Highland County, Virginia (VA)

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County population in 2012: 2,245 (all rural); it was 2,536 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 391
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 515
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 947
Renter-occupied apartments: 175 (it was 184 in 2000)
% of renters here:

16%
State:

33%

Land area: 416 sq. mi.

Water area: 0.0 sq. mi.

Population density: 5 people per square mile   (very low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Highland County: 85.9 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (91.9%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 47%
  • Government: 0%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 53%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Highland County races chart

Races in Highland County, Virginia:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (98.4%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (0.8%)
Median resident age:  52.0 years
Virginia median age:  37.0 years
Males: 1,159  (54.0%)
Females: 1,162  (46.0%)
Highland County, VA forum
Recent posts about Highland County, Virginia on our local forum with over 1,800,000 registered users. Highland County is mentioned 59 times on our forum:
Highland County - Least Populated County in Virginia  (17 replies)
VA Pics  (227 replies)
How many natives are in NOVA? If not a native, then where are you from?  (34 replies)
Natural Gas Pipeline  (36 replies)
Is Virginia a Northern or Southern state?  (763 replies)
Virginia Road Trip  (29 replies)
Average household size:
Highland County:

2.0 people
Virginia:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $48,661 ($29,732 in 1999)

This county:

$48661
Virginia:

$62666

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $400 (lower quartile is $372, upper quartile is $504)
This county:

$400
State:

$922


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $167,980 (it was $88,000 in 2000)
Highland:

$167,980
Virginia:

$239,300
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $112,982 - $272,490
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,003
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $287

Institutionalized population: 0
Highland County, VA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 12 buildings, average cost: $162,700
  • 2008: 12 buildings, average cost: $107,600
  • 2009: 13 buildings, average cost: $131,900

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $787 (0.4%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $762 (0.5%)

Highland County household income distribution in 2009 Highland County home values distribution Highland County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 10.2%
(10.2% for White Non-Hispanic residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 10.5%
Highland County:

10.5%
Virginia:

11.7%
(10.6% for White Non-Hispanic residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 58 years old
(Males: 59 years old, Females: 57 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Highland County is $429 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $533 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $736 a month.

Cities in this county include: Monterey.

Highland County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Highland County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Highland County: Confederate Breastworks (A), Forks of Waters (B), Flood (C), Locust Springs Recreation Site (D), Locust Springs Picnic Area (E), Valley Center (F), Head Waters (G), Company 4 Buena Vista Rescue Squad (H), Company 1 Lexington Rescue Squad (I), Shenandoah Rescue Squad (J). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Highland County include: Asbury Church (A), Beulah Presbyterian Church (B), Central Church (C), Green Hill Church (D), Hamilton Chapel (E), Hightown Church (F), Hiner Church (G), Laurel Gap Church (H), Lockridge Memorial Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Stony Run Cemetery (1), Fairview Cemetery (2), Griffin Cemetery (3), Big Valley Cemetery (4), Blue Grass Cemetery (5). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Warwick Run (A), Siebert Run (B), Eowyns Run (C), Hulit Draft (D), Wooden Run (E), Whiteman Run (F), White Run (G), Vinegar Run (H), Upper Mountain Lick (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Highland County: Highland Wildlife Management Area (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Neighboring counties: Augusta County , Bath County , Pendleton County, West Virginia , Pocahontas County, West Virginia .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

5.0%
Virginia:

5.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 43
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 72.8%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 13.2%

Number of foreign born residents: 9 (100% naturalized citizens)

Highland County:

0.4%
Whole state:

8.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 0
  • 1990 to 1994: 0
  • 1985 to 1989: 0
  • 1980 to 1984: 0
  • 1975 to 1979: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 5
  • 1965 to 1969: 4

Mean travel time to work (commute): 32.0 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 73.0%

Highland County marital status for males Highland County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Highland County with a mortgage: 182 (1 second mortgage, 2 home equity loan, 6 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 285

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

75.1% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Highland County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Mainline Protestant95415
Evangelical Protestant4505
Other8-
None909-
Highland County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 1
Highland County:

4.12 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.03 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 2
This county:

8.24 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

1.43 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 4
Highland County:

16.47 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

4.03 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 3
This county:

12.36 / 10,000 pop.
State:

7.65 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Highland County:

10.6%
Virginia:

9.3%

Adult obesity rate:
Highland County:

25.3%
State:

26.7%

Agriculture in Highland County:

Average size of farms: 328 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $43,476
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $39.10
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 97.08%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $29,127
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 9.91%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $40,836
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 95.56%
Average age of principal farm operators: 59 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 11.66
Land in orchards: 21 acres

Tornado activity:

Highland County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Virginia state average. It is 41185189.0 times below overall U.S. average.

Earthquake activity:

Highland County-area historical earthquake activity is near Virginia state average. It is 83% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 9/25/1998 at 19:52:52, a magnitude 5.2 (4.8 MB, 4.3 MS, 5.2 LG, 4.5 MW, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 219.4 miles away from Highland County center
On 7/27/1980 at 18:52:21, a magnitude 5.2 (5.1 MB, 4.7 MS, 5.0 UK, 5.2 UK) earthquake occurred 237.9 miles away from the county center
On 12/9/2003 at 20:59:14, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 MB, 4.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 106.1 miles away from the county center
On 1/31/1986 at 16:46:43, a magnitude 5.0 (5.0 MB) earthquake occurred 238.1 miles away from the county center
On 11/2/2006 at 17:53:02, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 152.4 miles away from Highland County center
On 11/23/2006 at 10:42:57, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, 4.3 LG) earthquake occurred 156.6 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Highland County (13) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 10
Emergencies Declared: 3

Causes of natural disasters: Winter Storms: 5, Floods: 3, Hurricanes: 3, Storms: 3, Snowstorms: 2, Blizzard: 1, Drought: 1, Ice Storm: 1, Tornado: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Germany (44%)
  • France (33%)
  • United Kingdom (22%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Highland County (%):

  • German (24%)
  • United States or American (21%)
  • English (13%)
  • Irish (11%)
  • Scotch-Irish (9%)
  • Scottish (4%)
  • European (4%)

Highland County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 778 (70%)
  • Carpooled: 220 (20%)
  • Walked: 21 (2%)
  • Worked at home: 87 (8%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders

Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $39,360.

3.74% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($85,088 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

3.74%
Virginia average:

9.34%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
2.31% relocated from other counties in Virginia ($65,324 average AGI)
1.43% relocated from other states ($19,765 average AGI)
Highland County:

1.43%
Virginia average:

3.74%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries



4.99% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($63,891 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

4.99%
Virginia average:

9.20%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
3.36% relocated to other counties in Virginia ($27,783 average AGI)
1.63% relocated to other states ($36,109 average AGI)
Highland County:

1.63%
Virginia average:

3.60%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 7.5
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 5.7

Births per 1000 population in Highland County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 10.2

Deaths per 1000 population in Highland County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 3.6

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Highland County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 572 (507 aged, 65 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 686.870
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1212.120
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 40.4

Household type by relationship:

Households: 2,321

Size of family households: 440 2-persons, 161 3-persons, 77 4-persons, 28 5-persons, 12 6-persons, 3 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 313 1-person, 41 2-persons, 3 3-persons, 3 4-persons.

387 married couples with children.
81 single-parent households (21 men, 60 women).

97.2% of residents of Highland County speak English at home.
1.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (78% speak English very well, 23% speak English not well).
1.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (86% speak English very well, 14% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $17,850,000 ($7192 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $512,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $8,385,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $4,308,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $110,000
Federal grants: $4,068,000
Federal procurement contracts: $210,000 ($35,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $769,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $21,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $501,000
Federal Government insurance: $1,756,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 76
Here:

31 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 181
Here:

73 per 1000 residents
State:

40 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: 0
Here:

0 per 1000 residents
State:

+18 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +49
Here:

+20 per 1000 residents
State:

+14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Highland County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.08 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.1
State:

6.6

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

5.3
State:

4.3

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 0
  • 2000 to 2004: 150
  • 1990 to 1999: 263
  • 1980 to 1989: 199
  • 1970 to 1979: 172
  • 1960 to 1969: 132
  • 1950 to 1959: 63
  • 1940 to 1949: 110
  • 1939 or earlier: 730
Rooms in houses/apartments in Highland County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 4
  • 3 rooms: 27
  • 4 rooms: 101
  • 5 rooms: 221
  • 6 rooms: 195
  • 7 rooms: 158
  • 8 rooms: 148
  • 9+ rooms: 93
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 4
  • 3 rooms: 13
  • 4 rooms: 36
  • 5 rooms: 50
  • 6 rooms: 44
  • 7 rooms: 27
  • 8 rooms: 5
  • 9+ rooms: 5
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Highland County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 39
  • 2 bedrooms: 221
  • 3 bedrooms: 466
  • 4 bedrooms: 169
  • 5+ bedrooms: 52
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 20
  • 2 bedrooms: 75
  • 3 bedrooms: 68
  • 4 bedrooms: 15
  • 5+ bedrooms: 6
Cars and other vehicles available in Highland County, Virginia in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 50
  • 1 vehicle: 222
  • 2 vehicles: 359
  • 3 vehicles: 206
  • 4 vehicles: 68
  • 5+ vehicles: 42
  • no vehicle: 36
  • 1 vehicle: 73
  • 2 vehicles: 49
  • 3 vehicles: 20
  • 4 vehicles: 6
  • 5+ vehicles: 0

76% of Highland County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 55% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 63% lived in Virginia.

Highland County:

76.2%
State average:

53.8%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $56,700


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 11%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 8%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Highland County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Wood (52.3%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (23.7%)
  • Electricity (13.5%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (9.7%)
  • Other fuel (0.5%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (37.0%)
  • Wood (32.1%)
  • Electricity (20.1%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (9.8%)
  • Utility gas (1.1%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 0
Here:

0.0%
Virginia:

9.5%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 8
Here:

6.6%
Virginia:

8.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 19
Here:

54.3%
Virginia:

20.6%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Highland County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:

  • Construction - Water Utilities: $50,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education: $27,000
  • Current Operations - Elementary and Secondary Education: $3,623,000
    Police Protection: $524,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $360,000
    Financial Administration: $289,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $273,000
    Solid Waste Management: $250,000
    Health - Other: $169,000
    General - Other: $162,000
    Central Staff Services: $135,000
    Regular Highways: $96,000
    General Public Buildings: $79,000
    Correctional Institutions: $62,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation, NEC: $62,000
    Local Fire Protection: $46,000
    Housing and Community Development: $42,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $34,000
    Libraries: $32,000
    Water Utilities: $18,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $84,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Judicial and Legal Services: $151,000
    Correctional Institutions: $88,000
    Health - Other: $88,000
    General - Other: $76,000
  • Total Salaries and Wages: $3,796,000
  • Water Utilities - Interest on Debt: $6,000

Highland County government finances - Revenue in 2006:

  • Charges - Solid Waste Management: $329,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education School Lunch: $60,000
    All Other: $7,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Public Welfare: $137,000
    All Other: $55,000
    Education: $10,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Education: $17,000
  • Miscellaneous - Interest Earnings: $97,000
    General Revenue, NEC: $94,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $1,000
  • Revenue - Water Utilities: $19,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Education: $2,168,000
    All Other: $1,094,000
    General Local Government Support: $177,000
    Public Welfare: $63,000
    Health and Hospitals: $40,000
  • Tax - Property: $3,643,000
    Public Utilities Sales: $113,000
    General Sales and Gross Receipts: $93,000
    Other License: $50,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $44,000
    Documentary and Stock Transfer: $33,000
    Other Selective Sales: $7,000

Highland County government finances - Debt in 2006:

  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $1,569,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $1,443,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $126,000

Highland County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $283,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $3,533,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Highland County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Highland County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

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