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Union County, Iowa (IA)


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County population in 2012: 12,594 (61% urban, 39% rural); it was 12,309 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 2,238
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,498
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 3,776
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,535 (it was 1,466 in 2000)
% of renters here:

28%
State:

28%

Land area: 424 sq. mi.
Water area: 1.6 sq. mi.
Population density: 30 people per square mile 
 
 (low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Union County: 78.8 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Manufacturing (23.1%), Educational,health and social services (22.7%), Retail trade (10.5%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 76%
  • Government: 12%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 12%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Union County races chart

Races in Union County, Iowa:


Median resident age:  40.0 years
Iowa median age:  38.0 years

Males: 6,106  (47.1%)
Females: 6,428  (52.9%)

Union County, IA forum
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Union County,IA real estate house value trend



Average household size:
Union County:

2.0 people
Iowa:

2 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $38,836 ($31,905 in 1999)
This county:

$38836
Iowa:

$48044

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $353 (lower quartile is $262, upper quartile is $422)
This county:

$353
State:

$496


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $89,130 (it was $59,000 in 2000)
Union County:

$89,130
Iowa:

$122,000
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $59,709 - $135,784

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $114,631
Here:

$114,631
State:

$151,570

Townhouses or other attached units: $792,693
Here:

$792,693
State:

$156,028

In 2-unit structures: $25,157
Here:

$25,157
State:

$128,390

In 3-to-4-unit structures: $395,669
Here:

$395,669
State:

$135,565

Mobile homes: $47,473
Here:

$47,473
State:

$29,315

Occupied boats, RVs, vans, etc.: $1,305
Here:

$1,305
State:

$33,502
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,074
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $291

Institutionalized population: 126

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Union County, IA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,108 (1.2%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $1,112 (1.5%)


Union County household income distribution in 2009 Union County home values distribution


Union County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 15.5%
(14.7% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 45.4% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 0.0% for American Indian residents, 37.4% for other race residents, 34.3% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 40 years old
(Males: 39 years old, Females: 42 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 41 years old, Black residents: 20 years old, American Indian residents: 20 years old, Asian residents: 23 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 20 years old, Other race residents: 24 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

11.4%
Whole state:

9.1%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

4.8%
Whole state:

3.8%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Union County is $379 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $498 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $608 a month.

Cities in this county include: Creston, Afton, Lorimor, Cromwell, Arispe, Shannon City, Thayer, Kent.

Union County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Union County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Union County: Pine Valley Golf Course (A), Cromwell (B), Lakeshore Golf and Country Club (C), Spaulding (D), Crestmoor Country Club (E), Talmage Junction (F), Highland Townhall (G). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Union County include: Beulah Church (A), Dodge Center Church (B), Immanuel Church (C), Oak Hill Church (D), Pleasant Valley Church (E), Platte Center Church (F), Jerusalem Church (G), Kingdom Hall of Jehovahs Witnesses (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Groesbeck Cemetery (1), County Home Cemetery (2), Dodge Center Cemetery (3), Homewood Cemetery (4), Reasoner Cemetery (5), Leas Cemetery (6), Brown Family Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs: Lake Afton (A), Summit Lake (B), Thayer Lake (C), Spring Valley Lake (D), Three Mile Lake (E), Twelve Mile Lake (F), Green Valley Lake (G). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Indian Creek (A), Wolf Creek (B), Sevenmile Creek (C), Twelvemile Creek (D), Fourmile Creek (E), East Platte River (F), Threemile Creek (G), East Branch Middle Platte River (H), Loefler Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Union County include: Mount Pisgah Park (1), First White Settlement in Union County Historical Marker (2), Twelve Mile Lake Wildlife Management Area (3), Three Mile Lake Wildlife Management Area (4), Mitchell Marsh (5), Summit Lake Wildlife Management Area (6), Thayer Lake Park (7), Talmage Hill Park (8), Talmage Hill Wildlife Area (9). Display/hide their locations on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Adair County , Adams County , Clarke County , Decatur County , Madison County , Ringgold County , Taylor County .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 597
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 87.3%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 14.7%

Number of foreign born residents: 113 (53% naturalized citizens)

Union County:

0.9%
Whole state:

3.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 16.4 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 85.6%

Union County marital status for males
Union County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Union County with a mortgage: 1,600 (94 second mortgage, 86 home equity loan, 15 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,219

Here:

56.8% with mortgage
State:

62.8% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 58.35%
Here58.3%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 7,182
Total congregations: 28

