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Highland County, Virginia (VA)


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County population in 2012: 2,245 (all rural); it was 2,536 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 391
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 515
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 947
Renter-occupied apartments: 175 (it was 184 in 2000)
% of renters here:

16%
State:

33%

Land area: 416 sq. mi.
Water area: 0.0 sq. mi.
Population density: 5 people per square mile 
 
 (very low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Highland County: 87.7 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

We are giving away a $200 prize - enter simply by sending us your own pictures of this county!

Industries providing employment: Construction (23.0%), Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (16.2%), Educational,health and social services (13.8%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 59%
  • Government: 20%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 20%
  • Unpaid family work: 1%
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Data:
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Highland County races chart

Races in Highland County, Virginia:


Median resident age:  52.0 years
Virginia median age:  37.0 years

Males: 1,159  (54.0%)
Females: 1,162  (46.0%)

Highland County, VA forum
Recent posts about Highland County, Virginia on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users. Highland County is mentioned 52 times on our forum:
Highland County - Least Populated County in Virginia  (17 replies)
VA Pics  (207 replies)
Is Virginia a Northern or Southern state?  (751 replies)
Descriptions of the towns within the HR area?  (38 replies)
Chiggers in the mountains of western VA?  (2 replies)
A touch of Vermont...in Virginia  (26 replies)

Average household size:
Highland County:

2.0 people
Virginia:

3 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $37,791 ($29,732 in 1999)
This county:

$37791
Virginia:

$59330

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $406 (lower quartile is $286, upper quartile is $508)
This county:

$406
State:

$832


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $167,446 (it was $88,000 in 2000)
Highland County:

$167,446
Virginia:

$252,600
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $126,079 - $254,993

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $279,914
Here:

$279,914
State:

$330,816

Townhouses or other attached units: $618,560
Here:

$618,560
State:

$310,878

Mobile homes: $336,180
Here:

$336,180
State:

$37,843

Occupied boats, RVs, vans, etc.: $7,492
Here:

$7,492
State:

$92,978
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,236
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $242

Institutionalized population: 0

Highland County, VA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,064 (0.5%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $755 (0.5%)


Highland County household income distribution in 2009 Highland County home values distribution


Highland County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 12.3%
(12.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 100.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 0.0% for American Indian residents, 100.0% for other race residents, 0.0% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 52 years old
(Males: 52 years old, Females: 52 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 52 years old, Black residents: 31 years old, American Indian residents: 64 years old, Asian residents: 49 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 33 years old, Other race residents: 22 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

12.6%
Whole state:

9.6%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

5.4%
Whole state:

4.3%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Highland County is $429 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $533 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $736 a month.

Cities in this county include: Monterey.

Highland County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential
Local government website: WWW.HIGHLANDCOVA.ORG

Click to draw/clear Highland County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Highland County: Confederate Breastworks (A), Forks of Waters (B), Flood (C), Locust Springs Recreation Site (D), Locust Springs Picnic Area (E), Valley Center (F), Head Waters (G), Company 4 Buena Vista Rescue Squad (H), Company 1 Lexington Rescue Squad (I), Shenandoah Rescue Squad (J). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Highland County include: Asbury Church (A), Beulah Presbyterian Church (B), Central Church (C), Green Hill Church (D), Hamilton Chapel (E), Hightown Church (F), Hiner Church (G), Laurel Gap Church (H), Lockridge Memorial Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Stony Run Cemetery (1), Fairview Cemetery (2), Griffin Cemetery (3), Big Valley Cemetery (4), Blue Grass Cemetery (5). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Warwick Run (A), Siebert Run (B), Eowyns Run (C), Hulit Draft (D), Wooden Run (E), Whiteman Run (F), White Run (G), Vinegar Run (H), Upper Mountain Lick (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Highland County: Highland Wildlife Management Area (1). Display/hide its location on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Augusta County , Bath County , Pendleton County, West Virginia , Pocahontas County, West Virginia .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 43
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 72.8%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 13.2%

Number of foreign born residents: 9 (100% naturalized citizens)

Highland County:

0.4%
Whole state:

8.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 32.0 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 73.0%

Highland County marital status for males
Highland County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Highland County with a mortgage: 182 (1 second mortgage, 2 home equity loan, 6 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 285

Here:

39.0% with mortgage
State:

75.1% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 56.59%
Here56.6%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 1,435
Total congregations: 19

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameUnited Methodist ChurchPresbyterian Church (USA)LDS (Mormon) ChurchChurch of God of ProphecyOther
Adherents774 (53.9%)272 (19.0%)239 (16.7%)48 (3.3%)102 (7.1%)
Congregations10 (52.6%)4 (21.1%)1 (5.3%)1 (5.3%)3 (15.8%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Highland County - Monterey

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 1
This county:

4.12 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

2.03 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 2
Highland County:

8.24 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

1.43 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 4
This county:

16.47 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

4.03 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 3
Highland County:

12.36 / 10,000 pop.
Virginia:

7.65 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

10.6%
Virginia:

9.3%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

25.3%
Virginia:

26.7%



Agriculture in Highland County:

Average size of farms: 328 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $43,476
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $39.10
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 97.08%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $29,127
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 9.91%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $40,836
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 95.56%
Average age of principal farm operators: 59 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 11.66
Land in orchards: 21 acres

Tornado activity:

Highland County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Virginia state average. It is 6.7 times below overall U.S. average.

