County population in 2012: 13,737 (28% urban, 72% rural); it was 12,999 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,875 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 2,407 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 4,376 Renter-occupied apartments: 1,290 (it was 1,154 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 361 sq. mi. Water area: 6.5 sq. mi.
Population density: 38 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Summers County: 85.4 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (27.3%), Retail trade (11.7%), Professional,scientific,management,administrative,and waste management services (10.4%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $255 (0.3%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $145 (0.2%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 22.4%
(22.3% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 26.4% for Black residents, 0.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 0.0% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 45 years old
(Males: 46 years old, Females: 45 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 46 years old, Black residents: 39 years old, American Indian residents: 46 years old, Asian residents: 41 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 35 years old, Other race residents: 31 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Summers County is $414 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $459 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $572 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Summers County: Camp Summers (A), Keeney Mountain Lookout Tower (B), Shanklins Ferry Camp (C), Willow Wood Country Club Golf Course (D), Pipestem Golf Club Regulation Course (E), Pipestem Golf Club Par 3 Course (F), Bluestone Conference Center (G), Bull Falls Camping Area (H), Camp Brookside (I), Camp Lightfoot (J), Alderson Federal Prison Camp (K), Forest Hill Volunteer Fire Department (L), Summers County Volunteer Fire Department Tug Creek Station (M), Summers County Volunteer Fire Department (N), Greenbrier Valley Rural Volunteer Fire Department (O), Jumping Branch - Nimitz Volunteer Fire Department (P), Pipestem Volunteer Fire Department (Q), Federal Prison Camp Fire Department (R), Green Sulphur District Volunteer Fire Department (S). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Summers County include: James Chapel (A), Upland Church (B), Keatley Springs Church (C), Keller Church (D), Lane United Methodist Church (E), Laurel Creek Church (F), Spruce Run Church (G), Lick Creek Church (H), Little Bethel Old Regular Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Fairview Baptist Church Cemetery (1), Crews Cemetery (2), Huffman Cemetery (3), Greenbrier Cemetery (4), Richmond Cemetery (5), Restwood Cemetery (6), Oak Grove Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Toms Run (A), Surveyor Branch (B), Sunrise Branch (C), Suck Creek (D), Stony Creek (E), Stonelick Branch (F), Stewart Creek (G), Spruce Run (H), Spranklin Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Parks in Summers County include: Pence Springs Hotel Historic District (1), Bluestone State Park (2), Bluestone National Scenic River (3), Pipestem State Park (4), Bluestone Lake Wildlife Management Area (5), Sherman Ballard Recreation Area (6). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 175 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $16,418 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $252.99 The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 56.33% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $16,803 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 16.23% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $27,418 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 94.25% Average age of principal farm operators: 59 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 14.07 Corn for grain: 86 harvested acres Vegetables: 8 harvested acres
Summers County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is slightly above West Virginia state average. It is 3.0 times below overall U.S. average.
Summers County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above West Virginia state average. It is 88% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 11/2/2006 at 17:53:02, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, Depth: 0.6 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 67.7 miles away from the county center On 11/23/2006 at 10:42:57, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, 4.3 LG) earthquake occurred 71.8 miles away from the county center On 6/29/1996 at 19:30:42, a magnitude 4.1 (4.1 MB, 3.9 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 69.6 miles away from the county center On 4/22/1991 at 01:01:20, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, Depth: 9.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 39.3 miles away from Summers County center On 6/26/1995 at 00:36:17, a magnitude 3.5 (3.1 MB, 3.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 72.7 miles away from the county center On 10/28/1997 at 10:36:46, a magnitude 3.4 (3.4 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 74.1 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB)
Most recent natural disasters:
West Virginia Severe Storms, Flooding, Mudslides, and Landslides, Incident Period: March 12, 2010 to April 9, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1893): March 29, 2010, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1893, Natural disaster type: Storm, Mudslide, Landslide, Flood
West Virginia Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3221): September 5, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3221, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
West Virginia Severe Storms, Flooding, and Landslides, Incident Period: November 11, 2003 to November 30, 2003, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1500): November 21, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1500, Natural disaster type: Storm, Landslide, Flood
West Virginia Severe Winter Storms, Incident Period: February 16, 2003 to March 28, 2003, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1455): March 14, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1455, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
West Virginia Severe Storms, Flooding, and Landslides, Incident Period: May 2, 2002 to May 20, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1410): May 5, 2002, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1410, Natural disaster type: Storm, Landslide, Flood
West Virginia Severe Storms & Flooding, Incident Period: May 15, 2001 to September 4, 2001, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1378): June 3, 2001, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1378, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
West Virginia Flooding, Incident Period: January 19, 1996 to February 2, 1996, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1096): January 25, 1996, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1096, Natural disaster type: Flood
West Virginia Blizzard, Incident Period: January 6, 1996 to January 12, 1996, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1084): January 13, 1996, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1084, Natural disaster type: Blizzard
West Virginia Severe Snowfall and Winter Storm, Incident Period: March 13, 1993 to March 17, 1993, Emergency Declared (EM-3109): March 17, 1993, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3109, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm, Snowfall
West Virginia SEVERE STORMS, FLOODING, Incident Period: November 3, 1985 to November 7, 1985, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-753): November 7, 1985, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-753, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
4 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Summers County (14) is near the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 10 Emergencies Declared: 4
Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 6, Storms: 6, Landslides: 3, Droughts: 2, Floods: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Mudslide: 1, Snowfall: 1, Blizzard: 1, Hurricane: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.0 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 8.4
Births per 1000 population in Summers County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.4 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.8
Deaths per 1000 population in Summers County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 13.9 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 9.8
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Summers County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,829 (2,172 aged, 657 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 18% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 7.24 Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 5684.700 Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 441.740 Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 46810.05
General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 727.8 Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1353.710
Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 15.21 Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 50.95
Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 14.56
Crimes per 100,000 population in 1996: 1
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 10,409 (2,572 male householders, 1,060 female householders)
2,721 spouses, 3,100 children (2,862 natural, 90 adopted, 148 stepchildren), 319 grandchildren, 92 brothers or sisters, 91 parents, 117 other relatives, 276 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 2,189 (941 male householders (798 living alone)), 999 female householders (916 living alone)), 249 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 1,329 (1,252 institutionalized population)
Size of family households: 1,917 2-persons, 829 3-persons, 530 4-persons, 242 5-persons, 69 6-persons, 45 7-or-more-persons.
98.6% of residents of Summers County speak English at home.
0.5% of residents speak Spanish at home (90% speak English very well, 10% speak English not well).
0.8% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (76% speak English very well, 5% speak English well, 19% speak English not well).
0.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (45% speak English very well, 55% speak English well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $111,540,000 ($8077 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $7,233,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $46,971,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $20,327,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $108,000 Federal grants: $36,237,000 Federal procurement contracts: $4,187,000 ($3,747,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $3,711,000 ($1,912,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $632,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $1,110,000 Federal Government insurance: $14,573,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
46 per 1000 residents
60 per 1000 residents
65 per 1000 residents
61 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +5
+0 per 1000 residents
+2 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: -376
-27 per 1000 residents
+6 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Summers County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 2.82 millions of gallons per day (all from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 78
2000 to 2004: 326
1990 to 1999: 878
1980 to 1989: 993
1970 to 1979: 1,103
1960 to 1969: 541
1950 to 1959: 732
1940 to 1949: 901
1939 or earlier: 1,966
Rooms in houses/apartments in Summers County, West Virginia
67% of Summers County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 52% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 60% lived in West Virginia.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 10784
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $33,500
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 5%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Summers County