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameCatholic ChurchChristian Church (Disciples of Christ)United Methodist ChurchUnited Church of ChristGeneral Association of Regular Baptist Churches
Adherents1,480 (20.6%)1,296 (18.0%)1,292 (18.0%)626 (8.7%)597 (8.3%)
Congregations2 (7.1%)1 (3.6%)6 (21.4%)3 (10.7%)1 (3.6%)
NameEvangelical Lutheran Church in AmericaPresbyterian Church (USA)Lutheran ChurchAssemblies of GodOther
Adherents443 (6.2%)393 (5.5%)343 (4.8%)205 (2.9%)507 (7.1%)
Congregations1 (3.6%)2 (7.1%)1 (3.6%)2 (7.1%)9 (32.1%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Union County - Creston, Afton, Lorimor, Cromwell, Arispe

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 2
This county:

1.65 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

2.14 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 10
This county:

8.23 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

5.55 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 12
Union County:

9.87 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

8.01 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

8.3%
Iowa:

7.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

26.4%
Iowa:

27.3%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Union County:

16.1%
State:

14.5%


Agriculture in Union County:

Average size of farms: 341 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $90,100
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $197.78
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 63.24%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $89,635
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 49.11%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $85,551
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 89.11%
Average age of principal farm operators: 55 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 18.38
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.60%
Corn for grain: 46420 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 319 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 43067 harvested acres

Tornado activity:

Union County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is above Iowa state average. It is 3.8 times above overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 3 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 5/27/1995, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado injured 2 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Union County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above Iowa state average. It is 98% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 7/16/2004 at 12:17:30, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 MW, 3.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 72.2 miles away from the county center
On 2/11/1995 at 05:54:10, a magnitude 3.1 (3.1 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 50.9 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Union County (16) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 15
Emergencies Declared: 1

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 9, Storms: 9, Tornadoes: 3, Floods: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Heavy Rain: 1, Snow: 1, Hurricane: 1, Ice Storm: 1, Tornado: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (12%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (9%)
  • Metal and metal products (6%)
  • Food (5%)
  • Educational services (5%)
  • Accommodation and food services (4%)
  • Repair and maintenance (4%)
  • Health care (18%)
  • Educational services (13%)
  • Accommodation and food services (6%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Food (5%)
  • Finance and insurance (5%)
  • Electrical equipment, appliances, and components (4%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (7%)
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (7%)
  • Metal workers and plastic workers (6%)
  • Farmers and farm managers (5%)
  • Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers (5%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (4%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (4%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (7%)
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (6%)
  • Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides (5%)
  • Registered nurses (4%)
  • Assemblers and fabricators (4%)
  • Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (4%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Union County (%):





Union County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 4,884 (80%)
  • Carpooled: 590 (10%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 89 (1%)
  • Streetcar or trolley car: 8 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 15 (0%)
  • Walked: 161 (3%)
  • Other means: 52 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 281 (5%)

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Union County, Iowa in 2000:

People in group quarters in Union County, Iowa in 2010:


Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $41,123.

6.63% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($29,042 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.63%
Iowa average:

6.30%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
4.57% relocated from other counties in Iowa ($18,503 average AGI)
2.07% relocated from other states ($10,539 average AGI)
Union County:

2.07%
Iowa average:

2.55%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Polk County, IA  0.71% ($25,788 average AGI)
from Ringgold County, IA  0.58% ($25,667)
from Adair County, IA  0.50% ($32,130)
from Madison County, IA  0.41% ($38,579)
from Adams County, IA  0.37% ($22,471)
from Clarke County, IA  0.30% ($18,786)
from Taylor County, IA  0.22% ($34,900)


6.77% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($30,425 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.77%
Iowa average:

6.47%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.73% relocated to other counties in Iowa ($19,781 average AGI)
2.04% relocated to other states ($10,644 average AGI)
Union County:

2.04%
Iowa average:

2.80%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Polk County, IA  1.05% ($29,755 average AGI)
to Adair County, IA  0.41% ($55,947)
to Ringgold County, IA  0.30% ($17,286)
to Taylor County, IA  0.30% ($20,357)
to Clarke County, IA  0.26% ($29,500)
to Madison County, IA  0.26% ($20,333)
to Dallas County, IA  0.22% ($25,700)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.7
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.9

Births per 1000 population in Union County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.0
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.8

Deaths per 1000 population in Union County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 8.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 5.4

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Union County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,648 (2,314 aged, 334 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 9%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 7%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 8.34
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 13741.35
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 283.5
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 37196.7

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1361.510
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1553.630

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 39.83
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 75.18

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 8.35

Household type by relationship:

Households: 12,182

Size of family households: 1,736 2-persons, 620 3-persons, 541 4-persons, 284 5-persons, 103 6-persons, 44 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,664 1-person, 227 2-persons, 36 3-persons, 11 4-persons, 5 5-persons.

