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Old 05-16-2017, 02:26 PM
 
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Correction:

The verse 3:3 near the end of my last post should read only up to the word Injeel. The rest was part of the next verse (3:4):

[3.3] He has revealed to you the Book with truth, verifying that which is before it, and He revealed the Torah and the Injeel (Evangel).

نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ
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Old 05-18-2017, 12:23 PM
 
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The Quality Number 7 of those who will have salvation on the Day of Judgment.

7 - And who believe in the hereafter.

In Islam, believing in the hereafter and the Day of Judgment is vital because it means the believer is aware that s/he is going to be judged on her/his actions one day. S/he will know that her/his actions in this life are subject to accountability. There will be no "getting away with it" on that Day. We will be questioned about our conduct and we will have to answer in the court of God which is above any court of man.


[57.25] Certainly We sent Our messengers with clear arguments, and sent down with them the Book and the balance that people may conduct themselves with equity...

لَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَنْزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ النَّاسُ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖ وَأَنْزَلْنَا الْحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأْسٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ اللَّهُ مَنْ يَنْصُرُهُ وَرُسُلَهُ بِالْغَيْبِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ

The purpose of guidance from God, through His messengers, is to guide people to conduct themselves with equity.

Result of evil conduct will always be evil.

[9.71] And (as for) the believing men and the believing women, they are guardians of each other; they enjoin good and forbid evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His messenger; (as for) these, Allah will show mercy to them; surely Allah is Mighty, Wise.

وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُمُ اللَّهُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ

Quality of a believer includes enjoining and doing of good to others and forbidding doing evil acts. This is so because a believer is aware that he is going to be accountable for his actions/conduct.

Life of this world is temporary but the life in the hereafter is everlasting.

[87.14] He indeed shall be successful who purifies himself,

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ تَزَكَّىٰ

[87.15] And magnifies the name of his Lord and prays.

وَذَكَرَ اسْمَ رَبِّهِ فَصَلَّىٰ

[87.16] Nay! You prefer the life of this world,

بَلْ تُؤْثِرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

[87.17] While the hereafter is better and everlasting.

وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

Believers who want to be successful (want to have salvation) must prepare in this world for the Judgment Day in the Hereafter by mending their conduct to good deeds, the pivotal factor for one's salvation (success).
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Old 05-18-2017, 01:19 PM
 
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The next two (8 & 9) are not really the qualities but the result of having the qualities 1 to 7.

8 - Those are upon right Guidance

They will be upon the right guidance because they have the qualities already explained (1-7).

9 - And those are successful

It would be because of the qualities (1-7) and being upon the right guidance in this life that they would be successful (muflihoon) and have salvation in the Hereafter.
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Old 05-19-2017, 07:57 AM
 
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All these qualities and sub-qualities lead to the same goal of being successful in the Hereafter. The sub-qualities include being patient under difficult circumstances, steadfast in doing good deeds, owning his/her mistakes, being generous and not greedy, being humble rather than haughty and arrogant, being truthful, forgiving, kind, and caring towards others. All this is part of the guidance given in the Qur'aan but the greediness of human soul often suggests to disregard the guidance and the soul ends up being corrupted and the human being unsuccessful on the Day of Judgment.

The following are a few more verses from the Qur'aan that are about these qualities and the sub-qualities:

[11.23] Surely (as to) those who believe and do good and humble themselves to their Lord, these are the dwellers of the garden, in it they will abide.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَأَخْبَتُوا إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

[3.200] O you who believe! Be patient and excel in patience and remain steadfast, and be conscious of Allah, that you may be successful.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اصْبِرُوا وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

[39.10] Say: O my servants who believe! Be conscious of your Lord; for those who do good in this world is good, and Allah's earth is spacious; only the patient will be paid back their reward in full without measure.

قُلْ يَا عِبَادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ ۚ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا فِي هَٰذِهِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةٌ ۗ وَأَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةٌ ۗ إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصَّابِرُونَ أَجْرَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

[42.43] And whoever is patient and forgiving, these most surely are actions due to courage.

وَلَمَنْ صَبَرَ وَغَفَرَ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ

[33.70] O you who believe! Be conscious of Allah and speak the right word.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا

[33.35] Surely the men who submit and the women who submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women and the humble men and the humble women, and the alms-giving men and the alms-giving women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their private parts and the women who guard, and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember-- Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.

إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
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Old 05-20-2017, 02:07 AM
 
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This brings me to explain, as promised in one of my previous posts, that the common theme running through the verses 2:2-5 and the whole Qur'aan is linked to the purpose man was created and put on this earth. His salvation is linked to serving the purpose for which he was created.

[2.30] And when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a vicegerent (khalifah), they said: What! Wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness? He said: Surely I know what you do not know.

وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً ۖ قَالُوا أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَنْ يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاءَ وَنَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَنُقَدِّسُ لَكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

[2.31] And He taught Adam all the names, then presented them to the angels; then He said: Tell me the names of those if you are right.

وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الْأَسْمَاءَ كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ عَرَضَهُمْ عَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ فَقَالَ أَنْبِئُونِي بِأَسْمَاءِ هَٰؤُلَاءِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

[2.32] They said: Glory be to Thee! We have no knowledge but that which Thou hast taught us; surely Thou art the Knowing, the Wise.

قَالُوا سُبْحَانَكَ لَا عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ

[2.33] He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names. Then when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not say to you that I surely know what is ghaib
(unseen) in the heavens and the earth and (that) I know what you manifest and what you hide?

قَالَ يَا آدَمُ أَنْبِئْهُمْ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ ۖ فَلَمَّا أَنْبَأَهُمْ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ غَيْبَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَأَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْتُمُونَ

From these verses, we gather that (a) man was created to be Khalif (Khalifah, Caliph, vicegerent, deputy, leader) on earth and not (b) for the sole purpose of worship and obeying God as the angels were already worshiping and obeying God already. So the man was created for a different purpose from what the angels were created for. Man was created to be vicegerent of Allah on earth with delegated powers (and freewill).

Just as a vicegerent has delegated powers from a sovereign (higher power) to exercise his duty but still takes instruction from time to time from the higher power, a man is vicegerent of God on earth with delegated powers taking instructions (guidance) from the Higher Power. These delegated powers carry responsibility and accountability. Man is free to discharge his duties, taking into account the instructions and guidance from the Sovereign, or mess up his duty and be made accountable for the mess. He will have no worry (will not grieve) if he discharges his duty and responsibility properly.

Discharging these duties and responsibilities properly is meeting the purpose of his creation and, therefore, a success. Whoever achieves success is one of the "muflihoon" (successful ones) according to the Qur'aan.

Adam was given an instruction not to go near a tree. He did not obey the instructions and was thrown out of the garden. What he was told is documented in the following verse of the Qur'aan:

[2.38] We said: Go forth from this (state) all; so surely there will come to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.

قُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا مِنْهَا جَمِيعًا ۖ فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ مِنِّي هُدًى فَمَنْ تَبِعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

The only way for man to discharge his responsibility given by the Higher Power and to be successful is to take the guidance and work on earth according to that guidance. The delegated power is linked to the guidance as rule and regulation or law. Break the law and pay the price for failure to discharge the responsibility.

The Qur'aan is a book of guidance. Allah (SWT) guides people through the Qur'aan to do good deeds and refrain from doing evil deeds for their own salvation. Humanity will keep flourishing if people take the guidance and act accordingly. This was made clear to the first humans (Adam and Eve) as revealed in the above verse (2:38).

Following Allah's guidance leads to doing good deeds. Taking guidance leads us to become doers of goodness, leading to happiness and success.

[31.2-4] These are verses of the Book of Wisdom, a guidance and a mercy for the doers of goodness, those who keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and they are certain of the hereafter.

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْحَكِيمِ
هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِلْمُحْسِنِينَ
الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ بِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ

Being conscious of God (the Higher Power), praying, fasting, helping poor and needy people, believing in "ghaib" ("unseen"), believing in revelations and the messengers who delivered the messages, believing in the Day of Judgment (Hereafter) when we are going to be held responsible for our actions and the choices made in this life, all lead us to do good deeds. Doing good deeds is helping the humanity, other earthly creature and the earth environment, the real purpose we were created for.

[64.16] Therefore be conscious of Allah as much as you can, and hear and obey and spend, it is better for your souls; and whoever is saved from the greediness of his soul, these it is that are the successful.

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ وَاسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا وَأَنْفِقُوا خَيْرًا لِأَنْفُسِكُمْ ۗ وَمَنْ يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

There is mention of "soul" in the above verse. Soul (Nafs) is Self of human being. Soul at creation is perfect and pure. Human being has ability to reach higher and higher if Self is kept pure and perfect or fall low if Self is corrupted. At creation, man has the potential to do good as well as bad. With guidance from its Creator, he can carry on doing good but once his Self is corrupted by not taking the correct guidance, it will begin to do evil. The guidance clarifies to us as to what is right and what is wrong thing to do.

[91.7] And the soul and Him Who made it perfect,

وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا

[91.8] Then He inspired it to understand what is right and wrong for it;

فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

[91.9] He will indeed be successful who purifies it,

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا

[91.10] And he will indeed fail who corrupts it.

وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ دَسَّاهَا

[2.82] And
(as for) those who believe and do good deeds, these are the dwellers of the garden; in it they shall abide.

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

Just saying that I am a believer or I am a Muslim is not going to be enough on its own. It must carry with it (in practice) good deeds to be successful (in the Hereafter).

Praying, fasting, even going for hajj are just training grounds towards making one's Soul (Self) purified to help oneself do good deeds as a Khalif of Allah on earth. We must do these things as training to discharge our responsibility within the delegated powers. Rituals by themselves are not good deeds but these stop us from doing evil deeds and train us to pay heed to the guidance from God and do good deeds.

[29.2] Do people think that they will be left alone on saying, We believe, and not be tried?

أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَنْ يُتْرَكُوا أَنْ يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ

We are tried in practice (through our works).

In the Qur'aan, we read again and again about this combination of believing and doing good deeds for our salvation. It is wrong to think of only believing and rituals but not of doing good deeds. The two (believing and doing good deeds) are intrinsically linked. One without the other is not complete discharge of our responsibility. Believing is proved by the deeds.

[2.277] Surely they who believe and do good deeds and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

[4.124] And whoever does good deeds whether male or female and he
(or she) is a believer-- these shall enter the garden, and they shall not be dealt with a jot unjustly.

وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَٰئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا

[5.9] Allah has promised to those who believe and do good deeds
(that) they shall have forgiveness and a mighty reward.

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ ۙ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

[7.8] And the measuring out on that day
(Day of Judgment) will be just; then as for him whose measure (of good deeds) is heavy, those are they who shall be successful.

وَالْوَزْنُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ ۚ فَمَنْ ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

[20.75] And whoever comes to Him a believer
(and) he has done good deeds indeed, these it is who shall have the high ranks.

وَمَنْ يَأْتِهِ مُؤْمِنًا قَدْ عَمِلَ الصَّالِحَاتِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الدَّرَجَاتُ الْعُلَىٰ

[101.6-7] Then as for him whose measure of good deeds is heavy, he shall live a pleasant life.

فَأَمَّا مَنْ ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ
فَهُوَ فِي عِيشَةٍ رَاضِيَةٍ

Which life do we want to be pleasant more, this temporary life or the everlasting life in the Hereafter? Everyone of us is free to make a choice and accept responsibility for making the choice.
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Old 05-21-2017, 12:56 AM
 
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As you have seen, many verses have been used to explain just 2:2-5 (four verses). It's because the verses of the Qur'aan are linked to make the complete Qur'aan. Just a few verses are not complete Qur'aan or complete Islam. The whole Qur'aan has to be studied before Islam can be understood in full.

When the Qur'aan was being revealed, Allah (SWT) had said:

[20.114] Supremely exalted is therefore Allah, the King, the Truth, and do not make haste with the Qur'aan before its revelation is made complete to you and say: O my Lord ! Increase me in knowledge.

فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ ۗ وَلَا تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُقْضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَحْيُهُ ۖ وَقُلْ رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

Knowledge of the Qur'aan can be increased only by understanding more and more verses. Qur'aan was revealed in portions over a period of about 22 years. Islam was perfected with completion of all the guidance through the verses of the Qur'aan. Therefore the whole Qur'aan is Islam and not only one or two or just a few verses of the Qur'aan.

When discussing or understanding the Qur'aan, the whole Qur'aan must be taken into account. The same way, when discussing any issue in the Qur'aan, all the verses in the Qur'aan related to that issue must be taken into account to get to the heart of the matter.

Let's keep studying the Qur'aan!
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Old 05-22-2017, 03:56 PM
 
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Here is another point from the Qur'aan:

[2:8] And there are some people who say: We believe in Allah and the last day; and they are not at all believers.

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَمَا هُمْ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

It is often argued by some people that if someone says he is a Muslim then he is a Muslim. Allah (SWT) rejects this notion of these people. Just as there are some people who say, "we are believers", but are not believers, some people who say they are Muslims but are not Muslims.

To be a Muslim and succeed on the Day of Judgment, one must be a believer, obey Allah, and do good deeds. If he hasn't gone through even the first step of believing, he is not going to qualify himself as a Muslim because believing is prerequisite to be a Muslim.

