A), Marlbrook Creek (B), Howard Creek (C), Holt Creek (D), High Creek (E), Hickory Creek (F), Yellow Creek (G), Goss Creek (H), Gibson Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Parks in Hempstead County include: Beards Bluff Public Use Area (1), Bois D'Arc Creek Wildlife Management Area (2), Saratoga Landing Public Use Area (3), River Run East Public Use Area (4), Hope State Wildlife Management Area (5). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 260 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $183,434 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $53.57 The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.83% The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 98.37% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $128,355 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 21.45% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $60,112 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 93.23% Average age of principal farm operators: 55 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 30.05 Vegetables: 58 harvested acres Land in orchards: 1,565 acres
Hempstead County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is slightly above Arkansas state average. It is 2.8 times above overall U.S. average. Tornadoes in this county have caused 8 fatalities and 37 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004. On 4/2/1982, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado killed 3 people and injured 23 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.
Hempstead County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Arkansas state average. It is 95% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 3/16/1997 at 19:07:27, a magnitude 3.4 (3.4 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 36.1 miles away from the county center On 8/4/2001 at 01:13:25, a magnitude 3.1 (3.1 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 46.9 miles away from the county center On 6/10/1994 at 23:34:02, a magnitude 3.2 (3.2 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 74.6 miles away from the county center On 5/16/2007 at 13:22:21, a magnitude 3.0 (3.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 67.7 miles away from Hempstead County center On 3/3/2001 at 10:46:13, a magnitude 3.0 (3.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 67.7 miles away from the county center On 4/22/2005 at 05:17:04, a magnitude 3.0 (3.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 94.2 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG)
Most recent natural disasters:
Arkansas Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: December 23, 2009 to January 2, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1872): February 4, 2010, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1872, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
Arkansas Tropical Storm Ike, Incident Period: September 13, 2008 to September 23, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1804): October 22, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1804, Natural disaster type: Tropical Storm
Arkansas Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: March 18, 2008 to April 28, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1751): March 26, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1751, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
Arkansas Hurricane Katrina, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3215): September 2, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3215, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Arkansas Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: May 30, 2004 to July 9, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1528): June 30, 2004, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1528, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
Arkansas Severe Storms & Flooding, Incident Period: February 14, 2001 to March 21, 2001, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1363): March 13, 2001, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1363, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
Arkansas Severe Winter Storm, Incident Period: December 12, 2000 to January 8, 2001, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1354): December 29, 2000, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1354, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
Arkansas Severe Winter Storm, Incident Period: December 12, 2000 to January 8, 2001, Emergency Declared (EM-3159): December 28, 2000, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3159, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
Arkansas Severe Storms, Tornadoes, High Winds and Flooding, Incident Period: January 21, 1999 to January 31, 1999, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1266): January 23, 1999, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1266, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
Arkansas Severe Storms/Tornadoes, Incident Period: March 1, 1997 to March 4, 1997, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1162): March 2, 1997, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1162, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado
7 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Hempstead County (17) is greater than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 15 Emergencies Declared: 2
Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 13, Floods: 11, Tornadoes: 5, Winter Storms: 2, Wind: 1, Hurricane: 1, Tropical Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.7 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 14.7
Births per 1000 population in Hempstead County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.3 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.0
Deaths per 1000 population in Hempstead County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 9.6 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 8.1
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Hempstead County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 3,515 (2,849 aged, 666 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 21% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 20%
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 19,176 (3,940 male householders, 2,167 female householders)
4,108 spouses, 6,511 children (5,954 natural, 152 adopted, 405 stepchildren), 878 grandchildren, 256 brothers or sisters, 179 parents, 395 other relatives, 602 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 3,132 (1,312 male householders (1,120 living alone)), 1,420 female householders (1,284 living alone)), 400 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 301 (231 institutionalized population)
Size of family households: 2,697 2-persons, 1,389 3-persons, 1,126 4-persons, 541 5-persons, 195 6-persons, 159 7-or-more-persons.
90.5% of residents of Hempstead County speak English at home.
8.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (30% speak English very well, 20% speak English well, 29% speak English not well, 22% don't speak English at all).
1.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (73% speak English very well, 18% speak English well, 9% speak English not well).
0.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (78% speak English very well, 14% speak English well, 8% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English very well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $137,054,000 ($5840 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $4,475,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $51,936,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $37,407,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $990,000 Federal grants: $38,076,000 Federal procurement contracts: $1,080,000 ($210,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $7,565,000 ($2,292,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $1,535,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $3,518,000 Federal Government insurance: $430,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
75 per 1000 residents
72 per 1000 residents
57 per 1000 residents
53 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +609
+26 per 1000 residents
+8 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: -1,191
-51 per 1000 residents
+13 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Hempstead County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 5.05 millions of gallons per day (79% from ground, 21% from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 363
2000 to 2004: 588
1990 to 1999: 1,508
1980 to 1989: 2,340
1970 to 1979: 1,911
1960 to 1969: 1,214
1950 to 1959: 1,033
1940 to 1949: 443
1939 or earlier: 1,287
Rooms in houses/apartments in Hempstead County, Arkansas
59% of Hempstead County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 57% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 62% lived in Arkansas.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 15797
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $33,400
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 2%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 2%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Hempstead County