The 2000 census included 17,645 American Indians. There are five reservations; the most extensive is that of the Nez Perce' in northern Idaho, with a total population of 17,959 in 2000.
There is a very small population of black Americans (5,456 in 2000) and a larger number of Asians (11,889 in 2000), 2,642 of them Japanese. In 2000 there were 101,690 persons of Hispanic origin, and a very visible Basque community in the Boise area, with an organization devoted to preserving their language and culture.
The foreign born (64,080) accounted for about 5% of Idaho's population in 2000, up from 28,905 (2.8%) in 1990.