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Old 10-07-2010, 10:47 PM
 
Location: Northridge, Los Angeles, CA
2,685 posts, read 3,838,316 times
Reputation: 2260

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*Note: This thread is for informational purposes only. Any opinions about illegal immigration or other politically charged things should be directed to that forum. If I feel this thread gets out of hand, I'll have a mod close it.

Since the early 1900s, the United States has had a large amount of immigrants from Latin America. Due to the insatiable need for unskilled labor in agriculture, mining, and industry in the Southwestern United States, the US literally found a reliable source of labor from the countries immediately south of us. Unlike European and Asian immigrants, during the 1917 and 1924 Immigration and Naturalization Acts, people from the Western Hemisphere didn't have any set quota on them. This would have a profound affect on US immigration for the next 100 years.

Coinciding with the US need for labor, every single Latin American country has had political instability, short-sighted economic policy, and social revolutions that have pushed many prospective immigrants to the United States as a means of survival. Starting with Mexico (1910s), this soon extended every single other country in Latin America (Cuba, 1959; Guatemala, Dominican Republic in the 1960s, El Salvador in the 1970s, Nicaragua in the 1980s, etc etc.) In addition, after the 1940s, the United States relaxed restrictions on the ability of US nationals to come to the mainland, allowing Puerto Ricans to come here in large numbers.

Since the 1990s, immigration from Latin America has become much more of a salient issue than immigration has been since the 1920's. I decided to start this thread to get an insight on the group of Americans that is increasing in visibility.

http://www.census.gov/population/www.../tabs01-14.pdf

All other data is from: Detailed Tables - American FactFinder

and American FactFinder

United States Hispanic population (due to confusion from the census, before the 1970s, people from south of the border were considered as White as everyone else, being thrown in with people from Spain and Portugal)

1970: 9,589,216 (4.7% of the US population)
1980: 14,608,673 (6.4% of the US population)
1990: 22,354,059 (9.0% of the US population)
2000: 37,659,799 (13.0% of the US population)
2009: 48,356,760 (15.8% of the US population)

By region:

Northeastern United States

1970: 2,027,109 (21.1% of the US Hispanic population)
1980: 2,604,289 (17.8% of the US Hispanic population)
1990: 3,754,398 (16.7% of the US Hispanic population)
2009: 6,578,532 (13.6% of the US Hispanic population)

Midwestern United States

1970: 842,822 (8.7% of the US Hispanic population)
1980: 1,276,545 (8.7% of the US Hispanic population)
1990: 1,726,509 (7.8% of the US Hispanic population)
2009: 4,364,385 (9.0% of the US Hispanic population)

Southern United States

1970: 2,788,090 (29.0% of the US Hispanic population)
1980: 4,473,966 (30.6% of the US Hispanic population)
1990: 6,767,021 (30.3% of the US Hispanic population)
2009: 17,210,720 (35.6% of the US Hispanic population)

Western United States

1970: 3,931,195 (41.0% of the US Hispanic population)
1980: 6,253,873 (42.8% of the US Hispanic population)
1990: 10,106,140 (45.2% of the US Hispanic population)
2009: 20,202,723 (41.8% of the US Hispanic population)

Hispanic Americans in 2009

Total Population 2009: 48,356,760 (15.8% of the US population)

Mexican Americans: 31,689,879
Stateside Puerto Ricans: 4,426,738
Salvadorian Americans: 1,718,494
Cuban Americans: 1,696,141
Dominican Americans: 1,356,361
Guatemalan Americans: 1,081,858
Colombian Americans: 899,478
Honduran Americans: 631,510
Ecuadorian Americans: 605,564
Peruvian Americans: 564,370
Nicaraguan Americans: 365,844
Argentinian Americans: 220,982
Venezuelan Americans: 196,327
Panamanian Americans: 168,637
Costa Rican Americans: 127,219
Chilean Americans: 124,116
Bolivian Americans: 104,796

Central Americans: 4,126,357
South Americans: 2,806,013
Spaniards/Spanish Descended Americans: 1,118,925
All other Hispanic and Latinos: 1,137,346

By State (Detailed Tables - American FactFinder)

Alabama: 148,279
Alaska: 43,373
Arizona: 2,031,651
Arkansas: 172,493
California: 13,681,370
Colorado: 1,018,208
Connecticut: 434,471
DC: 53,025
Florida: 3,988,758
Georgia: 815,966
Idaho: 165,284
Illinois: 1,969,773
Indiana: 348,806
Iowa: 130,683
Kansas: 262,097
Kentucky: 113,033
Louisiana: 161,892
Maryland: 412,453
Massachusetts: 582,234
Michigan: 422,831
Minnesota: 223,932
Mississippi: 67,185
Missouri: 201,997
Nevada: 700,293
New Jersey: 1,415,817
New Mexico: 915,738
New York: 3,274,177
North Carolina: 715,703
Ohio: 322,975
Oklahoma: 300,936
Oregon: 428,466
Pennsylvania: 646,047
Rhode Island: 125,805
South Carolina: 203,827
Tennessee: 257,770
Texas: 9,149,688
Utah: 343,167
Virginia: 564,239
Washington: 687,364
Wisconsin: 299,035

*NOTE: Wyoming, West Virginia, Vermont, South Dakota, North Dakota, New Hampshire, Nebraska, Montana, Maine, Hawaii, Delaware not available.

Top 10 states by Hispanic population
1. California: 13,681,370
2. Texas: 9,149,688
3. Florida: 3,988,758
4. New York: 3,274,177
5. Arizona: 2,031,651
6. Illinois: 1,969,773
7. New Jersey: 1,415,817
8. Colorado: 1,018,208
9. New Mexico: 915,738
10. Georgia: 815,966
TOP 10 TOTAL: 38,261,146 (79.1% of US Hispanics live in these 10 states)

Top 10 states by Hispanic proportion (Detailed Tables - American FactFinder)
1. New Mexico: 45.6% of the population
2. California: 37.0% of the population
3. Texas: 36.9% of the population
4. Arizona: 30.8% of the population
5. Nevada: 26.5% of the population
6. Florida: 21.5% of the population
7. Colorado: 20.3% of the population
8. New York: 16.8% of the population
9. New Jersey: 16.7% of the population
10. Illinois: 15.3% of the population

Top 10 CSA's/MSA's by Hispanic population
1. Los Angeles CSA: 7,992,406
2. New York CSA: 4,575,672
3. Miami MSA: 2,234,001
4. Houston CSA: 2,040,573
5. Chicago CSA: 1,916,311
6. Dallas-Fort Worth CSA: 1,843,628
7. Bay Area CSA: 1,714,921
8. Phoenix MSA: 1,382,427
9. San Antonio MSA: 1,107,864
10. San Diego MSA: 957,246

By region:

Northeast Hispanics
Population: 6,578,632

Mexican: 12.9% of Hispanics in the Northeast
Puerto Rican: 36.6% of Hispanics in the Northeast
Cuban: 3.1% of Hispanics in the Northeast
Dominican: 16.3% of Hispanics in the Northeast
Central American: 10.5% of Hispanics in the Northeast
South American: 16.4% of Hispanics in the Northeast
Other Hispanics: 4.2% of Hispanics in the Northeast

Midwest Hispanics:
Population: 4,364,685

Mexican: 75.8% of Hispanics in the Midwest
Puerto Rican: 9.3% of Hispanics in the Midwest
Cuban: 1.3% of Hispanics in the Midwest
Dominican: <.1% of Hispanics in the MIdwest
Central American: 5.1% of Hispanics in the Midwest
South American: 3.6% of Hispanics in the Midwest
Other Hispanics: 4.2% of Hispanics in the Midwest

Southern Hispanics
Population: 17,210,720

Mexican: 62.7% of Hispanics in the South
Puerto Rican: 7.6% of Hispanics in the South
Cuban: 7.6% of Hispanics in the South
Dominican: 1.4% of Hispanics in the South
Central American: 10.3% of Hispanics in the South
South American: 6.6% of Hispanics in the South
Other Hispanics: 3.8% of Hispanics in the South

Western Hispanics
Population: 20,202,723

Mexican: 82.8% of Hispanics in the West
Puerto Rican: 1.5% of Hispanics in the West
Cuban: <0.1% of Hispanics in the West
Dominican: <0.1% of Hispanics in the West
Central American: 7.1% of Hispanics in the West
South American: 2.1% of Hispanics in the West
Other Hispanics: 5.6% of Hispanics in the West

More later!

Last edited by Lifeshadower; 10-07-2010 at 11:15 PM..
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Old 10-08-2010, 07:55 AM
 
Location: 75025 (previously 75254, 90505, 90010, and 60614)
10,220 posts, read 10,808,521 times
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Wow, (if these numbers are accurate) Dallas is really closing the gap on Chicago for number of Latinos.
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Old 10-08-2010, 09:13 AM
 
Location: Near Chicago
3,108 posts, read 4,912,380 times
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The Northeast has the most diverse Hispanic population. In the West and Midwest Hispanic is pretty much synomous with Mexican besides Humboldt Park and maybe Logan Square in Chicago and Cleveland.
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Old 10-08-2010, 09:31 AM
eek
 
Location: Queens, NY
3,576 posts, read 4,222,640 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Chicagoland60426 View Post
The Northeast has the most diverse Hispanic population.
i tried to say that and ppl from miami had a fit.
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Old 10-08-2010, 09:31 AM
 
9,106 posts, read 13,459,115 times
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Also noticed that almost half the hispanics in the Midwest are in the Chicago metro.
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Old 10-08-2010, 09:31 AM
 
1,446 posts, read 2,466,477 times
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Historically, the Latinos in the Southwest have been primarily of Mexican origin. While in Miami, they have historically been Cuban and in NY/NJ they have been Puerto Rican. While the Southwestern population of Latinos remains primarily of Mexican heritage, the communities in the rest of the country have become more diversified. For example, in Miami and NYC there has been a large influx of Dominicans and other Central Americans. These "other" Latino groups have caused Miami and NYC to have a much more diverse Latin population. I do not even think the Latinos in NYC are predominantly Puerto Rican anymore. ditto for the Latinos in Miami.
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Old 10-08-2010, 10:19 AM
 
Location: Near Chicago
3,108 posts, read 4,912,380 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by eek View Post
i tried to say that and ppl from miami had a fit.
Miami and the Florida state is the only one that is on the level with NYC Hispanic diversity.
An interesting fact is Cubans are not the majority in the city of Miami. The census estimates Cubans make up about 33-36% of Miami proper.

As a whole the Northeast rain supreme in Hispanic diversity. Contrary to popular belief, there are more non Puerto Rican Hispanics in NYC. I was surprise that ricans don't make up at least half of the Hispanics there.
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Old 10-08-2010, 10:28 AM
 
Location: Tower of Heaven
4,023 posts, read 4,132,815 times
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Interesting fact : Salvadorans surpassed Cubans in 2009, very impressive !
Cubans in 2000 = about 1,250,000 (2000-2009 --> + 446,000 or + 35% )
Salvadorans in 2000 = About 750,000 (2000-2009 --> + 968,000 or + 129%)
And Salvadorans are very young, so their growth will last many decades, and they'll reach the 3 million mark easily.Cubans will overcome 2 million but 3 million will be harder (but not impossible if the recent growth continues)
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Old 10-08-2010, 10:33 AM
 
Location: Northridge, Los Angeles, CA
2,685 posts, read 3,838,316 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lentzr View Post
Historically, the Latinos in the Southwest have been primarily of Mexican origin. While in Miami, they have historically been Cuban and in NY/NJ they have been Puerto Rican. While the Southwestern population of Latinos remains primarily of Mexican heritage, the communities in the rest of the country have become more diversified. For example, in Miami and NYC there has been a large influx of Dominicans and other Central Americans. These "other" Latino groups have caused Miami and NYC to have a much more diverse Latin population. I do not even think the Latinos in NYC are predominantly Puerto Rican anymore. ditto for the Latinos in Miami.
What's also worth noting is that aside from Miami and NYC, Latino populations in all the other top 10 metro areas are HEAVILY tilted towards a large Mexican population with a LARGE Central American minority (basically Meso-America).

I think people tend to forget this fact; Mexico has 111 million people (1st largest in Spanish speaking America, 2nd largest after Brazil in all south of the border countries), with a long border that is relatively porous. Central America and Caribbean combined (which is the traditional areas of immigration to the US) has a meagre 54 million people. For South America, 1 Mexico is the equivalent population of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, AND Peru (ironically, the 4 most prolific groups in the United States). Take all these things into account, it doesn't take a genius to realize that Mexico would obviously be the largest contributor of people to the United States.

Hispanics in Miami and New York City comparison: Detailed Tables - American FactFinder

Miami MSA
41.6% Cuban
20.8% South American
15.0% Central American
9.4% Puerto Rican
5.5% Mexican
4.3% Dominican
3.2% Other Hispanic and Latino

New York CSA
31.2% Puerto Rican
19.6% South American
18.1% Dominican
13.1% Mexican
10.9% Central American
3.7% Other Hispanic or Latino

Compared to the other areas on the list, which have Latino populations over 70% Mexican (Detailed Tables - American FactFinder

Rest of the metro areas by % of Mexicans in the Latino population
Phoenix MSA- 91.3% Mexican
San Antonio MSA- 91.3% Mexican
San Diego MSA- 90.5% Mexican
Dallas-Fort Worth CSA- 85.0% Mexican
Los Angeles CSA- 82.0% Mexican
Chicago CSA- 79.7% Mexican
Houston CSA- 79.3% Mexican
Bay Area CSA- 78.1% Mexican
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Old 10-08-2010, 11:57 AM
 
Location: St Paul, MN - NJ's Gold Coast
5,262 posts, read 7,668,656 times
Reputation: 2906
I always love your Statistical portraits

Surprisingly (I may be wrong) I believe CT has the highest Puerto Rican percentage

I always knew about what states had the most Mexicans, that's just obvious (due to geographical location)

I know NJ has the highest Cuban population outside of FL (24 of the 25 cities with the highest percentage of Cubans are in FL!! #25 is in NJ)
~

I know NJ has the highest percentage of Costa Rican and Ecuadorians (possibly Dominican, behind NY probably)- I can't work that site like you can, so I'm going by what I've read in the past.

.
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