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Washington, District of Columbia (DC) Poverty Rate Data
Information about poor and low-income residents


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Based on 2000-2020 data
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Latest news about poverty in Washington, DC collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations

16.6% of Washington, DC residents had an income below the poverty level in 2017, which was about the same as the poverty level of 16.6% across the entire state of District of Columbia. Taking into account residents not living in families, 17.2% of high school graduates and 46.9% of non high school graduates live in poverty. The poverty rate was 23.9% among disabled males and 26.1% among disabled females. The renting rate among poor residents was 84.3%. For comparison, it was 54.0% among residents with income above the poverty level.

Poverty rates in Washington, DC

Residents with income below the poverty level in 2017:
Washington:

16.6%
Whole state:

16.6%
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2017:
Washington:

8.9%
Whole state:

8.9%

Poverty rate among disabled males:
Washington:

23.9%
District of Columbia:

23.9%
Disability rate in this city among poor males (it is 20.3% among male residents who are not classified as poor):
Washington:

28.8%
District of Columbia:

28.8%

Poverty rate among disabled females:
Washington:

26.1%
District of Columbia:

26.1%
Disability rate in this city among poor females (it is 21.4% among female residents who are not classified as poor):
Washington:

29.1%
District of Columbia:

29.1%

Renting rate in this city among poor and not poor residents:
Residents below poverty level:

84.3%
Residents above poverty level:

54.0%

Poverty by age in Washington, DC

Breakdown by age of poor male residents in Washington
  • Breakdown by age of poor male residents in Washington,DC (percentage below poverty level)
  • 19.9%Under 5 years
  • 17.2%5 years
  • 25.3%6 to 11 years
  • 22.0%12 to 14 years
  • 29.5%15 years
  • 26.9%16 and 17 years
  • 24.7%18 to 24 years
  • 7.7%25 to 34 years
  • 9.0%35 to 44 years
  • 12.7%45 to 54 years
  • 16.1%55 to 64 years
  • 14.7%65 to 74 years
  • 14.6%75 years and over
Breakdown by age of poor female residents in Washington
  • Breakdown by age of poor female residents in Washington,DC (percentage below poverty level)
  • 31.0%Under 5 years
  • 34.4%5 years
  • 23.1%6 to 11 years
  • 32.7%12 to 14 years
  • 25.7%15 years
  • 28.5%16 and 17 years
  • 35.9%18 to 24 years
  • 14.5%25 to 34 years
  • 13.0%35 to 44 years
  • 15.8%45 to 54 years
  • 17.2%55 to 64 years
  • 14.7%65 to 74 years
  • 12.8%75 years and over
Breakdown by age of very poor residents in Washington, DC
  • Breakdown by age of very poor residents in Washington,DC (% below half of poverty level)
  • 20.2%Under 5 years
  • 24.1%5 years
  • 20.6%6 to 11 years
  • 17.0%12 to 14 years
  • 20.0%15 years
  • 19.5%16 and 17 years
  • 20.7%18 to 24 years
  • 9.1%25 to 34 years
  • 9.7%35 to 44 years
  • 8.0%45 to 54 years
  • 7.2%55 to 64 years
  • 5.4%65 to 74 years
  • 5.7%75 years and over

Poverty by race and place of birth in Washington, DC

Breakdown of poor residents within races (income below poverty level) in Washington, DC
  • Breakdown of poor residents within races in Washington, DC (%)
  • 6.2%White
  • 25.8%Black
  • 13.1%American Indian
  • 13.3%Asian
  • 3.3%Native Hawaiian
  • 19.1%Other race
  • 10.7%2+ races
  • 13.1%Hispanic
Breakdown of poor residents within races (income below poverty level) in Washington, DC
  • Breakdown of poor residents within races in Washington, DC (absolute numbers)
  • 14,813White
  • 78,737Black
  • 299American Indian
  • 3,174Asian
  • 10Native Hawaiian
  • 7,104Other race
  • 2,0172+ races
  • 9,648Hispanic
Poverty status for native-born residents
  • 17.2%Below poverty level
  • 82.8%Above poverty level
Poverty status for foreign-born residents
  • 13.7%Below poverty level
  • 86.3%Above poverty level

Poverty in families in Washington, DC

Children below poverty level:
Washington, District of Columbia:

25.6%
State:

25.6%
Poverty rate among high school graduates not in families:
Washington:

17.2%
District of Columbia:

17.2%
Poverty rate among people who did not graduate high school not in families:
Washington:

46.9%
District of Columbia:

46.9%
Poor families by family type
  • 15.1%Married-couple family
  • 10.2%Male, no wife present
  • 74.7%Female, no husband present
Breakdown of poor residents in Washington not in families by work experience
  • 2.7%Worked full-time, year-round
  • 33.1%Worked part-time
  • 64.2%Did not work
Breakdown of poor married-couple families by work experience
  • 0.7%Both worked full-time
  • 3.9%One full-time, other part-time
  • 11.3%One full-time, other didn't work
  • 10.6%Both worked part-time
  • 25.5%One part-time, other didn't work
  • 47.8%Both didn't work

Other data

Year house/condo built for residents below and above poverty levels
  • Owners below poverty level
  • 0.2%1999 to 2000
  • 1.3%1995 to 1998
  • 0.8%1990 to 1994
  • 3.7%1980 to 1989
  • 5.2%1970 to 1979
  • 10.3%1960 to 1969
  • 13.5%1950 to 1959
  • 21.0%1940 to 1949
  • 43.9%1939 or earlier
  • Owners above poverty level
  • 0.4%1999 to 2000
  • 0.9%1995 to 1998
  • 1.0%1990 to 1994
  • 3.6%1980 to 1989
  • 4.2%1970 to 1979
  • 8.4%1960 to 1969
  • 13.5%1950 to 1959
  • 17.6%1940 to 1949
  • 50.4%1939 or earlier
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