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Polk County, North Carolina (NC)


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County population in 2012: 20,271 (8% urban, 92% rural); it was 18,324 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 3,543
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 3,250
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 6,218
Renter-occupied apartments: 2,196 (it was 1,690 in 2000)
% of renters here:

21%
State:

33%

Land area: 238 sq. mi.
Water area: 0.7 sq. mi.
Population density: 85 people per square mile 
 
 (average).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Polk County: 83.8 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (23.6%), Manufacturing (19.0%), Retail trade (12.2%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 76%
  • Government: 16%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 8%
  • Unpaid family work: 1%
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Polk County races chart

Races in Polk County, North Carolina:


Median resident age:  49.0 years
North Carolina median age:  37.0 years

Males: 9,825  (42.4%)
Females: 10,685  (57.6%)

Polk County, NC forum
Recent posts about Polk County, North Carolina on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users. Polk County is mentioned 174 times on our forum:
Tryon Resort and Tryon International Equestrian Center, Polk County, North Carolina  (1 reply)
Publix?  (393 replies)
Local calling area Asheville area  (2 replies)
what is canton nc like  (30 replies)
Area in NC with best year round weather  (11 replies)
Would like to retire in western NC, any ideas/help appreciated  (14 replies)

Polk County,NC real estate house value trend



Average household size:
Polk County:

2.0 people
North Carolina:

2 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $40,413 ($36,259 in 1999)
This county:

$40413
North Carolina:

$43674

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $532 (lower quartile is $377, upper quartile is $942)
This county:

$532
State:

$568


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $182,120 (it was $103,900 in 2000)
Polk County:

$182,120
North Carolina:

$155,500
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $107,519 - $281,101

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $290,398
Here:

$290,398
State:

$218,934

Townhouses or other attached units: $440,624
Here:

$440,624
State:

$173,323

In 2-unit structures: $459,152
Here:

$459,152
State:

$203,185

In 3-to-4-unit structures: $119,953
Here:

$119,953
State:

$158,140

In 5-or-more-unit structures: $216,008
Here:

$216,008
State:

$188,560

Mobile homes: $85,777
Here:

$85,777
State:

$45,354
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,128
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $306

Institutionalized population: 225

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Polk County, NC map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,109 (0.6%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $1,003 (0.6%)


Polk County household income distribution in 2009 Polk County home values distribution


Polk County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 13.4%
(11.8% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 13.5% for Black residents, 46.4% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 0.0% for American Indian residents, 36.5% for other race residents, 8.3% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 49 years old
(Males: 46 years old, Females: 51 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 50 years old, Black residents: 44 years old, American Indian residents: 29 years old, Asian residents: 34 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 22 years old, Other race residents: 21 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

10.1%
Whole state:

12.3%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

4.2%
Whole state:

5.5%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Polk County is $467 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $573 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $716 a month.

Cities in this county include: Tryon, Columbus, Saluda.

Polk County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential
Local government website: www.co.polk.nc.us

Click to draw/clear Polk County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Polk County: Red Fox Country Club (A), Red Barn Landing (B). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Polk County include: Pacelot Church (A), Lebanon Church (B), Union Grove Church (C), Beulah Church (D), Big Level Church (E), Melvin Hill Church (F), Midway Church (G), Mill Creek Church (H), Wheat Creek Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Jones-Price Cemetery (1), Bradley Cemetery (2), Patty Cemetery (3). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and reservoirs: Lyles Lake (A), Lake Adger (B), Hooper Creek Lake (C), Mahler Pond (D), Melrose Mountain Lake Number Two (E), Melrose Mountain Lake Number One (F), Warrior Mountain Lake (G), Deering Milliken Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Britten Creek (A), Cove Creek (B), Colt Creek (C), Casey Branch (D), Canal Creek (E), Camp Creek (F), Bear Creek (G), Marys Branch (H), White Oak Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Polk County: Harmon Field (1). Display/hide its location on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Greenville County, South Carolina , Spartanburg County, South Carolina , Henderson County , Rutherford County .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 582
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 80.6%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 25.7%

Number of foreign born residents: 685 (43% naturalized citizens)

Polk County:

3.7%
Whole state:

5.3%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 26.2 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 50.3%

Polk County marital status for males
Polk County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Polk County with a mortgage: 1,945 (223 second mortgage, 299 home equity loan, 9 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,845

Here:

51.3% with mortgage
State:

69.1% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 63.12%
Here63.1%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 11,566
Total congregations: 50

