Originally Posted by thrillobyte
How is the most evil, sinful creature in creation allowed into the presence of a pure and Holy God (Book of Job) while man is not?
Satan is only allowed into heaven on a periodic basis. He does not dwell there. From time to time there are angelic convocations in which the angels present themselves before the Lord as in Job 1:6
. Satan is allowed into heaven at such times.
There will come a time, at the midpoint of the Tribulation when Satan and his angels will be permanently kicked out of heaven and not allowed entrance as seen in Rev 12:7-9
No one, man or angel will be allowed into the presence of God forever. The wicked dead will all be in the presence of God (Jesus Christ) as they are judged and then sent to the lake of fire (Rev 20:11-15).
The fallen angels also await their judgment (Jude 6).
Also, why is the devil and hell never mentioned in the old Testament. And please don't say "It is" and throw "sheol" into the mix. Sheol simply means grave where you toss a dead body.
He is mentioned in the Old Testament. Satan is the devil. I just gave two passages above where Satan is mentioned.
Sheol is not the grave. I will simply point you to what C. I. Scofield said concerning Sheol/Hades.
Luke - Chapter 16 - Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition) on StudyLight.org
As for the lake of fire (hell), it is symbolized by the words 'Tophet' and 'Gehenna.' (See further down concerning the belief of Judaism concerning Gehenna.)
The future destruction of the wicked is symbolized by the Valley of Hinnom to which Gehenna refers. It is a place south of Jerusalem where the bodies of dead animals and rubbish were taken to be burned. The Valley of Hinnom was also the site of much human sacrifice to the pagan god Molech (2 Kings 23:10, 2 Chronicles 28:3, 33:6, Jeremiah 32:35). The fire burned constantly in the valley since additional fuel was frequently being cast into it.
"And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be called Tophet, nor the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophet, till there be no place" (Jeremiah 7:31-32). Here we see that in the Valley of Hinnom is a place called "Tophet" whose name means "place of fire".
"For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it" (Isaiah 30:33).
Hell Part 2: The Differences between Hades and the Lake of Fire
The ancient Jews did not believe in the concept of hell and still don't.
To the contrary.
In ancient Judaism the belief was that the wicked dead went to Gehenna for a period of 12 months after which they would then go to Gan Eden. However, the very wicked might remain in Gehenna or be annhilated.
For the views of rabbis' and Judaism concerning Olam Haba, Gan Eden (heaven) and Gehenna
, refer to these links.
In terms of size, some rabbinic texts say that Gehenna is limitless in size, while others maintain that it has fixed dimensions but can expand depending on how many souls occupy it (Taanit 10a; Pesikta Rabbati 41:3). Gehenna is usually located beneath the earth and a number of texts say that the unrighteous "go down to Gehenna" (Rosh HaShanah 16b; M. Avot 5:22).
Jewish Views of the Afterlife - The Afterlife in Judaism
"R. Abba bar Kahna taught: Sheol [i.e. Gehenna] has two gates, an inner and an outer. Whenever a man's life is taken without God's permission [as by suicide or murder], his soul must finish out in the outer regions of Sheol the remainder of the years he was to live. That Sheol has more than one gate is intimated in the verse: 'I said: In the noontide of my days I shall go, even to the gates of Sheol' [Isaiah 38:10]. (Pesikta Rabbati 24:1)
Descriptions of Gehenna - Jewish Views of the Afterlife
Only the very righteous go directly to Gan Eden. The average person descends to a place of punishment and/or purification, generally referred to as Gehinnom (guh-hee-NOHM) (in Yiddish, Gehenna), but sometimes as She'ol or by other names. According to one mystical view, every sin we commit creates an angel of destruction (a demon), and after we die we are punished by the very demons that we created. Some views see Gehinnom as one of severe punishment, a bit like the Christian Hell of fire and brimstone. Other sources merely see it as a time when we can see the actions of our lives objectively, see the harm that we have done and the opportunities we missed, and experience remorse for our actions. The period of time in Gehinnom does not exceed 12 months, and then ascends to take his place on Olam Ha-Ba.
Only the utterly wicked do not ascend at the end of this period; their souls are punished for the entire 12 months. Sources differ on what happens at the end of those 12 months: some say that the wicked soul is utterly destroyed and ceases to exist while others say that the soul continues to exist in a state of consciousness of remorse.
Judaism 101: Olam Ha-Ba: The Afterlife
But that's Judaism. In the New Testament it is made clear that those who go to Gehenna - the lake of fire go there forever (Rev 20:10-15)
2 Thess 1:6-9
may be immediately
referring to the 'Torments' side of Hades, but then again, when Christ returns both the false prophet and the antichrist will be thrown directly into the lake of fire (Rev 19:20).
In Daniel 12:2
(Old Testament) a distinction is made between those who will be resurrected to eternal life and those who will be resurrected to disgrace and everlasting contempt (which of course will be in the lake of fire).