Alaska - Languages



From the Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian groups of lower Alaska almost no language influence has been felt, save for hooch (from Tlingit hoochino); but some native words have escaped into general usage, notably Eskimo mukluk and Aleut parka. Native place-names abound: Skagway and Ketchikan (Tlingit), Kodiak and Katmai (Eskimo), and Alaska and Akutan (Aleut).

In 2000, 85.7% of the population five years old and older was reported to speak only English in the home, a decrease over 87.9% recorded in 1990.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other Native North American languages" includes Apache, Cherokee, Choctaw, Dakota, Keres, Pima, and Yupik. The category "Other Pacific Island languages" includes Chamorro, Hawaiian, Ilocano, Indonesian, and Samoan.

Alaska

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 579,740 100.0
Speak only English 496,982 85.7
Speak a language other than English 82,758 14.3
Speak a language other than English 82,758 14.3
Other Native North American languages 30,121 5.2
Spanish or Spanish Creole 16,674 2.9
Tagalog 8,934 1.5
Korean 4,369 0.8
German 3,574 0.6
Russian 2,952 0.5
Other Pacific Island languages 2,591 0.4
French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 2,197 0.4
Japanese 1,392 0.2
Chinese 1,295 0.2


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