Armakan (pronounced ARM-A-KHAN
), is a new climate that I created, inspired by another fictitious climate, Coolville, failing to meet my expectations, given its billing. I've also taken cues from La Paz, the Yunnan region, and the fictional climate of Sophieland. Armakan is supposed to be cool year-round, and temperature do not vary much over the course of the year. It also features a monsoonal precipitation pattern of dry winters and rainy summers. This monsoon pattern is the primary factor in this climate.
Winters are mild to cool in the daytime and chilly at night, with morning lows averaging in the 30's Fahrenheit. This season features the highest daily ranges in Armakan. Sunshine is abundant in wintertime, humidity is low, and moisture is sparse. In an average winter there will be a few days of rain, with very light totals overall. Snow flurries are usually seen at least once in wintertime, but most years there is no accumulation. In some years light amounts of snow accumulate, generally less than 2 inches and melting off within 2 days. Snowfall usually comes on the backs of colder air intruding from poleward regions, and these intrusions produce the coldest temperatures of the year, usually somewhere in the 20's Fahrenheit. Warm conditions are also possible in wintertime, though any heat ridges that do develop are not very strong and thus the record highs are not far from average.
This dryness also induces a seasonal lead in this climate, with December being just as cold as January. The all-time record low of 17F occurred in December. December is also, along with February, the driest month in terms of totals, and beats out February with rain days, averaging 0 days with precipitation. December is also the sunniest month. The low latitude of this climate minimizes variations in day length, but this is still somewhat unusual.
February begins to warm up, and by March there are a few more rainy days, as well as an even bigger warming of overnight lows as conditions become less dry. April features the warmest high temperatures, and May features the highest daily mean of the year. This is a cooler version of the Buildup season, as humidity and temperatures increase (humidity is still low, though). The all-time record high of 87F was recorded during the Buildup.
By the beginning of June, the rainy season has begun in earnest. Daytime temperatures begin to drop, and low temperatures are near 50F. High rain totals are recorded during the summer months, but there are few precipitation days because the rain is usually heavy when it does fall. Humidity is the highest it gets in the year, with dew points in the upper 40's and low 50's Fahrenheit. Clouds and sun are evenly matched in the summer months, and July and August are the cloudiest months here. Variation is the lowest all year in summer, reflected by the tight daily range and the tight range between record highs and lows.
The rainy season starts to come to an end in September, and high temperatures increase in September and October, though lows take an even bigger drop, dragging the daily means down. Rain totals tail off more abruptly in autumn than in spring, but there are more rainy days in autumn than springtime (rain falls more often and in smaller amounts). The end of the rainy season does not manage to reach the temperature heights of the Buildup, and by November high and low temperatures drop off. November is more similar to February than March, reflecting the seasonal lead of this climate. Humidity drops off and sunshine totals approach their annual peaks.
All considered, this is a cool, sunny, and monsoonal climate. Daily mean temperatures are warm enough for trees to grow (>50F) from March through November, but daily means never rise above 57F. This means that essentially the trees and plants grow slowly throughout the year, with perhaps a brief, weak period of dormancy in winter. Moisture levels will undoubtedly affect many species of plants.
The average annual temperature is 52.3F, the record high is 87F and the record low is 17F. The monsoon is not intense and thus annual precipitation is rather low, at 25.4 inches per year. Annual sunshine is high, averaging 2680 hours, with the sunniest month being December and the cloudiest months being July and August. The Koeppen type for this climate is Cwb
, often described as a dry winter subtropical highland climate.
This is designed as a northern hemisphere climate (DJF as winter, JJA as summer).
Text backup in case of link rot with the image:
Month: Avg Hi/Avg Lo; Rec Hi, Rec Lo, Precip, Rainfall, Snowfall, Precip Days, Monthly Sun Hours
Jan: 58/36, 72, 19, 0.02, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 243
Feb: 60/37, 76, 21, 0.01, 0.01, 0.0, 1, 227
Mar: 63/42, 82, 25, 0.23, 0.23, 0.0, 3, 243
Apr: 66/45, 86, 30, 0.58, 0.58, 0.0, 4, 234
May: 65/49, 87, 34, 2.70, 2.70, 0.0, 8, 228
Jun: 60/50, 80, 39, 5.69, 5.69, 0.0, 10, 193
Jul: 59/49, 81, 40, 7.03, 7.03, 0.0, 13, 186
Aug: 59/49, 81, 41, 6.95, 6.95, 0.0, 11, 186
Sep: 62/45, 85, 33, 1.45, 1.45, 0.0, 6, 232
Oct: 63/43, 85, 28, 0.69, 0.69, 0.0, 4, 229
Nov: 61/40, 78, 23, 0.16, 0.15, 0.1, 2, 231
Dec: 58/36, 74, 17, 0.01, 0.01, 0.0, 0, 248
Annual: 61/43, 87, 17, 25.42, 25.40, 0.2, 63, 2680
All temperatures in Fahrenheit, all precipitation amounts in inches
As for my own rating this is a solid C
climate. It is a winterless climate but has nice summers and is not uncomfortably hot any time of year.