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Houston, Texas (TX) Poverty Rate Data
Information about poor and low-income residents


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Based on 2000-2020 data
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Latest news about poverty in Houston, TX collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations

20.6% of Houston, TX residents had an income below the poverty level in 2017, which was 28.5% greater than the poverty level of 14.7% across the entire state of Texas. Taking into account residents not living in families, 17.1% of high school graduates and 45.3% of non high school graduates live in poverty. The poverty rate was 21.4% among disabled males and 24.9% among disabled females. The renting rate among poor residents was 74.2%. For comparison, it was 50.3% among residents with income above the poverty level.

Poverty rates in Houston, TX

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2017:
Houston:

20.6%
Whole state:

14.7%
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2017:
Houston:

8.6%
Whole state:

6.4%

Poverty rate among disabled males:
Houston:

21.4%
Texas:

17.6%
Disability rate in this city among poor males (it is 19.9% among male residents who are not classified as poor):
Houston:

25.9%
Texas:

26.0%

Poverty rate among disabled females:
Houston:

24.9%
Texas:

21.9%
Disability rate in this city among poor females (it is 18.9% among female residents who are not classified as poor):
Houston:

25.8%
Texas:

25.4%

Renting rate in this city among poor and not poor residents:
Residents below poverty level:

74.2%
Residents above poverty level:

50.3%

Poverty by age in Houston, TX

Breakdown by age of poor male residents in Houston
  • Breakdown by age of poor male residents in Houston,TX (percentage below poverty level)
  • 32.1%Under 5 years
  • 29.8%5 years
  • 31.8%6 to 11 years
  • 34.0%12 to 14 years
  • 29.5%15 years
  • 27.2%16 and 17 years
  • 19.1%18 to 24 years
  • 13.3%25 to 34 years
  • 13.0%35 to 44 years
  • 12.8%45 to 54 years
  • 14.6%55 to 64 years
  • 10.7%65 to 74 years
  • 10.2%75 years and over
Breakdown by age of poor female residents in Houston
  • Breakdown by age of poor female residents in Houston,TX (percentage below poverty level)
  • 34.4%Under 5 years
  • 44.4%5 years
  • 32.6%6 to 11 years
  • 34.0%12 to 14 years
  • 21.5%15 years
  • 27.4%16 and 17 years
  • 28.6%18 to 24 years
  • 20.5%25 to 34 years
  • 22.4%35 to 44 years
  • 15.2%45 to 54 years
  • 14.9%55 to 64 years
  • 14.9%65 to 74 years
  • 16.2%75 years and over
Breakdown by age of very poor residents in Houston, TX
  • Breakdown by age of very poor residents in Houston,TX (% below half of poverty level)
  • 11.7%Under 5 years
  • 12.0%5 years
  • 11.8%6 to 11 years
  • 10.5%12 to 14 years
  • 11.2%15 years
  • 11.7%16 and 17 years
  • 12.9%18 to 24 years
  • 8.5%25 to 34 years
  • 7.5%35 to 44 years
  • 6.0%45 to 54 years
  • 6.4%55 to 64 years
  • 4.5%65 to 74 years
  • 5.4%75 years and over

Poverty by race and place of birth in Houston, TX

Breakdown of poor residents within races (income below poverty level) in Houston, TX
  • Breakdown of poor residents within races in Houston, TX (%)
  • 9.5%White
  • 25.0%Black
  • 25.8%American Indian
  • 11.3%Asian
  • 6.5%Native Hawaiian
  • 25.2%Other race
  • 16.6%2+ races
  • 26.1%Hispanic
Breakdown of poor residents within races (income below poverty level) in Houston, TX
  • Breakdown of poor residents within races in Houston, TX (absolute numbers)
  • 52,979White
  • 129,880Black
  • 2,143American Indian
  • 16,620Asian
  • 85Native Hawaiian
  • 50,723Other race
  • 8,1232+ races
  • 266,973Hispanic
Poverty status for native-born residents
  • 20.0%Below poverty level
  • 80.0%Above poverty level
Poverty status for foreign-born residents
  • 22.1%Below poverty level
  • 77.9%Above poverty level

Poverty in families in Houston, TX

Children below poverty level:
Houston, Texas:

32.2%
State:

20.7%
Poverty rate among high school graduates not in families:
Houston:

17.1%
Texas:

18.5%
Poverty rate among people who did not graduate high school not in families:
Houston:

45.3%
Texas:

45.2%
Poor families by family type
  • 36.5%Married-couple family
  • 8.8%Male, no wife present
  • 54.7%Female, no husband present
Breakdown of poor residents in Houston not in families by work experience
  • 4.3%Worked full-time, year-round
  • 35.2%Worked part-time
  • 60.5%Did not work
Breakdown of poor married-couple families by work experience
  • 1.0%Both worked full-time
  • 4.9%One full-time, other part-time
  • 21.6%One full-time, other didn't work
  • 9.7%Both worked part-time
  • 34.3%One part-time, other didn't work
  • 28.6%Both didn't work

Other data

Year house/condo built for residents below and above poverty levels
  • Owners below poverty level
  • 0.9%1999 to 2000
  • 2.6%1995 to 1998
  • 2.4%1990 to 1994
  • 8.5%1980 to 1989
  • 17.6%1970 to 1979
  • 21.2%1960 to 1969
  • 24.5%1950 to 1959
  • 13.8%1940 to 1949
  • 8.5%1939 or earlier
  • Owners above poverty level
  • 1.4%1999 to 2000
  • 4.0%1995 to 1998
  • 3.5%1990 to 1994
  • 13.8%1980 to 1989
  • 23.1%1970 to 1979
  • 21.3%1960 to 1969
  • 19.2%1950 to 1959
  • 7.4%1940 to 1949
  • 6.4%1939 or earlier
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