Union County, Iowa (IA)

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County population in 2012: 12,594 (61% urban, 39% rural); it was 12,309 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 2,238
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,498
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 3,776
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,535 (it was 1,466 in 2000)
% of renters here:

28%
State:

28%

Land area: 424 sq. mi.

Water area: 1.6 sq. mi.

Population density: 30 people per square mile   (low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Union County: 79.8 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (35.0%), Educational, health and social services (29.6%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 43%
  • Government: 6%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 52%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Union County races chart

Races in Union County, Iowa:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (96.0%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (1.8%)
  • Two or more races (0.8%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (0.7%)
Median resident age:  40.0 years
Iowa median age:  38.0 years
Males: 6,106  (47.1%)
Females: 6,428  (52.9%)
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Union County,IA real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Union County:

2.0 people
Iowa:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $45,171 ($31,905 in 1999)

This county:

$45171
Iowa:

$52229

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $430 (lower quartile is $329, upper quartile is $506)
This county:

$430
State:

$554


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $93,516 (it was $59,000 in 2000)
Union:

$93,516
Iowa:

$126,900
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $58,326 - $158,061
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $922
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $436

Institutionalized population: 126

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Union County, IA map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 11 buildings, average cost: $166,600
  • 2008: 5 buildings, average cost: $185,000
  • 2009: 2 buildings, average cost: $172,500

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $1,589 (1.7%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $1,452 (1.6%)

Union County household income distribution in 2009 Union County home values distribution Union County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 16.1%
(15.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 68.1% for Black residents, 8.4% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 24.3% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 16.5%
Union County:

16.5%
Iowa:

12.7%
(15.9% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 66.1% for Black residents, 7.5% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 20.9% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 41 years old
(Males: 40 years old, Females: 42 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 17 years old, American Indian residents: 54 years old, Asian residents: 59 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 17 years old, Other race residents: 32 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Union County is $379 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $498 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $608 a month.

Cities in this county include: Creston, Afton, Lorimor, Cromwell, Arispe, Shannon City, Thayer, Kent.

Union County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Union County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Union County: Pine Valley Golf Course (A), Cromwell (B), Lakeshore Golf and Country Club (C), Spaulding (D), Crestmoor Country Club (E), Talmage Junction (F), Highland Townhall (G). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Union County include: Beulah Church (A), Dodge Center Church (B), Immanuel Church (C), Oak Hill Church (D), Pleasant Valley Church (E), Platte Center Church (F), Jerusalem Church (G), Kingdom Hall of Jehovahs Witnesses (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Groesbeck Cemetery (1), County Home Cemetery (2), Dodge Center Cemetery (3), Homewood Cemetery (4), Reasoner Cemetery (5), Leas Cemetery (6), Brown Family Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs: Lake Afton (A), Summit Lake (B), Thayer Lake (C), Spring Valley Lake (D), Three Mile Lake (E), Twelve Mile Lake (F), Green Valley Lake (G). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Indian Creek (A), Wolf Creek (B), Sevenmile Creek (C), Twelvemile Creek (D), Fourmile Creek (E), East Platte River (F), Threemile Creek (G), East Branch Middle Platte River (H), Loefler Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Union County include: Mount Pisgah Park (1), First White Settlement in Union County Historical Marker (2), Twelve Mile Lake Wildlife Management Area (3), Three Mile Lake Wildlife Management Area (4), Mitchell Marsh (5), Summit Lake Wildlife Management Area (6), Thayer Lake Park (7), Talmage Hill Park (8), Talmage Hill Wildlife Area (9). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Adair County , Adams County , Clarke County , Decatur County , Madison County , Ringgold County , Taylor County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

4.7%
Iowa:

4.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 597
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 87.3%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 14.7%

Number of foreign born residents: 113 (53% naturalized citizens)

Union County:

0.9%
Whole state:

3.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 42
  • 1990 to 1994: 0
  • 1985 to 1989: 23
  • 1980 to 1984: 0
  • 1975 to 1979: 20
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1965 to 1969: 28

Mean travel time to work (commute): 16.4 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 85.6%

Union County marital status for males Union County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Union County with a mortgage: 1,600 (94 second mortgage, 86 home equity loan, 15 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,219

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

62.8% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Union County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Mainline Protestant2,93217
Catholic1,1572
Evangelical Protestant1,01512
Other1593
None7,271-
Union County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 2
Union County:

1.65 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.14 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 10
Union County:

8.23 / 10,000 pop.
Iowa:

