As of 2002, Idaho forests covered 21,646,000 acres (8,860,000 hectares), or about 40% of the state's land area, with 16,824,000 acres (6,809,000 hectares) classified as commercial timberland. Of the total forest area in 2002, the federal government controlled 79%; state government, 5%; and private owners, 16%. National forest system lands in Idaho totaled 21,653,000 acres (8,763,000 hectares) in 2001. Idaho forests are used increasingly for ski areas, hunting, and other recreation, as well as for timber and pulp. Total lumber production was 1.73 billion board feet (9th in the US) in 2002, almost all softwoods.