Follow city-data.com founder on our
Forum or

ARIZONA

State of Arizona

Arizona

Arizona

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Probably from the Pima or Papago Indian word arizonac, meaning "place of small springs." NICKNAME: The Grand Canyon State. CAPITAL: Phoenix. ENTERED UNION: 14 February 1912 (48th). SONGS: "Arizona March Song" and "Arizona." MOTTO: Ditat Deus (God enriches). FLAG: A copper-colored five-pointed star symbolic of the state's copper resources rises from a blue field; six yellow and seven red segments radiating from the star cover the upper half. OFFICIAL SEAL: Depicted on a shield are symbols of the state's economy and natural resources, including mountains, a rising sun, and a dam and reservoir in the background; irrigated farms and orchards in the middle distance; and a quartz mill, a miner, and cattle in the foreground; as well as the state motto. The words "Great Seal of the State of Arizona 1912" surround the shield. BIRD: Cactus wren. FLOWER: Blossom of the saguaro cactus. TREE: Palo verde. OFFICIAL NECKWEAR: Bola tie. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 1st Monday in February; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT.

50 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alampi, Gary, ed. Gale State Rankings Reporter. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1994.

Arizona: Its People and Resources . 2nd rev. ed., rev. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1972.

Arizona Yearbook, 1979–80 : A Guide to Government in Arizona. Yuma: Arizona Informational Press, 1979.

Barnes, Will C. Arizona Place Names . Revised by Byrd H. Granger. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1960.

Bischoff, Matt C. Touring Arizona Hot Springs. Helena, Mont.: Falcon, 1999.

Comeaux, Malcolm. Arizona: A Geography . Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1981.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 1994–1995 Edition. Vol. 30. Lexington, Ky.: The Council of State Governments, 1994.

Faulk, Odie B. Arizona: A Short History . Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.

FDIC, Division of Research and Statistics. Statistics on Banking: A Statistical Profile of the United States Banking Industry. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1993.

Federal Writers' Project. Arizona: The Grand Canyon State . 1940. Reprint, New York: Hastings House, 1968.

Fireman, Bert M. Arizona: Historic Land . New York: Knopf, 1982.

Goldwater, Barry. Arizona . New York: Random House, 1978.

Johnson, James W. Arizona Politicians: The Noble and the Notorious. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2002.

Kessell, John L. Spain in the Southwest: A Narrative History of Colonial New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and California. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.

Lamar, Howard R. The Far Southwest, 1846–1912: A Territorial History . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1966.

Powell, Lawrence C. Arizona: A Bicentennial History . New York: Norton, 1976.

Schmittroth, Linda, and Mary Kay Rosteck, ed. Cities of the United States. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1994.

Sheridan, Thomas E. Arizona: A History. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995.

Trimble, Marshall. Arizona 2000: A Yearbook for the Millennium. Flagstaff, Ariz.: Northland Pub., 1999.

University of Arizona Library. The Arizona Index: A Subject Index to Periodical Articles about the State . Boston: Hall Library, 1978.

US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Digest of Education Statistics, 1993. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1993.

US Department of the Interior, US Fish and Wildlife Service. Endangered and Threatened Species Recovery Program. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1990.

Walker, Henry P., and Don Bufkin . Historical Atlas of Arizona . 2nd ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.