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Old 05-07-2017, 01:47 PM
 
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In my previous post:

[2.5] These are on a right guidance from their Lord and these it is that shall be successful.
اُولٰٓٮِٕكَ عَلٰى هُدًى مِّنۡ رَّبِّهِمۡ​ وَاُولٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ الۡمُفۡلِحُوۡنَ


Arabic text should read in the following correct order:

[2.5] These are on a right guidance from their Lord and these it is that shall be successful.
اُولٰٓٮِٕكَ عَلٰى هُدًى مِّنۡ رَّبِّهِمۡ​ وَاُولٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ الۡمُفۡلِحُوۡنَ


This also brings me to study the word "muflihoon" ("successful ones") a bit more.

From 2:2-5, we know that to be successful, one has to do al-salaat. This is why one hears caller for the prayer saying not only "come to Salah" but also "come to Falah". Salah leads to Falah (Success/Salvation).

Verse 2:3 can be linked to the verse 30:38:

[30.38] Then give to the near of kin his due, and to the needy and the wayfarer; this is best for those who desire Allah's pleasure, and these it is who are successful.
فَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَىٰ حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ لِلَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
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Old 05-09-2017, 01:10 PM
 
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The same theme as in the verses 2:2-5 is carried on in the following verses of the Qur'aan:

[31.2-4] These are verses of the Book of Wisdom, a guidance and a mercy for the doers of goodness, those who keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and they are certain of the hereafter.

[31.5] These are on a guidance from their Lord, and these are they who are successful.


Therefore, once again, the muflihoon (the successful ones) would be those who take the guidance and learn from the Book of Wisdom, and are doers of good. One can call himself "Muslim" but if s/he is not doer of good then there is no promise in the Qur'aan that s/he is going to be successful on the Day of judgment.

[7.8] And the measuring out on that day will be just; then as for him whose measure (of good deeds) is heavy, those are they who shall be successful.

[23.102] Then whose scale
(of good deeds) is heavy, these are the successful.

So dear Muslims, take heed, just calling yourself "Muslim" is not enough to make you successful on the Day of Judgment. It is your conduct and doing of good deeds here in this life that is going to lead you to be successful on the Day of Reckoning.

Last edited by Khalif; 05-09-2017 at 01:24 PM..
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Old 05-09-2017, 09:28 PM
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Khalif View Post
Study of the Qur'aan 2:2-5

[2.2] That the Book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who are conscious (of God).
ذٰ لِكَ الۡڪِتٰبُ لَا رَيۡبَۛۚۖ فِيۡهِۛۚ هُدًى لِّلۡمُتَّقِيۡنَۙ

The Qur'aan is essentially a guide for those who are God-conscious. The last word (muttaqeen) translated as conscious (of God) or God-conscious means those people who have taqwa (consciousness about God) during their actions and, therefore, due to this consciousness are to do good deeds rather than evil deeds. People with taqwa are righteous people. The Qur'aan is guide for them.

[2.3] Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have provided them.
الَّذِيۡنَ يُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ بِالۡغَيۡبِ وَ يُقِيۡمُوۡنَ الصَّلٰوةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقۡنٰهُمۡ يُنۡفِقُوۡنَۙ


Mutaqeen are the believers in the unseen (ghaib) that is beyond the senses of human being. They do their al-salaat (formal daily prayers) and set aside for and give to the needy from what God has given/provided them as sustenance/provision. In this is the guidance for human beings to share the sustenance provided by God. The righteous do share their sustenance with others in need of it.

[2.4] And who believe in that which has been revealed to you and that which was revealed before you and they are sure of the hereafter.
وَالَّذِيۡنَ يُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ بِمَۤا اُنۡزِلَ اِلَيۡكَ وَمَاۤ اُنۡزِلَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِكَۚ وَبِالۡاٰخِرَةِ هُمۡ يُوۡقِنُوۡنَؕ


This is also the quality of muttaqeen. They believe not only in the Qur'aan being from God but also the revelations from God before the Qur'aan.

[2.5] These are on a right guidance from their Lord and these it is that shall be successful.
اُولٰٓٮِٕكَ عَلٰى هُدًى مِّنۡ رَّبِّهِمۡ​ وَاُولٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ الۡمُفۡلِحُوۡنَ


There is no success or salvation without the righteous actions. Just believing is not enough. Righteous actions through taqwa proves the true believing. The Qur'aan is clear about it:
Very true.

I would like to touch up on this a little as many non-Muslims and perhaps some Muslims are sometimes unaware of this.

In the last two verses of Quran Chapter 1, believers pray for guidance.

1:6 Guide us to the straight path -

1:7 The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.


And the rest of the Quran is the answer to that prayer.

Quran chapter 2, verses 2-5 is what describes the purpose of Quran.

In short summary,

This is THE book of Guidance for those who have 9 qualities.

1 - Conscious of Allah - Who are on-guard of their emaan.
2 - Who believe in the unseen
3 - Who establish prayers
4 - Who spend out of what Allah has provided for them
5 - Who believe what has been revealed upon Muhammad (saw)
6 - Who believe in what has been revealed before Muhammad (saw)
7 - And who believe in the hereafter.
8 - Those are upon right Guidance
9 - And those are successful


Quran is not a book to find mathematical formulas of how to travel to moon (even though it's mentioned in Quran) - It's not a book for story telling, it's not a book to make fun of, it's not a book of finding food recipes or finding jokes etc

It's the book of "Guidance" for those who have these qualities.

If you have these qualities and/or you yearn to attain them, then God will guide you!


If anyone who reads Quran with any other intention, may or may not find guidance - It's up to Allah whoever he guides.

However, if someone reads Quran with the intention of criticizing or humiliating it, then most likely Allah will bring upon humiliation only onto them. Either here or in the hereafter or perhaps both.

So I always tell my Non_Muslim friends that this book has 9 prerequisites for those who are seeking guidance. This is the purpose of this book.

You can read Quran with any other intention and take your own risk.

There is absolutely NOTHING anyone can do to erase the message of Quran. It has remained intact and it always will be.

That's the promise of Allah. And an open challenge to ALL HUMANITY to bring any book like it.

So we should make our choices wisely because in the end, we will be responsible for our choices that we made based on free will.

It's funny, a few years ago, I saw a bible that started with Quranic Begning "Bismillah Irrahamaan-ir-raheem".
It was perhaps the last resort they could take to confuse Muslims to mix Quran with Bible after centuries worth of efforts to make changes in Quran. In the end, they ended up borrowing from Quran, and adding it into Bible.
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Old 05-09-2017, 11:58 PM
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by GoCardinals View Post
Very true.

I would like to touch up on this a little as many non-Muslims and perhaps some Muslims are sometimes unaware of this.

In the last two verses of Quran Chapter 1, believers pray for guidance.

1:6 Guide us to the straight path -

1:7 The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.


And the rest of the Quran is the answer to that prayer.

Quran chapter 2, verses 2-5 is what describes the purpose of Quran.

In short summary,

This is THE book of Guidance for those who have 9 qualities.

1 - Conscious of Allah - Who are on-guard of their emaan.
2 - Who believe in the unseen
3 - Who establish prayers
4 - Who spend out of what Allah has provided for them
5 - Who believe what has been revealed upon Muhammad (saw)
6 - Who believe in what has been revealed before Muhammad (saw)
7 - And who believe in the hereafter.
8 - Those are upon right Guidance
9 - And those are successful


Quran is not a book to find mathematical formulas of how to travel to moon (even though it's mentioned in Quran) - It's not a book for story telling, it's not a book to make fun of, it's not a book of finding food recipes or finding jokes etc

It's the book of "Guidance" for those who have these qualities.

If you have these qualities and/or you yearn to attain them, then God will guide you!


If anyone who reads Quran with any other intention, may or may not find guidance - It's up to Allah whoever he guides.

However, if someone reads Quran with the intention of criticizing or humiliating it, then most likely Allah will bring upon humiliation only onto them. Either here or in the hereafter or perhaps both.

So I always tell my Non_Muslim friends that this book has 9 prerequisites for those who are seeking guidance. This is the purpose of this book.

You can read Quran with any other intention and take your own risk.

There is absolutely NOTHING anyone can do to erase the message of Quran. It has remained intact and it always will be.

That's the promise of Allah. And an open challenge to ALL HUMANITY to bring any book like it.

So we should make our choices wisely because in the end, we will be responsible for our choices that we made based on free will.

It's funny, a few years ago, I saw a bible that started with Quranic Begning "Bismillah Irrahamaan-ir-raheem".
It was perhaps the last resort they could take to confuse Muslims to mix Quran with Bible after centuries worth of efforts to make changes in Quran. In the end, they ended up borrowing from Quran, and adding it into Bible.
A well structured post that deals with the heart of the subject!

The Qur'aan is a book of Guidance (2:185) and a book of Wisdom (31:2). It is also a book of Distinction (Al-Furqan) that makes things clear as to the difference between right and wrong.

[12.111] In their histories there is certainly a lesson for men of understanding. It is not a narrative which could be forged, but a verification of what is before it and a distinct explanation of all things and a guide and a mercy to a people who believe.
لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ۗ مَا كَانَ حَدِيثًا يُفْتَرَىٰ وَلَٰكِنْ تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ


To keep up with the subject of "muflihoon" (those who are going to be successful on the Day of Judgment and achieve salvation), and the main qualities and traits of such people, I intend to extend their qualities to further sub-qualities in the future posts. Being patient and not being haughty/arrogant plays a great part in the life of true believers. The Qur'aan guides to be patient and humble to achieve success on the Day of Judgment.
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Old 05-11-2017, 01:41 AM
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by GoCardinals View Post
Quran chapter 2, verses 2-5 is what describes the purpose of Quran.

In short summary,

This is THE book of Guidance for those who have 9 qualities.

1 - Conscious of Allah - Who are on-guard of their emaan.
2 - Who believe in the unseen
3 - Who establish prayers
4 - Who spend out of what Allah has provided for them
5 - Who believe what has been revealed upon Muhammad (saw)
6 - Who believe in what has been revealed before Muhammad (saw)
7 - And who believe in the hereafter.
8 - Those are upon right Guidance
9 - And those are successful
As promised, I am going to try and shed light on each of the first 8 qualities of those who are going to achieve success on the Day of Judgment.

Let's begin with the first quality of "muflihoon" (those who will be successful/will have salvation) in the above list:

1 - Conscious of Allah - Who are on-guard of their emaan.

Being conscious of Allah means remembering Allah before doing any action for which we are going to be responsible. If we remember that we are responsible and accountable in the sight of Allah (even if no person is watching) then we are less likely or unlikely to do any evil act. Emaan is conviction/consciousness about Allah and that good deeds lead us to success both here and in the Hereafter. This is known as having taqwa (consciousness about Allah) and people with taqwa become righteous (tattaqun in Arabic). All 5 Pillars of Islam are training grounds for us to be conscious of Allah.

Therefore, being conscious of Allah will regulate our conduct and lead us to be righteous people working in our best interests individually as well as of the wider community and humanity.
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Old 05-12-2017, 02:03 AM
 
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And now to the next quality:

2 - Who believe in the unseen

The word in the Arabic Qur'aan translated as "unseen" is "ghaib", the verities that are hidden from man's senses and are beyond the scope of man's ordinary observation and experience in this life such as existence of God, the angels, process of revelation, paradise, hell etc.

Without belief in "ghaib", one has no faith in God and, therefore, the guidance in the Qur'aan is not going to benefit anyone who has no faith in "ghaib". This book is helpful to only those who are prepared to affirm the truth of the realm that is beyond the human senses. People who are not prepared to consider the possibility of existence of things that cannot be weighed or measured cannot profit from the Qur'aan.

Taqwa (consciousness about God) and Falah (salvation/success in the Hereafter) is linked to the belief in "ghaib".

[11.123] And Allah's is the unseen in the heavens and the earth, and to Him is returned the whole of the affair; therefore serve Him and rely on Him, and your Lord is not heedless of what you do.

[19.61] The gardens of perpetuity which the Beneficent God has promised to His servants while unseen; surely His promise shall come to pass.


Therefore the Book is more about about the "ghaib" ("unseen") rather than something that is seen. One's success/salvation in the Hereafter depends on believing the "ghaib" ("unseen") mentioned in the Book and mending his/her conduct/action accordingly..
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Old 05-13-2017, 02:53 AM
 
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The third quality of those who are going to be successful in the Hereafter is:

3 - Who establish prayers

yuqeemoona alssalat (2:3) or aqimi alssalat (20:14) means establish or keep up regular prayers.

So much emphasis is put in the Qur’aan on Alssalat (regular Prayer at appointed times) along with giving to the poor and needy people that it often makes one think that the whole Deen revolves around Prayers and giving to the poor and needy people. Why so much emphasis on the Prayers? What’s the reason for it? Why is regular Prayer so important in Islam when to most people it seems no more than a mere ritual? The answer is given in the Qur’aan in the following verse:

[29.45] Recite that which has been revealed to you of the Book and keep up prayer; surely prayer keeps (one) away from indecency and evil, and certainly the remembrance of Allah is the greatest, and Allah knows what you do.

اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ ۖ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ

Regular Prayers keeps one away from doing indecent and evil acts. Regular Prayer is actually remembrance of Allah. It is a training ground for being conscious about Allah. When we are praying, we are staying away from doing any evil act. Therefore praying and remembering Allah is good for us. There is great wisdom in praying regularly. This wisdom is not only in the Qur’aan but also in the revelations before the Qur’aan such as to Moses.

[98.4] And those who were given the Book did not become divided except after clear evidence had come to them.

وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

[98.5] And they were not enjoined anything except that they should serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience, upright, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and that is the deen right and straight.

وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ


So the right and straight path (deen) is serving Allah, being sincere in obedience to Him, be truthful, keep up with the regular prayers, give to the poor and needy if you can, and this will keep you away from doing evil acts.

Basically, Prayers are for the remembrance of Allah, being conscious of Allah, helping us to do good and stay away from doing evil acts.

[20.14] Surely I am Allah, there is no god but I, therefore serve Me and keep up prayer for My remembrance.

إِنَّنِي أَنَا اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدْنِي وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي

Acts such as Regular Prayer (getting up early in the morning for the Fajr prayer is not easy) that lead to doing of good and abstaining from doing evil, and having patience under trying conditions require courage and conviction. Only the steadfast ones will keep up with them. This is why Luqman had advised his son:

[31.17] O my son! Keep up prayer and enjoin the good and forbid the evil, and bear patiently that which befalls you; surely these acts require courage.

يَا بُنَيَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَانْهَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا أَصَابَكَ ۖ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ

So praying regularly leads to doing good and abstaining from doing evil acts. This also requires courage to fight the evil temptations.

Only those are going to be successful (have salvation) on the Day of Judgment who keep up the regular prayer, remember Allah much, stay away from doing evil acts and enjoin doing of good to others and are patient in difficult situations.

During the regular prayer, one bows and prostrates to God. This is done in humbleness and those who are haughty and arrogant like Iblis (Shaytan) are not going to do it. This is why Iblis did not prostrate when commanded by God. He was haughty and was condemned. He will not be one of the muflihoon (the successful ones) on the Day of Judgment.

Regular praying brings one to earth literally. It is a great equalizer whether one is king or slave, black or white, rich or poor, young or old. All stand side by side and bow and prostrate in prayers. Allah loves humble and peaceful people. Prayers teach us to be just that. This is why establishing regular prayer is so important in Islam, and in order to be successful and have salvation on the Day of Judgment. It will lead one to do more good acts and reduce the possibility of him/her doing evil acts; the deciding factors for one’s salvation in the Hereafter.
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Old 05-15-2017, 02:52 AM
 
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The fourth quality of those who are going to be successful:

4 - Who spend out of what Allah has provided for them

Along with establishing regular prayer, giving Zakat (purification of wealth), often translated as the poor-rate, is enjoined on the believers. This is for the poor people only and does not include all the good causes. The spending (infaq) by the believers mentioned in the verse 2:3 is much wider spending (in the way of Allah) out of what Allah has given us because it will help humanity on earth. It can be for any good cause at any time. Whereas Zakat is for poor people, the spending mentioned in 2:3 is for a wider responsibility in the way of Allah. Whereas Zakat is not for the parents and immediate family, spending mentioned in 2:3 can be for the parents as well and near relatives and for any other good cause.

[2.215] They ask you as to what they should spend (yunfiquna). Say: Whatever wealth you spend (anfaqtum) , it is for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatever good you do, Allah surely knows it.

يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنْفِقُونَ ۖ قُلْ مَا أَنْفَقْتُمْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلِلْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ ۗ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ

Setting aside part of wealth by the believers and spending it for good causes, to protect yourself, the community and humanity in the way of Allah is what we are talking about here. This is for humanitarian purpose. Such people are not stingy and money worshipers. Helping someone genuinely poor in the community and humanity at large is a good deed and will count towards one’s being successful (having salvation) in the Hereafter. It must be done to help the community and humanity rather than to help oneself only. Parents are regarded as responsibility and unlike the Zakat (which is for poor people in the community), spending mentioned in 2:3 includes spending for one’s parents.

Man was created to be vicegerent on earth to lead the well-being of the earthly creatures (including other humans). Such a vicegerent (caliph) is a leader on earth but requires guidance from the higher authority in order to do his work properly and according to the purpose he was created. A caliph of God on earth can be caliph of God only if he has, to an extent, certain attributes that God is known for. God is Merciful and His caliph on earth has to be merciful. God provides sustenance for all on earth. His caliph too has to do the same wherever and whenever he is able to do so within his means. This includes helping poor people if one can. There is no set time for such setting aside and spending for the good causes. It can be done at any time. There is no set limit either. It all depends on how well off of the means one is.

[63.10] And spend out of what We have given you before death comes to one of you, so that he should say: My Lord! Why didst Thou not respite me to a near term, so that I should have given alms and been of the doers of good deeds?

وَأَنْفِقُوا مِنْ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ فَيَقُولَ رَبِّ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنِي إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ فَأَصَّدَّقَ وَأَكُنْ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ

Too late to say that! One can’t give anything in charity when at deathbed. It has to be done earlier and when one is able do so.

[2.254] O you who believe! Spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining, neither any friendship nor intercession, and the unbelievers-- they are the unjust.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ يَوْمٌ لَا بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَلَا خُلَّةٌ وَلَا شَفَاعَةٌ ۗ وَالْكَافِرُونَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

Those who do not believe in this verse are unjust (to themselves) but they do not realize it.

If we are to see humanity in peace and happiness, we have to spend in the best interests of humanity. It gives me more peace in my heart when I help a needy person than when I buy a new item that I like but did not really need it.

Therefore, the guidance in the Qur'aan is that the muflihoon (successful ones on the Day of Judgment) would be those humans who help humanity on earth by spending part of their wealth for good causes that will help earthly creatures (including humans) and earthly environment.
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Old 05-15-2017, 12:02 PM
 
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Quality No. 5 of the successful ones (muflihoon):

5 - Who believe what has been revealed upon Muhammad (saw)

This is simply about believing the message of the Qur’aan by those who heard or read it. This applies to only those who believed the message of the Qur’aan after hearing or reading it. It does not apply to those who never heard about the Qur’aan.

Faith in God/Allah is because of the belief in the revelations through the messengers. Rejecting the messenger will lead to rejecting the message. Therefore, believing the messenger leads to believing the message from God, leading to faith in God.

This is why a Muslim cannot reject any of the previous messengers before the messenger Muhammad.

[3.84] Say: We believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us, and what was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord; we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.

قُلْ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَالنَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

On the Day of Judgment, all those messengers who had brought the message to the people would act as the witnesses. Messenger Muhammad would be a witness on the Day to testify that he had delivered the message to the people. Those rejecting the message will have no excuse on the Day for not believing the message that the messenger Muhammad had delivered. Nobody on that Day will be able to say that we rejected the message of the Qur’aan because Muhammad was a false messenger. Such people, therefore, will not be of those who would be successful (muflihoon). This is why believing the messenger who delivered the message of the Qur’aan from Allah is so important to have salvation on the Day of Judgment.

The Qur’aan is guidance for those who believe its message and the messenger who delivered it. It cannot be guidance to those who reject it. In fact, instead of guidance, it can turn out to be loss to the unbelievers; a missed opportunity.

[17.82] And We reveal of the Quran that which is a healing (shifa) and a mercy (rehmah) to the believers and it adds only to the loss (khasara = loss) of the unjust.

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۙ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا


In other words, believing the messenger and the the Qur’aan profits the believers and not believing the messenger is loss of the unbelievers.

[4.80] Whoever obeys the messenger, he indeed obeys Allah, and whoever turns back, so We have not sent you as a keeper over them.

مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ ۖ وَمَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ فَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا

It does not say, “whoever obeys Muhammad” but “whoever obeys the messenger”. The messenger’s duty is to deliver the message. When the messenger was delivering the message (the Qur’aan) from Allah, unbelievers were turning away without even listening to the message. Messenger was not a keeper/guardian over them; his duty was only to deliver the message. Therefore, the same way, whoever believes the messenger, believes the message from Allah and thus believes Allah. This is how whoever obeys the messenger, obeys Allah, and whoever believes the messenger, believes Allah.

Messenger is not Allah but serves Allah to bring His message to us. Therefore, believing Allah is linked to believing the messenger.

[4.136] O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Book which He has revealed to His messenger and the Book which He revealed before; and whoever disbelieves in Allah and His angels and His messengers and the last day, he indeed strays off into a remote error.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ آمِنُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِيَ أَنزَلَ مِن قَبْلُ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِاللّهِ وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلاَلاً بَعِيدًا

The purpose of this exercise to explain (using the Qur'aan itself) verses 2:2-5 is to help understand the qualities of those who are going to be successful (muflihoon) through having salvation on the Day of Judgment. The theme running through these verses and the whole Qur'aan is linked to the purpose man was created and put on this earth. His salvation is linked to serving the purpose for which he was created. All the qualities and sub-qualities (such as being humble, patient, steadfast, kind) lead to the same purpose. This would be explained, using the Qur'aan, inshaAllah (God-willing), at the end of this current exercise.

Last edited by Khalif; 05-15-2017 at 01:21 PM..
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Old 05-16-2017, 12:36 PM
 
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The quality No. 6 of the successful ones (muflihoon):

6 - Who believe in what has been revealed before Muhammad (saw)

Common belief of some non-Muslims that Muslims believe in only what was revealed to Muhammad is a false belief.

Islam is not a completely new religion. The fundamental idea of submission to God by obeying His commands and taking His guidance is as old as the human beings, beginning with creation of Adam.

[20.115] And certainly We made a covenant with Adam before, but he forgot; and We did not find in him any determination.

وَلَقَدْ عَهِدْنَا إِلَىٰ آدَمَ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَنَسِيَ وَلَمْ نَجِدْ لَهُ عَزْمًا

[20.116] And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam, they made obeisance, but Iblis (did it not); he refused.

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰ

[20.117] So We said: O Adam! This is an enemy to you and to your wife; therefore let him not drive you both forth from the garden so that you should be unhappy;

فَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَىٰ

[20.118] Surely it is (ordained) for you that you shall not be hungry therein nor bare of clothing;

إِنَّ لَكَ أَلَّا تَجُوعَ فِيهَا وَلَا تَعْرَىٰ

[20.119] And that you shall not be thirsty nor be exposed to the sun’s heat.

وَأَنَّكَ لَا تَظْمَأُ فِيهَا وَلَا تَضْحَىٰ

[20.120] But the Shaitan made an evil suggestion to him; he said: O Adam! Shall I guide you to the tree of immortality and a kingdom which decays not?

فَوَسْوَسَ إِلَيْهِ الشَّيْطَانُ قَالَ يَا آدَمُ هَلْ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَىٰ شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لَا يَبْلَىٰ


When Adam broke the covenant (did not obey God), he was thrown out of the garden in which he was going to have it easy and never be unhappy.

But before being thrown out of the garden, Adam learnt how to repent and how to mend his way. God had forgiven him after his repenting. God is Oft-Forgiving, Merciful. God will forgive people’s mistakes if people genuinely repent and mend their conduct.

God told Adam what to expect after being thrown out of the garden:

[2.37] Then Adam received (some) words from his Lord, so He turned to him mercifully; surely He is Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.

فَتَلَقَّىٰ آدَمُ مِنْ رَبِّهِ كَلِمَاتٍ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ

[2.38] We said: Go forth from this (state) all; so surely there will come to you a guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.

قُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا مِنْهَا جَمِيعًا ۖ فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ مِنِّي هُدًى فَمَنْ تَبِعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

And in this verse we find that the guidance through messengers has been coming to the humans on earth from time to time. Whoever takes the guidance will succeed (will have no fear nor will grieve) and whoever rejects the guidance will have no protector on the Day of Judgment.

[17.2] And We gave Moses the Book and made it a guidance to the children of Israel, saying: Do not take a protector besides Me.

وَآتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ هُدًى لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَلَّا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْ دُونِي وَكِيلًا

[28.37] And Moses said: My Lord knows best who comes with guidance from Him, and whose shall be the good end of the abode; surely the unjust shall not be successful.

وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ رَبِّي أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ جَاءَ بِالْهُدَىٰ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ وَمَنْ تَكُونُ لَهُ عَاقِبَةُ الدَّارِ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ

[39.23] Allah has revealed the best Hadith, a book conformable in its various parts, repeating, whereat do shudder the skins of those who fear their Lord, then their skins and their hearts become pliant to the remembrance of Allah; this is Allah's guidance, He guides with it whom He pleases; and (as for) him whom Allah makes err, there is no guide for him.

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُتَشَابِهًا مَثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ

The guidance from God has been coming to humans since Adam was thrown out of the garden but it was only since Abraham that large communities of believers began to form. Therefore, obeying God through submission by large group of people was established from Abraham. This is why our tradition of obeying God is termed tradition of Abraham. Islam is not a new tradition but the same tradition of keeping the commandments by Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac, Jacob and his sons (children of Israel), Jesus and then Muhammad and his followers (Muslims and not Muhammadans).

It is continuation of religion of Abraham; belief in One God and obeying His commands and taking His guidance in practical situations in life.

[16.123] Then We revealed to you: Follow the tradition of Abraham (of obeying God), the upright one, and he was not of the polytheists.

ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

[2.4] And who believe in that which has been revealed to you and that which was revealed before you and they are sure of the hereafter.

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ

[3.3] He has revealed to you the Book with truth, verifying that which is before it, and He revealed the Torah and the Injeel (Evangel?) aforetime, a guidance for the people, and He sent the Furqan (something that differentiates right and wrong).

نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ

Therefore, Muslims must believe that there were revelations from God before the revelation of the Qur’aan to the messenger Muhammad to be successful (muflihoon) on the Day of Judgment.
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