Earthquake activity:

Highland County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Virginia state average. It is 97% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 5/5/2003 at 16:32:32, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 92.3 miles away from the county center
On 10/21/1998 at 05:56:47, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, 3.3 LG, Depth: 8.3 mi) earthquake occurred 95.4 miles away from the county center
On 4/22/1991 at 01:01:20, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, Depth: 9.1 mi) earthquake occurred 46.3 miles away from the county center
On 9/22/2001 at 16:01:20, a magnitude 3.2 (3.2 LG, 2.5 LG, Depth: 1.2 mi) earthquake occurred 68.3 miles away from Highland County center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Highland County (13) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 10
Emergencies Declared: 3

Causes of natural disasters: Winter Storms: 3, Hurricanes: 3, Floods: 2, Snowstorms: 2, Storms: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Storm: 1, Tornado: 1, Blizzard: 1, Drought: 1, Flood: 1, Ice Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (28%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (23%)
  • Utilities (5%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Accommodation and food services (3%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (3%)
  • Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations (3%)
  • Educational services (16%)
  • Public administration (10%)
  • Health care (10%)
  • Accommodation and food services (9%)
  • Construction (7%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (5%)
  • Food and beverage stores (3%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Farmers and farm managers (12%)
  • Carpenters (10%)
  • Construction trades workers except carpenters, electricians, painters, plumbers, and construction laborers (6%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (5%)
  • Laborers and material movers, hand (5%)
  • Agricultural workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Fishing and hunting, and forest and logging workers (4%)
  • Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (9%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (7%)
  • Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (7%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (6%)
  • Information and record clerks except customer service representatives (4%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (4%)
  • Financial clerks except bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Highland County (%):





Highland County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 778 (70%)
  • Carpooled: 220 (20%)
  • Walked: 21 (2%)
  • Worked at home: 87 (8%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $45,721.

6.20% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($56,966 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.20%
Virginia average:

11.06%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.85% relocated from other counties in Virginia ($45,845 average AGI)
2.35% relocated from other states ($11,121 average AGI)
Highland County:

2.35%
Virginia average:

4.24%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries



5.09% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($44,213 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.09%
Virginia average:

10.78%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
3.35% relocated to other counties in Virginia ($34,830 average AGI)
1.73% relocated to other states ($9,383 average AGI)
Highland County:

1.73%
Virginia average:

4.13%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 7.5
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 5.7

Births per 1000 population in Highland County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.4

Deaths per 1000 population in Highland County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 3.6
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 0.0

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Highland County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 572 (507 aged, 65 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 686.870
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1212.120
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 40.4

Household type by relationship:

Households: 2,321

Size of family households: 440 2-persons, 161 3-persons, 77 4-persons, 28 5-persons, 12 6-persons, 3 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 313 1-person, 41 2-persons, 3 3-persons, 3 4-persons.

97.2% of residents of Highland County speak English at home.
1.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (78% speak English very well, 23% speak English not well).
1.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (86% speak English very well, 14% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $17,850,000 ($7192 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $512,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $8,385,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $4,308,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $110,000
Federal grants: $4,068,000
Federal procurement contracts: $210,000 ($35,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $769,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $21,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $501,000
Federal Government insurance: $1,756,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 76
Here:

31 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 181
Here:

73 per 1000 residents
State:

40 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: 0
Here:

0 per 1000 residents
State:

+18 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +49
Here:

+20 per 1000 residents
State:

+14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Highland County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.08 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.1
State:

6.6

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

5.3
State:

4.3

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Highland County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 4
  • 3 rooms: 27
  • 4 rooms: 101
  • 5 rooms: 221
  • 6 rooms: 195
  • 7 rooms: 158
  • 8 rooms: 148
  • 9+ rooms: 93
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 4
  • 3 rooms: 13
  • 4 rooms: 36
  • 5 rooms: 50
  • 6 rooms: 44
  • 7 rooms: 27
  • 8 rooms: 5
  • 9+ rooms: 5
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Highland County, Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 39
  • 2 bedrooms: 221
  • 3 bedrooms: 466
  • 4 bedrooms: 169
  • 5+ bedrooms: 52
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 20
  • 2 bedrooms: 75
  • 3 bedrooms: 68
  • 4 bedrooms: 15
  • 5+ bedrooms: 6
Cars and other vehicles available in Highland County, Virginia in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 50
  • 1 vehicle: 222
  • 2 vehicles: 359
  • 3 vehicles: 206
  • 4 vehicles: 68
  • 5+ vehicles: 42
  • no vehicle: 36
  • 1 vehicle: 73
  • 2 vehicles: 49
  • 3 vehicles: 20
  • 4 vehicles: 6
  • 5+ vehicles: 0

76% of Highland County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 55% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 63% lived in Virginia.

Highland County:

76.2%
State average:

53.8%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $56,700


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 11%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 8%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Highland County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Wood (52.3%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (23.7%)
  • Electricity (13.5%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (9.7%)
  • Other fuel (0.5%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (37.0%)
  • Wood (32.1%)
  • Electricity (20.1%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (9.8%)
  • Utility gas (1.1%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 0
Here:

0.0%
Virginia:

9.5%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 8
Here:

6.6%
Virginia:

8.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 19
Here:

54.3%
Virginia:

20.6%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Expenditure Revenue

Highland County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:


Highland County government finances - Revenue in 2006:


Highland County government finances - Debt in 2006:


Highland County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Highland County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Highland County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Highland County on our top lists:

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