5.55 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 12
This county:

9.87 / 10,000 pop.
State:

8.01 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Union County:

8.3%
Iowa:

7.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Union County:

26.4%
State:

27.3%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

16.1%
State:

14.5%

Agriculture in Union County:

Average size of farms: 341 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $90,100
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $197.78
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 63.24%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $89,635
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 49.11%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $85,551
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 89.11%
Average age of principal farm operators: 55 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 18.38
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.60%
Corn for grain: 46420 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 319 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 43067 harvested acres

Tornado activity:

Union County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Iowa state average. It is 1622505.7 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 3 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 5/27/1995, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado injured 2 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Union County-area historical earthquake activity is near Iowa state average. It is 79% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/18/2008 at 09:36:59, a magnitude 5.4 (5.1 MB, 4.8 MS, 5.4 MW, 5.2 MW, Depth: 8.9 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 383.7 miles away from Union County center
On 7/16/2004 at 12:17:30, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 MW, 3.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 72.2 miles away from the county center
On 6/10/1987 at 23:48:54, a magnitude 5.1 (4.9 MB, 4.4 MS, 4.6 MS, 5.1 LG) earthquake occurred 371.7 miles away from the county center
On 9/26/1990 at 13:18:51, a magnitude 5.0 (4.7 MB, 4.8 LG, 5.0 LG, Depth: 7.7 mi) earthquake occurred 369.0 miles away from the county center
On 11/3/2002 at 20:41:56, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, 4.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 266.4 miles away from Union County center
On 5/4/1991 at 01:18:54, a magnitude 5.0 (4.4 MB, 4.6 LG, 5.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 391.2 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Union County (16) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 15
Emergencies Declared: 1

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 11, Storms: 9, Tornadoes: 4, Winter Storms: 2, Heavy Rain: 1, Hurricane: 1, Ice Storm: 1, Snow: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (26%)
  • United Kingdom (20%)
  • Canada (17%)
  • Germany (10%)
  • Vietnam (10%)
  • Thailand (8%)
  • Philippines (5%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Union County (%):

  • German (30%)
  • United States or American (19%)
  • English (12%)
  • Irish (11%)
  • Swedish (3%)
  • Dutch (3%)
  • Norwegian (3%)

Union County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 4,884 (80%)
  • Carpooled: 590 (10%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 89 (1%)
  • Streetcar or trolley car: 8 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 15 (0%)
  • Walked: 161 (3%)
  • Other means: 52 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 281 (5%)

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Union County, Iowa in 2000:

  • 158 people in nursing homes
  • 60 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 38 people in homes for the mentally retarded
  • 27 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
  • 9 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)

People in group quarters in Union County, Iowa in 2010:

  • 117 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 112 people in college/university student housing
  • 64 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 50 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 9 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $46,670.

6.18% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($27,307 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.18%
Iowa average:

5.75%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
4.45% relocated from other counties in Iowa ($19,085 average AGI)
1.73% relocated from other states ($8,222 average AGI)
Union County:

1.73%
Iowa average:

2.41%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Polk County, IA  0.78% ($33,622 average AGI)
from Adair County, IA  0.48% ($23,391)
from Ringgold County, IA  0.36% ($17,824)
from Clarke County, IA  0.34% ($23,938)
from Taylor County, IA  0.34% ($23,563)
from Adams County, IA  0.23% ($29,364)
from Dallas County, IA  0.21% ($22,700)


6.35% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($46,119 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.35%
Iowa average:

5.94%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.12% relocated to other counties in Iowa ($33,758 average AGI)
2.23% relocated to other states ($12,364 average AGI)
Union County:

2.23%
Iowa average:

2.60%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Polk County, IA  0.93% ($29,023 average AGI)
to Clarke County, IA  0.38% ($29,611)
to Adair County, IA  0.29% ($22,500)
to Madison County, IA  0.29% ($25,714)
to Taylor County, IA  0.27% ($21,308)
to Adams County, IA  0.23% ($33,818)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.7
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.9

Births per 1000 population in Union County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.0
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.8
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 11.4

Deaths per 1000 population in Union County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 8.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 5.4

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Union County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,648 (2,314 aged, 334 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 9%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 7%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 8.34
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 13741.35
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 283.5
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 37196.7

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1361.510
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1553.630

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 39.83
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 75.18

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 8.35

Household type by relationship:

Households: 12,182

Size of family households: 1,736 2-persons, 620 3-persons, 541 4-persons, 284 5-persons, 103 6-persons, 44 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,664 1-person, 227 2-persons, 36 3-persons, 11 4-persons, 5 5-persons.

