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Old 05-01-2013, 03:18 PM
 
Location: Romania
1,461 posts, read 2,024,083 times
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Cernavodă / Axiopolis / Boğazky






The ancient Greek name, as well as the Bulgarian and Turkish one means "Black Water".

At Cernavodă was discovered the most famous and emblematic Neolithic masterpiece not only from Romania, but perhaps from the entire world: The Thinker of Cernavodă dating from 5,000 BCE (better known as the Thinker of Hamangia, after the archaeological culture it belonged):





The city was founded by Greeks in 4th century BCE. In 1st century CE the Romans built a castrum at some distance from the old town.

In 5th century it became a Christian bishopric. Some 4th century Christian basilicas traces have been found, as well as a Paleochristian tomb with paintings.


After Byzantine and various Barbarian rules during dark age, it became part of Wallachia in 14th century and as the entire Dobruja, an Ottoman possesion between 1420-1878.



The Turkish administration built in 1860 the first railway in Dobruja between Constanța and Cernavodă. In 1895, under Romanian administration, was built the famous Anghel Saligny Bridge, with two segments: one at Cernavodă and one at Fetești, totalizing 4087 m, being at the time the longest in Europe. The bridges are on the the two branches of Danube: Ostrov (on which is Cernavodă) and Borcea (on which is Fetești). These two branches form the Balta Ialomiţei Island. The distance between Cernavodă and Fetești is 21 km.


The Anghel Saligny Bridge was only for railway, the road access being supplied with ferries and between 1970-1987 by the bridge at Giurgeni - Vadu Oii (some 40 km north of Cernavodă). In 1987 the Anghel Saligny Bridge was put out of use, a new bridge with both railway and road being inaugurated. Today, over this new bridge passes the A2 "Sun" Motorway linking Bucharest and the rest of the country with Constanța and Dobruja.






















Anghel Saligny Bridge and the A2 Motorway Bridge. The superstructure was designed by Gustave Eiffel but the main engineer was Anghel Saligny, son of a Frenchmen established in Romania.

The main span of Cernavodă Bridge is 190 m and the other spans are 140 m long. The clearance below is 30 m.


Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Carol I Bridge (1895) and A2 Motorway Bridge (1987) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
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Old 05-01-2013, 03:21 PM
 
Location: Romania
1,461 posts, read 2,024,083 times
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Cernavodă - the Bridge built in 1987











Carol I Bridge (1895) and A2 Motorway Bridge (1987) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Cernavodă A2 Motorway Bridge (1987), Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Cernavodă A2 Motorway Bridge (1987), Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Carol I Bridge (1895) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Cernavodă A2 Motorway Bridge (1987), Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






A2 Motorway Bridge (1987) at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr


























Danube (Ostrov Branch) seen from the Bridge


Danube at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Danube at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Danube at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Danube at Cernavodă, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
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Old 05-01-2013, 03:22 PM
 
Location: Romania
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Cernavodă







Sfnta Maria Bridge over Danube-Black Sea Canal and panorama of the old city. the bridge was inaugurated in 2001.


The Canal, 95 km long, starts at Cernavodă and ends at Constanța (southern arm) and Năvodari (northern arm).



Cernavodă Sfnta Maria Bridge, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
















The Port


Cernavodă Danube Port, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Cernavodă Danube Port, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
















Train Station


Cernavodă train station, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Cernavodă train station, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
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Old 05-01-2013, 03:25 PM
 
Location: Romania
1,461 posts, read 2,024,083 times
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Cernavodă / Boğazky - the Old Town











Cernavodă Old Town, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr








Cernavodă Old Town, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr








Cernavodă Old Town, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Cernavodă Old Town, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Cernavodă Old Town, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Cernavodă Old Town, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr




















The Mosque built in 1756


Cernavodă Mosque (1756), Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Cernavodă Mosque (1756), Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr








Cernavodă Mosque (1756), Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr



















The video starts with the Nuclear Power Station which supplies 18% of national electric consumption

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Old 05-02-2013, 02:23 AM
 
Location: Romania
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Lake Razelm, Enisala Castle and Babadag






As seen from the train from Tulcea to Medgidia, through the Dobrujan Plateau.



Lake Razelm is the largest in Romania, with ~1,000 km. Is made by several lagoons, some with fresh water and some with salty water and is part of Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.


Enisala Castle was built by Genovese or Byzantines in 14th century.


Babadag is the oldest Turkish and Muslim center in Dobruja, established in 13th century by a deposed khalif and Sari Saltik, a Sufi mystic saint. Because of the tomb of this saint, it was a pilgrimage center during middle age to present days. This tomb was visited in 1484/1485 by Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II during a military campaign, and, after reporting an important victory, he ordered the building of a socio-religious and educational complex here (including a mausoleum to Saltik, finished in 1488), that will be destroyed during Russo-Turkish Wars.





Lake Razelm, Dobruja, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Lake Razelm, Dobruja, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Lake Razelm, Dobruja, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr





Enisala Castle, Dobruja, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Babadag, Dobruja, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr

























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Old 05-02-2013, 10:30 AM
 
Location: Romania
1,461 posts, read 2,024,083 times
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Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta








Those are feral horses, offsprings of those released into wilderness by locals some decades ago.


Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr








Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr








Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
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Old 05-02-2013, 01:31 PM
 
Location: Romania
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Letea / Летя, Danube Delta


Letea / Летя, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr






Letea / Летя, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr























Letea Forest near Periprava. Letea forest is the oldest natural reserve of Romania (1930) and the initial nucleus of Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.


Presently, is one of 18 strictly protected areas inside DDBR, where the tourists' access is forbidden.


My images are taken from a small portion outside the strictly protected area, near Periprava, where there are not dunes.


The proper area of the forest is characterized by a relatively large sand desert (~30 x 8 km, the largest sand field in Europe) with dunes up to 15 km long and 3-8 m high and the forest grows in strips between these dunes, as you can see in the satelitte photo:














A small area of the forest growing on dunes is open for tourists near Letea village (video not by me):












Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr







Periprava / Періправа, Danube Delta, Romania by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
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Old 05-03-2013, 12:49 PM
 
Location: Romania
1,461 posts, read 2,024,083 times
Reputation: 861
[CENTER][SIZE="5"]Open top touristic bus - today[/SIZE]








[/CENTER]
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Old 05-04-2013, 11:40 AM
 
Location: Romania
1,461 posts, read 2,024,083 times
Reputation: 861

Victory Avenue, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Central University Library, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Coțea Hospital, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Bălcescu Boulevard, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Magheru Boulevard, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr










Magheru Boulevard, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr










Lascăr Catargiu Boulevard, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr









Free Press Square, Bucharest by CARPATHIANLAND, on Flickr
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Old 05-04-2013, 12:00 PM
 
Location: State of Transition
78,625 posts, read 70,531,500 times
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Do you know who the people were who created the Thinker of Cerdavoda? Were they an Indo-European people, or pre-Indo-European?
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