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Washington County, Alabama (AL)


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County population in 2012: 17,109 (all rural); it was 18,097 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 2,445
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 3,273
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 5,912
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,040 (it was 793 in 2000)
% of renters here:

12%
State:

30%

Land area: 1081 sq. mi.
Water area: 7.9 sq. mi.
Population density: 16 people per square mile 
 
 (low).

Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Washington County: 81.7 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Manufacturing (25.1%), Educational,health and social services (19.3%), Construction (14.1%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 80%
  • Government: 16%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 5%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Washington County races chart

Races in Washington County, Alabama:


Median resident age:  39.0 years
Alabama median age:  37.0 years

Males: 8,656  (50.4%)
Females: 8,925  (49.6%)

Washington County, AL forum
Recent posts about Washington County, Alabama on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users. Washington County is mentioned 33 times on our forum:
Bass Pro Shop at Mooresville dead  (28 replies)
Should FL Panhandle and South Alabama form a new State?  (69 replies)
Mobile compared to BHam  (34 replies)
Leaving the Midwest - Headed South  (19 replies)
Snowpocalypse 2011  (121 replies)
Birmingham shrinks as other Alabama cities swell  (86 replies)

Average household size:
Washington County:

2.0 people
Alabama:

2 people

Estimated median household income in 2009: $36,551 ($30,815 in 1999)
This county:

$36551
Alabama:

$40489

Median contract rent in 2009 for apartments: $263 (lower quartile is $162, upper quartile is $344)
This county:

$263
State:

$468


Estimated median house or condo value in 2009: $78,665 (it was $51,800 in 2000)
Washington County:

$78,665
Alabama:

$119,600
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $37,835 - $144,149

Mean price in 2009:

Detached houses: $133,938
Here:

$133,938
State:

$173,288

Townhouses or other attached units: $76,972
Here:

$76,972
State:

$141,507

Mobile homes: $62,589
Here:

$62,589
State:

$39,336

Occupied boats, RVs, vans, etc.: $8,931
Here:

$8,931
State:

$43,371
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,066
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $263

Institutionalized population: 141

Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Washington County, AL map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:


Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $251 (0.2%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $141 (0.2%)


Washington County household income distribution in 2009 Washington County home values distribution


Washington County contract rent distribution in 2009

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 20.0%
(11.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 31.3% for Black residents, 100.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 45.6% for American Indian residents, 100.0% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 44.6% for two or more races residents)
Median age of residents in 2010: 39 years old
(Males: 38 years old, Females: 40 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 36 years old, American Indian residents: 29 years old, Asian residents: 38 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 35 years old, Other race residents: 32 years old)

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

18.5%
Whole state:

16.1%

Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
This county:

6.6%
Whole state:

7.3%

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Washington County is $381 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $435 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $552 a month.

Cities in this county include: Wagarville, Fruitdale, Chatom, Leroy, Millry, St. Stephens, McIntosh, Vinegar Bend, Deer Park, Malcolm.

Washington County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level less than 2 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Low Potential

Click to draw/clear Washington County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Washington County: Harrells Quarters (A), McIntosh Landing (B), McIntosh Station (C), Blount Landing (D), Blue Ford Landing (E), Export Landing (F), Hazard Landing (G), Freilburg (H), Fairhope (I), Bassetts Field (J), West Maher Landing (K), Three Rivers (L), Oven Landing (M), Masons Lower Landing (N), Lowman Steam Plant (O), Washington County C and D Landfill (P), Laurel Shanty Landing (Q), Oil Well Landing (R), Peaveys Landing Boat Ramp (S), Pine Bluff Landing (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Washington County include: Mount Nebo Church (A), Mount Pleasant Baptist Church (B), New Haven Baptist Church (C), New Hope Church (D), New True Light Baptist Church (E), North Oak Grove Baptist Church (F), Lang's Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (G), Howard Town Baptist Church (H), Hill Spring Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Sawyer Cemetery (1), Saint Thomas Cemetery (2), Laton Hill Cemetery (3), Ebenezer Cemetery (4), Charity Chapel Cemetery (5), Red Bank Cemetery (6), Wesley Chapel Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Flat Lake (A), Flag Lake (B), Fishing Lake (C), Hooks Lake (D), Turpin Slough (E), Three Rivers Lake (F), Highland Pond (G), Bates Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Titi Branch (A), Tiger Branch (B), Smiths Creek (C), Skinner Creek (D), Skinner Branch (E), Simmons Creek (F), Sawmill Branch (G), Salt Creek (H), Rowell Branch (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Washington County include: Alabama Bluegrass Music Park (1), Wiggins Stadium (2). Display/hide their locations on the map

 

Neighboring counties: Baldwin County , Choctaw County , Clarke County , Greene County, Mississippi , Mobile County , Wayne County, Mississippi .

