County population in 2012: 2,245 (all rural); it was 2,536 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 391 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 515 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 947 Renter-occupied apartments: 175 (it was 184 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 416 sq. mi. Water area: 0.0 sq. mi.
Population density: 5 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Highland County: 87.7 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Construction (23.0%), Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (16.2%), Educational,health and social services (13.8%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,064 (0.5%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $755 (0.5%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 12.3%
(12.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 100.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 0.0% for American Indian residents, 100.0% for other race residents, 0.0% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 52 years old
(Males: 52 years old, Females: 52 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 52 years old, Black residents: 31 years old, American Indian residents: 64 years old, Asian residents: 49 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 33 years old, Other race residents: 22 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Highland County is $429 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $533 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $736 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Highland County: Confederate Breastworks (A), Forks of Waters (B), Flood (C), Locust Springs Recreation Site (D), Locust Springs Picnic Area (E), Valley Center (F), Head Waters (G), Company 4 Buena Vista Rescue Squad (H), Company 1 Lexington Rescue Squad (I), Shenandoah Rescue Squad (J). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Highland County include: Asbury Church (A), Beulah Presbyterian Church (B), Central Church (C), Green Hill Church (D), Hamilton Chapel (E), Hightown Church (F), Hiner Church (G), Laurel Gap Church (H), Lockridge Memorial Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Warwick Run (A), Siebert Run (B), Eowyns Run (C), Hulit Draft (D), Wooden Run (E), Whiteman Run (F), White Run (G), Vinegar Run (H), Upper Mountain Lick (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 328 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $43,476 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $39.10 The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 97.08% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $29,127 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 9.91% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $40,836 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 95.56% Average age of principal farm operators: 59 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 11.66 Land in orchards: 21 acres
Highland County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Virginia state average. It is 6.7 times below overall U.S. average.
Highland County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Virginia state average. It is 97% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 5/5/2003 at 16:32:32, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 92.3 miles away from the county center On 10/21/1998 at 05:56:47, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, 3.3 LG, Depth: 8.3 mi) earthquake occurred 95.4 miles away from the county center On 4/22/1991 at 01:01:20, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, Depth: 9.1 mi) earthquake occurred 46.3 miles away from the county center On 9/22/2001 at 16:01:20, a magnitude 3.2 (3.2 LG, 2.5 LG, Depth: 1.2 mi) earthquake occurred 68.3 miles away from Highland County center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG)
Most recent natural disasters:
Virginia Severe Winter Storms and Snowstorms, Incident Period: February 5, 2010 to February 11, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1905): April 27, 2010, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1905, Natural disaster type: Snowstorm, Winter Storm
Virginia Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm, Incident Period: December 18, 2009 to December 20, 2009, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1874): February 16, 2010, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1874, Natural disaster type: Snowstorm, Winter Storm
Virginia Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: June 23, 2006 to July 6, 2006, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1655): July 13, 2006, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1655, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
Virginia Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3240): September 12, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3240, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Virginia Hurricane Isabel, Incident Period: September 18, 2003 to October 1, 2003, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1491): September 18, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1491, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Virginia Winter Storm, Incident Period: January 25, 2000 to January 30, 2000, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1318): February 28, 2000, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1318, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
Virginia Hurricane Fran, Incident Period: September 5, 1996 to September 23, 1996, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1135): September 6, 1996, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1135, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Virginia Severe Flooding, Incident Period: January 19, 1996 to February 1, 1996, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1098): January 27, 1996, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1098, Natural disaster type: Flood
Virginia Blizzard, Incident Period: January 6, 1996 to January 12, 1996, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1086): January 13, 1996, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1086, Natural disaster type: Blizzard
Virginia Ice Storm, Winter Storm, Severe Storm, Incident Period: March 1, 1994 to March 5, 1994, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1021): April 11, 1994, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1021, Natural disaster type: Ice Storm, Winter Storm, Storm
3 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Highland County (13) is near the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 10 Emergencies Declared: 3
Causes of natural disasters: Winter Storms: 3, Hurricanes: 3, Floods: 2, Snowstorms: 2, Storms: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Storm: 1, Tornado: 1, Blizzard: 1, Drought: 1, Flood: 1, Ice Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Construction trades workers except carpenters, electricians, painters, plumbers, and construction laborers (6%)
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (5%)
Laborers and material movers, hand (5%)
Agricultural workers including supervisors (4%)
Fishing and hunting, and forest and logging workers (4%)
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (9%)
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (7%)
Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (7%)
Secretaries and administrative assistants (6%)
Information and record clerks except customer service representatives (4%)
Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (4%)
Financial clerks except bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (4%)
Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):
United Kingdom (22%)
Most common first ancestries reported in Highland County (%):
United States or American (21%)
Means of transportation to work:
Drove a car alone: 778 (70%)
Carpooled: 220 (20%)
Walked: 21 (2%)
Worked at home: 87 (8%)
Owners and renters by unit type in %
Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $45,721.
6.20% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($56,966 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.85% relocated from other counties in Virginia ($45,845 average AGI)
2.35% relocated from other states ($11,121 average AGI)
Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries
5.09% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($44,213 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
3.35% relocated to other counties in Virginia ($34,830 average AGI)
1.73% relocated to other states ($9,383 average AGI)
Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 7.5 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 5.7
Births per 1000 population in Highland County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.4 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.4
Deaths per 1000 population in Highland County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 3.6 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 0.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Highland County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 572 (507 aged, 65 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%
General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 686.870 Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1212.120 Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 40.4
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 1,905 (582 male householders, 139 female householders)
621 spouses, 458 children (431 natural, 6 adopted, 21 stepchildren), 33 grandchildren, 11 brothers or sisters, 22 parents, 7 other relatives, 28 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 416 (190 male householders (155 living alone)), 170 female householders (158 living alone)), 56 nonrelatives
Size of family households: 440 2-persons, 161 3-persons, 77 4-persons, 28 5-persons, 12 6-persons, 3 7-or-more-persons.
97.2% of residents of Highland County speak English at home.
1.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (78% speak English very well, 23% speak English not well).
1.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (86% speak English very well, 14% speak English well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $17,850,000 ($7192 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $512,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $8,385,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $4,308,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $110,000 Federal grants: $4,068,000 Federal procurement contracts: $210,000 ($35,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $769,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $21,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $501,000 Federal Government insurance: $1,756,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
31 per 1000 residents
70 per 1000 residents
73 per 1000 residents
40 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: 0
0 per 1000 residents
+18 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: +49
+20 per 1000 residents
+14 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Highland County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.08 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 0
2000 to 2004: 57
1990 to 1999: 184
1980 to 1989: 122
1970 to 1979: 300
1960 to 1969: 100
1950 to 1959: 140
1940 to 1949: 214
1939 or earlier: 900
Rooms in houses/apartments in Highland County, Virginia
76% of Highland County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 55% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 63% lived in Virginia.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 1844
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $56,700
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 11%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 8%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Highland County