County population in 2012: 17,109 (all rural); it was 18,097 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 2,445 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 3,273 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 5,912 Renter-occupied apartments: 1,040 (it was 793 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 1081 sq. mi. Water area: 7.9 sq. mi.
Population density: 16 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Washington County: 81.7 (low, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Manufacturing (25.1%), Educational,health and social services (19.3%), Construction (14.1%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $251 (0.2%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $141 (0.2%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 20.0%
(11.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 31.3% for Black residents, 100.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 45.6% for American Indian residents, 100.0% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 44.6% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 39 years old
(Males: 38 years old, Females: 40 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 36 years old, American Indian residents: 29 years old, Asian residents: 38 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 35 years old, Other race residents: 32 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Washington County is $381 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $435 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $552 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Washington County: Harrells Quarters (A), McIntosh Landing (B), McIntosh Station (C), Blount Landing (D), Blue Ford Landing (E), Export Landing (F), Hazard Landing (G), Freilburg (H), Fairhope (I), Bassetts Field (J), West Maher Landing (K), Three Rivers (L), Oven Landing (M), Masons Lower Landing (N), Lowman Steam Plant (O), Washington County C and D Landfill (P), Laurel Shanty Landing (Q), Oil Well Landing (R), Peaveys Landing Boat Ramp (S), Pine Bluff Landing (T). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Washington County include: Mount Nebo Church (A), Mount Pleasant Baptist Church (B), New Haven Baptist Church (C), New Hope Church (D), New True Light Baptist Church (E), North Oak Grove Baptist Church (F), Lang's Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (G), Howard Town Baptist Church (H), Hill Spring Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Sawyer Cemetery (1), Saint Thomas Cemetery (2), Laton Hill Cemetery (3), Ebenezer Cemetery (4), Charity Chapel Cemetery (5), Red Bank Cemetery (6), Wesley Chapel Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Flat Lake (A), Flag Lake (B), Fishing Lake (C), Hooks Lake (D), Turpin Slough (E), Three Rivers Lake (F), Highland Pond (G), Bates Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Titi Branch (A), Tiger Branch (B), Smiths Creek (C), Skinner Creek (D), Skinner Branch (E), Simmons Creek (F), Sawmill Branch (G), Salt Creek (H), Rowell Branch (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 187 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $54,513 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $82.61 The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 96.45% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $44,022 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 12.54% Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 0.25% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $46,202 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 95.96% Average age of principal farm operators: 58 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 13.39 Corn for grain: 1833 harvested acres Soybeans for beans: 419 harvested acres Vegetables: 79 harvested acres Land in orchards: 78 acres
Washington County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Alabama state average. It is 1.1 times above overall U.S. average. Tornadoes in this county have caused one injury recorded between 1950 and 2004. On 1/23/1953, a category 3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado injured one person and caused between $5000 and $50,000 in damages.
Washington County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly below Alabama state average. It is 84% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 10/24/1997 at 08:35:17, a magnitude 4.9 (4.8 MB, 4.2 MS, 4.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 54.6 miles away from the county center On 11/7/2004 at 11:20:21, a magnitude 4.4 (4.4 MB, 4.3 MW, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 89.7 miles away from the county center On 7/16/1993 at 10:54:32, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 28.6 miles away from the county center On 10/26/1997 at 23:27:12, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 53.6 miles away from Washington County center On 3/25/1996 at 14:15:50, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, 3.1 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 61.1 miles away from the county center On 3/22/2005 at 08:11:50, a magnitude 3.3 (3.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 32.9 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)
Most recent natural disasters:
Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds, Incident Period: April 27, 2011, Emergency Declared (EM-3319): April 27, 2011, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3319, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Wind
Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding, Incident Period: April 15, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1971): April 28, 2011, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1971, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
Alabama Severe Storms, Flooding, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds, Incident Period: March 25, 2009 to April 3, 2009, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1835): April 28, 2009, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1835, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
Alabama Hurricane Gustav, Incident Period: August 29, 2008 to September 3, 2008, Emergency Declared (EM-3292): August 30, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3292, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3237): September 10, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3237, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Katrina, Incident Period: August 28, 2005 to September 26, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3214): August 28, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3214, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Dennis, Incident Period: July 10, 2005 to July 16, 2005, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1593): July 10, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1593, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Hurricane Ivan, Incident Period: September 13, 2004 to September 30, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1549): September 15, 2004, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1549, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Alabama Macintosh Fire, Incident Period: September 17, 1999, Natural disaster type: Fire
Alabama Hurricane Georges, Incident Period: September 28, 1998 to October 6, 1998, Emergency Declared (EM-3133): September 28, 1998, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3133, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
6 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Washington County (16) is greater than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 8 Emergencies Declared: 7
Causes of natural disasters: Hurricanes: 8, Storms: 5, Floods: 4, Tornadoes: 4, Winds: 3, Snowfall: 1, Drought: 1, Fire: 1, Winter Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 15.4 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.2
Births per 1000 population in Washington County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.8 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.3
Deaths per 1000 population in Washington County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 9.4 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 10.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Washington County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,974 (2,210 aged, 764 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 17% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 12%
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 15,363 (3,510 male householders, 1,408 female householders)
3,729 spouses, 5,265 children (4,797 natural, 152 adopted, 316 stepchildren), 727 grandchildren, 136 brothers or sisters, 85 parents, 189 other relatives, 222 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 2,071 (914 male householders (800 living alone)), 926 female householders (854 living alone)), 231 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 147 (141 institutionalized population)
Size of family households: 2,102 2-persons, 1,181 3-persons, 927 4-persons, 482 5-persons, 140 6-persons, 86 7-or-more-persons.
98.0% of residents of Washington County speak English at home.
1.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (72% speak English very well, 11% speak English well, 16% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
0.3% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (88% speak English very well, 5% speak English well, 7% speak English not well).
0.3% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (57% speak English very well, 43% speak English well).
0.3% of residents speak other language at home (84% speak English very well, 16% speak English not well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $103,961,000 ($5806 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $1,754,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $48,223,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $23,712,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $366,000 Federal grants: $28,260,000 Federal procurement contracts: $700,000 ($15,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $2,700,000 ($130,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $263,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $1,205,000 Federal Government insurance: $1,513,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
66 per 1000 residents
70 per 1000 residents
50 per 1000 residents
53 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: -3
-0 per 1000 residents
+6 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: -597
-34 per 1000 residents
+2 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Washington County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.39 millions of gallons per day (77% from ground, 23% from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 33
2000 to 2004: 355
1990 to 1999: 1,752
1980 to 1989: 1,442
1970 to 1979: 1,819
1960 to 1969: 1,547
1950 to 1959: 911
1940 to 1949: 196
1939 or earlier: 371
Rooms in houses/apartments in Washington County, Alabama
75% of Washington County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 57% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 65% lived in Alabama.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 14732
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $31,800
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 6%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 5%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Washington County