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Old 05-29-2012, 10:33 PM
 
Location: Pacific Northwest
353 posts, read 803,212 times
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If the Prime Minister dies or resigns, who takes the Prime Minister position?
Deputy Prime Minister? Finance Minister? Leader of the Opposition? Speaker of the House of Commons? Chief Justice? Or do you have to call a snap election?
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Old 05-30-2012, 03:08 AM
 
3,060 posts, read 7,156,299 times
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Someone is appointed by the governor general until an election can be called - Kim Campbell did this when something happened to Mulroney (can't remember what) Kim Campbell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia:

In the event of the sudden resignation or death of a prime minister, constitutional convention requires the governor general to consult the governing party and call on a member to form a government. No policy or convention precludes the deputy prime minister from being chosen as the new prime minister in such a scenario, but none assures it, either–the party caucus would be free to recommend any new leader of its choice to the governor general. Barring extraordinary circumstances, the governor general is expected to follow the wishes of the party, although officially he or she retains the authority to make the final decision. That being the case, no Prime Minister has died in office or resigned suddenly (except following his or her party's electoral defeat) since the 1890s, many decades before the office of Deputy Prime Minister was created.
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Old 05-30-2012, 07:57 AM
 
Location: Hougary, Texberta
8,563 posts, read 11,062,540 times
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The Prime Minister is the leader of the party with the majority of seats in the House (if they hold a majority). There would be a filler until such a time as the party chose a new leader. If the loss of the seat meant that they didn't lose their majority, things would keep moving on as normal.

Sunshineleith is right, ultimately the GG holds all the power, but their authority is almost never used.

The best analogy to the US is;

GG is the President
Prime Minister is the Majority House Leader
and the Canadian Senate is not worth discussing at this point.
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Old 05-30-2012, 09:54 AM
 
Location: Canada
4,698 posts, read 8,484,166 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PostSecularist View Post
If the Prime Minister dies or resigns, who takes the Prime Minister position?
Deputy Prime Minister? Finance Minister? Leader of the Opposition? Speaker of the House of Commons? Chief Justice? Or do you have to call a snap election?
Yup, prime minister is not our head of state and as such they don't have much in the way of executive power, their power comes from being the head of their party, like the speaker of the house in the US. Recently, the two main opposition parties both lost their leaders, one to cancer and the other because he didn`t get voted in in his riding. The parties just went without an official leader for awhile before the MPs decided amongst themselves on a transitional leader, and then the parties go, way after that, into a leaderships race where the card carrying party members vote on a new official party leader from amongst the sitting MPs.

The real succession line is technically Charles then Will the Harry, but of course it's the GG that fills their shoes legally, and they're meant to be a non-partisan referee, their for our interests and above the political fray. The GG is never a politician, but just a distinguished citizen with proven good judgement. The current one is a former university dean, and the one before that was a noted journalist. I couldn't tell you either leaned politically, it's just not a part of there role, situations where they exercise their executive power come up very rarely.

Last edited by BIMBAM; 05-30-2012 at 10:03 AM..
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Old 05-31-2012, 02:15 PM
 
233 posts, read 451,206 times
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Senator Marjory LeBreton is next in line to take over for Harper in the event he suddenly resigned or died.
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Old 05-31-2012, 04:49 PM
 
Location: Canada
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Quote:
Originally Posted by poscstudent View Post
Senator Marjory LeBreton is next in line to take over for Harper in the event he suddenly resigned or died.
Is that so? But she's a Senator, I thought only an elected member of the house of commons could be the prime minister. I understand that the GG can name whoever is most likely to gain the support of the house, but has an unelected person ever been a prime minister? What's the jurisprudence here? Should be noted that the office of prime minister isn't outlined in any constitution or anything like that, it only exists through long established British convention.

Last edited by BIMBAM; 05-31-2012 at 05:28 PM..
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Old 05-31-2012, 08:06 PM
 
233 posts, read 451,206 times
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Nothing that says a Prime Minister has to be an elected member. John Turner served as Prime Minister for several months without being elected. There have also been Prime Ministers who were senators.
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Old 06-01-2012, 02:11 AM
 
34,355 posts, read 41,427,648 times
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http://nationalpostnews.files.wordpr...succession.jpg

Doing a bit of research comes up with a few different scenarios as to what happens if the PM is incapacitated, kinda looks like the Prime Ministers replacement would probably be a guy named chaos..
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Old 06-01-2012, 05:51 AM
 
233 posts, read 451,206 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jambo101 View Post
http://nationalpostnews.files.wordpr...succession.jpg

Doing a bit of research comes up with a few different scenarios as to what happens if the PM is incapacitated, kinda looks like the Prime Ministers replacement would probably be a guy named chaos..
That's old seeing Lawrence Cannon is no longer an MP.

Your new de facto deputy prime minister: Senator Marjory LeBreton « David Akin
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Old 06-01-2012, 10:49 AM
 
Location: Canada
4,698 posts, read 8,484,166 times
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That's undemocratic and I would be upset if the house named an unelected person to the PMO. I don't think I'd be alone in raising a stink about it in the twenty first century.
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