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameSouthern Baptist ConventionCatholic ChurchUnited Methodist ChurchPresbyterian Church (USA)Episcopal Church
Adherents6,902 (59.7%)1,214 (10.5%)801 (6.9%)637 (5.5%)614 (5.3%)
Congregations25 (50.0%)1 (2.0%)7 (14.0%)3 (6.0%)3 (6.0%)
NameUnited Church of ChristSeventh-Day Adventist ChurchChurch of the BrethrenLutheran ChurchOther
Adherents579 (5.0%)251 (2.2%)136 (1.2%)132 (1.1%)300 (2.6%)
Congregations1 (2.0%)1 (2.0%)1 (2.0%)1 (2.0%)7 (14.0%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Polk County - Tryon, Columbus, Saluda

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 5
This county:

2.64 / 10,000 pop.
North Carolina:

2.05 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 9
This county:

4.75 / 10,000 pop.
North Carolina:

4.75 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 21
Polk County:

11.08 / 10,000 pop.
North Carolina:

7.57 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

10.0%
North Carolina:

9.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

23.7%
North Carolina:

28.3%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Polk County:

14.7%
State:

15.6%


Agriculture in Polk County:

Average size of farms: 104 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $17,467
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $627.92
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 37.50%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 38.71%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $25,864
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 16.33%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 1.29%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $35,269
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 91.92%
Average age of principal farm operators: 55 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 10.98
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 7.31%
Corn for grain: 9 harvested acres
Vegetables: 77 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 396 acres

Tornado activity:

Polk County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below North Carolina state average. It is 3.9 times below overall U.S. average.

Earthquake activity:

Polk County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above North Carolina state average. It is 85% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 8/2/1974 at 08:52:09, a magnitude 4.9 (4.3 MB, 4.9 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 97.0 miles away from the county center
On 8/25/2005 at 03:09:42, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 MW, Depth: 5.0 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 54.5 miles away from the county center
On 12/7/2007 at 11:07:03, a magnitude 3.1 (3.1 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 2.7 miles away from the county center
On 8/4/2007 at 10:04:46, a magnitude 3.0 (3.0 LG, Depth: 5.8 mi) earthquake occurred 17.5 miles away from Polk County center
On 6/5/1998 at 02:31:01, a magnitude 3.2 (3.2 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 79.7 miles away from the county center
On 6/16/2006 at 00:57:27, a magnitude 3.1 (3.1 LG, Depth: 2.9 mi) earthquake occurred 60.3 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Polk County (10) is near the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 7
Emergencies Declared: 3

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (18%)
  • Textile mills and textile products (7%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (6%)
  • Health care (3%)
  • Accommodation and food services (3%)
  • Administrative and support and waste management services (3%)
  • Public administration (3%)
  • Health care (19%)
  • Educational services (12%)
  • Accommodation and food services (9%)
  • Textile mills and textile products (6%)
  • Finance and insurance (5%)
  • Public administration (4%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (3%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (6%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (5%)
  • Carpenters (5%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (5%)
  • Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (4%)
  • Metal workers and plastic workers (4%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (4%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (6%)
  • Other sales and related workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (4%)
  • Registered nurses (4%)
  • Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides (4%)
  • Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Polk County (%):





Polk County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 6,075 (78%)
  • Carpooled: 1,100 (14%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 6 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 10 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 5 (0%)
  • Walked: 157 (2%)
  • Other means: 57 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 366 (5%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Polk County, North Carolina in 2000:

People in group quarters in Polk County, North Carolina in 2010:


Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $49,202.

7.82% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($53,154 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

7.82%
North Carolina average:

8.53%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.14% relocated from other counties in North Carolina ($16,764 average AGI)
4.68% relocated from other states ($36,392 average AGI)
Polk County:

4.68%
North Carolina average:

4.34%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Henderson County, NC  1.17% ($33,695 average AGI)
from Spartanburg County, SC  0.90% ($42,857)
from Rutherford County, NC  0.57% ($34,750)
from Buncombe County, NC  0.44% ($31,968)
from Greenville County, SC  0.30% ($41,524)
from Mecklenburg County, NC  0.19% ($45,692)


6.64% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($40,563 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.64%
North Carolina average:

7.27%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
3.04% relocated to other counties in North Carolina ($16,266 average AGI)
3.60% relocated to other states ($24,299 average AGI)
Polk County:

3.60%
North Carolina average:

3.10%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Spartanburg County, SC  0.99% ($48,191 average AGI)
to Henderson County, NC  0.96% ($37,152)
to Rutherford County, NC  0.70% ($27,354)
to Greenville County, SC  0.45% ($48,935)
to Buncombe County, NC  0.33% ($26,304)
to Mecklenburg County, NC  0.20% ($37,571)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.1
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.2

Births per 1000 population in Polk County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.2
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 14.9

Deaths per 1000 population in Polk County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 12.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 8.1

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Polk County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 4,686 (4,176 aged, 510 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 12%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 5.26
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 10325.43
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 331.210
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 44440.36

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 993
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1411.100
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 5.23

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 29.7
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 57.49

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 20.91

Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 236.9. This is more than state average.