[16:97] Whoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer, We will most certainly make him live a happy life, and We will most certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.

مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

To be successful (achieve salvation) on the Day of Judgment, two most important factors are believing and doing good to others.

Someone calling himself a Muslim but not believing or doing evil deeds, is not going to have salvation in the Hereafter according to the Qur'aan.

Here is another important point about the believers (and therefore the Muslims):

[8:2] Those only are believers whose hearts become full of fear when Allah is mentioned, and when His ayat are recited to them they increase them in faith, and in their Lord do they trust.

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

If there is no fear of Allah in the heart of someone who hears Allahu Akbar then he is not a believer according the verse 8:2.

Let's be Believers and let's be Muslims, fearing Allah by being conscious of Allah, refraining from doing any evil deed and doing only good deeds. This must be the aim of every Muslim, equipped with the guidance in the Qur'aan, beginning with this Ramadan which is almost here.
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Old 05-27-2017, 12:14 PM
 
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Ramadan Mubarak to all Muslims.

As described in my previous posts, fasting is training ground for us to learn to do good and refrain from doing any evil act.

[2.183] O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may have taqwa (be conscious of Allah).
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Old 06-07-2017, 04:07 AM
 
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When studying the Qur'aan, we must understand that wherever Mushrikeen (Polytheists) or Kuffar (unbelievers) are mentioned, and fighting them is mention, it is always specific Mushrikeen and Kuffar who had attacked the believers (Muslims) or backed up each other in attacking the believers first.

Any fight was always against those who had attacked the believers (in the Qur'aan) first. This is the context that should never be ignored. There is no fighting against any peaceful person or group of people if they are peaceful. The Qur'aan is clear that we should live in peace with those who want to live in peace with us. Even after fighting us if they incline to peace we must incline to peace. To carry on fighting when the other side inclines to peace is not Islamic principle. This is rule of engagement in the Qur'aan that we must not break.

[8.61] And if they incline to peace, then incline to it and trust in Allah; surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

وَإِنْ جَنَحُوا لِلسَّلْمِ فَاجْنَحْ لَهَا وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ


[60.8] Allah does not forbid you respecting those who have not made war against you on account of
(your) religion, and have not driven you forth from your homes, that you show them kindness and deal with them justly; surely Allah loves the doers of justice.

لَا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُمْ مِنْ دِيَارِكُمْ أَنْ تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ


[60.9] Allah only forbids you respecting those who made war upon you on account of
(your) religion, and drove you forth from your homes and backed up (others) in your expulsion, that you make friends with them, and whoever makes friends with them, these are the unjust.

إِنَّمَا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ قَاتَلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَأَخْرَجُوكُمْ مِنْ دِيَارِكُمْ وَظَاهَرُوا عَلَىٰ إِخْرَاجِكُمْ أَنْ تَوَلَّوْهُمْ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّهُمْ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

Fighting is allowed only for survival and only against those who attack first. There is absolutely no command in the Qur'aan for attacking any peaceful person of any religion or of no religion.

[9.13] What! Will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the messenger, and they attacked you first; do you fear them? But Allah is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers.

أَلَا تُقَاتِلُونَ قَوْمًا نَكَثُوا أَيْمَانَهُمْ وَهَمُّوا بِإِخْرَاجِ الرَّسُولِ وَهُمْ بَدَءُوكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۚ أَتَخْشَوْنَهُمْ ۚ فَاللَّهُ أَحَقُّ أَنْ تَخْشَوْهُ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

Fighting was ordained in defense against those who had done all of the following:

(1) who broke their oaths/pledges/treaties with Muslims
(2) aimed at expulsion of the messenger, and
(3) attacked Muslims first.

The last one (3) is fundamental rule in fighting anyone; they must have attack first; we must not attack first. This rules out fighting/attacking any peaceful person. Those who do, they are not complying with the Islamic principles and can only be called "kuffar" (those who knowingly cover/hide/conceal the truth) rather than Islamic people. How can they be "Islamic" when they are attacking even the Muslims and Muslim children?

The above is the result of my study of the Qur'aan. If I am wrong, I would appreciate any brother or sister to correct me citing any passage from the Qur'aan to extend study of the Qur'aan.
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Old 08-19-2017, 03:19 AM
 
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I am willing to create more posts on any topic/subject in the Qur'aan and describing it in details with the other verses of the Qur'aan just as I have done with the purpose of the Book.

Salaam
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