Although I cannot speak for all states, my state (WA) bases unemployment payments on certain base quarter earnings taken from five to eight quarters back.
That means even if you worked every single day this year and got laid off, if you didn't have sufficient earnings in the base quarters they use--from last year
--you cannot qualify for unemployment.
So just being laid off from a job or fired or whatever isn't the whole story. You have to have enough earned income from their target quarterly calender range to be able to collect, unemployed or no.
In WA you have to have 650 paid hours per qualification period to be eligible for unemployment.
I hope you were working last year?