Household type by relationship:

Households: 20,180

Size of family households: 3,251 2-persons, 1,076 3-persons, 853 4-persons, 375 5-persons, 146 6-persons, 80 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 2,809 1-person, 345 2-persons, 40 3-persons, 8 4-persons, 3 5-persons, 2 6-persons, 1 7-or-more-persons.

94.1% of residents of Polk County speak English at home.
3.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (44% speak English very well, 19% speak English well, 26% speak English not well, 11% don't speak English at all).
2.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (89% speak English very well, 9% speak English well, 2% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (100% speak English very well).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (72% speak English very well, 28% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $113,835,000 ($5985 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $5,468,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $70,599,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $21,204,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $266,000
Federal grants: $18,063,000
Federal procurement contracts: $885,000 ($154,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $2,818,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $0,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $972,000
Federal Government insurance: $7,341,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 904
Here:

47 per 1000 residents
State:

72 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 1,444
Here:

75 per 1000 residents
State:

44 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +174
Here:

+9 per 1000 residents
State:

+18 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: +1,215
Here:

+63 per 1000 residents
State:

+27 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Polk County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.23 millions of gallons per day (32% from ground, 68% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.8
State:

5.9

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.4
State:

4.3

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Polk County, North Carolina
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 15
  • 2 rooms: 58
  • 3 rooms: 250
  • 4 rooms: 823
  • 5 rooms: 1,363
  • 6 rooms: 1,877
  • 7 rooms: 838
  • 8 rooms: 539
  • 9+ rooms: 455
  • 1 room: 6
  • 2 rooms: 108
  • 3 rooms: 280
  • 4 rooms: 514
  • 5 rooms: 342
  • 6 rooms: 252
  • 7 rooms: 131
  • 8 rooms: 30
  • 9+ rooms: 27
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Polk County, North Carolina
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 17
  • 1 bedroom: 210
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,986
  • 3 bedrooms: 3,208
  • 4 bedrooms: 671
  • 5+ bedrooms: 126
  • no bedroom: 15
  • 1 bedroom: 318
  • 2 bedrooms: 785
  • 3 bedrooms: 464
  • 4 bedrooms: 88
  • 5+ bedrooms: 20
Cars and other vehicles available in Polk County, North Carolina in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 288
  • 1 vehicle: 1,601
  • 2 vehicles: 2,820
  • 3 vehicles: 1,118
  • 4 vehicles: 234
  • 5+ vehicles: 157
  • no vehicle: 222
  • 1 vehicle: 798
  • 2 vehicles: 469
  • 3 vehicles: 150
  • 4 vehicles: 35
  • 5+ vehicles: 16

63% of Polk County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 33% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 33% lived in North Carolina.

Polk County:

62.9%
State average:

54.4%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $106,300


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Polk County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Electricity (46.5%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (20.8%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (16.9%)
  • Utility gas (9.8%)
  • Wood (5.9%)
  • Electricity (51.8%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (20.6%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (12.9%)
  • Utility gas (10.1%)
  • Wood (3.7%)
  • Other fuel (0.5%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 246
Here:

15.3%
North Carolina:

8.2%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 73
Here:

8.5%
North Carolina:

6.9%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 46
Here:

10.2%
North Carolina:

20.2%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Expenditure Revenue

Polk County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:


Polk County government finances - Revenue in 2006:


Polk County government finances - Debt in 2006:


Polk County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Polk County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Polk County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Most common first names in Polk County, NC among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John18978.4 years
William17775.2 years
Mary15881.4 years
Robert15076.3 years
James11773.6 years
Ruth7983.5 years
Charles7876.1 years
George6976.3 years
Dorothy6783.7 years
Helen6382.8 years
Most common last names in Polk County, NC among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Thompson7077.6 years
Jones7076.3 years
Pace6275.4 years
Johnson5978.2 years
Smith4977.5 years
Edwards4579.2 years
Wilson4281.0 years
Foster4276.1 years
Williams4079.1 years
Davis3778.0 years
Businesses in Polk County, NC
NameCountNameCount
Burger King1Subway2
CVS1Taco Bell1
Days Inn1U-Haul3
FedEx4U.S. Cellular1
H&R Block1UPS2
KFC1Waffle House1
McDonald's1Wendy's1
Browse common businesses in Polk County, NC

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