2,057 married couples with children.
653 single-parent households (156 men, 497 women).

97.3% of residents of Union County speak English at home.
1.7% of residents speak Spanish at home (71% speak English very well, 15% speak English well, 14% speak English not well).
0.4% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (78% speak English very well, 12% speak English well, 10% speak English not well).
0.5% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (76% speak English very well, 4% speak English well, 20% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak other language at home (100% speak English very well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $87,397,000 ($7287 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $1,105,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $36,127,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $18,220,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $7,835,000
Federal grants: $19,410,000
Federal procurement contracts: $944,000 ($15,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $4,862,000 ($412,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $4,376,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $1,551,000
Federal Government insurance: $19,509,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 718
Here:

60 per 1000 residents
State:

66 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 789
Here:

66 per 1000 residents
State:

48 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +22
Here:

+2 per 1000 residents
State:

+10 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -273
Here -23 per 1000 residents
State -14 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Union County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 3.16 millions of gallons per day (1% from ground, 99% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.1
State:

6.3

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

4.2

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 31
  • 2000 to 2004: 495
  • 1990 to 1999: 364
  • 1980 to 1989: 269
  • 1970 to 1979: 795
  • 1960 to 1969: 505
  • 1950 to 1959: 566
  • 1940 to 1949: 431
  • 1939 or earlier: 2,424
Rooms in houses/apartments in Union County, Iowa
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 11
  • 2 rooms: 17
  • 3 rooms: 61
  • 4 rooms: 398
  • 5 rooms: 828
  • 6 rooms: 929
  • 7 rooms: 660
  • 8 rooms: 474
  • 9+ rooms: 398
  • 1 room: 48
  • 2 rooms: 92
  • 3 rooms: 326
  • 4 rooms: 379
  • 5 rooms: 280
  • 6 rooms: 162
  • 7 rooms: 87
  • 8 rooms: 54
  • 9+ rooms: 38
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Union County, Iowa
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 15
  • 1 bedroom: 95
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,017
  • 3 bedrooms: 1,810
  • 4 bedrooms: 684
  • 5+ bedrooms: 155
  • no bedroom: 75
  • 1 bedroom: 506
  • 2 bedrooms: 503
  • 3 bedrooms: 300
  • 4 bedrooms: 70
  • 5+ bedrooms: 12
Cars and other vehicles available in Union County, Iowa in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 137
  • 1 vehicle: 843
  • 2 vehicles: 1,718
  • 3 vehicles: 729
  • 4 vehicles: 247
  • 5+ vehicles: 102
  • no vehicle: 242
  • 1 vehicle: 750
  • 2 vehicles: 332
  • 3 vehicles: 102
  • 4 vehicles: 18
  • 5+ vehicles: 22

62% of Union County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 53% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 57% lived in Iowa.

Union County:

62.0%
State average:

57.7%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $13,800


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Union County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (67.9%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (19.2%)
  • Electricity (8.7%)
  • Wood (3.0%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1.2%)
  • Utility gas (57.2%)
  • Electricity (26.3%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (13.6%)
  • Other fuel (1.4%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (0.8%)
  • No fuel used (0.5%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 92
Here:

7.0%
Iowa:

10.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 23
Here:

3.3%
Iowa:

7.1%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 61
Here:

10.9%
Iowa:

25.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Union County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Union County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Union County, IA among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Mary10581.8 years
John10077.5 years
Robert7873.9 years
William7678.5 years
Helen6778.3 years
George5280.2 years
Charles5175.4 years
James4872.9 years
Margaret4681.3 years
Dorothy4680.4 years
Most common last names in Union County, IA among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Miller6877.6 years
Smith5474.9 years
Johnson3979.2 years
Brown3879.1 years
Wilson3483.2 years
Thompson3180.4 years
White2982.9 years
Jackson2979.6 years
Jones2976.5 years
Campbell2376.3 years
Businesses in Union County, IA
NameCountNameCount
Chevrolet1Nike2
Curves1Pizza Hut1
Dairy Queen1RadioShack1
FedEx1SAS Shoes1
Ford1Subway2
H&R Block1Super 81
Hardee's1True Value1
Jones New York1U-Haul1
La-Z-Boy1U.S. Cellular1
MasterBrand Cabinets3UPS2
Maurices1Walmart1
McDonald's1YMCA1
New Balance1

Union County on our top lists: