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CONNECTICUT

State of Connecticut

Connecticut

Connecticut

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: From the Mahican word quinnehtukqut, meaning "beside the long tidal river." NICKNAME: The Constitution State (official in 1959); also, the Nutmeg State. CAPITAL: Hartford. ENTERED UNION: 9 January 1788 (5th). SONG: "Yankee Doodle." MOTTO: Qui transtulit sustinet (He who transplanted still sustains). COAT OF ARMS: On a rococo shield, three grape vines, supported and bearing fruit, stand against a white field. Beneath the shield is a streamer bearing the state motto. FLAG: The coat of arms appears on a blue field. OFFICIAL SEAL: The three grape vines and motto of the arms surrounded by the words Sigillum reipublicae Connecticutensis (Seal of the State of Connecticut). ANIMAL: Sperm whale. BIRD: American robin. INSECT: European praying mantis. FLOWER: Mountain laurel. TREE: White oak. MINERAL: Garnet. SHIP: USS Nautilus. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 12 February; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Good Friday, March or April; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.

50 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anderson, Ruth O.M. From Yankee to American: Connecticut, 1865 1914 . Chester, Conn.: Pequot Press, 1975.

Bachman, Ben. Upstream: A Voyage on the Connecticut River . Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Bingham, Harold J. History of Connecticut . 4 vols. New York: Lewis, 1962.

Bixby, William . Connecticut: A New Guide . New York: Scribner, 1974.

Boyle, Joseph Lee. Fire Cake and Water: the Connecticut Infantry at the Valley Forge Encampment. Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield, 1999.

Bushman, Richard L. From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690–1765. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Connecticut, State of. Secretary of State. Register and Manual 1984 . Hartford, 1984.

Dayton, Cornelia Hughes. Women Before the Bar: Gender, Law, and Society in Connecticut, 1839–1789. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Dugger, Elizabeth L. Adventure Guide to Massachusetts & Western Connecticut. Edison, N.J.: Hunter, 1999.

Hamblen, Charles P. Connecticut Yankees at Gettysburg. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1993.

Janick, Herbet F. A Diverse People: Connecticut, 1914 to the Present . Chester, Conn.: Pequot Press, 1975.

Lee, W. Storrs. The Yankee of Connecticut . New York: Holt, 1957.

Morse, Jarvis Means , A Neglected Period of Connecticut's History: 1818 1850 . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1933.

Niven, John. Connecticut for the Union: The Role of the State in the Civil War . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965.

Oberg, Michael Leroy. Uncas: First of the Mohegans. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Peirce, Neal R. The New England States: People, Politics, and Power in the Six New England States . New York: Norton, 1976.

Rose, Gary L. Connecticut Politics at the Crossroads. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1992.

Roth David, M., and Freeman Myer. From Revolution to Constitution: Connecticut, 1763 1818 . Chester, Conn.: Pequot Press, 1975.

Siskind, Janet. Rum and Axes: The Rise of a Connecticut Merchant Family, 1795–1850. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002.

Stuart, Patricia. Units of Local Government in Connecticut . Storrs: Institute of Public Service. University of Connecticut, 1979.

Taylor, Robert J. Colonial Connecticut . Milkwood, N.Y.: KTO Press, 1979.

Trecker, Janice Law . Preachers, Rebels, and Traders: Connecticut, 1818 1865 . Chester, Conn.: Pequot Press, 1975.

Van Dusen, Albert E. Connecticut . New York: Random House, 1961.

——. Puritans Against the Wilderness: Connecticut to 1763 . Chester, Conn.: Pequot Press, 1975.

Warren, William L. Connecticut Art and Architecture: Looking Backwards Two Hundred Years . Hartford: American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut, 1976.

Wetherell, W. D., ed. This American River: Five Centuries of Writing about the Connecticut. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 2002.

Whipple, Chandler. The Indian in Connecticut . Stockbridge, Mass.: Berkshire Traveler Press, 1972.

Zeichner, Oscar. Connecticut's Years of Controversy, 1775 1776 . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1949.