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)


Current college students: 441
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 72.3%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 8.6%

Number of foreign born residents: 86 (91% naturalized citizens)

Washington County:

0.5%
Whole state:

2.0%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population


Mean travel time to work (commute): 34.6 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 51.9%

Washington County marital status for males
Washington County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Washington County with a mortgage: 1,356 (93 second mortgage, 44 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,690

Here:

44.5% with mortgage
State:

64.0% with mortgage



Religion statistics:

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 48.67%
Here48.7%
USA50.2%
Total adherents: 8,807
Total congregations: 74

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameSouthern Baptist ConventionUnited Methodist ChurchAssemblies of GodChurch of God (Cleveland, Tennessee)Other
Adherents5,886 (66.8%)1,662 (18.9%)694 (7.9%)256 (2.9%)309 (3.5%)
Congregations36 (48.6%)18 (24.3%)10 (13.5%)4 (5.4%)6 (8.1%)
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Religions in Washington County - Wagarville, Fruitdale, Chatom, Leroy, Millry

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 4
This county:

2.32 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

1.89 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 3
Washington County:

1.74 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

0.65 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 11
This county:

6.39 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

6.32 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 5
Washington County:

2.91 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

5.75 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Here:

13.2%
Alabama:

11.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Here:

34.6%
Alabama:

31.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Washington County:

12.7%
State:

13.5%


Agriculture in Washington County:

Average size of farms: 187 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $54,513
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $82.61
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 96.45%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $44,022
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 12.54%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 0.25%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $46,202
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 95.96%
Average age of principal farm operators: 58 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 13.39
Corn for grain: 1833 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 419 harvested acres
Vegetables: 79 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 78 acres

Tornado activity:

Washington County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Alabama state average. It is 1.1 times above overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused one injury recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 1/23/1953, a category 3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado injured one person and caused between $5000 and $50,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Washington County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly below Alabama state average. It is 84% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 10/24/1997 at 08:35:17, a magnitude 4.9 (4.8 MB, 4.2 MS, 4.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 54.6 miles away from the county center
On 11/7/2004 at 11:20:21, a magnitude 4.4 (4.4 MB, 4.3 MW, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 89.7 miles away from the county center
On 7/16/1993 at 10:54:32, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 28.6 miles away from the county center
On 10/26/1997 at 23:27:12, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 53.6 miles away from Washington County center
On 3/25/1996 at 14:15:50, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, 3.1 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 61.1 miles away from the county center
On 3/22/2005 at 08:11:50, a magnitude 3.3 (3.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 32.9 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Washington County (16) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 8
Emergencies Declared: 7

Causes of natural disasters: Hurricanes: 8, Storms: 5, Floods: 4, Tornadoes: 4, Winds: 3, Snowfall: 1, Drought: 1, Fire: 1, Winter Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers


Most common industries (%)
Males Females
  • Construction (19%)
  • Chemicals (16%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (9%)
  • Paper (5%)
  • Wood products (4%)
  • Utilities (4%)
  • Truck transportation (4%)
  • Health care (15%)
  • Educational services (13%)
  • Apparel (6%)
  • Public administration (6%)
  • Food and beverage stores (6%)
  • Accommodation and food services (6%)
  • Chemicals (5%)
Most common occupations (%)
Males Females
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (16%)
  • Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (10%)
  • Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (6%)
  • Construction trades workers except carpenters, electricians, painters, plumbers, and construction laborers (6%)
  • Laborers and material movers, hand (3%)
  • Fishing and hunting, and forest and logging workers (3%)
  • Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (3%)
  • Secretaries and administrative assistants (7%)
  • Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers (7%)
  • Other production occupations including supervisors (5%)
  • Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (5%)
  • Other office and administrative support workers including supervisors (5%)
  • Cashiers (5%)
  • Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (4%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):




Most common first ancestries reported in Washington County (%):





Washington County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 5,017 (75%)
  • Carpooled: 1,299 (19%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 56 (1%)
  • Streetcar or trolley car: 13 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 9 (0%)
  • Walked: 139 (2%)
  • Other means: 60 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 126 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Washington County, Alabama in 2000:

People in group quarters in Washington County, Alabama in 2010:


Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $41,558.

