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Old 09-14-2019, 10:28 AM
 
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What conditions are necessary for a California/Mediterannean climate?

So California is on the West coast of continent, as is Europe. But why northern Europe not like Med? Is northern Europe similar to PNW, or BC in Canada?

Is there anywhere in Asia that has California/Mediterannean climate? I am told southern SA like Chile and Uruguay, and South Africa has it.

Does west coast of Africa have California/Mediterannean climate?

I have been to Costa Rica, and they definitely have it. Does all of the Americas have it along the Pacific Coast between the Tropics?
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Old 09-14-2019, 11:28 AM
 
Location: Olympia, Washington
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There is a map on wikipedia which shows all med climates in the world:
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Old 09-14-2019, 11:35 AM
 
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Costa Rica doesn't have a Mediterranean climate.
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Old 09-14-2019, 11:58 AM
 
Location: Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Neither does Uruguay.

Broadly speaking, a Mediterranean climate is a non-tropical climate with dry summers and wet winters. This pattern is caused by displacement of the atmospheric circulation cells throughout the year due to the Earth’s tilt. It basically causes that both a low pressure stripe (that produces wet weather) high pressure stripe (that produces dry weather) from the mid-latitudes move towards lower latitudes during the winter, hence certain latitudinal range is affected by either depending on the season.

As the Earth spins eastwards, and continental masses greatly affect air circulation -disrupting the aforementioned-, Mediterranean climates only develop in the west side of the continents, in the areas shown in the map.

(The tropical areas marked as having Mediterrean climates don’t really have it. It’s rather an inconsistence of the classification system.)
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Old 09-14-2019, 12:57 PM
 
Location: Idaho
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Quote:
Originally Posted by NJ Brazen_3133 View Post
...Does west coast of Africa have California/Mediterannean climate?

I have been to Costa Rica, and they definitely have it. Does all of the Americas have it along the Pacific Coast between the Tropics?
Very latitude dependent. Cape Town is Csb. Costa Rica definitely NOT, (rains in the summer, dry in the winter).
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Old 09-14-2019, 02:09 PM
 
Location: Olympia, Washington
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Quote:
Originally Posted by NJ Brazen_3133 View Post
Is northern Europe similar to PNW, or BC in Canada?
Too broad a question. What part of northern Europe? And there are many climate types in the PNW. Generally, most people consider the PNW entails northern California up to SE Alaska including BC and even extends eastward out to Idaho. West of the cascades has a very different climate to eastern parts.
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Old 09-14-2019, 03:04 PM
 
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Originally Posted by volosong View Post
Very latitude dependent. Cape Town is Csb. Costa Rica definitely NOT, (rains in the summer, dry in the winter).
Well Costa Rica Pacific Coast is not very humid in summer. Its like California. I dont remember if it rains in Winter or summer. But the Winters are not too cold either. I guess winter depends on latitude.

What do you call Costa Rica Pacific coast climate then if not mediterannean?
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Old 09-14-2019, 03:07 PM
 
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Originally Posted by fluffydelusions View Post
There is a map on wikipedia which shows all med climates in the world:
How come France's Biscayne Coast line not included. What makes it different than Spain? And what do you call the eastern shore of Spain?
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Old 09-14-2019, 03:53 PM
 
Location: Bologna, Italy
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Quote:
Originally Posted by NJ Brazen_3133 View Post
How come France's Biscayne Coast line not included. What makes it different than Spain? And what do you call the eastern shore of Spain?

Coastal SW France is more of a warm oceanic climate. Summers can be dry, but there's no dry season. I would say the same about the northern coast of Spain. Eastern Spain is mediterranean but kinda feels like subtropical sometimes.
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Old 09-14-2019, 04:08 PM
 
Location: Northern Virginia
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- Subtropical latitude
- Coastal/nearby large body of water
- Arid influence via airmasses from nearby desert.
- Reduced or absent influence from humid tropics
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