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Old 10-19-2011, 07:32 PM
 
Location: Monterey County, CA
5,127 posts, read 11,725,675 times
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I have always thought of Sacramento as an odd capital representing CA. It is definately not the largest, most influencial nor the most interesting city, other than being the capital itself. So I looked up its history. It turns our that California has had a number of capitals throughout its history.

Monterey was the first capital of Alta California for both Spain and Mexico, from 1777 to 1846. Monterey was also the primary port of entry into California. In 1849, delegates from throughout California met in Colton Hall in Monterey to create a state constitution for the people of the new U.S. territory. The new state constitution was signed on October 13, 1849.

San Jose became the first state capital as a part of the United States. This lasted from 13 November 1849 to 1 May 1851.

Vallejo was a very temporary capital from 5 January 1852 to 4 February 1853.

Benicia was also a short lived capital from 4 February 1853 to 25 February 1854.

Sacramento became the last desitnation from 25 February 1854 to present. When the Fifth session began on 2 January 1854, it was reported that over 100 men had no place to sleep except in saloons and once again talk began of a change. It was about this time that the city of Sacramento made a generous proposal. They offered the spacious Sacramento County courthouse, many additional rooms, a fireproof vault and free moving for all legislators and belongings as well as the furnishings. They also included a building site for a new capitol building. The offer was accepted and on 25 February 1854, Governor Bigler signed the bill calling for the new state capital to be at Sacramento. The very same day, everything was loaded up, legislators, governor, and all the baggage, onto the steamer, Wilson G. Hunt, for the voyage to Sacramento. -- http://www.usacitiesonline.com/castatecapitals.htm

San Francisco became the temporary capital from 24 January 1862 to 15 May 1862 when fire destroyed Sacramento's first capital building.

Derek

Last edited by MtnSurfer; 10-19-2011 at 08:23 PM..
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Old 10-19-2011, 07:40 PM
 
Location: San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara Counties
6,390 posts, read 7,335,770 times
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Ah, but the first capital of California was Loreto.
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Old 10-19-2011, 07:47 PM
 
1,687 posts, read 5,254,223 times
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I believe the capital shifted to San Francisco due to the flood of 1862.
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Old 10-19-2011, 07:54 PM
 
Location: Monterey County, CA
5,127 posts, read 11,725,675 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by FresnoFacts View Post
I believe the capital shifted to San Francisco due to the flood of 1862.
Hmm, one source mentions both a flood and fire:

"It was unfortunate that just after the end of this session, on 13 July 1854, a fire destroyed the courthouse and much of the city itself." -- State Capitals of California

Ah, it appears that the fire didn't cause the relocation to SF. Rather it was the flood in December 1861, then, again, in January 1862 (second major flood).

Derek
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Old 10-19-2011, 08:00 PM
 
Location: Monterey County, CA
5,127 posts, read 11,725,675 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by .highnlite View Post
Ah, but the first capital of California was Loreto.
Interesting, before differentiating capitals between Alta and Baja Californias Loreto served as the capital of Las Californias from 1697 to 1777. So while Monterey was the first capital of Alta California which we know as California today, Loreto served both Californias for the earliest Spanish settlers.

Loreto, Baja California Sur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Derek

Last edited by MtnSurfer; 10-19-2011 at 08:09 PM..
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Old 10-19-2011, 08:29 PM
 
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The United States has had a tradition of locating the political capital away from the financial/business capital of the state in order to spread out development. Thus, you often find the state capitol in the hinterland in a smaller city.

With that said, Sacramento is one of the larger state capitols in this country. I believe in terms of its size, it should be among top five.
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Old 10-19-2011, 09:02 PM
 
Location: San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara Counties
6,390 posts, read 7,335,770 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MtnSurfer View Post
Interesting, before differentiating capitals between Alta and Baja Californias Loreto served as the capital of Las Californias from 1697 to 1777. So while Monterey was the first capital of Alta California which we know as California today, Loreto served both Californias for the earliest Spanish settlers.

Loreto, Baja California Sur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Derek
Loreto is an interesting city to visit. A lot of Americans call it home, or second home. The mission there has carved above the door, something along the lines of "Loreto, mother and head of all missions"
El Camino Real, started there and went to Sonoma, one of the longest, and frankly, one of the worst roads in the world.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ac/Misión_Nuestra_Señora_de_Loreto.jpg/300px-Misión_Nuestra_Señora_de_Loreto.jpg (broken link)
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Old 10-19-2011, 10:15 PM
 
1,687 posts, read 5,254,223 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MtnSurfer View Post
Ah, it appears that the fire didn't cause the relocation to SF. Rather it was the flood in December 1861, then, again, in January 1862 (second major flood).
The winter of 1861-1862 hit Sacramento hard.

If you dig a little deeper you should find the story about Governor Leland Stanford having to use a rowboat to get to his inaugural ceremony at the Capitol in January 1862.
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Old 10-19-2011, 10:47 PM
 
Location: Monterey County, CA
5,127 posts, read 11,725,675 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by FresnoFacts View Post
The winter of 1861-1862 hit Sacramento hard.

If you dig a little deeper you should find the story about Governor Leland Stanford having to use a rowboat to get to his inaugural ceremony at the Capitol in January 1862.


I think that was the straw that broke the camels back and he decided it was time to head back to the Bay area again!

Derek

Last edited by MtnSurfer; 10-19-2011 at 11:01 PM..
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Old 03-17-2012, 10:13 PM
 
Location: Los Angeles County, CA
29,125 posts, read 21,134,200 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sacramento916 View Post
With that said, Sacramento is one of the larger state capitols in this country. I believe in terms of its size, it should be among top five.
Close - but not quite top 5. Sacramento ranks #9 of U.S. capitals in population.

1. Phoenix 1,445,632
2. Indianapolis 829,718
3. Austin 790,390
4. Columbus 787,033
5. Nashville 635,710
6. Boston 617,594
7. Denver 600,158
8. Oklahoma City 580,000
9. Sacramento 466,488
10. Atlanta 420,003
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