97.3% of residents of Union County speak English at home.
1.7% of residents speak Spanish at home (71% speak English very well, 15% speak English well, 14% speak English not well).
0.4% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (78% speak English very well, 12% speak English well, 10% speak English not well).
0.5% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (76% speak English very well, 4% speak English well, 20% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English very well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $87,397,000 ($7287 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $1,105,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $36,127,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $18,220,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $7,835,000
Federal grants: $19,410,000
Federal procurement contracts: $944,000 ($15,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $4,862,000 ($412,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $4,376,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $1,551,000
Federal Government insurance: $19,509,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 718
Here:

60 per 1000 residents
State:

66 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 789
Here:

66 per 1000 residents
State:

48 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +22
Here:

+2 per 1000 residents
State:

+10 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -273
Here -23 per 1000 residents
State -14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Union County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 3.16 millions of gallons per day (1% from ground, 99% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.1
State:

6.3

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

4.2

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Union County, Iowa
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 11
  • 2 rooms: 17
  • 3 rooms: 61
  • 4 rooms: 398
  • 5 rooms: 828
  • 6 rooms: 929
  • 7 rooms: 660
  • 8 rooms: 474
  • 9+ rooms: 398
  • 1 room: 48
  • 2 rooms: 92
  • 3 rooms: 326
  • 4 rooms: 379
  • 5 rooms: 280
  • 6 rooms: 162
  • 7 rooms: 87
  • 8 rooms: 54
  • 9+ rooms: 38
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Union County, Iowa
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 15
  • 1 bedroom: 95
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,017
  • 3 bedrooms: 1,810
  • 4 bedrooms: 684
  • 5+ bedrooms: 155
  • no bedroom: 75
  • 1 bedroom: 506
  • 2 bedrooms: 503
  • 3 bedrooms: 300
  • 4 bedrooms: 70
  • 5+ bedrooms: 12
Cars and other vehicles available in Union County, Iowa in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 137
  • 1 vehicle: 843
  • 2 vehicles: 1,718
  • 3 vehicles: 729
  • 4 vehicles: 247
  • 5+ vehicles: 102
  • no vehicle: 242
  • 1 vehicle: 750
  • 2 vehicles: 332
  • 3 vehicles: 102
  • 4 vehicles: 18
  • 5+ vehicles: 22

62% of Union County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 53% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 57% lived in Iowa.

Union County:

62.0%
State average:

57.7%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $13,800


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Union County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (67.9%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (19.2%)
  • Electricity (8.7%)
  • Wood (3.0%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1.2%)
  • Utility gas (57.2%)
  • Electricity (26.3%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (13.6%)
  • Other fuel (1.4%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (0.8%)
  • No fuel used (0.5%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 92
Here:

7.0%
Iowa:

10.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 23
Here:

3.3%
Iowa:

7.1%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 61
Here:

10.9%
Iowa:

25.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Union County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Union County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Most common first names in Union County, IA among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Mary10581.8 years
John10077.5 years
Robert7873.9 years
William7678.5 years
Helen6778.3 years
George5280.2 years
Charles5175.4 years
James4872.9 years
Margaret4681.3 years
Dorothy4680.4 years
Most common last names in Union County, IA among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Miller6877.6 years
Smith5474.9 years
Johnson3979.2 years
Brown3879.1 years
Wilson3483.2 years
Thompson3180.4 years
White2982.9 years
Jackson2979.6 years
Jones2976.5 years
Campbell2376.3 years
Businesses in Union County, IA
NameCountNameCount
Curves1Pizza Hut1
Dairy Queen1RadioShack1
FedEx1SAS Shoes1
H&R Block1Subway2
Hardee's1Super 81
Jones New York1True Value1
La-Z-Boy1U-Haul1
MasterBrand Cabinets3U.S. Cellular1
Maurices1UPS2
McDonald's1Walmart1
New Balance1YMCA1
Nike2
Browse common businesses in Union County, IA


Union County on our top lists:

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