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Old 12-31-2018, 12:54 PM
 
Location: London, UK
2,575 posts, read 1,334,534 times
Reputation: 1441

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Great Colombia & Gran Bretaña
These two nations histories are intrinsically linked, usually to the surprise of many.

Forget Nova Scotia and the Carolinas, before that another colony changed British history forever.

How the Darien Scheme Changed the History of Scotland’s Independence
The failed attempt of the colony of New Caledonia and New Edinburg in the Darien, near the modern day resort towns of Capurganá & Sapzurro meant that the Scottish state lost a fifth of its wealth in a couple of years hence the spark that encouraged Scotland to enter into a political union with England as before they were only joined by the crown as Canada, Aus & NZ are today. The Scottish shilling was given the fixed value of an English penny and Article 15 of the Acts of Union, granted £398,085 10s sterling to Scotland to offset future liability towards the English national debt.
The Darien Scheme was Scotland's last gasp as a completely independent nation.


Source: According to an original draught by H. Moll G. 1729.
Author: H.G. Moll


Prior to that the English obsession with this part of the world was immense. Sir Walter Raleigh sailed up the Orinoco river on two expeditions in search for the 'Gilded one' and the fabled city of Gold of 'El Dorado' whose true origins are in the Guatavita lagoon north of Bogota. It was Sir Walter Raleigh that introduced the Potato to the British isles, a crop native to South America that has become a staple of the diet and gastronomy of Britain & Ireland.

Sir Francis Drake reduced Santa Marta (the oldest European city still standing on the American continent) to ashes and sacked the German founded settlement of Rio de la Hacha and besieged Cartagena of Indies in 1586, attempting to make it a permanent English settlement. This battle was a clear precursor to the Spanish Armada of 1588.

English Puritans sailed on the Mayflower's sister ship, the Seaflower, establishing the Providence colony where to this day the descendants of some of them and their slaves keep the English creole language alive. Rejecting US-American interest to join Panama in its secession from Gran Colombia backed by the US navy.

.................................................. .................................................

Fast forward to the Napoleonic wars and Latin American independence.

How Britain Created Colombia
In the fight for Gran Colombian independence (Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia), another 4-nation country across the Atlantic sends over 7,000 mercenaries to aid in the fight for Colombian independence. Foreign Secretary George Canning, recognised Colombia almost immediately with the words, "Spanish America is free and if we do not mismanage our affairs she is English". This didn't quite turn out to be the case especially with the rise of the United States and the 'Monroe Doctrine'. However, today a lot of people in and around Bogota especially hold substantial British & Irish heritage without even knowing it; somewhere in the region of a sixth to a quarter of their DNA.

The British Legion

Historia by Pueblo Fuerte, on Flickr

Ensuing similarities of the US attempted invasion of Canada and the US incursion in the secession of Panama & attempted secession of the San Andres Archipelago as well as the Irish IRA attacks on British and Colombian territory (via training the FARC in the latter) plus the fact of being 4-nation countries one that's still together and one that separated, are supplementary factors that have tied theses nations over the decades.

Last edited by Pueblofuerte; 12-31-2018 at 01:03 PM.. Reason: Added title of 'The British Legion' to describe the graphic.
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Old Today, 06:37 PM
 
Location: Alexandria, Commonwealth of Virginia
1,497 posts, read 960,190 times
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"near the modern day resort towns of Capurganá & Sapzurro"

It's interesting these are even in Colombia. If you look at a map of the area today, the border would have been better near the Colombian village of Bocas del Atrato.
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Old Today, 07:07 PM
 
Location: London, UK
2,575 posts, read 1,334,534 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by manitopiaaa View Post
"near the modern day resort towns of Capurganá & Sapzurro"

It's interesting these are even in Colombia. If you look at a map of the area today, the border would have been better near the Colombian village of Bocas del Atrato.
Borders are almost always wierd and this is not so weird as there are many cases whereby the mouth of a major strategic river (i.e. one that can unite the Pacific and Atlantic ocean in future) is governed by one nation to ensure control of the gulf. Same occurs with the mouth of the Orinoco river or Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela.

Despite this, we're talking about the nation in reference to the period of Gran Colombia or Viceroyalty of New Granada which includes Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela & Colombia. In fact the site of New Edinburgh is on the Panamanian side, it's just that Capurganá on the Colombian side is the largest town in the area for reference and as a popular resort, the best base to explore. The ruins of Santa Maria of the Ancient Darien, the oldest European settlement on the American continent mainland are also in the area on the Colombian side.

Last edited by Pueblofuerte; Today at 07:27 PM..
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