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Old 05-05-2016, 02:18 AM
Location: Not-a-Theist
3,440 posts, read 1,583,862 times
Reputation: 461


I believe Muslims [like every one else] need to understand what is Confirmation Bias and all sort of Cognitive Biases embedded in their beliefs.

Confirmation Bias, also called confirmatory bias or myside bias, is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one's preexisting beliefs or hypotheses, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities.[Note 1][1]

It is a type of cognitive bias and a systematic error of inductive reasoning.

People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way.

The effect is stronger for emotionally charged issues and for deeply entrenched beliefs.

People also tend to interpret ambiguous evidence as supporting their existing position.
Biased search, interpretation and memory have been invoked to explain attitude polarization (when a disagreement becomes more extreme even though the different parties are exposed to the same evidence), belief perseverance (when beliefs persist after the evidence for them is shown to be false), the irrational primacy effect (a greater reliance on information encountered early in a series) and illusory correlation (when people falsely perceive an association between two events or situations).
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Old 05-05-2016, 02:21 AM
Location: Not-a-Theist
3,440 posts, read 1,583,862 times
Reputation: 461
Confirmation Bias


Presentation of the principles of confirmation bias and belief perseverance.
The natural human tendency is to seek out only the evidence that supports what we already believe, and to ignore evidence that may debunk our beliefs.
We also tend to cling to beliefs even after the original evidence which put it there has been debunked.
This is the essence of belief perseverance.

Psychology of Belief Playlist:http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL59FDC1E7AB317957

Confirmation Bias: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confirmation_bias
Studies on Belief Perseverance: Belief.Persev.html
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