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Old 01-26-2013, 08:05 PM
 
Location: The western periphery of Terra Australis
24,683 posts, read 45,352,353 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Great_Jack View Post
Vietnamese seem to close to Chinese just only culturally. By the way when it comes to language or genetic comparison Thai seem to share a lot with Chinese for some reason.

They are discussing about Thai or Vietnamese who is closer to Chinese in this forum.

Who is genetically closer to Chinese? Thai/Tai/Dai or Viet/Kinh? - Chinese Ethnic Groups and Peoples - China History Forum, Chinese History Forum
Well I was referring more to the fact that 50-60% of Vietnamese vocab is borrowed from Chinese, largely Middle Chinese. But then again numerals tend to be the core vocab.

Not too surprising since the Dai came from China rather recently. There was probably Han influence even before they settled in Thailand.
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Old 01-26-2013, 08:19 PM
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Trimac20 View Post
Well I was referring more to the fact that 50-60% of Vietnamese vocab is borrowed from Chinese, largely Middle Chinese. But then again numerals tend to be the core vocab.

Not too surprising since the Dai came from China rather recently. There was probably Han influence even before they settled in Thailand.
Yes, most of borrowed words oftenly came from religion influences. The core vocab are mostly numerals and easy words that oftenly use in everyday life.

So basically if we take off borrowed vocab elements, then we will see the ture skeleton of the language.
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Old 01-27-2013, 09:37 AM
 
5,090 posts, read 8,065,240 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Great_Jack View Post
Thai
1.Nueng
2.Song
3.Sam
4.Se
5.Ha
6.Hok
7.Chat
8.Pad
9.Gow
10.Sip
Interestingly, transliteration of Thai into English is sometimes confusing and non-standardized. For example, the district where the Weekend Market in Bangkok is located can be seen spelled (in English) as Chatuchak or Jatujack. Also, some sounds are not found in the English language and can require a bit of practice to learn correctly. In additiion, you can find numerous variations of Thai-English teanslation dictionaries contain numerous differences in attempts to phonetically spell Thai words into English, which only adds to the confusion. For example, you can often find the greeting word in Thailand spelled as "sawasdee". However, that 2nd "s" has more of a hard "t" sound to it. In other words, the placement of the letter should make the phrase come out sounding like "sa-wat-dee".
1. Nueng
Correct but confusing spelling. That's not your fault. The "nue" part sounds like noo or new.

2. Song
That's correct. This word uses a rising tone.

3. Sam
Also confusing. The "a" used for this number should sound like "ah". However, the problem is that adding a "h" usually denotes a hard aspirated sound which in this case it is not.

4. Se
This should rhyme with "see" or how you would say the letter "C".

5. Ha
That''s pretty close, but the "a" sound here should be stretched a bit as "haa".

6. Hok
That's not bad, but can be confused. The "o" here sounds like a long "o" as in "joke".

7. Chat
Too confusing. This word actually sounds more like "jet".

8. Pad
Spelled liike this looks more like it should sound like "pad" as in lily pad. The "P" shown here should sound like a combination of "bp". This is one of those sounds not found in English. For the sake of ease, perhaps a "b" would be better such as "bat".

9. Gow
That's good.

10. Sip
That's also good.

It should also be noted that the Thai language is a tonal language which uses five tones. For example the number 9 (gow) has what is often called a falling tone. For example, without the correct tone, the word could come out sounding like the word used for "old".
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Old 01-29-2013, 05:32 PM
 
Location: Atlanta, GA
696 posts, read 1,123,132 times
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Bengali/Bangla (spoken in Bangladesh and Bengali-speaking regions of India):

1. Ack

2. Dooi

3. Tin

4. Char

5. Paach

6. Chhoy

7. Shaat

8. Aat

9. Noy

10. Dosh
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Old 01-29-2013, 06:37 PM
 
Location: San Francisco
9,033 posts, read 8,742,864 times
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Azeri:
1. bir
2. iki
3. üç
4. dörd
5. beş
6. altı
7. yeddi
8. səkkiz
9. doqquz
10. on

which is almost the same as Turkish:
1. biri
2. iki
3. üç
4. dört
5. beş
6. altı
7. yedi
8. sekiz
9. dokuz
10. on

but quite different from Armenian:
1. mek
2. yerku
3. yerek’
4. ch’vors
5. hing
6. vets’
7. yot’
8. ut
9. iny
10. tasy

Much much much more here: Numbers in Over 5000 Languages
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Old 01-31-2013, 05:56 AM
 
4 posts, read 3,397 times
Reputation: 10
Really thanks for this nice post and sharing to us. I had learnt a lot of language.
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Old 02-05-2013, 02:41 AM
 
1,099 posts, read 1,667,688 times
Reputation: 971
Visayan (Central Philippines) languages:

Cebuano and Waray-Waray (pretty much the same in both languages):
1: usa
2: duha
3: tulo
4: upat
5: lima
6: unom
7: pito
8: walo
9: siyam
10: napulo

Ilonggo
1: isa
2: duha
3: tatlo
4: apat
5: lima
6: anum
7: pito
8: walo
9: siyam
10: pulo
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Old 02-05-2013, 09:39 AM
 
6,725 posts, read 6,599,126 times
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Sichuan dialect of Chinese:

1: yi
2: er
3: san
4: si
5: vu (wu)
6: lu (liu)
7: qi
8: ba
9: jiu
10: si

4 and 10 have different tones but the same syllable.
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Old 11-27-2016, 03:12 AM
 
26,160 posts, read 15,349,598 times
Reputation: 17235
Quite a useful thread dues
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Old 11-30-2016, 09:31 PM
 
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Reputation: 10
Vietnamese:
1. Một
2. Hai
3. Ba
4. Bốn
5. Năm
6. Sáu
7. Bảy
8. Tám
9. Chín
10. Mười
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