To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security (created in 2002 following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001), homeland security in Idaho in 2003 operated under the authority of state statue; the adjutant general was designated as the state homeland security advisor.
Executive agencies concerned with education are the State Board of Education and the Department of Education. Under the heading of human resources are the Departments of Health and Welfare, Employment, Correction, and Law Enforcement, which includes the Idaho State Police. Under the general rubric of natural resources come the Department of Lands, Water Resources, Fish and Game, and Parks and Recreation. Self-governing agencies (7 commodity commissions and 15 professional licensing and regulating boards and commissions) and the Departments of Agriculture, Finance, Insurance, Labor and Industrial Services, and Transportation oversee economic development and regulation. Within the Executive Office of the Governor are a number of funds, divisions, boards, commissions, and other bodies The Office of Spaceport Development lobbies for a launch site in Idaho, and the Information Technology Resource Management Council supports high-tech endeavors in the state.