4.90% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($29,643 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

4.90%
Alabama average:

6.81%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
2.97% relocated from other counties in Alabama ($18,008 average AGI)
1.93% relocated from other states ($11,635 average AGI)
Washington County:

1.93%
Alabama average:

3.11%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Mobile County, AL  1.64% ($29,944 average AGI)
from Clarke County, AL  0.46% ($35,120)
from Baldwin County, AL  0.22% ($20,167)
from Wayne County, MS  0.22% ($28,750)


5.78% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($28,224 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.78%
Alabama average:

6.16%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.09% relocated to other counties in Alabama ($19,114 average AGI)
1.70% relocated to other states ($9,114 average AGI)
Washington County:

1.70%
Alabama average:

2.51%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Mobile County, AL  2.06% ($25,195 average AGI)
to Clarke County, AL  0.78% ($26,860)
to Baldwin County, AL  0.35% ($40,579)
to Wayne County, MS  0.35% ($22,421)
to Choctaw County, AL  0.20% ($38,455)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 15.4
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.2

Births per 1000 population in Washington County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.8
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.3

Deaths per 1000 population in Washington County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 9.4
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 10.2

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Washington County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 2,974 (2,210 aged, 764 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 17%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 12%

Household type by relationship:

Households: 17,434

Size of family households: 2,102 2-persons, 1,181 3-persons, 927 4-persons, 482 5-persons, 140 6-persons, 86 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 1,654 1-person, 155 2-persons, 21 3-persons, 7 4-persons, 2 5-persons, 1 6-persons.

98.0% of residents of Washington County speak English at home.
1.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (72% speak English very well, 11% speak English well, 16% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
0.3% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (88% speak English very well, 5% speak English well, 7% speak English not well).
0.3% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (57% speak English very well, 43% speak English well).
0.3% of residents speak other language at home (84% speak English very well, 16% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $103,961,000 ($5806 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $1,754,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $48,223,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $23,712,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $366,000
Federal grants: $28,260,000
Federal procurement contracts: $700,000 ($15,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $2,700,000 ($130,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $263,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $1,205,000
Federal Government insurance: $1,513,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 1,175
Here:

66 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 880
Here:

50 per 1000 residents
State:

53 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: -3
Here -0 per 1000 residents
State +6 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -597
Here -34 per 1000 residents
State +2 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Washington County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 1.39 millions of gallons per day (77% from ground, 23% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.6
State:

6.0

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.9
State:

4.3

Year house built

Rooms in houses/apartments in Washington County, Alabama
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 14
  • 2 rooms: 103
  • 3 rooms: 185
  • 4 rooms: 700
  • 5 rooms: 1,738
  • 6 rooms: 1,454
  • 7 rooms: 928
  • 8 rooms: 415
  • 9+ rooms: 375
  • 1 room: 1
  • 2 rooms: 47
  • 3 rooms: 102
  • 4 rooms: 155
  • 5 rooms: 207
  • 6 rooms: 135
  • 7 rooms: 92
  • 8 rooms: 28
  • 9+ rooms: 26
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Washington County, Alabama
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 21
  • 1 bedroom: 146
  • 2 bedrooms: 1,277
  • 3 bedrooms: 3,534
  • 4 bedrooms: 742
  • 5+ bedrooms: 192
  • no bedroom: 9
  • 1 bedroom: 104
  • 2 bedrooms: 284
  • 3 bedrooms: 299
  • 4 bedrooms: 95
  • 5+ bedrooms: 2
Cars and other vehicles available in Washington County, Alabama in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 381
  • 1 vehicle: 1,569
  • 2 vehicles: 2,349
  • 3 vehicles: 1,161
  • 4 vehicles: 312
  • 5+ vehicles: 140
  • no vehicle: 169
  • 1 vehicle: 355
  • 2 vehicles: 203
  • 3 vehicles: 62
  • 4 vehicles: 2
  • 5+ vehicles: 2

75% of Washington County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 57% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 65% lived in Alabama.

Washington County:

74.7%
State average:

58.1%


Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:


Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $31,800


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 6%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 5%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit:

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Washington County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (38.1%)
  • Electricity (35.0%)
  • Utility gas (19.5%)
  • Wood (6.7%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (34.0%)
  • Electricity (33.5%)
  • Utility gas (24.7%)
  • Wood (7.4%)



Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 82
Here:

3.4%
Alabama:

10.2%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 43
Here:

3.7%
Alabama:

10.0%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 53
Here:

13.8%
Alabama:

14.1%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)


Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)


Expenditure Revenue

Washington County government finances - Expenditure in 2004:


Washington County government finances - Revenue in 2004:


Washington County government finances - Debt in 2004:


Washington County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2004:


Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:



Washington County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1991
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Washington County Fatal accident statistics for 1992 - 2009
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)




Most common first names in Washington County, AL among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
James8069.7 years
John7174.8 years
Mary5978.6 years
Robert5671.4 years
William4770.3 years
Willie4771.4 years
George3977.0 years
Henry3171.5 years
Annie2380.3 years
Lillie1980.5 years
Most common last names in Washington County, AL among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Reed10569.5 years
Weaver7964.6 years
Carpenter5874.8 years
Beech5375.7 years
Sullivan5170.6 years
Johnson5171.1 years
Williams4574.0 years
Jones3973.1 years
Turner3774.4 years
Brown3778.3 years
Businesses in Washington County, AL
NameCountNameCount
RadioShack1True Value1
Subway1U-Haul1
Browse common businesses in Washington County, AL

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